World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Yangbajain

Article Id: WHEBN0005719292
Reproduction Date:

Title: Yangbajain  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lhasa (prefecture-level city), Damxung County, Dagzê County, Lhasa, KOSMA
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Yangbajain

Yangbajain
Tibetan transcription(s)
 • Tibetan ཡངས་པ་ཅན།
 • Wylie transliteration yangs pa can
 • pronunciation in IPA
 • official transcription (PRC) Yangbajain
 • THDL Yangpachen
 • other transcriptions Yangpachän
Chinese transcription(s)
 • Traditional 羊八井
 • Simplified 羊八井
 • Pinyin Yángbājǐng
Yangpachen Valley
Yangpachen Valley
Yangbajain is located in Tibet
Yangbajain
Location within Tibet
Coordinates:
Country China
Region Tibet
Prefecture Lhasa
County Damxung County
Population
 • Major Nationalities Tibetan
 • Regional dialect Tibetan language
Time zone +8

Yangbajain (also spelled Yangbajing) is a town approximately 87 kilometers (54 mi) north-west of Lhasa, halfway to Damxung in the Tibet Autonomous Region of China. The town lies just south of the Nyainqêntanglha Mountains, in an upland lush green valley surrounded by the tents of nomads with grazing yak and sheep populating the hillside. It is the site Yangpachen Monastery, which was historically the seat of the Shamarpas of Karma Kagyü and the Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory.

Contents

  • Geothermal field 1
  • Holy Medical Spring Resort 2
  • Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory 3
  • References 4

Geothermal field

The area is famous for the Yangbajain Geothermal Field, which has been harnessed to produce electricity for the capital Lhasa. There is a thermoelectric power plant on the edge of the Yangbajain field covering 20–30 square kilometers.[1] The power plant was established in 1977, and was the first development of geothermal power not only in Tibet but in the whole of China.

The Yangbajain hot springs field is at an altitude of 4,290 to 4,500 metres (14,070 to 14,760 ft)[2] which makes it the highest altitude set of hot springs in China, and possibly the world.[3] The highest temperature inside the drilling hole is 125.5°C.[4]

Holy Medical Spring Resort

The Holy Medical Spring Resort has both two indoor swimming pools and one outdoor swimming pool, all filled with hot springs water.[4] Bathing is allowed at an altitude of 4200m AMSL, likely making it the highest swimming pool in the world.

geothermal power station in Yangbajain
Railway about 20 kilometres north of the town

Yangbajing International Cosmic Ray Observatory

The YBJ International Cosmic Ray Observatory (羊八井国际宇宙线观测站) is located in the Yangbajing valley of the Tibetan highland, a site chosen for its high altitude at 4300 meters above sea level.[5] Collaborating institutes includes the INFN (Istituto Nazionale di Fisica Nucleare) and various Chinese and Japanese universities.[6] [7] The KOSMA 3-m submillimeter telescope is being relocated to a nearby site.

References

  1. ^ Geography
  2. ^ Forecast and evaluation of hot dry rock geothermal resource in China, Zhijun Wan, Yangsheng Zhao and Jianrong Kang, Renewable Energy, Volume 30, Issue 12 , October 2005, Pages 1831-1846.
  3. ^ Chinese cultural organization site making claim that these are the highest altitude hot springs in the world
  4. ^ a b 安才旦. Travel guide to Tibet of China. China Intercontinental Press. p. 28. Retrieved 2010-11-30. 
  5. ^ "羊八井国际宇宙线观测站主页". 高能所网. 2005-09-26. Retrieved July 29, 2008. 
  6. ^ "The ARGO-YBJ Experiment".  
  7. ^ "The Tibet ASgamma Collaboration".  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.