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Vayalar Rama Varma

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Title: Vayalar Rama Varma  
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Subject: Malayalam cinema, Music of Kerala, G. Devarajan, J. Sasikumar, 1975 in poetry, List of Indian poets, 1928 in poetry
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Vayalar Rama Varma

Vayalar Ramavarma
Born (1928-03-28)March 28, 1928
Vayalar, Alappuzha, Kerala, India
Origin Kerala, India
Died October 27, 1975(1975-10-27) (aged 47)
Occupations Lyricist, Poet
Years active 1965–1975

Vayalar Ramavarma (March 28, 1928 – October 27, 1975), often known as Vayalar, was a modern Malayalam language poet and lyricist from the southern Indian state of Kerala. His famous works include Sargasangeetham, Mulankaadu, Padamudrakal, Aayisha, Oru Judas janikkunnu.


Born in the village of Vayalar, in Alappuzha district, Kerala, Vayalar belonged to an aristocratic family but became a poet of the proletariat inspired by revolutionary ideals. His parents were Vellarappally Kerala Varma and Vayalar Raghavaparambil Ambalika Thamburatty. He was awarded Kerala Sahithya Academy Award (Kerala literary academy award) in 1961 for Sargasangeetham, the President's gold medal for best lyricist in 1974, and the Kerala state film award for best lyricist three times. The Vayalar award for Malayalam literature, given on October 27 each year, was instituted in his memory.

Vayalar wrote about 2000 songs for 223 Malayalam movies and for several plays. Decades past his death, the movie songs he wrote are still popular among Malayalis. Among his most popular songs is the one he wrote for theatre, the KPAC naatakagaanam, "Balikudeerangalae"

Many of his poems contain romantic notions about "revolution" and about the triumph of science over religion. He was associated with the leftist political movement in Kerala.

The "Vayalar-Devarajan" was a prolific lyricist-composer combination which lasted till the death of Vayalar.

Vayalar was married to Bharathy Amma. The couple has four children: Sarath Chandran, Indulekha, Yamuna and Sindhu. Vayalar's only son Vayalar Sarath Chandra Varma is now a popular lyricist in Malayalam film industry. Recently, his wife Bharathy Thamburatty wrote a book about Vayalar, Indradhanussin Theerathu, which became controversial.

Published works

  • Poetry collections:
    • Paadamudrakal (1948)
    • Konthayum Poonoolum
    • Enikku Maranamilla (1955)
    • Mulankaadu (1955)
    • Oru Judas Janikkunnu (1955)
    • Ente Maattolikkavithakal (1957)
    • Sargasangeetham (1961)
  • Khandakaavyam:
    • Aayisha
  • Collected songs:
    • Ente Chalachitragaanangal in 6 parts
  • Stories collection:
    • Raktham Kalarnna Mannu
    • Vettum Thiruthum
  • Essays:
    • Purushaantharangaliloode
  • Collected works:
    • Vayalar Krithikal
    • Vayalar Kavithakal


Kerala Sahitya Akademi Awards
  • 1961 - Sargasangeetham (poetry collection)
National Film Awards
  • 1973 - Best Lyrics (Song: "Manushyan mathangale srishtichu"; Film: Achanum Bappayum)
Kerala State Film Awards


  • Hindu online, Remembering Vayalar
  • Profile of Vayalar (in Malayalam)

External links

  • Hits of Vayalar (audio)
  • All 1305 songs of Vayalar at MSI
  • Vayalar at MSI
  • Vayalar-Devarajan songs at MSI
  • Filmography of Vayalar
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