World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0005531348
Reproduction Date:

Title: Thaqif  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ta'if, Banu Thaqif, Al-lāt, Banu Zuhrah, Badr, Saudi Arabia, Battle of Hunayn, Urwah ibn Mas'ud, Habibah binte Ubayd-Allah, Akhnas ibn Shariq, Mughira ibn Shu'ba
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


The Thaqif was one of the tribes of Arabia during Muhammad's era. Thaqif was the main tribe of the town of Taif, in present-day Saudi Arabia, and descendants of the tribe (called Thagafis) still live in that city today and so many names in Arab countries such as Syria, Lebanon, Egypt, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco, Hatay Province in Turkey, Jordan and Iraq.


The tribe lived in the city of Taif and worshiped the pre-Islamic Arabian goddess Allāt.[1]

Muhammad's visit to Ta'if — 620

Muhammad went to the city named Ta'if and invited them to Islam, but they refused his message.

Battle of Badr — 624

Main article: Battle of Badr

Akhnas ibn Shariq al-Thaqifi and the Banu Zuhrah where with the Meccan as part of the escort that preceded the battle of Badr but since he believed the caravan to be safe, he did not join Quraish on their way to a festival in Badr. He together with Banu Zuhrah returned, so this two clans present in the battle[2]

Siege — 630

Before the battle of Tabuk and after the battle of Hunayn, they were subjected to the Siege of Taif. However, they held their position and did not succumb to the siege. One of their chieftains, Urwah ibn Mas'ud, was absent in Yemen during that siege.[1]

Urwah ibn Mas'ud

After Urwah returned from Yemen and learned of the battle that had taken place at Tabuk, he hastened to Medina. Urwah had met Muhammad before as an adversary, but he accepted Islam on this meeting. When he declared his intentions of returning to his city to preach, he was warned by Muhammad that they would fight him. Urwah, however, felt too sure of his position and influence with his people. He answered:

"O Prophet of God, my people love me more than they do their own eyes."[1]

Upon his return, he was largely avoided by his tribesmen, apparently after concluding a consultation among themselves. The following morning, Urwah gave the call to prayer from his roof. He was then surrounded and shot to death by citizens who had gathered bows and arrows. As his relatives panicked around him, it is related according to Muslim sources that his last words were:

"This is indeed an honor granted to me by God, the honor to die as a martyr in His cause. For my case is identical to that of all the other martyrs who gave up their lives at the gates of this city, while the Prophet of God, may God's peace and blessings be upon him, was laying siege to it."

He then asked to be buried together with those martyrs who were buried in that area.[1]

Sending Chieftains

Eventually, most of the remaining chieftains went to Mecca to confront Muhammed, and became Muslims after some negotiation, resulting in the destruction of the religion of Allāt. People involved were Abd-Ya-Layl ibn Amr, Mugheera ibn Shu'ba, Khalid ibn Sa'id ibn al-Aas, Uthman ibn Abu-al-Aas and Abu Sufyan ibn Harb.[1]


With the dismantling of the popular cult of Allāt and the subsequent conversion of Al'Taw, the conversion of the Hijaz was complete. Muhammad's power expanded from the frontiers of Byzantium in the north to al Yaman and Hadramawt in the south. The territories of Southern Arabia were all being encouraged or forced to join the new religion and integrate themselves into a unified system of defense. It subsequently follows that delegations from all around the region proceeded to Medina to declare allegiance to the new order and to convert to the new faith.[1]

Notable members

Notable members of the tribe include:

See also


External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.