World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Vilayet of Adana

Article Id: WHEBN0006449948
Reproduction Date:

Title: Vilayet of Adana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Adana, Ottoman clothing, Adana kebabı, Çukurova
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Vilayet of Adana

For other uses, see Province of Adana (disambiguation).
ولايت اطنه
Vilâyet-i Adana
Vilayet of the Ottoman Empire

1869–1922
Adana Vilayet in 1900
Capital Adana[1]
History
 -  Established 1869
 -  Disestablished 1922
Population
 -  Muslim, 1914[2] 341,903 
 -  Greek, 1914[2] 8,974 
 -  Armenian, 1914[2] 52,650 
Today part of  Turkey

The Vilayet of Adana[3] (Ottoman Turkish: ولايت اطنه, Vilâyet-i Adana;[4] was a vilayet of the Ottoman Empire in the south-east of Asia Minor, which included the ancient Cilicia.[1] It was established in May 1869.[5] Adana Vilayet bordered with Konya Vilayet (in west), Ankara Vilayet and Sivas Vilayet (in north), and Haleb Vilayet (in east and south).

Demographics

At the beginning of the 20th century it reportedly had an area of 14,494 square miles (37,540 km2), while the preliminary results of the first Ottoman census of 1885 (published in 1908) gave the population as 402,439.[6] The accuracy of the population figures ranges from "approximate" to "merely conjectural" depending on the region from which they were gathered.[6]

Economic history

It was described by the 1911 Encyclopædia Britannica as rich in unexploited mineral wealth in the mountainous districts, and fertile in the coast-plain, which produced cotton, rice, cereals, sugar and fruit.[1] In 1920, the region was noted for it's forested western region, which had little agricultural production. The Cilicia region was noted for it's agricultural production, including wheat, barley, oats, rice, seeds, opium, sugarcane and cotton. Cotton production became more popular before World War I. In 1912, the region produced 110,000 bales of cotton and 35,000 tons of cottonseed.[7] Pyrite was mined in the region in the early 20th century.[8]

Administrative divisions

Sanjaks of the Vilayet:[9]

  1. Sanjak of Adana
  2. Sanjak of Mersin
  3. Sanjak of Cebel-i-Bereket (Yarpuz)
  4. Sanjak of Kozan (Sis)
  5. Sanjak of İçel (Silifke)

See also

References

External links

  •  

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.