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Title: Tomatine  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Lycopene, Tocopherol
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Not to be confused with Tomatin or thaumatin.
CAS number 17406-45-0 N
PubChem 623058
ChemSpider 26536 YesY
Jmol-3D images Image 1
Molecular formula C50H83NO21
Molar mass 1034.18816
Appearance crystalline solid
 N (verify) (what is: YesY/N?)
Except where noted otherwise, data are given for materials in their standard state (at 25 °C, 100 kPa)
Infobox references

Tomatine is a toxic glycoalkaloid found in the stems and leaves of tomato plants, which has fungicidal properties.[1] Chemically pure tomatine is a white crystalline solid at standard temperature and pressure.[2] Some microbes produce an enzyme called tomatinase which can degrade tomatine, rendering it ineffective as an antimicrobial.[3]


Tomatine has been used as a reagent in analytical chemistry for precipitating cholesterol from solution.[1][4] Also, tomatine is known to be an immune adjuvant in connection with certain protein antigens.[5]


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