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Turukhansk

The coat of arms of Turukhansk features a sable, an allusion to the town's formerly brisk trade in furs
The Yenisei River basin

Turukhansk (Russian: Туруха́нск) is a rural locality (a selo) and the administrative center of Turukhansky District of Krasnoyarsk Krai, Russia, located 1,474 kilometers (916 mi) north of Krasnoyarsk, at the confluence of the Yenisey and Nizhnyaya Tunguska Rivers. 4,662 (2010 Census);[8] 4,849 (2002 Census);[9] 8,869 (1989 Census);[10] 200 (1897).

History

One of the first Russian settlements in Siberia, Turukhansk was founded in 1607 as a winter camp (зимовье) for Cossacks and merchants. After the disastrous fires of Mangazeya in 1619, 1642, and 1662, Turukhansk welcomed a large portion of the older colony's population and became known as New Mangazeya. A timber fort with cannons was built there in 1677. The settlement hosted one of the largest fairs in Siberia and was incorporated as an uyezd town of Turukhansk in 1785. The town declined after 1822.

In the Russian Empire and the Soviet Union Turukhansk was often used a destination for political exile. Among people exiled there were Julius Martov, Yakov Sverdlov, Joseph Stalin, Lev Kamenev, Marina Tsvetaeva's daughter Ariadna Efron and Archbishop Luka Voyno-Yasenetsky.

Transportation

It is served by the Turukhansk Airport.

Climate

Climate data for Turukhansk
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 0.5
(32.9)
0.8
(33.4)
8.7
(47.7)
15.6
(60.1)
28.0
(82.4)
33.2
(91.8)
35.5
(95.9)
31.1
(88)
23.8
(74.8)
16.9
(62.4)
3.2
(37.8)
1.1
(34)
35.5
(95.9)
Average high °C (°F) −21.4
(−6.5)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−9
(16)
−1.7
(28.9)
6.2
(43.2)
16.8
(62.2)
22.0
(71.6)
17.9
(64.2)
9.4
(48.9)
−2
(28)
−14.6
(5.7)
−19.8
(−3.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
Daily mean °C (°F) −25.4
(−13.7)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−15.1
(4.8)
−7.9
(17.8)
1.3
(34.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.5
(61.7)
13.1
(55.6)
5.6
(42.1)
−5
(23)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−23.9
(−11)
−5.9
(21.4)
Average low °C (°F) −29.5
(−21.1)
−27.3
(−17.1)
−20.3
(−4.5)
−13.7
(7.3)
−2.9
(26.8)
6.7
(44.1)
11.5
(52.7)
9.0
(48.2)
2.7
(36.9)
−7.8
(18)
−22.4
(−8.3)
−28
(−18)
−10.2
(13.6)
Daily mean °F −25.4
(−13.7)
−23.2
(−9.8)
−15.1
(4.8)
−7.9
(17.8)
1.3
(34.3)
11.4
(52.5)
16.5
(61.7)
13.1
(55.6)
5.6
(42.1)
−5
(23)
−18.6
(−1.5)
−23.9
(−11)
−5.9
(21.4)

Average snowy days 28 24 24 16 8 0.5 0 0 2 18 26 28 174
Average relative humidity (%) 76 76 73 65 64 64 69 77 79 84 80 77 74
Source: pogoda.ru.net[11]

References

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  11. ^ —Погода и Климат. Retrieved 18 November 2012.
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