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Wake Forest University

Wake Forest University
Former names
Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute
Wake Forest College
Motto Pro humanitate
Motto in English
For Humanity
Established February 3, 1834
Type Private
Endowment $1.15 billion[1]
President Nathan Hatch
Academic staff
Undergraduates 4,812[3]
Postgraduates 2,799[4]
Location Winston-Salem, North Carolina, United States
Campus Suburban
340 acres (1.4 km2)[5]
Colors Old Gold and Black
Athletics NCAA Division I FBSACC
Sports 16 varsity sports
Nickname Demon Deacons
Mascot The Demon Deacon
Affiliations NAICU
Website .edu.wfuwww

Wake Forest University is a private, independent, nonprofit, non-sectarian, coeducational research university in Winston-Salem, North Carolina, founded in 1834. The university received its name from its original location in Wake Forest, north of Raleigh, North Carolina, the state capital. The Reynolda Campus, the university's main campus, has been located north of downtown Winston-Salem since the university moved there in 1956. The Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center campus is located near the Ardmore neighborhood in central Winston-Salem. The University also occupies lab space at Biotech Plaza, at the downtown Piedmont Research Park, and at the Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials. The University's Graduate School of Management maintains a presence on the main campus in Winston-Salem and in Charlotte, North Carolina.

In the 2014 U.S. News America's Best Colleges report, Wake Forest ranked 11th in terms of "Best Undergraduate Teaching"[7] and 27th overall[8] among national universities. Wake Forest has ranked among the top 25 universities in the nation 5 times, ranking in the top 30 for 18 consecutive years. Wake Forest has produced 15 Rhodes Scholars,[9] including 13 since 1986,[10] four Marshall Scholars,[11] 15 Truman Scholars[12] and 62 Fulbright recipients since 1993.[13]

Notable people of Wake Forest University include: Author Maya Angelou, MSNBC News Host Melissa Harris-Perry, Senators Richard Burr and Kay Hagan, Athletes Chris Paul, Tim Duncan and Arnold Palmer, and CEO Charlie Ergen. Wake Forest has graduated many other successful alumni, including dozens of politicians, attorneys, physicians, scientists, and academics.


  • History 1
    • Presidential activities 1.1
  • Admissions 2
    • Profile 2.1
    • Test-optional policy 2.2
    • Scholarships 2.3
  • Academics 3
    • Undergraduate 3.1
      • Faculty 3.1.1
      • Study abroad 3.1.2
    • Graduate and Professional Schools 3.2
      • Wake Forest Graduate School of Arts and Sciences 3.2.1
      • Wake Forest School of Law 3.2.2
      • Wake Forest School of Medicine 3.2.3
      • School of Business 3.2.4
      • Wake Forest School of Divinity 3.2.5
    • Rankings 3.3
  • Student life 4
    • Fraternities and sororities 4.1
    • Physical activity options 4.2
    • Dining facilities 4.3
    • Student media 4.4
    • Undergraduate student housing 4.5
    • Student union 4.6
    • Student government 4.7
    • Personal and career development 4.8
    • Arts 4.9
  • Athletics 5
    • Football 5.1
      • 2006 season 5.1.1
      • 2007 season 5.1.2
    • Men's basketball 5.2
    • Women's basketball 5.3
    • Women's field hockey 5.4
    • Golf 5.5
    • Soccer 5.6
    • Baseball 5.7
    • Tennis 5.8
    • Screamin' Demons 5.9
  • Student organizations 6
    • Debate team 6.1
    • Volunteer Service Corps 6.2
    • A cappella groups 6.3
    • Army ROTC 6.4
  • Diversity and inclusion 7
    • Recognition 7.1
  • Technology 8
  • University campuses 9
    • Reynolda campus 9.1
    • Bowman Gray campus 9.2
    • Charlotte campus 9.3
  • Affiliated properties 10
    • Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum 10.1
    • Overseas 10.2
      • Casa Artom in Venice 10.2.1
      • Flow House in Vienna 10.2.2
      • Worrell House in London 10.2.3
      • Casa Dingledine Conference Center in Managua, Nicaragua 10.2.4
    • Reynolda House Museum of American Art 10.3
    • Reynolda Gardens 10.4
    • Reynolda Village 10.5
    • Graylyn International Conference Center 10.6
    • University Corporate Center 10.7
    • WFDD 10.8
    • Wake Forest Innovation Quarter 10.9
    • Wake Forest University Press 10.10
  • Notable alumni and faculty 11
  • Movies or documentaries filmed at the University 12
  • See also 13
  • References 14
  • External links 15


Wake Forest University was founded after the North Carolina Baptist State Convention purchased a 600-acre (2.4 km2) plantation from Dr. Calvin Jones in an area north of Raleigh (Wake County) called the "Forest of Wake." The new school, designed to teach both Baptist ministers and laymen, opened on February 3, 1834, as the Wake Forest Manual Labor Institute, named because students and staff were required to spend half of each day doing manual labor on the plantation. Dr. Samuel Wait, a Baptist minister, was selected as the "principal," later president, of the institute.[14]

Wait Chapel located on the Hearn Plaza (or the 'Upper Quad').

In 1838, it was renamed Wake Forest College, and the manual labor system was abandoned. The town that grew up around the college came to be called the town of Wake Forest. In 1862, during the American Civil War, the school closed due to the loss of most students and some faculty to service in the Confederate States Army. The College re-opened in 1866 and prospered over the next four decades under the leadership of presidents Washington Manley Wingate, Thomas H. Pritchard, and Charles Taylor. In 1894, the School of Law was established, followed by the School of Medicine in 1902. The university held its first summer session in 1921. Lea Laboratory was built in 1887-1888, and was listed on the National Register of Historic Places in 1975.[15]

The leading college figure in the early 20th century was Dr. William L. Poteat, a gifted biologist and the first layman to be elected president in the college's history. "Dr. Billy" continued to promote growth, hired many outstanding professors, and expanded the science curriculum. He also stirred upheaval among North Carolina Baptists with his strong support of teaching the theory of evolution but eventually won formal support from the Baptist State Convention for academic freedom at the College.

The Benson University Center

The School of Medicine moved to Winston-Salem (then North Carolina's second-largest city) in 1941 under the supervision of Dean Coy Cornelius Carpenter, who guided the school through the transition from a two-year to a four-year program. The school then became the Bowman Gray School of Medicine. The following year, 1942, Wake Forest admitted its first female undergraduate students, after World War II dramatically depleted the pool of male students.

In 1946, as a result of large gifts from the

  • Official website
  • Official athletics website

External links

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  17. ^ a b The Undergraduate Schools: Bulletin of Wake Forest University 2007–2008
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See also

Movies or documentaries filmed at the University

Notable faculty include world-renowned poet Maya Angelou.

Notable graduates of Wake Forest University include television journalist Melissa Harris-Perry; Aqua Teen Hunger Force co-creator Dave Willis; DISH Network co-founder Charlie Ergen; basketball players Muggsy Bogues and Tim Duncan; governors such as Charlie Crist and Bob Ehrlich; and several United States senators including Kay Hagan, Richard Burr, and Jesse Helms. Notable attendees include legendary golfer Arnold Palmer; actor Carroll O'Connor; and The Sopranos creator David Chase.

Notable alumni and faculty

Wake Forest is the home of Wake Forest University Press. Established in 1976 by Irish scholar Dillon Johnston, with the support of Provost Edwin Wilson and President James Ralph Scales, the press is the premier publisher of Irish poetry in North America. Among the poets published are Ciaran Carson, Thomas Kinsella, Michael Longley, Medbh McGuckian, John Montague, Eilean Ni Chuilleanain and Irish language poet Nuala Ni Dhomhnaill.

Wake Forest University Press

In December 2012, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center formally launched its new commercialization enterprise, Wake Forest Innovations.[202] Located in the Innovation Quarter, Wake Forest Innovations brings together technology asset management functions with resources to support scholarship, invest in the innovative potential of its academic and clinical communities and help translate ideas and discoveries into commercial products and services for both the Medical Center and Wake Forest University.[203]

The opening of Wake Forest Biotech Place in February 2012 marked a milestone in development of Wake Forest Innovation Quarter, based in downtown Winston-Salem and formerly known as Piedmont Triad Research Park.[200] Operated by Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, Wake Forest Biotech Place is a 242,000-square-foot multipurpose biotechnology research and innovation center space that is now home to several School of Medicine departments doing pioneering research, as well as private companies.[201]

Wake Forest Innovation Quarter

WFDD is an NPR-affiliate which was founded in 1946.[198] The station has a signal strength of 36,000 watts and broadcasts to 32 counties in North Carolina and Virginia.[199] The station has been broadcast on 88.5 FM since 1967.


Built as the world headquarters for Reynolds Tobacco Company, RJR Nabisco donated the more than 500,000-square-foot building to Wake Forest University in 1987.[197] Now known as the University Corporate Center, the building is located off Reynolds Blvd. near campus and is currently home to the following University offices: Information Systems, Finance Systems, Procurement Services, and Financial & Accounting Services. Aon Consulting, BB&T and Pepsi are also tenants.

University Corporate Center

Wake Forest University owns and manages one of the premier meeting destinations in the southeast.[195] Graylyn was built as a private estate for Bowman Gray, Sr., and his family in 1932. The Gray family lived in the home until 1946 when it was donated to the Bowman Gray School of Medicine. In 1972, it was donated to Wake Forest University where it was used for many things over the years, including graduate student housing.[196]

Graylyn International Conference Center

Adjacent to the Wake Forest campus, Reynolda Village is home to stores, restaurants, services and offices. Now owned and operated by Wake Forest University, the buildings were originally part of the 1,067-acre estate of the R.J. Reynolds family. These buildings were modeled after an English Village and included dairy barns, a cattle shed, school, post office, smokehouse, blacksmith shop, carriage house, central power and heating plant as well as cottages to house the family's chauffeur and stenographer, the village's school master and the farm's head dairyman and horticulturist. It now has a wide range of shops specializing in home furnishings and designer fashions, as well as art galleries, fitness studios, and a full-service day spa. The Reynolda Historical district, including Reynolda Village, serves as an educational, cultural, and community complex for the Winston-Salem community.[194]

Reynolda Village

The 129 acres that comprise Reynolda Gardens of Wake Forest University were once at the center of Reynolda, the early 20th-century estate of Mr. and Mrs. R. J. Reynolds and included a lake, a golf course, formal gardens, greenhouses, and woods. Although many changes have occurred to the landscape over the past century, this preserve serves as a learning center for topics related to horticulture, environmental sciences, and landscape history. Wake Forest students and faculty engage in research throughout the preserve. The public is invited to participate in a wide variety of learning experiences, including classes, workshops, summer camps, and special events.[193]

Reynolda Gardens

Wake Forest students regularly get involved at Reynolda House through internships, volunteer opportunities, and academic research. In 2010, Reynolda House and Wake Forest partnered on a first-year student orientation project[191] using the Museum's masterpiece by Frederic Church, The Andes of Ecuador, as the focal point of the summer academic experience. General admission to the Museum is free to students and University employees.[192]

Reynolda House displays American art ranging from the colonial period to the present, including well-known artists such as Gilbert Stuart.

Reynolda House Museum of American Art is the centerpiece of the Reynolda Estate, from which the University's Reynolda Campus takes its name. The residence was constructed in 1917 by Katharine Smith Reynolds and her husband, Richard Joshua Reynolds, founder of the R.J. Reynolds Tobacco Company.[189] It was converted to an art museum in 1967 and affiliated with Wake Forest University in 2002.[190]

Reynolda House Museum of American Art

[188] Casa Dingledine was dedicated in February 2011.[187] In 2008, Karyn and Tom Dingledine provided a donation that enabled Wake Forest to purchase Casa Dingledine — a 6,600-square-foot conference center on five acres of land with a view of

Casa Dingledine Conference Center in Managua, Nicaragua

In 1977, Wake Forest acquired a large, brick home in Hampstead for its London program. The house, a gift from Eugene and Ann Worrell, was named in their honor. Formerly known as Morven House, the building served as the home and studio of landscape painter Charles Edward Johnson. Hampstead is primarily a residential neighborhood and home to Hampstead Heath, Regent's Park, Primrose Hill and the Keats House. Each fall and spring semester, a group of Wake Forest students and a resident professor live and study together here.

Worrell House in London

In 1998, Wake Forest purchased a three-story villa in Vienna. The acquisition was made possible through the donation of Vic and Roddy Flow of Winston-Salem, and the house was named in their honor. Built in 1898, the house was formerly the office of the U.S. Consulate. Flow House is situated in a northwest section of Vienna that is known for its embassies, diplomatic residences, and distinguished private homes. Each fall and spring semester, a group of Wake Forest students and a resident professor live and study together here.

Flow House in Vienna

In 1974, Wake Forest purchased the building that formerly housed the American Consulate in Venice and named it Casa Artom in honor of Dr. Camillo Artom, a professor at the Baptist Medical Center until 1969. Casa Artom is a two-story building facing the Grand Canal. It is flanked by the Palazzo Venier dei Leoni, which houses the Peggy Guggenheim art collection, and the 15th century home Ca'Dario. Each fall and spring semester, a group of Wake Forest students and a resident professor live and study together here.

Casa Artom in Venice

The University owns a number of international properties:[186]


Wake Forest purchased the Coliseum and 33 surrounding acres from the City of Winston-Salem on Aug. 1, 2013.[185] The Coliseum, which seats 14,407, has been the home of Wake Forest's men's and women's basketball teams since it opened in 1989.

Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum

Affiliated properties

The University began offering a small set of general summer school classes at the Charlotte campus in the summer of 2014.

The Charlotte Center is home to U.S. News & World Report's No. 1 ranked MBA program for working professionals in North Carolina.[89] It offers two part-time MBA programs (Evening and Saturday), continuing legal education courses, continuing professional education courses, executive education and Lunch & Learn and speaker events. Certificate programs offered at the Charlotte Center include business management for nonprofits, sustainability, financial planning and negotiations.[63] The Center also hosts corporate retreats and serves as an educational and gathering space for students and alumni in the greater Charlotte area.

The School of Business established a satellite campus in Charlotte, N.C., in 1995, and in January 2012, it moved into a 30,000-square-foot, award-winning[184] facility on North College Street in Uptown.

Charlotte campus

Located in the Ardmore neighborhood near downtown Winston-Salem, the Bowman Gray Campus is home to Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center, which includes its teaching and research arm, Wake Forest School of Medicine, and its clinical enterprise, Wake Forest Baptist Health. With about 13,000 employees, the Medical Center is the largest employer in the Piedmont Triad Region, operating as an integrated health care system with a mission to deliver quality patient care, to train the next generation of physicians and medical leaders and to discover the next medical breakthrough that will improve health.[183]

Bowman Gray campus

South Campus is the home of Manchester Quad (formerly known as the Magnolia Quad or Mag quad). It holds freshman housing, most of the classroom buildings, the Benson Center, and the Z. Smith Reynolds Library.

North Campus consists of the T.K. Hearn Plaza, better known as "the quad," which holds the six upperclassmen residential buildings, the US Post Office, Subway restaurant, book/office supply store, clothing/athletic store, and Wait Chapel. Wait Chapel serves multiple functions. Its auditorium serves as an area for prayer, ceremonies, concerts, and certain guest speakers. The classrooms at Wait Chapel house the offices and classrooms for the Divinity School and the Religion Department.

The Reynolda Campus is the main campus for Wake Forest University, housing the undergraduate colleges, three of the four graduate schools, and half the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences. The core of Reynolda campus is the two interlinked quads, separated by the main administrative building/main dining facility, Reynolda Hall, into North and South Campus.

Z. Smith Reynolds Library

Reynolda campus

University campuses

Wake Forest is a founding member of WinstonNet, a non-profit organization of educational and municipal institutions in Winston-Salem, NC that among other things provides a gigabit ethernet based regional point of presence (or, rPOP) for the North Carolina Research and Education Network. The University is a member of the Inter-university Consortium for Political and Social Research (ICPSR), providing access to a large library of data files, and of EDUCAUSE, a national consortium of colleges and universities concerned with computing issues.

Campus-wide access is provided for a variety of collaborative tools, including WebEx, Google Apps for Higher Education (used for WFU email, calendaring and documents) and Sakai.

Wake Forest has received praise for its efforts in the field of technology. In 2003, The Princeton Review listed it as the number-two "Most Connected Campus" in the United States.[182] The university's Information Systems (IS) department offers a program that issues new Lenovo ThinkPad laptop computers to all undergraduate students and faculty. High speed wireless (and wired) Internet access is provided across campus.


Wake Forest's Associate Provost for Diversity and Inclusion Barbee Oakes was named one of the "25 Women Making a Difference" in 2012 Diverse Issues in Higher Education, recognizing her for commitment to initiatives that promote pluralism and foster community.[180] Wake Forest was among 40 schools across the country awarded the 2012 Higher Education Excellence in Diversity Award by Insight into Diversity magazine.[181]


  • Japanese student Konsukie Akiyama became the first Asian graduate in 1909.
  • The first women undergraduates were admitted in 1942.
  • James G. Jones became the first American Indian graduate in 1958.[171]
  • On Feb. 23, 1960, 10 Wake Forest students joined 11 students from Winston-Salem State Teachers College (now Winston-Salem State University) for a sit-in at Woolworth's lunch counter in downtown Winston-Salem.[172] The students' non-violent protest, along with other protests in Winston-Salem, led to the desegregation of the city's restaurants and lunch counters on May 23 of that year.
  • Martin Luther King, Jr. spoke in Wait Chapel on the Wake Forest campus on Oct. 11, 1962.[173]
  • Herman Eure (biology) and Dolly McPherson (English) became the first black tenure-track professors in 1974.[174]
  • The Office of Minority Affairs was formed in 1978 and later became the Office of Multicultural Affairs. Wake Forest also added an Office of Diversity & Inclusion, an LGBTQ Center[175] and a Women's Center.[176]
  • In 1982, poet/actress/author Maya Angelou was hired as Reynolds Professor of American Studies.[177]
  • In 2002, Wake Forest added a cultural diversity requirement[178] to its curriculum, mandating all undergraduates take one of 74 courses to educate them on cultural diversity.
  • Wake Forest appointed its first (part-time) Muslim chaplain in 2010.[179] In 2011, the first associate chaplain for Jewish Life was named.

Other diversity milestones:

Wake Forest's undergraduate minority enrollment in 2012–2013 was 23 percent.[169] The University has an official "Statement of Principle on Diversity."[170]

On April 27, 1962, the Board of Trustees voted to end racial segregation at Wake Forest, which became the South's first major private university to integrate. In the fall of 1962, Ghana native Ed Reynolds became the first full-time black undergraduate student to enroll.[167] In 2012–2013, Wake Forest's celebration, "Faces of Courage," marked the 50th anniversary of Wake Forest's decision to integrate and how it shaped the university.[168]

Diversity and inclusion

The program also serves students from Winston-Salem State University and Salem College.

At Wake Forest contracted ROTC cadets are given full scholarship, a monthly stipend, and book money by the US Army. The university extends the scholarship with free room and board.

The minimum service commitment of a contracted cadet who graduates from ROTC is four years active duty and four years of inactive reserve duty after that. Alternatively, a cadet can choose to forgo active duty service and serve eight straight years in the active Reserve or National Guard. Other alternative service plans are available for those who intend to be an Army doctor, lawyer, or chaplain with source of commissioning via ROTC.

Wake Forest University offers only Army ROTC. In 2006 the Army ROTC program was awarded the MacArthur Award by the United States Army for having the best medium-sized ROTC battalion in the nation. There are about sixty cadets in the program, and about half of each military science class finishes Leadership Development Advanced Camp (LDAC) as a "Distinguished Military Graduate," the top 20% of ROTC graduates.


  • Chi Rho – all-male Christian group
  • Innuendo – co-ed group
  • Plead the Fifth – all-male secular group
  • Minor Variation – all-female Christian group
  • Demon Divas – all-female group

Wake Forest has a number of a cappella groups that produce recordings and have performances on and off campus. They include:

A cappella groups

The Volunteer Service Corps (VSC) is one of the most popular student organizations. It coordinates volunteering in both the local and international/national setting via service projects and trips. The organization has annual service trips to Russia, Vietnam, and Latin America. In light of the disaster caused by Hurricane Katrina, VSC sent 30 Wake Students on a Wake Alternative Spring Break in the Spring of 2006.

Volunteer Service Corps

In 2010, Wake Forest became the first top-tier debate team in the country to go "open source" and share all its evidence and arguments online through a wiki accessible to other debaters.[166]

Notable Debate alumni include: Winston-Salem, N.C.

The Wake Forest Debate team has won the National Debate Tournament in 1997[159] and 2008,[160] made the finals in 2006[161] and 2009 [162] and has had four semifinal teams: 1955,[163] 1993, 1994, 1995.[164] Wake Forest has had two winners of the "National Coach of the Year" award: Ross Smith (1997) and Al Louden (1988). The award is named for Smith.[165]

Debate team

The Office of Student Development, led by Michael Gerald Ford, son of Gerald R. Ford, oversees all student organizations. Student Development also organizes leadership oriented student activities such as CHARGE (Formerly called LEAD), a semester long course in campus leadership.

There are over 160 chartered student organizations of all sorts. Student sports organizations are highly visible on campus. Special interest organizations range from the academic, such the College Republicans and College Democrats have active chapters at the University. Historic student organizations such as the Philomathesians, an artistic literary magazine, are also present. Students are entertained by numerous performing groups, including The Lilting Banshee Comedy Troupe, The Living Parables Christian Drama Troupe, and The Anthony Aston Players.

Student organizations

Student attendance of Wake Forest Football and Basketball games is high, in part due to the program known as "Screamin' Demons." At the beginning of each respective athletic season students on the Reynolda Campus can sign up for the program whereby they pay $40 for each year; in addition to the best seats at the games, this gets students a football shirt in the fall and a tie-dye T-shirt in the spring along with a card that serves as an automatic pass to the sporting events. They lose this privilege if they miss two of the games. Through the planning of Sports Marketing and the Screamin' Demons program, basketball game seats in the students section are difficult to attain without participating in the Screamin' Demons program. The arena can seat only 2,250 of the 4,500 undergraduate students at Wake Forest. At least 150 seats are always set aside for non-Screamin Demons, who sit behind the 2,100 member group.

Screamin' Demons

Wake Forest has playing for it in tennis Noah Rubin, who won the 2014 boys singles championship at Wimbledon, and the US 2014 boys' national championships in singles and doubles.


Wake Forest won the 1955 College World Series in baseball. In 2009, the team began playing on Ernie Shore Field, in Winston-Salem, NC, moving to this field from their former home at Gene Hooks Stadium on campus.


Wake Forest is a consistent national title contender in men's soccer. In recent years several players from the program have played professionally in Major League Soccer, including Brian Carroll, Will Hesmer, Justin Moose, Michael Parkhurst, Pat Phelan, James Riley, Scott Sealy, Matt Taylor, and Wells Thompson. In 2006 the team advanced to the final four of the NCAA tournament where they were defeated in a penalty kick shootout by UC Santa Barbara. They captured the 2007 NCAA Men's Soccer Championship defeating Ohio State 2–1, with the winning goal scored by Zack Schilawski. The Demon Deacons returned to the final four of the 2009 Division I Men's College Cup, losing to Virginia 2–1 in overtime in the semifinals.


Wake Forest has had several successful golf teams, winning national championships in 1974, 1975, and 1986. Several well-known players include Jay Haas, Billy Andrade, Gary Hallberg, Robert Wrenn, Scott Hoch, Bill Haas, and majors champions Arnold Palmer, Lanny Wadkins, Darren Clarke, Curtis Strange, and Webb Simpson.


Recent athletic honors include three consecutive NCAA Field Hockey national championships in 2002, 2003, and 2004 under Head Coach Jennifer Averill. In 2005, the Deacs were defeated in the semifinal round by Duke University, and in the 2006 championship game by the University of Maryland.

Women's field hockey

In 2012, Jen Hoover took over as coach from Mike Petersen, the program's all-time winningest coach. Hoover (then Jenny Mitchell) is the program's all-time leading scorer and rebounder, was a three-time All-ACC selection and was a member of the ACC's 50th Anniversary Team in 2002. Hoover was part of the program's only NCAA Tournament appearance in 1988, when Wake Forest beat Villanova and lost to Tennessee. Wake Forest has appeared in the Women's NIT four times, all under Petersen. The Demon Deacons play their home games at Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum.

Women's basketball

Wake Forest is generally regarded as a competitive program in men's basketball, frequently qualifying for the NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship (22 times in the school's history). They reached the Final Four once, in 1962. The school's famous basketball alumni include Billy Packer, a guard on the 1962 Final Four team who became far more famous as a basketball broadcaster; Tyrone Curtis "Muggsy" Bogues, the shortest player ever to play in the NBA; Randolph Childress, for his MVP performance in the 1995 ACC Tournament; Minnesota Timberwolves swingman Josh Howard; Chris Paul of the Los Angeles Clippers and the 2006 NBA Rookie of the Year Award; and two-time league MVP and three-time NBA Finals MVP Tim Duncan, and Atlanta Hawks starting point guard and one-time all-star Jeff Teague. Lawrence Joel Veterans Memorial Coliseum is the home venue for the Demon Deacons basketball team. Skip Prosser, Wake Forest University's men's basketball coach since 2001, died in Winston-Salem on July 26, 2007. One of Prosser's assistant coaches, Dino Gaudio, was named to replace him. On April 13, 2010, Jeff Bzdelik was hired, taking the place of the recently fired Gaudio. Despite no post-season success (0 wins in 3 ACC Tournament attempts) and an 11–42 record against ACC competition over the first three years of his tenure, Athletic Director Ron Wellman announced that Bzdelik would return for a fourth season as coach.[157] On March 20, 2014, Jeff Bzdelik resigned his position as head coach.[158]

Men's basketball

Wake Forest plays its home football games at BB&T Field (formerly Groves Stadium).

Wake Forest's head coach, Jim Grobe, continues to garner national attention as an outstanding college football coach. Though he was offered coaching positions at other schools, Grobe chose to remain with the Deacons, citing a desire to remain at an institution that successfully balances high-level academics with a major athletic program.

Wake Forest followed its success in 2006 with another excellent year and finished the regular season with a record of 8 wins and 4 losses. During the season, the Demon Deacons were briefly ranked in the Top 25. Their success throughout the year earned Wake Forest an invitation to the Meineke Car Care Bowl in Charlotte, North Carolina. Played on December 29 in the Bank of America stadium (home of the Carolina Panthers) the Demon Deacons defeated the Connecticut Huskies 24–10.

2007 season

The 2006 team and its emotional leader Jon Abbate would become the subjects of the 2011 feature film The 5th Quarter.

For his part in the record-setting season, coach Jim Grobe was unanimously selected ACC Coach of the Year, and handily won the AP Coach of the Year award several weeks later. Coach Grobe signed a ten-year contract in 2003.

Wake Forest's football team was ranked in the Top 25 in the nation by the Orange Bowl to play the Big East champion Louisville Cardinals, where they lost 24–13. However, this made Wake Forest the smallest school to ever compete in the Bowl Championship Series. Of all schools that play Division I FBS football, only Rice and Tulsa have smaller undergraduate enrollments, and Wake has the smallest undergraduate enrollment of any school in the BCS conferences.

2006 season


The Athletics Director is Ron Wellman.

The Demon Deacons participate in the NCAA's Division I (in the Bowl Subdivision for football) and in the Atlantic Coast Conference.

Wake Forest has won a total of eight national championships in four different sports; four of these championships have come in the past six years. Wake Forest is sometimes referred to as being a part of "Tobacco Road" or "The Big Four," terms that refer to the four North Carolina schools that compete heatedly against each other within the ACC; these include Duke, North Carolina, and North Carolina State, as well as Wake Forest.

Originally, Wake Forest's athletic teams were known as the Fighting Baptists, due to its association with the Baptist Convention (from which it later separated itself). However, in 1923, after a particularly impressive win against the Duke Blue Devils, a newspaper reporter wrote that the Deacons "fought like Demons", giving rise to the current team name, the "Demon Deacons."

Wake Forest University Mascot Demon Deacon
"Rolling the Quad" is a WFU tradition that is done after major victories in athletic competition.


  • The WFU Art Collections consist of nine independent collections with more than 1,600 works located in 35 on- and off-campus locations.[152] Every four years, selected students make an art-buying trip to New York City to add to the collections.[153]
  • Students are within walking distance of the Reynolda House Museum of American Art, the Wake Forest Museum of Anthropology, the Charlotte and Philip Hanes Art Gallery and START, the student art gallery.
  • The theatre department, which allows students to participate from their first year, supports interdisciplinary exploration of its plays through the Interdisciplinary Performance and the Liberal Arts Center (IPLACe), which connects the performing arts and other academic departments.[154]
  • The student-run Reynolda Film Festival is a free weeklong series of film screenings and workshops featuring a keynote address by a well-known and respected representative of the film industry.[155]
  • The Secrest Artists Series offers the Wake Forest community several free opportunities each year to hear world-class concerts.[156]

Students also can take advantage of a number of other art-related opportunities:

Every student takes at least one course in the arts (art history, studio art, theatre, dance, music performance and music in liberal arts) before graduating.[149] In 2011–2012, more than 500 Wake Forest students were directly involved in performances on campus, and 110 public exhibitions in theatre, music dance and visual arts held in Scales Fine Arts Center in 2012–2013.[150] The University's home, Winston-Salem, calls itself the "City of Arts & Innovation."[151]


Chan's work has included hosting a national conference in 2012 ("Rethinking Success: From the Liberal Arts to Careers in the 21st Century")[144] featuring Condoleezza Rice,[145] and issuing "A Roadmap for Transforming the College-To-Career Experience" in 2013.[146] Wake Forest quadrupled the size of the staff,[147] integrated personal and career development into freshman orientation, and added "College to Career" courses.[148]

In 2009, President Nathan Hatch outlined in his strategic plan a campus culture in which personal and career development would become an integral component of the undergraduate student experience.[142] Later that year, he created a cabinet-level position and appointed Andy Chan as the Vice President for Personal & Career Development.[143]

Personal and career development

The Senate, which acts as a student legislature, is made up of about 48 senators, chosen in fall and spring elections each year. The legislators are assigned to one of six committees focused on an area of student needs. The Student Trustee is an ex-officio member of Student Government and acts as a liaison between the Board of Trustees and Student Government.

Founded in 1923, Wake Forest Student Government (known as SG) works under a semi-Presidential system. Four executive officers (student body president, speaker of the House, secretary and treasurer) are elected each spring. The President appoints a chief of staff. The executive officers coordinate with the Cabinet, formed by the co-chairs of the six standing committees. The Executive Committee & Cabinet work with members of the General Assembly to pass legislation and advocate on behalf of students.[141]

Student government

The event-planning arm of Wake Forest is undergraduate student-run organization known as Student Union. Student Union events include Homecoming, Family Weekend, Special Lectures, Concerts, the Coffeehouse music series and other weekly events such as movie screenings and Tuesday Trivia nights. Its signature event is the annual "Shag on the Mag" where a big tent covers Manchester Quad (formerly the Magnolia Quad) during Springfest and students shag dance to a live band. It started in 2005 under then Springfest chairman Joseph Bumgarner.

Student union

The office of Residence Life & Housing boasts 119 undergraduate RAs, and 15 graduate hall directors. Along with student staff, the RL&H office supports two major residential student organizations: the Resident Student Association and the National Residence Hall Honorary.

  • South Campus (First Year Student Housing): Babcock Hall, Bostwick Hall, Johnson Hall, Luter Hall, Collins Hall, South Hall
  • Quad Area (Upperclass Student Housing): Kitchin Hall, Davis Hall, Poteat/Huffman Halls, Taylor/Efird Halls
  • North Area (Upperclass Student Housing): Magnolia Hall, Dogwood Hall, Polo Hall, Martin Hall, Palmer Hall, Piccolo Hall, North Campus Apartments, Student Apartments, Polo Road houses area.

The three main community areas for the 2013–2014 academic year are:[140]

Wake Forest maintains a commitment to the residential college experience by guaranteeing undergraduate students on-campus housing for four years. As of 2010, students were required to live on campus for their first three years as a full-time enrolled student.[139] As of the 2013–2014 academic year, Residence Life is divided into 15 communities which are staffed by a graduate hall director and a staff of RAs (resident advisers) who facilitate community building and assume administrative responsibilities. All student housing has air conditioning, closets, wired/wireless internet access, cable television connections, and free unlimited washer/dryer usage. Every residence hall is equipped with at least one communal lounge area (with a big-screen television, sometimes a ping-pong table, pianos, etc.) and kitchen area.

Undergraduate student housing

  • WAKE Radio was founded by a student group in 1985 after WFDD terminated a long-standing position of student broadcast assistants.[136][137] The organization currently maintains an Internet radio station that broadcasts shows ranging from political and sports talk to indie music.
  • The Student was founded in 2004 and is a website created and run by students to help integrate the student body with academic activities and social events around campus and the Winston-Salem area.[138]
  • The Old Gold & Black (OGB) is Wake Forest University's weekly school newspaper. The paper takes its name from the university's official colors. It was established in 1916 and has been produced by a group of student editors, reporters and photographers every year since then. Notable alumni include Al Hunt, current Managing Editor for Bloomberg News in Washington DC, W. J. Cash who authored The Mind of the South, and Wayne King who won a Pulitzer Prize for his coverage of The 12th Street Riot in Detroit in 1967.
  • Wake TV is the university television channel. It features weekly television content like Wake TV News and Entertainment Wakely. Past students have also collaborated with ESPNU to create media packages featuring Wake Forest athletes.
  • The Howler is the annual yearbook.
  • 3 to 4 Ounces is the official literary magazine on campus, publishing a collection of student prose, poetry and art through a blind application process each semester. It is also the longest-running media outlet on campus, as it began in 1882 as The Student when the school was still known as Wake Forest College.[138]

Student media

  • The Fresh Food Company ("The Pit") – Renovated in 2005, it is known as "The Pit" because of its location in the basement of Reynolda Hall.[133] Students have access to all-you-care-to-eat dining for breakfast, lunch, and dinner. A take-out dining option also exists with re-usable to-go containers or pre-packaged meals.[134]
  • The Magnolia Room – Located on the second floor of Reynolda Hall, it is open Monday through Friday for lunch. Every Thursday evening, it offers a "Premium Dinner" with two seatings. On other nights, the room serves as an event space that can be rented by student groups.[135]
  • Benson Food Court – Located on the ground floor of the Benson University Center, it features national and local venues, including Chick-fil-A and Moe's Southwest Grill.
  • Shorty's Restaurant & Bar – Located adjacent to the Food Court, it is open for lunch, dinner and late night and offers Americana cuisine.
  • Starbucks – Located in the Z. Smith Reynolds Library, it opened in 2008.
  • Subway and Provisions on Demand convenience store – Located on Hearn Plaza in Davis Hall, they are open 24 hours.
  • Convenience Stores – In addition to the Benson Center Sundry and the P.O.D., stores are located in Worrell Hall and in the North Campus Apartment area.

Wake Forest undergraduate students living on campus are required to sign up for a meal plan in coordination with the Office of Residence Life and Housing and ARAMARK.[132] Meal Plans consist of Meal Swipes and Food Dollars. Meal Swipes are accepted in the Fresh Food Company (also known as "The Pit") and the Magnolia Room, both of which are located in Reynolda Hall. Students may purchase food and snacks at all other on-campus retail locations using their Food Dollars, Deacon Dollars, and other methods of payment.

Dining facilities

Wake Forest offers a vast array of possibilities for physical activity, be it for recreation or health. The university offers classes in Yoga, Dance, Boot Camp, etc. In addition, some classes are offered for credit on sports theory and practice, as well as several dance courses. Intramural Sports are also extremely popular and take place for a variety of sports, depending on the season.[131] The university recreation center, Reynolds Gym, is the oldest gym in the ACC. The university is in the planning process for a new recreation center to replace the aging Reynolds Gym and the Miller Fitness Center.

Physical activity options

In the mid-2010s, fraternities at Wake Forest have come under scrutiny for claims of sexual assault, racism, and violence.[128][129][130]

[127] Wake Forest is also home to the Sigma Delta chapter of

Professional or Academic Fraternities and Sororities on campus: Alpha Kappa Psi,[124] Alpha Phi Omega,[125] and Kappa Kappa Psi.[126]

Sororities on campus: Alpha Delta Pi,[113] Alpha Kappa Alpha,[114] Chi Omega,[115] Delta Delta Delta,[116] Delta Sigma Theta,[117] Delta Xi Phi,[118] Delta Zeta,[119] Kappa Alpha Theta,[120] Kappa Beta Gamma,[121] Kappa Delta,[122] and Kappa Kappa Gamma.[123]

Fraternities on campus: Alpha Epsilon Pi,[96] Alpha Phi Alpha,[97] Alpha Sigma Phi,[98] Chi Psi,[99] Delta Kappa Epsilon,[100] Kappa Alpha Order,[101] Kappa Alpha Psi,[102] Kappa Sigma,[103] Lambda Chi Alpha,[104] Omega Psi Phi,[105] Pi Kappa Alpha,[106] Sigma Alpha Epsilon,[107] Sigma Chi,[108] Sigma Nu,[109] Sigma Phi Epsilon,[110] Sigma Pi,[111] and Theta Chi.[112]

All fraternities and sororities at Wake Forest belong to one of three councils – the Interfraternity Council, the National Pan-Hellenic Council and the Panhellenic Council.[95] Each of these councils has an executive board that provides resources and programming to its member organizations. With very homogeneous populations, fraternities and sororities remain very racially and socio-economically segregated.

Most fraternities and sororities have lounges in campus residence halls, with surrounding rooms being reserved for the chapter. One fraternity, Delta Kappa Epsilon, has a residence off campus.[94]

With 28 chapters, fraternity and sorority membership consists of around 45% of the student population.[93] Wake Forest requires that all new members of fraternities and sororities complete at least one semester of full-time studies, so the primary recruiting time is during the spring semester.

Fraternities and sororities

Student life

The 2013 U.S. News & World Report Graduate School Rankings ranked the School of Law 31st in the country.[92]

In 2013, U.S. News & World Report ranked the School of Medicine fourth most selective in the country,[59] 19th best in primary care and 46th best in research.[60]

According to the Institute of International Education's 2012 Open Doors Report,[91] Wake Forest ranked third in the country for undergraduate participation in study-abroad programs among doctoral research universities.

In the 2014 BusinessWeek Undergraduate Business Schools Rankings, the School of Business ranked 11th overall and achieved the No. 1 rank for the sixth consecutive year in Academic Quality.[87] In the U.S. News & World Report March 2013 annual list of "America's Best Graduate Schools," Wake Forest's full-time MBA was ranked No. 47 out of the 455 AACSB accredited master's business programs surveyed.[88] Wake Forest's part-time MBA program for working professionals ranked No. 1 in North Carolina and No. 28 nationally.[89] In 2012, students in the MSA program achieved the No. 1 pass rate and the highest average score in the nation on the Certified Public Accountant Exam among candidates from nearly 800 colleges and universities. Wake Forest MSA students have earned the No. 1 CPA pass rate ranking ten times since 1997.[90]

In the 2014 U.S. News America's Best Colleges report, Wake Forest ranked 11th in terms of "Best Undergraduate Teaching"[7] and 27th overall[8] among national universities.

University rankings
ARWU[82] 126-146
U.S. News & World Report[83] 27
Washington Monthly[84] 136[85]
ARWU[86] 401-500


In 2012, the school established the Food, Faith, and Religious Leadership Initiative to equip religious leaders with the knowledge, skills, and pastoral habits necessary to guide congregations and other faith-based organizations around food issues.[81]

Planning for the school began in April 1989.[74] In May 1996, Bill J. Leonard was appointed the school's first dean,[75] and in March 1998, the school selected its 14-member board of visitors.[76] The first faculty members were named in April 1998, and additional faculty were hired that October.[77][78] In August 1999, the first 24 students enrolled in the program.[79] The university's first Master of Divinity degrees were conferred May 20, 2002.[80]

Gail O'Day was appointed in 2010 as dean of the school and professor of New Testament and preaching.[71] The school has 18 faculty members, five adjunct faculty and 12 associated faculty from other university departments.[72] According to its mission statement, the school is "Christian by tradition, Baptist in heritage, and ecumenical in outlook."[73]

The School of Divinity, accredited by the Association of Theological Schools, offers a Master of Divinity degree as well as dual-degree programs in bioethics, counseling and law.[66][67][68][69] The school also offers a certificate in Spirituality and Health in association with the Wake Forest School of Medicine.[70]

Wake Forest School of Divinity

The School of Business offers six Master programs and four joint-degree programs, including full-time and part-time Master of Business Administration, Master of Science in Accountancy and Master of Arts in Management.[64] The School offers a Bachelor of Science (BS) degree program for undergraduates. This is a four-year degree with majors in accountancy, business and enterprise management, finance, and mathematical business.[65]

The Wake Forest School of Business was founded in 1969 as the Babcock School of Management, and the School now houses both graduate and undergraduate programs in the new Farrell Hall facility on the main Wake Forest campus. The School also maintains a campus in Charlotte, N.C., which houses an MBA program for working professionals.[63]

School of Business

The School of Medicine ranks among the top third of American medical schools in total funding from the National Institutes of Health (NIH).[61] In the 2012 fiscal year, the school was awarded nearly $185 million in research funding from federal and state agencies, industry and other sources.[62]

The School of Medicine is ranked among the best medical schools in the United States. In 2013, U.S. News & World Report ranked it fourth most selective medical school in the country,[59] 19th best in primary care and 46th best in research.[60]

In addition to M.D., Ph.D. and M.S. degrees (including an M.S. for physician assistants), the School of Medicine has five joint-degree programs, nurse anesthesia and medical technology teaching programs, and is the clinical site for 10 Forsyth Technical Community College programs.[58]

The Wake Forest School of Medicine is located on the Bowman Gray Campus in the Ardmore neighborhood of Winston-Salem, North Carolina. Founded in 1902, the School of Medicine directs the education of about 1,800 students and fellows, including physicians, basic scientists and allied clinical professionals each year.[58] It is clinically affiliated with Wake Forest Baptist Health and Wake Forest Community Physicians and, with its research program, forms the integrated academic medical center, Wake Forest Baptist Medical Center.

Wake Forest School of Medicine

Wake Forest Law offers the following degrees: the JD, the JD/MDiv, the JD/MA in Religion, the JD/MA in Bioethics, the Master of Studies in Law, the Master of Laws in American Law, the SJD and the JD/MBA in conjunction with the university's Schools of Business. Class sizes are limited to sections of 40 in the first year, with legal writing classes limited to sections of 20.[57]

The Wake Forest University School of Law is a private American Bar Association (ABA) accredited law school and is a member of the Association of American Law Schools (AALS). The school was established in 1894. U.S. News and World Report consistently ranks the school among the Top Tier Law Schools in the nation. The current dean is Suzanne Reynolds.[55] Wake Forest University School of Law has a faculty of 52 Resident Faculty Members and 40 Extended Faculty Members.[56]

Wake Forest School of Law

The Graduate School of Arts and Sciences offers 25 programs of graduate-level study as well as 11 certificates. Degree programs include 11 areas of PhD study in the sciences, as well as 24 master's degrees in the arts and sciences. The school also offers nine joint degree programs in conjunction with the other professional schools and the undergraduate college.[54]

Wake Forest Graduate School of Arts and Sciences

In addition to the Undergraduate College, Wake Forest University is home to the Graduate School of Arts and Sciences and four professional schools.[53]

Graduate and Professional Schools

Wait Chapel at night.

Wake Forest programs options include:

Wake Forest offers more than 400 semester-, summer- and year-long study abroad programs in 200 cities in more than 70 countries worldwide through Wake Forest-sponsored programs and through Affiliate programs (approved non-Wake Forest programs).

According to the Institute of International Education's 2012 Open Doors Report,[51] Wake Forest ranked third in the country for undergraduate participation in study-abroad programs among doctoral research universities. According to the IIE's methodology, 72 percent of Wake Forest undergraduates received credit for study abroad in the 2010–2011 academic year with students spending anywhere from a few weeks to a summer to a full academic year visiting countries around the world. In January 2013, the University received the IIE's Heiskell Award for Study Abroad[52] for its emphasis on providing foreign-based educational opportunities to first-generation college students.

Study abroad

  • Dr. Discover Magazine in 2007 and the fifth-biggest breakthrough in medicine for 2011 by Time.[44]
  • Poet, author and civil rights activist Maya Angelou, Reynolds Professor of American Studies, taught at the University from 1982 to 2014. Among her many awards, she was honored with the Presidential Medal of Freedom in 2010.[45]
  • David Carroll, professor of physics and director of the Center for Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials, is known for his research in nanoengineered cancer therapies, green technology,[46] photovoltaics and lighting innovations.[47]
  • President Nathan O. Hatch is a nationally known religious historian. His book, The Democratization of American Christianity, was named one of the "Five Best: Books on Religion in Politics" by the Wall Street Journal.[48] He also serves as the Chair of the NCAA Division I Board.[49]
  • Rogan Kersh, provost and professor of politics and international affairs, is a frequent television and radio commentator on U.S. political issues who was named a Fellow of the National Academy of Public Administration in 2008.[50]
  • Filmmaker Peter Gilbert, producer and director of photography on the Oscar-nominated documentary Hoop Dreams, is a professor of practice with the Documentary Film Program.
  • David Faber (printmaker), professor of art and printmaking, is a nationally recognized printmaker whose works are housed permanently at five of the country's leading museums.

Notable faculty include:

More than 87 percent of undergraduate faculty have doctorates or other terminal degrees in their field.[41] Wake Forest ranked 11th in the quality of undergraduate teaching in U.S. News and World Report's 2013 Best Colleges Guide,[42] and the school maintains a faculty-to-student ratio of 1 to 11.[43]

Including the professional schools, the University has 2,227 faculty members, of whom 79 percent are full-time employees.[40]


Wake Forest supports a number of centers and institutes, which are designed to encourage interdisciplinary curriculum and programming. Currently, there are two institutes (Humanities and Public Engagement) and seven centers (Nanotechnology and Molecular Materials; Enterprise Research and Education; Translational Science; Bioethics, Health and Society; Energy, Environment and Sustainability; Molecular Communication and Signaling; Interdisciplinary Performance and the Liberal Arts).[39]

In order to attend the School of Business, students must make a special application to its program, which offers an accountancy program whereby a student earns a BS and an MS in Accountancy and qualifies to sit for the CPA exam after five years of combined undergraduate and graduate study.[37] The School of Business also offers undergraduate programs leading to degrees in business and enterprise management, finance and mathematical business.[38]

Wake Forest also offers an "Open Curriculum" option, in which a small number of students, approved by a committee, may design a course of study with an adviser that follows a liberal arts framework but does not necessarily fulfill all the core degree requirements.[36]

In order to graduate, a Wake Forest student must finish three requirements for 120 hours of credit: a core set of classes, a course of study related to a major, and electives. The core set of classes includes basic requirements (a first-year seminar, a writing seminar, health and PE classes, and foreign language literature) and divisional requirements (at least two classes in each of the humanities, social sciences and math/natural sciences and at least one in the fine arts and literatures).[35]

Wake Forest's undergraduate education consists of a liberal arts curriculum Wake Forest College and classes in the School of Business. The university offers 40 majors[33] and 57 interdisciplinary minors[33] across various fields of study. Students initially declare a major the second semester of their sophomore year.[34]


A formal lounge area used for studying inside Reynolda Hall overlooking the Magnolia Quad (Manchester Plaza).

Wake Forest has produced 15 Rhodes Scholars,[9] including 13 since 1986,[10] four Marshall Scholars,[11] 15 Truman Scholars[12] and 62 Fulbright recipients since 1993.[13]


In addition to need-based financial aid programs, Wake Forest offers more than 50 merit-based scholarships, including the following full-tuition scholarships: Reynolds, Carswell, Stamps, and Gordon. These scholarships are highly competitive and are awarded on the basis of academic distinction, leadership, community service, artistic talent, and a variety of other unique contributions and characteristics.[32]


In May 2008, Wake Forest made college entrance exams optional for undergraduate admissions,[30] becoming the first national university ranked in the top 30 by the U.S. News & World Report to adopt a test-optional policy.[31] Being test-optional means Wake Forest's admissions process does not require applicants to submit their SAT or ACT scores, and students can decide if they want their standardized test scores to be considered.

Test-optional policy

In 2012, Wake Forest received 11,407 undergraduate applications and accepted 30 percent. The yield rate (the percentage of accepted students who choose to attend the university) was 32 percent.[25] About 79 percent of incoming freshmen ranked in the top 10 percent of their high school classes.[26] Forty-seven states and 28 countries are represented in the undergraduate student body.[27] Twenty-three percent of Wake Forest's undergraduate students are from North Carolina.[28] Ninety-three percent of freshmen return for their sophomore year.[29]



On March 17, 1978, President Al Gore on October 11, 2000. Both debates were hosted in Wait Chapel.

Presidential activities

The thirteenth president of Wake Forest is Nathan O. Hatch, former provost at the University of Notre Dame. Hatch was officially installed as president on October 20, 2005. He assumed office on July 1, 2005, succeeding Thomas K. Hearn, Jr., who had retired after 22 years in office.

A graduate studies program was inaugurated in 1961, and in 1967 the school became the fully accredited Wake Forest University. The Babcock Graduate School of Management, now known as the School of Business, was established in 1969. The James R. Scales Fine Arts Center opened in 1979. In 1986, Wake Forest gained autonomy from the Baptist State Convention of North Carolina and established a fraternal relationship with it.[20][21] The Middleton House and its surrounding 5 acres (2.0 ha) was deeded by gift to Wake Forest by Philip Hanes and his wife Charlotte in 1992.[22] The donation was completed in 2011.[23]

On April 27, 1962, Wake Forest's Board of Trustees voted to accept Edward Reynolds, a native of the African nation of Ghana, as the first black full-time undergraduate at the school. This made Wake Forest the first major private university in the South to desegregate.[18] Reynolds, a transfer student from Shaw University, later became the first black graduate of the university in 1964, when he earned a bachelor's degree in history. Later, he went on to earn master's degrees at Ohio University and Yale Divinity School, and a Ph.D. in African History from the University of London. He became a professor of history at the University of California, San Diego and author of several history books.[19]

. Southeastern Baptist Theological Seminary The old campus in Wake Forest was sold to the Baptist State Convention to establish the [17]

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