World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Thapsus or Thapsos (less commonly, Tapsus) (Greek: Θάψος) was an ancient city in what is modern-day Tunisia.


  • History 1
    • Former diocese 1.1
  • Remains 2
  • Titular bishopric 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


Originally founded by Phoenicians, it served as a marketplace on the coast of the province Byzacena in Africa Propria. Thapsus was established near a salt lake on a point of land eighty stadia (14.8 km) from the island of Lampedusa.

In 46 BC, Julius Caesar defeated Metellus Scipio and the Numidian King Juba I with a tremendous loss of men near Thapsus (see Battle of Thapsus). Caesar exacted a payment of 50,000 sesterces from the vanquished. Their defeat marked the end of opposition to Caesar in Africa. Thapsus then became a Roman colony. Later, it was part of the Roman province of Byzacena.

Former diocese

Thapsus became a Christian bishopric, probably a suffragan, but no Metropolitan is known. Its only known bishop is Vigilius, the author of several controversial works against the Arians and the Eutychians. He was one of the Catholic bishops whom king Hunneric of the Vandals summoned to his court in Carthage in 484 and then exiled.[1]


Its ruins exist at Ras Dimas, a promontory near Bekalta, approximately 200 km southeast of Carthage. They include an amphitheatre and various mosaics.

Titular bishopric

The see, no longer residential, is included in the Catholic Church's list of titular sees.[2] It is a Latin title, of the lowest (episcopal) rank, with one archiepiscopal exception.

Since at creation as such in 1914, it has the following near-consecutive incumbents:

  • Valentín García y Barros (1914.12.10 – 1916.08.26)
  • Arturo Celestino Alvarez (1919.12.18 – 1921.05.09)
  • Andrew James Louis Brennan (1923.02.23 – 1926.05.28)
  • Vincenzo Celli (1927.04.08 – 1951.10.17)
  • Antonio Torasso, I.M.C. (1952.01.10 – 1960.10.22)
  • Paul-Émile Charbonneau (1960.11.15 – 1963.05.21)
  • Tomás Enrique Márquez Gómez (1963.06.25 – 1966.11.30)
  • Alfredo Cifuentes Gómez (1967.03.10 – 1970.12.02), as titular Archbishop
  • Ludwig Averkamp (1973.01.18 – 1985.11.07)
  • Vladas Michelevičius (1986.11.13 – 2008.11.12)
  • Ignacio Carrasco de Paula (2010.09.15 – ...), President for Life of the Pontifical Academy


  1. ^ (New York 1912)Catholic EncyclopediaSophrone Pétridès, "Thapsus" in
  2. ^ Annuario Pontificio 2013 (Libreria Editrice Vaticana, 2013, ISBN 978-88-209-9070-1), p. 983]

External links

  • GigaCatholic, linking to titular see incumbent biographies
  • Mosaics of Thapsus
  • Amphitheatre of Thapsus
  • Hitchner, R., R. Warner, R. Talbert, T. Elliott, S. Gillies. "Places: 324827 (Thapsus)". Pleiades. Retrieved March 8, 2012. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.