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Valancheri

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Valancheri

Valanchery
വളാഞ്ചേരി
town
Valanchery
Valanchery
Location in Kerala, India

Coordinates: 10°53′0″N 76°4′0″E / 10.88333°N 76.06667°E / 10.88333; 76.06667Coordinates: 10°53′0″N 76°4′0″E / 10.88333°N 76.06667°E / 10.88333; 76.06667

Country  India
State Kerala
District Malappuram
Government
 • Body Gram panchayat
Population (2001)
 • Total 35,795
Languages
 • Official Malayalam, English
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 676552
Telephone code 0494
Vehicle registration KL-55, KL -10
Nearest city Malappuram
[



[Human sex ratio
1047 /
Literacy 93%
Lok Sabha constituency Ponnani
Civic agency Gram panchayat
Climate Normal (Köppen)

Valanchery is a town located in Malappuram district, Kerala, India. It is one of the important business centres of Malappuram district. Highway 17.It is situated 63 kilometers south of Kozhikode and 62 kilometers north to Thrissur, on the National Highway 17.

History

In the 12th century, the area now known as Valanchery belonged to the Valluvanad Rajavamsam and the region is thought to have been home to an ancient family of kings. The hierarchy of this Rajavamsam was known as Arangot Swaroopam, and the Rajavamsam is mentioned in Unnuneeli Sandesam and Unni yadi Charitham. The boundary of this Rajavamsam stretched from Bharathapuzha in the south to Panthalur mala in the north and Attapadi Mala (Silent Valley) in the East to the seacoast in Ponnani in the west.

Around 1353–1361 AD this place came under kingdom of Samoothiri (Zamorin) of Kozhikode. Samoothiri Raja fought a series of small battles with smaller states called the Thirunavaya War. Until then Valluvakonathiri was the strongest of the kings and had the right of presiding over the Mamankam Festival held once every 12 years at Thirunavaya. This right was usurped by Samoothiri when he captured the town in the latter half of the 13th century. As Thirunavaya was captured, Samoothiri proclaimed himself as the Rakshāpurusha ("protector", effectively the Emperor) and took over sole right of conducting the Mamankam, a mock war festival. The next Mamankam at Thirunavaya was conducted under the auspices of Saamoothiri with great pomp and splendor.

Later with the help of Ali Raja, in 1763, Mysore king Hyder Ali overran smaller principalities in North Malabar and set up a confrontation with the Samoothiri (Maharajah of Calicut). After receiving the support of the Kombi Achan, the Mysore forces marched towards Calicut, where the Saamoothiri's palace was located. In 1767 the area was part of the kingdom of Hyder Ali and this continued until his son Tipu Sultan's death. Tipu Sultan was killed in Fourth Anglo-Mysore War against British East India Company in 1799. Under British rule, the area fell under Madras Presidency, which continued until India's independence.

Demographics

At the 2011 India census,[1] Valanchery/ Kattipparuthi had a population of 35,795. Males constituted 48.86% (17,490) and females 51.13% (18,305). The number of households in Valanchery was listed as 5,926.

Over 90% of the population are literate and 25% have higher education. 20% of men from Valanchery are now working overseas mostly in the Persian Gulf countries. Calicut International Airport and Cochin International Airport are the nearest airports. The nearest railway station is at Kuttippuram, 8 KM away. Nearby villages include Kattiparuthy, Athavanad, Kuttipuram, Marakkara, Edayoor, Irimbiliyam and Kalpakancheri.

Places of interest

Important tourist spots and pilgrimage locations near the town are the Kuttipuram Nila Park, Flora Fantassia Amusement Park, Kadampuzha Temple, Vengad Gokulam, Moonnakkal Masjid, and Sree Durga Temple, Kodumudikavu Devi temple, Kattumadam Mana, Thootha river, etc.

An amusement park named Flora Fantassia is located at Vengad, 10 kilometers away from Valanchery in Perinthelmanna road. This park opened in May 2012.

References

External links

  • Valanchery.in - News around Valanchery
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