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Vladislav Ardzinba

 

Vladislav Ardzinba

Vladislav Ardzinba
Владислав Арӡынба
Vladislav Ardzinba on a 1996 Abkhazian stamp
1st President of Abkhazia
In office
26 November 1994 – 12 February 2005
Succeeded by Sergei Bagapsh
Leader of the Communist Party of Abkhazia
In office
8 November 1990 – 27 December 1991
Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Abkhazia
In office
1990–1994
Deputy of the Supreme Soviet
In office
1987–1989
Personal details
Born (1945-05-14)May 14, 1945
USSR
Died March 4, 2010(2010-03-04) (aged 64)
Moscow, Russia
Nationality Abkhaz
Spouse(s) Svetlana Jergenia
Signature

Vladislav Ardzinba (first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989.[1]

Contents

  • Early life and career 1
  • Role in the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict 2
  • Presidency 3
  • Death 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Early life and career

Vladislav Ardzinba was born in the village of Lower Anatoly Lukyanov and other members of the hardline communist groups in Moscow that were responsible for the August 1991 coup attempt.[3]

Role in the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict

He was a member of the first parliament to be elected democratically in the Soviet Union in 1989.[1]

On 4 December 1990, Ardzinba was elected Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of Abkhazia.[1] Ardzinba, a charismatic but excitable figure popular among the Abkhaz was believed by Georgians to have helped to instigate the [5]

In August 1992, a Georgian military force ousted Ardzinba and his group from Sukhumi. They took shelter in

Political offices
Preceded by
none
President of Abkhazia
1994–2005
Succeeded by
Sergei Bagapsh
  • President of Abkhazia official site (Russian)

External links

  1. ^ a b c d e f g h "First Abkhaz Leader Ardzinba Dead at 64".  
  2. ^ Emmanuel Karagiannis (2002), Energy and Security in the Caucasus, p. 76. Routledge, ISBN 0-7007-1481-2.
  3. ^ Cornell, Svante E, Autonomy and Conflict: Ethnoterritoriality and Separatism in the South Caucasus – Case in Georgia, pp. 168, 180, 182. Department of Peace and Conflict Research, Report No. 61. Uppsala. ISBN 91-506-1600-5.
  4. ^ Stuart J. Kaufman (2001), Modern Hatreds: The Symbolic Politics of Ethnic War, p. 117. Cornell University Press, ISBN 0-8014-8736-6.
  5. ^ Cornell, p. 180.
  6. ^ Cornell, p. 180
  7. ^ The International Crisis Group. Abkhazia Today. Europe Report N°176, pp. 5, 12. 15 September 2006.
  8. ^ Tunç Aybak (2001), Politics of the Black Sea: Dynamics of Cooperation and Conflict, p. 193. I.B. Tauris, ISBN 1-86064-454-6.
  9. ^ "Vladislav Ardzinba, First Leader of Abkhazia, Dies". Spero News. Retrieved 5 March 2010. 
  10. ^ a b "First leader of Georgian rebel region Abkhazia dies".  
  11. ^ "Vladislav Ardzinba, first leader of Abkhazia, dies".  
  12. ^ http://translate.googleusercontent.com/translate_c?hl=en&sl=ru&tl=en&u=http://www.natpress.net/stat.php%3Fid%3D5105&rurl=translate.google.com&twu=1&usg=ALkJrhjeajqUnl8iXwwPFoL8pxehtZtGSg – Translated from Russian to English by Google

References

By 2010, Ardzinba's health was in decline and had been for some time.[9][10] Ardzinba died on 4 March 2010, at the age of 64.[1] He was in the [10] The cause of death was not been released to the public.[1][11] He is survived by his wife and daughter.[1] The President of Abkhazia, Sergei Bagapsh, paid tribute: "His service to the Abkhaz people was boundless".[1] Three days of mourning were declared in Abkhazia in remembrance of Ardzinba.[12]

Death

He was replaced by the winner of the presidential election of 12 January 2005, Sergei Bagapsh. A previous election had been held in late 2004 after the murder of opposition leader Garri Aiba, but the result was controversial.

He had been in extremely poor health and underwent treatment in Moscow for some time. Despite increasing calls from the opposition (particularly the Amtsakhara movement) for him to resign he had stated that he would finish his term, which was supposed to end in October 2004, but in fact did not end until 12 February 2005, due to disputes over the election of his successor. There were also calls for him to be impeached. However, although the Abkhaz Constitution allows for impeachment, the process would likely have not been completed before the end of his term, so no serious steps were taken to bring it about. He was unable to run for a third term due to constitutional restrictions, and it is unlikely that his health would have enabled him to do so even if this was allowed.

During the last years of his presidency Ardzinba faced criticism for both failing to bring stability to Abkhazia and his increasingly low public profile. He had not appeared in public since 2002. As a result, the role of governing the state had been increasingly left to Prime Minister Raul Khajimba.

Under his rule, human rights records were extremely poor as most of the pre-war Georgian population of Abkhazia were deprived the right to return, and those who remained were subjected to systematic ethnic cleansing. Ardzinba aroused some further criticism from the international community after issuing a decree banning Jehovah's Witnesses in 1995.

After the hostilities ended in 1994 and the bulk of the Georgian population was forced out of Abkhazia, the Abkhazian parliament Eduard Shevardnadze.

Reverse side of a 10 apsar commemorative coin minted in 2008 celebrating Vladislav Ardzinba

Presidency

[6]

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