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Transport in Estonia

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Transport in Estonia

Transport in Estonia relies mainly on road and rail networks.

Roads

Estonian main and E-roads
  • total: 57,565 km (including 16,465 of national roads)
  • paved: 12,926 km (including 99 km of limited-access roads)

National roads

National roads form the core of Estonian road network. Their total length is 16,489 km (or 28% of all roads), 67% of them are paved.[1] They are divided into 4 classes according to importance:

  • main roads (1,607 km)
  • basic roads (2,406 km)
  • secondary roads (12,476 km)
  • local roads (18,455 km)
Main roads
Number E-road Route Length (km) Notes
1 TallinnNarva 211 expressway for 80 km out of Tallinn and 7 km between Kukruse and Johvi.
Continues to Saint Petersburg as Russian M11
Tallinn – TartuVõruLuhamaa 291 expressway for 26 km out of Tallinn and 6 km near Mao.
Crosses Estonia in southeast direction from Tallinn to join National Road 7
3 Jõhvi – Tartu – Valga 216 continues from Valga to Riga as Latvian A3
4 Tallinn – PärnuIkla 193 expressway for 14 km out of Tallinn
continues from Ikla to Riga as Latvian A1
5 Pärnu – RakvereSõmeru 184 from Pärnu via Paide to join National Road 1 near Rakvere
6 Valga – Uulu 125 from Pärnu via Kilingi-Nõmme to Valga
7 RigaPskov 22 short section in southeast Estonia via Misso, continues as Russian A212 and Latvian A2
8 Tallinn – Paldiski 49 via Keila, Keila-Paldiski section is part of E 265, which continues on ferry to Kapellskär
9 ÄäsmäeHaapsaluRohuküla 81 ferry connection from Rohuküla to Hiiumaa
10 RistiVirtsuKuivastuKuressaare 144 ferry between Virtsu and Kuivastu (Muhumaa)
11 Tallinn Ring Road 38
92 Tartu – ViljandiKilingi-Nõmme 130

Electric vehicle network

Estonia is the first country in the EU and in the world to introduce a nationwide, publicly serviced charging system for charging the batteries of electric vehicles.[2] The 165 fast charging stations are equipped with connectors of the CHAdeMO standard. They are located throughout the entire country, including the islands, and have a maximum distance of 40–60 km in between. The charging stations can also be navigated via a smartphone app (currently only for Android). The relatively dense network and 30 minute quick charges are built to enable a country-wide electric vehicle network. The system offers a unitary booking service and several different tariffs, some of which appear attractively low priced.[3] The charging station network puts Estonia at the forefront in Europe even though Norway actually has a higher penetration of electric vehicles. Estonia has a rate of 1 electric vehicle per 1000 capita, whereas Norway has 4 EVs per 1000 capita.[2]

Railways

  • total: 900 km common carrier lines only (1200 km including dedicated industrial lines)
  • broad gauge: 900 km 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) or 1,524 mm (5 ft) gauge (133 km electrified)

Railway links with adjacent countries

  • Latvia – yes – same 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) gauge
  • Russia – yes – same 1,520 mm (4 ft 11 2732 in) gauge

Light rail

There has been a growing tram network in Vana-Lõuna, shut down in 2004 because of small usage) and 6 (Kopli-Tondi, temporarily used in time of repairs).

Ports and harbours

Estonia has 45 ports in the State Port Register. With a few exceptions, all of them are on the Baltic Sea.

Largest ports are Muuga (near Tallinn), Tallinn (comprises several ports), Paldiski, Kunda, Pärnu and Sillamäe.

Merchant marine

Airports

Airports – with paved runways

  • total: 13 (2013)
  • over 3,047 m: 2
  • 2,438 to 3,047 m: 8
  • 1,524 m to 2,437 m : 2
  • 914 to 1,523 m: 1[4]

Lennart Meri Tallinn Airport is the largest airport in Estonia.

Pipelines

  • natural gas 859 km (2007)

Waterways

  • 320 km perennially navigable

See also

References

  1. ^
  2. ^ a b http://elmo.ee/estonia-becomes-the-first-in-the-world-to-open-a-nationwide-ev-fast-charging-network/
  3. ^ http://elmo.ee/pricing/
  4. ^ https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/geos/en.html
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