Timeline of Animal Liberation Front actions, 2000–04

This is a time line of the Animal Liberation Front (ALF) actions from 2000 to 2004.

Background

ALF formed

Two years after Ronnie Lee and Cliff Goodman had been charged for the raid on the Oxford Laboratory Animal Colonies in Bicester, UK, in 1974, as part of the Band of Mercy, the "Bicester Two" as they were known, emerged even more militant than before. There had been daily demonstrations at the court during their trial, including Lee's local Labour Party member of parliament, Ivor Clemitson. With the remaining activists from the Band of Mercy and another two dozen new willing activists, (30 in all), Lee formed the Animal Liberation Front upon his release in 1976.[2] It was reported that in the first year alone, the ALF targeted; slaughterhouses, furriers, butchers shops, circuses, breeders and fast-food restaurants, causing damage in the UK that totaled £250,000.[2] The first raid occurred in the same year, with 1,000 foxes being released from Dalchonzie fur farm in Scotland.[3]

1980s and 1990s

The ALF was then founded throughout Europe and further abroad in the 1980s,[3] with notable raids including the removal of Silver Spring and Britches monkeys. Unnecessary Fuss, a film by PETA with footage that the ALF stole, was also released which showed primate researchers laughing and joking at a baboon, as they inflict brain damage as part of a research project into head injuries caused by accidents.[4][5]

The ALF continued into the 1990s, causing even more damage, with notable actions such as the jointly claimed ALF and Earth Liberation Front (ELF) arson at the US Forest Service Oakridge Ranger Station, which caused $5.3 million worth of damage. A series of raids also followed, which frequently targeted fur farms and animal laboratories and their breeding facilities,[6] including the Harlan Interfauna raid in Cambridge, by Barry Horne and Keith Mann.[7]

2000–2004

Main articles: Barry Horne and Shamrock Farm

2000

January
  • On the 3rd, the ALF claimed that the arson at the Rancho Veal's meatpacking plant, California, which had its building set on fire, as well as trucks, caused $250,000 worth of damage.[6]
  • Petaluma Farms, a chicken farm in California, had five incendiary devices placed in its office and trucks. With two trucks destroyed, the ALF claimed that the farm "enslaves chickens for their eggs".[6]
  • The next day, the ALF claimed responsibility for the attempted arson at 'Primate Products' in California.[6]
July 2

A Rose Acre Farm chicken feed truck in Indiana was torched, with the ALF spray-painting "Polluter, animal exploiter, your turn to pay," at the scene. The ALF claim credit for the arson that caused $100,000 worth of damage.[6]

2001

January
  • On the 10th January, the ALF are suspected of planting an incendiary device that ignited under a car belonging to a prominent member of the Old Surrey Burstow and West Kent Hunt. No one was hurt at the fire at Oxted, Surrey, with ALF Press Office claiming "As it was an incendiary device I'm confident it was the work of the ALF. If it was an explosive or bomb I would suspect a more extreme group.", also citing ALF's policy of non-violence. The hunt has been a target of protests, with a saboteur the year before run over by a four wheel drive vehicle, suffering broken ribs, a crushed pelvis, a damaged lung and severe internal bleeding.[8]
  • Prior to the Hunting Act being implemented, the ALF in protest steals a pack of hunting dogs from Wye College, near Ashford, Kent. The hunt secretary criticised the action saying it was cruel to the dogs and a sport enjoyed by many.[9]
April 5

A National Food Corp. egg farm in Washington was set on fire by the ALF, causing damage estimated at $1.5 million.[6]

May 21

The Center for Urban Horticulture, at the University of Washington, was set on fire causing $5.6 million worth of damage. It was the ALF's most expensive arson to date, destroying years worth of research on genetically altered poplar trees, as well as other projects.[6]

September 8

A McDonalds restaurant was set on fire, causing $500,000 worth of damage. The ALF and the ELF jointly claimed responsibility for the attack, noting that it, (the attack), was "a warning to corporations worldwide".[6]

September 20

In New Mexico, the Coulston Foundation's White Sands Research Center was set on fire, causing damage worth $1 million, with the ALF claiming responsibility.

October 24

Over thirty windows were smashed at the Bank of America offices in New York by a specific ALF cell called; "Special Operations: Huntingdon Life Sciences". The group sarcastically remark that they had "joined the United States in their [sic] noble War Against Terrorism!".[6]

November
  • Sierra Biomedical, an animal research laboratory in California, was trashed by the ALF on the 1st November causing $50,000 worth of damage.[6]
  • On the 5th November, Barry Horne, Britina's most notorious animal rights militiant, ALF and ARM activist, dies of hunger strikes during his 18-year prison sentence for his campaign of arson. Animal Aid Director Andrew Tyler regarded Horne as a "dedicated anti-vivisectionist".[10]

2002

January 29

The ELF and ALF used a sand and mortar mix at a construction site to destroy equipment at a new biotech plant being built for Jackson Laboratory, an animal testing business, in Maine.[6]

Spring

In an unknown location, a billboard advertising chicken was subvertised by the ALF.[11]

May 3

A Sims Poultry truck was destroyed in Indiana by the ALF using arson.[6]

November
  • Activists broke into a fur farm in Bure, eastern France and release 1,000 of 17,000 mink from their cages on November 11, damage was estimated at $30,000.[12][13]
  • The next day, animal rights activists were again blamed for an arson attack at a Tyneside factory. The beef plant, near Newcastle, UK, was described as an attack against the meat industry. Detectives claimed a link between the £30,000 fire and a series of fires started across the region at a cost of £17 million, reporting that two individuals burnt a refrigerator trailer which contained meat at around 8 pm. The fire then spread to the next trailer and burnt for around two hours until some forty fire fighters contained the blaze.[14][15]
  • On the 24th, police said that 118 puppies and 10 adult dogs were taken from a farm west of Bologna, in Italy, that bred dogs for animal research. "Murderers" and "ALF will free all" was daubed on the walls of the building.[16][17]

2003

January 3

An animal feed company, supplying the Puckeridge Hunt in Hertfordshire, was completely burnt to the ground with "Fox killers" painted over a nearby church. The fire caused £250,000 worth of damage, roaring through the 1828 Grade 2 listed barn before spreading to the adjacent building, Stocking Pelham Hall. As fire fighters tried to save the hall, the owner remarked that the heat was extraordinary, and that the building was ablaze from end to end.[18][19]

February
  • On the 4th, activists calling themselves the "Groundhog Crew", because of the action coinciding with Groundhog day, cut forty-eight brake and refrigeration system lines of trucks belonging to the Supreme Lobster and Seafood Company in Chicago. "ALF—No Brakes" was left on the door of the building, which was considered to mean the Animal Liberation Front. The communique claimed that the largest lobster distributor in the Midwest had killed over a billion sea creatures in the last quarter century.[20] The FBI claimed that the action caused a "near catastrophic effect", although nobody was hurt in the incident.[21]
  • In the very first fur farm raid in Ireland,[23] the ALF released 1,000 mink from a farm in Co Laois, by removing the fencing that surrounded the mink enclosure. The activists said they had opened the cages on February 19, allowing the mink to escape into the Grand Canal. In a statement, the ALF explained:[22][24]

March
  • The News & Review publish an article on the 6th after receiving a note regarding a pair of incendiary devices left at a McDonald's restaurant in Chicago. The explosive devices, that failed to go off, were two jugs filled with flammable liquid, which subsequently shut down the building for two hours while police and federal investigators handling the situation, with reporters also crowding the scene. The devices were eventually dismantled by the Butte County Sheriff's Office's bomb experts, after an employee had discovered one device in the morning. The ALF claimed responsibility by leaving a typed note at a payphone nearby, and said they carried out the action because the companies' connection to the factory farming industry, that was based on specieism[25]
  • On the 25th, authorities reported that the Rancho Veal plant in California was targeted again by arsonists, returning after the $250,000 arson in 2003. This time the fire only caused $10,000 worth of damage, with "stop the killing" painted on the back of the building. The owner of the business said that "It gets old, it gets real tiresome".[26][27]
April

Wallops Wood Farm at Droxford, Hampshire, is raided by 16 members of the ALF and 1,000 chickens are "liberated", with activists claiming damage to cages, eggs, conveyor belts, feed apparatus, equipment, food stores, staff toilets, canteen, rearing shed and a delivery truck. The raid came after an injunction against ALF, SHAC and other groups restricting campaigners for their annual Easther march, banning "abusive communications with the Huntingdon Life Sciences (HLS), following the long-standing campaign against the company.[28][29]

June 17

A suspicious package, with a label attached saying "a gift from the Animal Liberation Front", was left in a dustbin wrapped up in a box at Act Tech UK Ltd in Northhampton. The finance director of the company said they had been affected by animal rights groups because of their parent company Asahi Glass, who supply Huntingdon Life Sciences. Employees were evacuated whilst police searched the building and the RAF Bomb Disposal Unit blew up the package.[30][31]

August 25

Fencing surrounding a fur farm in Seattle, Washington, was removed and the cages containing 10,000 mink opened,[32] of the 22,000 mink, 9,000 of the animals were recovered by 8pm the following evening. The police were called shortly after the break-in at around 4 pm, when someone saw hundreds of mink running from the farm. The owner claimed that the act was "..a great example of animal cruelty,",[33] whilst the ALF, in an anonymous communique, cited the Mink Rehabilitation Project, which they claim proves that mink can survive in the wild.[32][34]

September
  • On the 22nd, and described by Leif Finne, head of a fur farmer association, as "..by far the biggest attack on a fur farm in this country," all of the cages were opened on a fur farm in Kokkola, Finland; releasing 8,000 mink. "ALF" was painted on a wall at the farm, with the authorities also reporting that the raid had been the 60th on fur farms in Finland since 1995.[35][36]
  • Two days later, the ALF broke into the Louisiana State University Inhalation Toxicology Research Facility, destroying research equipment, chambers and computers, totaling $300,000.[37]
December 13

Together with another ALF activist who remains unidentified,[38] Keith Mann raided the Wickham research laboratory and removed 695 mice that were being used to test botulinum toxin, sold commercially as Botox and Dysport.[39] He was later arrested by detectives at his home whilst cleaning his car and the mice were returned to the laboratory.[39] He argued that the tests were illegal because the product was being tested for cosmetic purposes, which is banned in Britain. The Southern Animal Rights Coalition also received paperwork which they say demonstrates cosmetic Botox was being tested on animals.[40] However, in April 2005, a court rejected the claims, ruling that the tests were in compliance with UK regulations because Botox is used for therapeutic purposes to prevent muscle spasms and Mann was found guilty of burglary.[41]

2004

April
  • The ALF broke into W.B. Saul High School in Roxborough, Philadelphia on April 19 and removed 47 animals; twenty-six gerbils, nine rats, four beagles, three hamsters, two chinchillas, two mice and a ferret.[42][43] Two years later, referring to the criminalization of eco-terrorism in the state due to the increasing property destruction directed towards those involved in pharmaceutical and other animal research organizations, the Governor noted that:[43]

June
  • The ALF attack a RMC site in Bournemouth, UK, destroying tractors, bulldozers and a crane; using axes, bolt croppers and crowbars.[44][45] The company announce shortly afterward that they have pulled out of the construction of Oxford University's animal laboratory.[46]
August
  • The Times Picayune reports that the cockfighting arena in Hickory, Louisiana, has been burned to the ground, with "A.L.F." spray painted on the building.[47][48]
For continued article, see Timeline of Animal Liberation Front actions, 2005-Present

See also

Notes

Further reading

External links

  • Diary of Actions Bite Back
  • North American Animal Liberation Press Office
  • Animal Liberation Front
  • Barry Horne
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.