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Vladimír Špidla

Vladimír Špidla () (born 22 April 1951) is a Czech politician who served as Prime Minister of the Czech Republic from July 2002 to June 2004 and as European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities from November 2004 to February 2010. He is currently president of Czech social democratic think-tank Masaryk Democratic Academy.

Contents

  • Biography 1
    • Political career 1.1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Biography

Born in Prague, Špidla studied history at Charles University of Prague. His thesis was Založení Živnostenské banky (Establishment of the Entrepreneurial Bank). After his graduation in 1976, he took up a number of jobs including menial as he refused to fulfil political obligations necessary for better-qualified ones; he also worked as an archaeologist. He is married for the second time; Špidla has two sons from his first marriage and another two children acquired by marriage. His hobbies include cross-country and marathon running. He speaks German and French, but his English is weaker; this was used to call into question his qualification for the European Commission.

Political career

After the Velvet revolution he entered local politics in the town of Jindřichův Hradec where he lived and immediately joined the re-founded Czech Social Democratic Party (ČSSD, then called Czechoslovak Social Democracy). In 1991–1996 he served as the director of the district labour office. In 1992, he became a member of the Presidium of ČSSD, in March 1997 its statutory Vice-Chairman, and in April 2001 Chairman of ČSSD after its previous chairman Miloš Zeman stepped aside. In 1996 he was elected to the parliament. He was First Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Labour and Social Affairs in the government of Miloš Zeman (22 July 1998 to 12 July 2002).

He was appointed as Prime Minister on 12 July 2002 in the coalition government of his ČSSD together with small Christian Democratic Union - Czechoslovak People's Party and Freedom Union-Democratic Union. During that time, he also held Presidential powers from 2 February 2003 until 7 March 2003, as the term of the President had ended before the Parliament could elect a new one. His government tried, with great difficulties due to tensions within coalition and its bare majority in the parliament, to introduce reforms necessary to battle the growing budget deficit; however they were criticised by the opposition and pundits as being too mild and consisting rather of increasing taxes than cutting expenses and stimulating economic growth, with the government unwilling (and partly also unable due to its precarious situation) to take radical measures. Špidla resigned as Prime Minister in June 2004 after poor results of his party and coalition in general in the European Parliament election, 2004 and loss of support within ČSSD, and officially left office on 26 July 2004. Mild economic growth during his duty as prime minister, however, continued ( GDP 3.3% in 2001, 2.9% est. in 2004). He was succeeded by interior minister and deputy prime minister Stanislav Gross whose government will however not differ much from the previous one and was officially appointed on 4 August. After a short hesitation Špidla accepted nomination to the European Commission, where he is European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities as of 22 November 2004.

Špidla was considered a part of ČSSD's left wing (though he's strongly anti-communist); in foreign policy, he has always been strongly pro-European and supports further integration. His generally accepted image is a man of personal integrity and honesty (putting him at the top of Czech politicians) but a dry technocrat who couldn't communicate his undeniable statesman's vision to the public and wasn't even able to keep his own party in line as his predecessor did. His acceptance of the EC post was criticised as a "golden parachute", ousting the previous comparatively popular person, appointed by his own government, but also as running away from his battle to steer the course of ČSSD and Czech politics.

As a Commissioner, Špidla stated his desire to preserve the European social model. To do so Europe needs to preserve its "core values of social justice, equality, respect for rights and dignity for every individual."[1] His key policies were to "create more and better jobs," "reap the benefits of its enlargement," "address the impact of demographic ageing" and "promote an inclusive society."[2] He has also created a European Globalisation adjustment Fund (EGF) similar to the European Social Fund to help businesses adjust to the effects of globalisation.[3] He stood down in February 2010.

See also

References

  1. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/spidla/mission_en.cfm
  2. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/commission_barroso/spidla/policies_en.cfm
  3. ^ http://ec.europa.eu/employment_social/egf/fom_en.html

External links

  • Official biography at Czech government website – out of date
  • Current official website (in European Commission)
  • Interview with Špidla on labour mobility (by EurActiv)
  • Blog written by Špidla
Party political offices
Preceded by
Miloš Zeman
Chairperson of the Social Democratic Party
2001–2004
Succeeded by
Stanislav Gross
Political offices
Preceded by
Miloš Zeman
Prime Minister of the Czech Republic
2002–2004
Succeeded by
Stanislav Gross
Preceded by
Pavel Telička
Czech European Commissioner
2004–2010
Succeeded by
Štefan Füle
Preceded by
Anna Diamantopoulou
Stavros Dimas

as European Commissioner for Employment and Social Affairs
European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Equal Opportunities
2004–2010
Succeeded by
László Andor
as European Commissioner for Employment, Social Affairs and Inclusion



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