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Yokohama Station

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Yokohama Station

Yokohama Station
横浜駅
Yokohama Station viewed from above, October 2005
Location
Prefecture Kanagawa
(See other stations in Kanagawa)
City Yokohama
Ward Nishi
Neighborhood 1 Takashima (Keikyu)
2 Takashima (JR East)
1 Minami-Saiwai (Tokyu, Sotetsu, Subway)
Address in Japanese 神奈川県横浜市西区高島一丁目
高島二丁目
南幸一丁目
History
Opened 1872
Rail services
Operator(s)
Major bus terminal(s) attached to the station

Yokohama Station (横浜駅 Yokohama-eki) is a major interchange railway station in Nishi-ku, Yokohama, Japan. It is the busiest station in Kanagawa Prefecture and the fifth busiest in the world as of 2013,[1] serving 760 million passengers a year.

Contents

  • Lines 1
  • Station layout 2
  • Adjacent stations 3
  • Bus services 4
    • Expressway bus (daytime) 4.1
    • Expressway bus (overnight) 4.2
    • Local routes 4.3
  • Surrounding area 5
    • East entrance 5.1
    • West entrance 5.2
  • History 6
    • First station 6.1
    • Second station 6.2
    • Third station 6.3
    • Future 6.4
  • Passenger statistics 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Lines

Yokohama Station is served by the following lines:

(JR Central's Tokaido Shinkansen passes through Shin-Yokohama Station, not Yokohama Station.)

Station layout

Keikyu Main Line platform 1 (August 2015)

The JR East and Keikyu platforms are located in the main above-ground portion of Yokohama Station. Keikyu's section consists of platforms 1 to 2, JR East operates platforms 3 to 10.

1 Keikyu Main Line for Kamiōoka, Yokosuka-Chuo, Uraga, Miurakaigan, Misakiguchi
2 Keikyu Main Line for Keikyu Kamata, Shinagawa, Sengakuji, Haneda Airport, Through service for Toei Asakusa Line, Keisei Main Line
3 Negishi Line for Sakuragichō, Kannai, Ishikawachō, Isogo, and Ōfuna
4 Keihin-Tohoku Line for Tokyo, Ueno, Minami-Urawa, and Ōmiya
Yokohama Line for Shin-Yokohama, Nagatsuta, Machida, Hashimoto, and Hachiōji
5-6 Tokaido Line for Totsuka, Ōfuna, Fujisawa, Chigasaki, Hiratsuka, Kōzu, Odawara, and Atami
Super View Odoriko/Odoriko for Izukyu-Shimoda
7-8 Tokaido Line
(Ueno-Tokyo Line)
for Kawasaki, Shinagawa, Shimbashi, and Tokyo, Ueno, Ōmiya, Utsunomiya (via Utsunomiya Line), and Takasaki (via Takasaki Line)
9 Yokosuka Line for Ōfuna, Kamakura, Yokosuka, Kurihama
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line (to the Tokaido Line) Ōfuna, Fujisawa, Chigasaki, Hiratsuka, Kōzu, Odawara
(to the Yokosuka Line) Ōfuna, Kamakura, and Zushi
10 Yokosuka Line for Musashi-Kosugi, Tokyo, Sobu Line to Chiba, Narutō, Narita Line to Narita Airport, Uchibō Line to Kimitsu, Sotobō Line to Kazusa-Ichinomiya
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line (to the Utsunomiya Line) Shibuya, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, Ōmiya, Oyama, Utsunomiya
(to the Takasaki Line) Shibuya, Shinjuku, Ikebukuro, Ōmiya, Kumagaya, and Takasaki
Narita Express for Narita Airport
Toyoko Line/Minatomirai Line ticket gates (April 2004)
Toyoko Line/Minatomirai Line platform (March 2008)

Tokyu Corporation and the Yokohama Minatomirai Railway Company share the same underground station located in the 5th underground level of Yokohama Station, to the west of the JR platforms.

1 Minatomirai Line Minato Mirai, Motomachi-Chūkagai
2 Tōkyū Tōyoko Line Kikuna, Musashi-Kosugi, Jiyūgaoka, Naka-meguro, Shibuya,
Tokyo Metro Fukutoshin Line for Shinjuku-sanchōme, Ikebukuro, and Wakōshi
Tōbu Tōjō Line for Kawagoeshi
Seibu Ikebukuro Line for Hannō

The Yokohama Municipal Subway is located on the 3rd basement level, west of the main station.

1 Blue Line Sakuragichō, Kannai, Kamiōoka, Shōnandai
2 Blue Line Shin-Yokohama, Center-Kita, and Azamino
The Sotetsu platforms, February 2014

Sagami Railway is an above-ground structure to the west of the main station, connected to the Sotetsu Department Store.

1 Sagami Railway Main Line for Futamatagawa, Yamato, Ebina, (Through service to the Izumino Line at Futamatagawa to Shōnandai) (Local Only)
2 Sagami Railway Main Line for Futamatagawa, Yamato, Ebina, (Through service to the Izumino Line at
Futamatagawa to Shōnandai)
3 Sagami Railway Main Line for Futamatagawa, Yamato, and Ebina

Adjacent stations

« Service »
Tokaido Line
Commuter Rapid: no stop
Musashi-Kosugi
Tokyo
  Super View Odoriko   Odawara
Yugawara
Atami
Shinagawa   Odoriko   Ōfuna
Kawasaki   Rapid Acty   Totsuka
Kawasaki   Local   Totsuka
Keihin-Tohoku Line—Negishi Line
Higashi-Kanagawa   Rapid   Sakuragichō
Higashi-Kanagawa   Local   Sakuragichō
Yokohama Line
Higashi-Kanagawa   Rapid   Sakuragichō
Higashi-Kanagawa   Local   Sakuragichō
Yokosuka Line
Musashi-Kosugi   Narita Express   Totsuka
Shin-Kawasaki Local Hodogaya
Shōnan-Shinjuku Line
Musashi-Kosugi   Special Rapid   Totsuka
Musashi-Kosugi   Rapid   Totsuka
Shin-Kawasaki   Local   Hodogaya
Keikyu Main Line
Keikyu Wing: no stop
Keikyū Kawasaki   Rapid Ltd. Express   Kami-Ōoka
Kanagawa-Shinmachi   Ltd. Express   Kami-Ōoka
Naka-Kido   Airport Express   Hinodechō
Kanagawa   Local   Tobe
Sagami Railway Main Line
Terminus   Limited Express   Futamatagawa
Terminus   Express   Futamatagawa
Terminus   Rapid   Hoshikawa
Terminus   Local   Hiranumabashi
Tokyu Toyoko Line
Minatomirai Line
Kikuna   Limited Express   Minatomirai
Kikuna   Commuter Express   Minatomirai
Kikuna   Express   Minatomirai
Tammachi   Local   Shin-Takashima
Yokohama Municipal Subway Blue Line (B20)
Sakuragichō (B18)   Rapid   Shin-Yokohama (B25)
Takashimachō (B19)   Local   Mitsuzawa-Shimochō (B21)

Bus services

Expressway bus (daytime)

Expressway bus (overnight)

Local routes

  • Yokohama Municipal Bus[8]
  • Sotetsu Bus[9]
  • Kanachu Bus[10]
  • Keikyu Bus[11]

Surrounding area

Yokohama Station from Landmark Tower

The west and east have a complex underground business district which spans over several floors and is directly connected with the buildings which surround the station. Yokohama station has three bus terminals, and two other bus terminals are located near the station.

East entrance

  • Porta (underground shopping mall)
  • Sogo (department store, with Yokohama station eastside bus terminal)
  • Lumine (shopping building)
  • Kiyoken
  • Marui (0101) (department store)
  • Yokohama Sky Building (with Yokohama City Air Terminal, and its bus terminal)
  • Bay Quarter Yokohama (shopping center)
  • Yokohama Plaza Hotel
  • Yokohama Central Post Office
  • The Port Service Yokohama Station East Exit pier

West entrance

Yokohama Station west exit
  • The Diamond (underground shopping mall, and stairs to westside bus terminal)
  • Takashimaya (department store)
  • CIAL (shopping building : under construction)
  • Sotetsu Joinus (shopping building)
  • Sotetsu Movil 109 Cinemas
  • Yokohama station westside second bus terminal
  • Yokohama Cinema Society
  • Yokohama Excel Hotel Tokyu (under construction)
  • Yokohama Bay Sheraton Hotel and Towers
  • Yokohama More's (shopping building, with Tokyu Hands Yokohama store)
  • Yodobashi Camera Yokohama store
  • Bic Camera Yokohama store
  • Vivre (shopping building)
  • Daiei (supermarket)
  • NTT Yokohama East Building

History

First station

On May 7, 1872 (June 12 in Gregorian calendar), Yokohama Station (original station, now Sakuragichō Station) opened as one of the first railway stations in Japan.

On July 11, 1887, the railway was extended from Yokohama to Kōzu Station. Through trains between Shimbashi Station and Kōzu Station required a switchback at Yokohama Station. On August 1, 1898, a line bypassing Yokohama Station was opened to avoid the switchback. Through trains stopped at Kanagawa Station or Hodogaya Station instead of Yokohama Station, and shuttle trains connected Yokohama and Hodogaya until Hiranuma Station opened near present-day Hiranumabashi Station on October 10, 1901.[12] Hiranuma Station had no connection to public transport such as trams, so that major part of the passengers for the city continued to use trains that stopped at Yokohama Station.[13]

Second station

The second station, built in 1915, behind an elevated freight line

On August 15, 1915, the second Yokohama Station opened close to the present day Takashimachō Station to allow Tōkaidō Main Line trains to call at Yokohama Station. The original Yokohama Station was renamed Sakuragichō Station. JR East uses this date as the opening date of the current Yokohama Station.[14] The terminal of the Keihin Line (present-day Keihin-Tōhoku Line) had been in Takashimachō since 1914 and was merged to the new station. The government-run electric line was later this year extended to Sakuragichō.

On 1 September 1923, the station was destroyed by a fire in the 1923 Great Kanto earthquake. Six days later, the station reopened with a temporary building. The city of Yokohama and the Ministry of Railways agreed in February 1924 that the station would be relocated.[15]

On May 18, 1928, the Tokyo Yokohama Railway (now the Tokyu Toyoko Line) extended from its former terminal of Kanagawa Station was connected to the station. The extension line passed through the construction site of the new Yokohama Station of the government railways.[16]

Third station

The third station, completed in 1928
The elevated Toyoko Line platforms, closed in 2004

On October 15, 1928, the third (current) Yokohama Station opened on the north side of the second station. The Tōkaidō Main Line also moved to its current route, which was the route of the bypass line opened in 1898. The government railways and the Toyoko Line shared the station from the beginning.[17] On February 5, 1930, the Keihin Electric Railway (now the Keikyu Main Line) was connected to the station. On December 27, 1933, the Jinchū Railway (now the Sotetsu Main Line) was connected to the station. On December 9, 1957, the north side underground entrance opened. On December 1, 1965, the MARS on-line ticket reservation system was introduced at the station. On September 4, 1976, the Yokohama City Subway Line No. 3 was connected to Yokohama Station. On November 7, 1980, the new east station building and east-west passage opened. On January 31, 2004, The Tōkyū Tōyoko Line platform reopened underground, and on February 1, 2004, the Minatomirai Line opened.

Future

On August 26, 2010, JR East announced the development of a new station building to replace the current West Entrance, tentatively named the Yokohama Station West Station Building (横浜駅 西口駅ビル Yokohama-eki Nishiguchi-eki biru).[18] Scheduled to open in 2020 before the Tokyo 2020 Summer Olympics, the development will include a 26-story retail and office building, Station-front tower (駅前棟 Ekimae-tō), on the site of the current West Entrance and a 9-story building to the north-east, Tsuruya-cho tower (鶴屋町棟 Tsuruyamachi-tō), which will include parking and childcare facilities.[19]

Passenger statistics

In fiscal 2013, the JR East station was used by an average of 406,594 passengers daily (boarding passengers only), making it the busiest JR East station in Kanagawa Prefecture and the fourth busiest on the JR East network as a whole.[20]

The JR East passenger figures for previous years are as shown below.

Fiscal year Daily average
2000 385,023[21]
2005 384,594[22]
2010 398,052[23]
2011 394,900[24]
2012 400,655[25]
2013 406,594[20]

References

  1. ^ "The 51 Busiest Train Stations in the World". Rocketnews24.com. Retrieved 23 December 2013. 
  2. ^ Yokohama City Air Terminal index
  3. ^ Keikyu Limousine Haneda Airport Express
  4. ^ Airport Transport Service
  5. ^ Keikyu Bus TDR Line (Japanese)
  6. ^ Keikyu Bus Hakone Tōgendai Line
  7. ^ a b JR Bus Group (Japanese)
  8. ^ Transportation Bureau, City of Yokohama
  9. ^ Sotetsu Bus Information (Japanese)
  10. ^ Kanachu Bus Information (Japanese)
  11. ^ Keikyu Bus Route Information (Japanese)
  12. ^ Ishino, Tetsu et al. (eds.) (1998). 停車場変遷大事典 国鉄・JR編 [Station Transition Directory - JNR/JR] (in Japanese). Tokyo: JTB Corporation. p. 13, vol. II.  
  13. ^ 「地図」で探る横浜の鉄道 [Explore Railways in Yokohama with Maps] (in Japanese). Museum of Yokohama Urban History. 2011. p. 20.  
  14. ^ "JR東日本:各駅情報(横浜駅)" (in Japanese). Retrieved August 16, 2013. 
  15. ^ 「地図」で探る横浜の鉄道 [Explore Railways in Yokohama with Maps] (in Japanese). Museum of Yokohama Urban History. 2011. p. 64.  
  16. ^ Yamada, Akira. 横浜・川崎の鉄道 [Railways of Yokohama and Kawasaki]. The Railway Pictorial (in Japanese) (Denkisha Kenkyūkai Tetsudōtosho Kankōkai) 875 (May 2013): 14. 
  17. ^ Tōkyō Kyūkō Dentetsu, ed. (1943). ]History of Tokyo Yokohama Electric Railway東京横浜電鉄沿革史 [ (in Japanese). p. 533. 
  18. ^ "Commencement of Environmental Impact Assessment Procedures for the Yokohama Station West Exit Station Building Plan (Tentative Name)". East Japan Railway Company. 
  19. ^ "Yokohama Station West Exit Building Plan (Tentative Name)" (PDF). East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 27 September 2015. 
  20. ^ a b 各駅の乗車人員 (2013年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2013)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 
  21. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2000年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2000)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  22. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2005年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2005)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  23. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2010年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2010)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  24. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2011年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2011)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 19 October 2013. 
  25. ^ 各駅の乗車人員 (2012年度) [Station passenger figures (Fiscal 2012)] (in Japanese). Japan: East Japan Railway Company. Retrieved 31 August 2014. 

External links

  • JR-East Yokohama Station information
  • Keikyu Railway Train and Bus information
  • Tokyu Railway information
  • Yokohama Minatomirai railway information
  • Sōtetsu Line Yokohama Station Map
  • Transportation Bureau, City of Yokohama (Municipal Subway and Bus)

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