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Tokorozawa, Saitama

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Title: Tokorozawa, Saitama  
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Subject: Saitama Prefecture, Saitama Seibu Lions, Daisuke Watabe, Minoru Tōjō, Naoki Murata
Collection: Cities in Saitama Prefecture, Tokorozawa, Saitama
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Tokorozawa, Saitama

Tokorozawa
所沢市
Special city
Central Tokorozawa from Hachikokuyama
Central Tokorozawa from Hachikokuyama
Flag of Tokorozawa
Flag
Location of Tokorozawa in Saitama Prefecture
Location of Tokorozawa in Saitama Prefecture
Tokorozawa is located in Japan
Tokorozawa
Location in Japan
Coordinates:
Country Japan
Region Kantō
Prefecture Saitama Prefecture
Government
 • Mayor Masato Fujimoto (since October 2011)
Area
 • Total 71.99 km2 (27.80 sq mi)
Population (March 1, 2012)
 • Total 342,939
 • Density 4,763.70/km2 (12,337.9/sq mi)
Symbols
 • Tree ginkgo
 • Flower tea flower
 • Bird skylark
Time zone Japan Standard Time (UTC+9)
City Hall Address 1-1-1 Namiki, Tokorozawa-shi, Saitama
359-8501
Phone number 04-2998-1111
Website .jp.saitama.tokorozawa.citywww

Tokorozawa (所沢市 Tokorozawa-shi) is a city in Saitama Prefecture, Japan. It is located in the central part of the Musashino plain, about 30 km west of central Tokyo. Tokorozawa can be considered part of the greater Tokyo area; its proximity to the latter and lower housing costs make it a popular bedroom community.

Contents

  • Location 1
  • History 2
  • Economy 3
    • Public sector 3.1
    • Private sector 3.2
  • Professional sports teams 4
  • General points of interest 5
  • Historical points of interest 6
  • Events 7
  • Transportation 8
    • Railways 8.1
    • Bus 8.2
    • Roads 8.3
  • Areas 9
  • Notable people 10
    • Born in Tokorozawa 10.1
    • Living in Tokorozawa 10.2
  • Tokorozawa in popular culture 11
  • Sister cities 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

Location

Tokorozawa City Office

Tokorozawa borders the Tokyo communities of Kiyose, Higashimurayama, Higashiyamato, Musashimurayama, and Mizuho; and the Saitama communities of Iruma, Sayama, Kawagoe, Miyoshimachi, and Niiza.

Most of Lake Sayama falls within city boundaries; Lake Tama also touches the south-western part of the city. Today the city is an agricultural market for locally grown Sayama green tea. Other agricultural products include spinach, carrots, sweet potatoes, burdock, pears and grapes.

The area around Tokorozawa Station's west exit is built up as a shopping district with several department stores. Prope Street is a popular shopping arcade.

History

Archaeological research has shown that the vicinity of Tokorozawa was settled from about 20,000 years ago.[1] Tokorozawa Shinmei Shrine has a traditional establishment of A.D. 110. Hatogamine Hachiman Shrine is believed to date from A.D. 921.

During the Kamakura period, the Kamakura Kaido ran through the area and the area was host to a series of battles fought in May 1333 that were part of the Genko War that ultimately ended the Kamakura Shogunate. These include the 1333 Battle of Kotesashi and the Battle of Kumegawa. Kotesashi was again the site of another battle nineteen years later.

During the Edo period (1603–1867) the area's major industry was silk textile production. It was also an important trading center, being located at the intersection of roads connecting Edo with the towns of Hachioji, Chichibu, Kawagoe and Fuchu.

Tokorozawa became the site of Japan's first air base and air service academy in 1911. The base was used through the end of World War II and fell under the control of the United States Armed Forces after the war. The US returned most of its property in Tokorozawa to Japan in 1971, but retains a communications facility in the city which is operated by the 374th Airlift Wing of the Fifth Air Force, based at Yokota Air Base to the southwest. The facility houses antennas for communications with USAF aircraft in the region. Much of the land returned to Japan has been converted into a public Tokorozawa Aviation Memorial Park.

Tokorozawa was established as a city on November 3, 1950 and was designated as a special city in 2002. It currently meets the conditions to be designated as a core city but has yet to receive this designation.

Economy

Seibu department store in central Tokorozawa

Public sector

Tokorozawa houses the Tokyo Area Control Center, which controls airspace in the Kantō, Jōetsu, Tōhoku, Chūbu, and Hokuriku regions and a portion of the Kansai region.[2]

Private sector

Tokorozawa is the headquarters of Seibu Holdings, the parent company of Seibu Railway. Several Seibu group companies, including its railway and bus divisions, are headquartered in the vicinity of Tokorozawa Station. Seibu owns an amusement park, baseball stadium (Seibu Dome) and velodrome (Seibu-en Velodrome) in the "Seibu-en" district near Lake Tama in the southwestern corner of the city.

Citizen Holdings operates a watch factory in Tokorozawa.

Professional sports teams

General points of interest

Seibu Dome
Tokorozawa Aviation Museum

Historical points of interest

Events

The Tokorozawa Matsuri is a festival held each year in October and features traditional Japanese parade floats (mikoshi), taiko drums, and samba dancers.

A two-day festival featuring music, cultural and sports exhibitions, community group activities and food booths takes place in late October in Kokukoen Park on the grounds of the former airfield. A similar 1-day festival, the Shimin Bunka Fair, takes place in early April in the park.

The business community around Tokorozawa station sponsors the Tokorozawa Shun no Ichi, a 2-day festival in the facilities of the mothballed Seibu train repair facilities near Tokorozawa station. The festival features music performances in an old hangar, cultural exhibitions, a swap meet, and food stands.

The city and local business community decorates the west side of Tokorozawa station with holiday lights from early December through mid March, and separate lighting ceremonies featuring local musicians, politicians, and sports figures are conducted for various portions of the lighted areas.

Transportation

Railways

Map of Seibu Railway

Tokorozawa houses the headquarters of Seibu Railway and its parent company Seibu Holdings, and Tokorozawa Station forms a hub in the Seibu Railway network which serves western Tokyo and southern Saitama. Tokorozawa is at the intersection of Seibu's two main lines, which respectively run to Ikebukuro Station and Seibu Shinjuku Station in central Tokyo.

Bus

The city is served by Seibu Bus.

Buses run frequently between Tokorozawa and both Haneda domestic airport and Narita international airport. Buses leave from Tokorozawa Station (east exit) and Higashi-Tokorozawa Station.

Roads

The main highway in Tokorozawa is National Route 463, which passes through the city center. Route 463 interchanges with the Kan-Etsu Expressway in eastern Tokorozawa.

Areas

Notable people

Born in Tokorozawa

  • Bokuzen Hidari (1894–1971), actor born in Kotesashi Village (which was absorbed into Tokorozawa)
  • George Tokoro (Takayuki Haga), comedian

Living in Tokorozawa

Tokorozawa in popular culture

Sister cities

References

  1. ^ 所沢市
  2. ^ "Blame pinned on air traffic controllers," The Japan Times
  3. ^ Totoro

External links

  • Official website (Japanese)
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