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Tiger poaching in India

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Title: Tiger poaching in India  
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Subject: Wildlife smuggling, Tigers, Tiger reserves of India, Project Tiger, Environmental issues
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Tiger poaching in India

Tiger poaching in India seriously impacts the probability of survival of tigers in India.[1]About 3,000 wild tigers survive compared with 100,000 at the turn of the 20th century. Most of those, about 1,700, are India's Bengal tigers.[2] Project Tiger in India had been hailed as a great success until it was discovered that the the count of tigers have been seriously flawed.[3]

It has been reported that the poaching, mainly by the Pardhi tribe, is the main contributor to the decline in the number of tigers.[4][5] Sansar Chand, the notorious Tiger poacher acknowledged to selling 470 tiger skins and 2,130 leopard skins to just four clients from Nepal and Tibet.[6] For poachers there has been about a four percent conviction rate.[7]

Most of the tiger parts end up in China.[8] where a single skin sells for Rs. 6.5 million.[9]

Sansar Chand

Sanasr Chand, belonging to Gihara tribe of Thanagazi area of Alwar district, been termed "the kingpin running the country’s biggest wildlife trade syndicate".[10] He stayed in the trade wothout getting arrested for for 40 years. He ran his business from Delhi's Sadar Bazar. He was called "Veerappan of the North".[11]

He is blamed for wiping out the entire tiger population of Sariska Tiger Reserve in 2005 [12]

In 1991, a group arrested in Sawai Madhopur in Rajasthan confessed that they had poached 15 to 18 tigers in just two years for him. In January 2005, a raid at Chand's godown in Patel Nagar led to finding of two tiger skins, 28 leopard skins, 14 tiger canines, three kgs of tiger claws, 10 tiger jaws and 60 kgs of leopard and tiger paws. In 1988, police had seized 25,800 snake skins from him.[13]

See also


  1. ^ Tiger poaching and trafficking in India: Estimating rates of occurrence and detection over four decades, Koustubh Sharma,Belinda Wright,Tito Joseph,Nitin Desai, Biological Conservation, Elsevier, Volume 179, November 2014, Pages 33–39
  2. ^ Poaching for Chinese Markets Pushes Tigers to the Brink, 12/05/2014
  3. ^ Faulty Counts May Have Hurt India Tigers, Experts Say, Pallava Bagla, National Geographic News, August 7, 2003
  4. ^ Tigers Are Dying in Record Numbers in India Sam Frizell, Time, Nov. 29, 2014
  5. ^ Tragic fate of India's tiger: Government says number of poaching deaths hits all time high PRATUL SHARMA, 8 December 2012, DailyMail
  6. ^ Sansar Chand, notorious tiger poacher, dead TNN | Mar 19, 2014
  7. ^ Illegal Tiger Trade: Why Tigers Are Walking Gold, Sharon Guynup in Cat Watch on February 12, 2014
  8. ^ INDIA'S HIDDEN TIGER POACHERS, Roads and Kingdoms, Jun 20, 2014
  9. ^ Sansar’s Successors, RAMAN KIRPAL, October 16, 2010
  10. ^ Wriggling Out Of The Skin, Jay Mazoomdaar, Tehelka, 2013-07-27
  11. ^ Sansar Chand Is India’s Deadliest Poacher. Here Is How He Has Escaped Legal Traps For 40 Years, RAMAN KIRPAL, Tehelka, August 7, 2010,
  12. ^ Sansar Chand, who wiped out Sariska tigers, dies of cancer, Indian Express, March 18, 2014
  13. ^ Poacher Sansar Chand arrested in Delhi, Outlook, JUN 30, 2005
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