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Tupi–Guarani languages

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Title: Tupi–Guarani languages  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Nheengatu language, Guarani dialects, Tupi language, Cocama language, Guarani language
Collection: Indigenous Languages of South America (Central), Tupi–guarani Languages, Verb–subject–object Languages
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Tupi–Guarani languages

Brazil, Bolivia, French Guiana, Paraguay, Peru
Linguistic classification: Tupian
  • Tupí–Guaraní
Glottolog: tupi1276[1]
Tupi–Guarani (medium pink), other Tupian (violet), and probable range ca. 1500 (pink-grey)

Tupí–Guaraní (   ) is the name of the most widely distributed subfamily of the Tupian languages of South America. It includes fifty languages, including the best-known languages of the family, Guaraní and Old Tupí.

The words jaguar, tapioca, jacaranda, anhinga, carioca, and capoeira are of Tupí–Guaraní origin.


  • Languages 1
  • See also 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4


Rodrigues & Cabral (2012) propose eight branches of Tupí–Guaraní:

*Cabral argues that Kokama/Omagua is a mixed language, and so not directly classifiable, though most of its basic vocabulary is Tupi–Guarani.

**Not listed in Rodrigues & Cabral

Karipuna language (Amapá) may be spurious.

See also


  1. ^ Nordhoff, Sebastian; Hammarström, Harald; Forkel, Robert; Haspelmath, Martin, eds. (2013). "Tupi–Guarani".  

External links

  • Swadesh lists of Tupi–Guarani basic vocabulary words (from Wiktionary's Swadesh-list appendix)

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