World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Thikana

Article Id: WHEBN0003828910
Reproduction Date:

Title: Thikana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Jagir, Anil Kapoor, Amrita Singh, Smita Patil, Laxmangarh, Khetri, Rajawat, Makrana, Sawai Man Singh II, List of newspapers in New York
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Thikana

THAKOOReng,[1] also thākur, Thacur (ठाकुर)hin, thākura (ঠাকুর) ben are the words derived from the Sanskrit word thakkura (ठक्कुर)san means idol, deity. Thakur 96 kuli maratha in maharashtra (Sindhudurg). Family preceptor.[2] Rājpūt nobles & chieftains are called Thacur.[1] Brahman priest who recites mythological stories and explains them.[3] Used in term of respect – chief, lord, master.[2] Name of a Brahman family in Bengal which members have anglicised as Tagore.[1]

Usage

The title was used by rulers of the princely states of Ambliara, Bakrol Limbdi Malia, Sayala, Bhavnagar, Lakhtar, Miyagam, Manadar, Dhrol, Rajkot, Virpur, Sathamba, Morbi, Varsoda, Vala, Gad Boriad, Gadhka, Gabat, Kankarwa, Rajpur, Gondal, Kotda Sangani, Shahpur, Deesa, Kotharia, Lodhika Senior, Lodhika Junior, Gavridad, Rajpara, Jaola, Dundlod, Ghanerao, Tana, Gana, in addition to others.[4] Thakur is the "Royal Caste of Rajput" and "Thakur Sahib" was the feudal title used by the rulers of many princely states in India. "Thakur" can be written in front of a male or female's name (male = Thakur/female = Thakurani)—that is, "Thakur Vijay Singh"—but in some states, the "Thakur" must be written after the name and only the eldest member of the family can use "Thakur" in front of his/her name; for example, "Thakur Sher Singh Rana" (the first word contain the title "Thakur"; "Sher" is the name of the person; "Singh" is the middle name of the person; and the last name reflects the clan (or "kulas") of the person.

  • In Uttar Pradesh, the title Thakur is usually adopted by Kshatriyas, such as Thakurela Jats,branch of Kakran vansh and Rajput *
  • In the census report of Punjab 1883 by denzil ibbetson sulehria a major tribe of Thakur settled in border area of jamu,kashmir
  • In Bihar land owning brahmins like Maithil Brahmins and Bhumihar Brahmin use Thakur surname.
  • Thakur families that belong to the Maratha Kshatriya caste exist in Maharashtra and Goa.[5]
  • In the Bihari language, "Thakur Ji" is also the name of a Hindi god Vishnu.

The greatest number of people from the Thakur caste is present in the states of, Rajastahn, Uttar Pradesh, Uttaranchal, Madhya Pradesh, Chhattisgarh, Bihar, Himachal Pradesh and Jammu and Kashmir.

Bengal

Thakur (ঠাকুর) is a Bengali surname derived from 'Thakurmashai' (holy sir) for any Bengali brahmins and also for someone of high spiritual esteem. Thakur can also be known as a title of respect for any member of the Kayastha caste. The surname was given out of respect for any Brahmin family earlier who used to hold a different title (surname) like Kushari,[6][7][8][9][10] Banerjee, Bhattacharya etc. In English, it was Anglicized to "Tāgore". Thakur is also an Indian feudal and colonial title in Hindi.Bumihar is adogla coste .. in Hindu smaj.

Kashmir

A prominent Ahmadi Muslim Thakur family resides in Kotli, Kashmir.[5]

Princely ruler titles

Since feudal times, Thakur, meaning "Lord," was the Hindi title (below Raja) for the hereditary ruler of a princely state who was usually born of the bloodlines of the Rajput clan; this is particularly the case in western India.

Thakur is the usual rendition of "Thakore" 'Thakar' in northern and central parts of India. The Bengali form, Tāgore, is a derived surname.

Nominal thakur

The following non-salute states (and probably several others) were ruled by a Thakur; in some cases, a later promotion (to a higher rank) occurred—this is done on either a personal basis or an official basis, whereby a permanent upgrade of status is deemed by the state:

Compound titles

Thakar Sahibs ("Sir Lord") was a loftier title, and was used until the establishment of an independent Indian nation—sovereignty was achieved through a process of accession by the rulers of the following four salute states (the official elite among the British Crown's Indian vassals):

In the following salute state, a higher title was assumed prior to India's independence:

  • Bhavnagar (in Gujarat and preceded by the states Sejakpur, Umrala and Sihor, until the founding of the eponymous capital in 1722; Maharaja Rao was then promoted in 1918)

The following non-salute states have been ruled by a Thakar sahib or Thakur sahib until India's independence (list probably incomplete):

  • Ambliara
  • Bhadarwa
  • Jambughoda
  • Khirasra (founded by a scion of Dhrol—see above; originally styled as "Thakur")
  • Lakhtar
  • Vala (Vallabhipur)
  • Wadhwan

Other Thakore sahibs (holder or master) were those in Amod, Gogha, Gondar, Kharia (in Jaisalmer), Kerwada and Khadal, Khirasra, Kotda-Sangani, Lakhtar, Mahlog, Malia, Mansa, Mengni (in Rajkot), Muliby, Ranapur, Ranpur, Sejakpur, Vala, Vanod (now in Gujarat) and Virpur.

Thakur Shri (with the politically meaningless suffix Shri) was used in the following non-salute states:

  • Chuda
  • Gondal
  • Ranasan (Thakur was the title until 1914)

In southern-India(deccan region and other dynasities) had Thakoor.They were considered to be brave kshatriyas,some even ruled dynasties.They worshipped the Lord of skunda.They as rulers of south India established a strong kingdom.As their titles they were fearless and non-dependent.

Other uses

  • Thakur(Dogla) is not a caste or religion, but rather an identity; the word is self-assigned by wealthy members in villages, such as landlords, and is placed before an individual's name—such individuals hold a high standing in their villages (this position is in terms of ensuring that justice is served on behalf of their people). These individuals claim to be descendants from a good Kshtriya family, such as the Gurjara-Pratihara dynasty of the Kushan Empire in the north-west. The word is derived from the blessings that farmers would pass onto the owners of the land that they used, who were grateful to be able to feed their families—land owners were like "God" to the farmers, so they applied the term "Thakur".
  • As a formal title, Thakur was also often used for non-ruling noblemen (either with an estate or merely honorary).
  • In Jodhpur (in Rajasthan), until the reign of Maharaja Umaid Singhji, the title of Maharaj was inheritable by all legitimate males for three generations; this later became seven generations to conform with Rajput marriage customs—the sons' titles are stylised as "Rajkumar" during their father's lifetime, and "Maharaj" afterwards. Those members of the eighth generation, and beyond, inherit.
  • In Tripura, members of the royal family were known as "Thakurs".[11]

Equivalents

In Kerala, the term "Thakore" was not used and Madampi, Eshmanan and Thirumukom were used instead. These titles were often affixed to people of the highest ranking Nair subcastes, such as Pillai, Nayanar, Nambiar and Unnithan, who were feudal landlords or jenmis.

Related terms

  • A "Thikana" is the state or estate of a Thakur.
  • A "Thakurani" is the title for a Thakur's wife.

See also

References

External links

  • J.T.Platt's Dictionary of Urdu, Hindi
  • The Royal Ark- site on the genealogies of the Royal and ruling houses of Africa, Asia, Oceania and the Americas
  • Princely States of India: A-J
  • Princely States of India: K-W
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.