World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Technological apartheid

Article Id: WHEBN0018776424
Reproduction Date:

Title: Technological apartheid  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Chemical engineering, Technology assessment, Computer engineering, Information technology, Protein engineering
Collection: International Relations Terms, Nuclear Proliferation
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Technological apartheid

Technological apartheid is the denial of useful modern technologies to Third World or Developing nations. The term is based upon the South African expression Apartheid, which refers to the practice of keeping certain populations in a separate, lower-class status. It has been used to describe situations that are unintended, such as the absence of computers and Information technology in the favelas of Brazil or other impoverished areas.[1] The term also applies to the deliberate denial of technology for geopolitical or neocolonialist reasons. The government of Iran has characterized the efforts by Western governments to deny nuclear technology to Iran as Technological Apartheid.[2]

Some of the technologies in question are dual-use technologies, advanced technologies which can have both civilian and military applications.[3] Some commentators allege that the issue of dual-use technologies is a red herring, and that some advanced-sector nations, who wish to keep the Third World nations as poor Client states, withhold technologies that are essential for economic development, using the pretext that they will be used for military purposes.[4][5]


  1. ^ Daniela, Hart. "Combating Technological Apartheid in Brazilian Favelas". Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  2. ^ "Iran slates technological apartheid". PressTV. PressTV. 2007-06-23. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ Muller, David. "Partners not Wage workers". Southmovement. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 
  5. ^ Subrahmanyam, K (2006-07-25). "Costs of rejection". The Times of India. The Times of India. Retrieved 13 August 2014. 

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.