World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

View (Buddhism)

Article Id: WHEBN0021632109
Reproduction Date:

Title: View (Buddhism)  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Outline of Buddhism, Buddhist philosophy, Catuṣkoṭi, Mental factors (Buddhism), Absolute (philosophy)
Collection: Buddhist Philosophy
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

View (Buddhism)

View or position (Pali diṭṭhi, Sanskrit dṛṣṭi) is a central idea in Buddhism.[1] In Buddhist thought, in contrast with the commonsense understanding, a view is not a simple, abstract collection of propositions, but a charged interpretation of experience which intensely shapes and affects thought, sensation, and action.[2] Having the proper mental attitude toward views is therefore considered an integral part of the Buddhist path.[3]

Contents

  • Positions 1
  • Four wrong views 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4
  • External links 5

Positions

Views are produced by and in turn produce mental conditioning. They are symptoms of conditioning, rather than neutral alternatives individuals can dispassionately choose.[4] The Buddha, according to the discourses, having attained the state of unconditioned mind, is said to have "passed beyond the bondage, tie, greed, obsession, acceptance, attachment, and lust of view."[5]

The Buddha of the early discourses often refers to the negative effect of attachment to speculative or fixed views, dogmatic opinions, or even correct views if not personally known to be true. In describing the highly diverse intellectual landscape of his day, he is said to have referred to "the wrangling of views, the jungle of views."[6] He assumed an unsympathetic attitude toward speculative and religious thought in general.[7] In a set of poems in the Sutta Nipata, the Buddha states that he himself has no viewpoint. According to Steven Collins, these poems distill the style of teaching that was concerned less with the content of views and theories than with the psychological state of those who hold them.[8]

Those who wish to experience nirvana must free themselves from everything binding them to the world, including philosophical and religious doctrines.[9] Right view as the first part of the Noble Eightfold Path leads ultimately not to the holding of correct views, but to a detached form of cognition.[10][11]

Four wrong views

Gyurme (1987: p. 1431) in his treatise on the principal Nyingma Mahayoga tantra, the Guhyagarbha Tantra and its detailed Dzogchen commentary by Longchenpa, conveys the following 'four false views' (Tibetan: ཕྱིན་ཅི་ལོག་བཞིWylie: phyin ci log bzhi) they are inappropriate subtle 'activities' (Wylie: phyin) of the mindstream formed from 'habitual patterns' (Sanskrit: vāsanā) that collapse the 'expanse of possibility' or 'openness' (Sanskrit: sunyata) into structures of fixed views or 'formations' (Sanskrit: saṅkhāra) in regards to 'purity of conduct' (Wylie: Śīla), 'suffering' (Sanskrit: dukkha), 'selflessness' (Sanskrit: anatman) and 'impermanence' (Sanskrit: anitya):

The '"four erroneous views" (phyin ci log bzhi) are to apprehend impurity as purity, to apprehend selflessness as self, to apprehend suffering as happiness, and to apprehend impermanence as permanence.[12]

The definition of a wrong view is an intellectually-formed wrong awareness that denies the existence of an object that it is necessary to understand to attain liberation or enlightenment. Examples of wrong views are denying the existence of past and future lives; denying the existence of the two truths; denying the existence of Buddha, Dharma, and Sangha; denying the existence of the four noble truths; and denying the existence of the five paths. Such wrong views block our progress to liberation and enlightenment.

The effects of developing such wrong views are that we will become very dull and ignorance, and that we will be reborn in countries where there is no Buddhadharma or during a dark age when no Buddha has taught the doctrine. As wrong views are so harmful we should strive to overcome them by developing correct views.

There are many false views that are not wrong views. Denying the existence of yetis, for example, is not a wrong view because it does not obstruct our progress towards liberation or enlightenment.[13]

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Paul Fuller, The Notion of Diṭṭhi in Theravāda Buddhism: The Point of View. Routledge, 2005, page 1.
  2. ^ Dan Lusthaus, Buddhist Phenomenology. Routledge, 2002, page 242, note 46.
  3. ^ Paul Fuller, The Notion of Diṭṭhi in Theravāda Buddhism: The Point of View. Routledge, 2005, pages 1-2.
  4. ^ Dan Lusthaus, Buddhist Phenomenology. Routledge, 2002, page 242, note 46.
  5. ^ Paul Fuller, The Notion of Diṭṭhi in Theravāda Buddhism: The Point of View. Routledge, 2005, page 2.
  6. ^ Peter Harvey, Buddhist Ethics. Cambridge University Press, 2000, pages 239-240.
  7. ^ Gunnar Skirbekk, Nils Gilje, A history of Western thought: from ancient Greece to the twentieth century. 7th edition published by Routledge, 2001, page 25.
  8. ^ Steven Collins, Selfless Persons. Cambridge University Press 1990, page 129.
  9. ^ Gunnar Skirbekk, Nils Gilje, A history of Western thought: from ancient Greece to the twentieth century. 7th edition published by Routledge, 2001, page 25.
  10. ^ Paul Fuller, The Notion of Diṭṭhi in Theravāda Buddhism: The Point of View. Routledge, 2005, page 2.
  11. ^ Bhikkhu Bodhi, [1].
  12. ^ Gyurme Dorje (1987). The Guhyagarbhatantra and its XIVth Century Commentary Phyogs-bcu mun-sel. PhD Thesis. SOAS, University of London. Source: [2] (accessed: Sunday October 25, 2009).
  13. ^ Geshe Kelsang Gyatso, How to Understand the Mind

External links

  • Canki Sutta
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.