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Syzran

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Title: Syzran  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Valery S. Tretyakov, Mikhail Korniyenko, Syzran Kremlin, Khioniya Guseva, Syzran Bridge
Collection: Cities and Towns in Samara Oblast, Populated Places on the Volga, Simbirsk Governorate
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Syzran

Syzran (English)
Сызрань (Russian)
-  City[1]  -

Location of Samara Oblast in Russia
Syzran is located in Samara Oblast
Syzran
Location of Syzran in Samara Oblast
Coordinates:
Coat of arms
Administrative status (as of December 2011)
Country Russia
Federal subject Samara Oblast[2]
Administratively subordinated to city of oblast significance of Syzran[2]
Administrative center of Syzransky District,[1] city of oblast significance of Syzran[2]
Municipal status (as of December 2004)
Urban okrug Syzran Urban Okrug[3]
Administrative center of Syzran Urban Okrug,[3] Syzransky Municipal District[3]
Head Nikolay Lyadin
Statistics
Population (2010 Census) 178,750 inhabitants[4]
Rank in 2010 101st
Time zone SAMT (UTC+04:00)[5]
Founded 1683
City status since 1796
Postal code(s)[6] 446000
Dialing code(s) +7 8464
Official website
Syzran]] on Wikimedia Commons
Syzran I railway station (built in 1874)
The Central street of the city

Syzran (Russian: Сызрань; IPA: ) is the third largest[4] city in Samara Oblast, Russia, located on the right bank of Saratov Reservoir of the Volga River. Population: 178,750 (2010 Census);[4] 188,107 (2002 Census);[7] 174,335 (1989 Census).[8]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Administrative and municipal status 2
  • Economy 3
  • Twin towns and sister cities 4
  • Notable people 5
  • References 6
    • Notes 6.1
    • Sources 6.2
  • External links 7

History

Founded in 1683 as a fortress, Syzran grew into an important trading center and was granted town status in 1796. One tower from the 17th-century fortress still stands. It is also the site of Syzran Bridge, once the longest bridge in Europe.

Administrative and municipal status

Within the framework of administrative divisions, Syzran serves as the administrative center of Syzransky District,[1] even though it is not a part of it.[9] As an administrative division, it is, together with three rural localities, incorporated separately as the city of oblast significance of Syzran—an administrative unit with the status equal to that of the districts.[2] As a municipal division, the city of oblast significance of Syzran is incorporated as Syzran Urban Okrug.[3]

Economy

The city's main employers are a large oil refinery owned by Rosneft, OAO Tyazhmash, and the Syzran power station.

Twin towns and sister cities

Syzran is twinned with:

Notable people

References

Notes

  1. ^ a b c Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 36 242», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 36 242, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  2. ^ a b c d Charter of Samara Oblast
  3. ^ a b c d Law #189-GD
  4. ^ a b c Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года. Том 1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. Всероссийская перепись населения 2010 года (2010 All-Russia Population Census) (in Russian).  
  5. ^ Правительство Российской Федерации. Федеральный закон №107-ФЗ от 3 июня 2011 г. «Об исчислении времени», в ред. Федерального закона №248-ФЗ от 21 июля 2014 г. «О внесении изменений в Федеральный закон "Об исчислении времени"». Вступил в силу по истечении шестидесяти дней после дня официального опубликования (6 августа 2011 г.). Опубликован: "Российская газета", №120, 6 июня 2011 г. (Government of the Russian Federation. Federal Law #107-FZ of June 31, 2011 On Calculating Time, as amended by the Federal Law #248-FZ of July 21, 2014 On Amending Federal Law "On Calculating Time". Effective as of after sixty days following the day of the official publication.).
  6. ^ Почта России. Информационно-вычислительный центр ОАСУ РПО. (Russian Post). Поиск объектов почтовой связи (Postal Objects Search) (Russian)
  7. ^  
  8. ^ Demoscope Weekly (1989). "Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 г. Численность наличного населения союзных и автономных республик, автономных областей и округов, краёв, областей, районов, городских поселений и сёл-райцентров" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. Всесоюзная перепись населения 1989 года [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). Институт демографии Национального исследовательского университета: Высшая школа экономики [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. Retrieved August 9, 2014. 
  9. ^ Государственный комитет Российской Федерации по статистике. Комитет Российской Федерации по стандартизации, метрологии и сертификации. №ОК 019-95 1 января 1997 г. «Общероссийский классификатор объектов административно-территориального деления. Код 36 435», в ред. изменения №259/2014 от 12 декабря 2014 г.. (State Statistics Committee of the Russian Federation. Committee of the Russian Federation on Standardization, Metrology, and Certification. #OK 019-95 January 1, 1997 Russian Classification of Objects of Administrative Division . Code 36 435, as amended by the Amendment #259/2014 of December 12, 2014. ).
  10. ^ "Sister city relationship Syzran" (in Russian). 

Sources

  • Самарская Губернская Дума. №179-ГД 18 декабря 2006 г. «Устав Самарской области», в ред. Закона №67-ГД от 6 июля 2015 г. «О внесении изменения в статью 13 Устава Самарской области». Вступил в силу 1 января 2007 г. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №237 (25790), 20 декабря 2006 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. #179-GD December 18, 2006 Charter of Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #67-GD of July 6, 2015 On Amending Article 13 of the Charter of Samara Oblast. Effective as of January 1, 2007.).
  • Самарская Губернская Дума. Закон №189-ГД от 28 декабря 2004 г. «О наделении статусом городского округа и муниципального района муниципальных образований в Самарской области», в ред. Закона №23-ГД от 30 марта 2015 г. «Об осуществлении местного самоуправления на территории городского округа Самара Самарской области». Вступил в силу по истечении десяти дней со дня официального опубликования. Опубликован: "Волжская коммуна", №247, 31 декабря 2004 г. (Samara Governorate Duma. Law #189-GD of December 28, 2004 On Granting the Status of Urban Okrug and Municipal District to the Municipal Formations in Samara Oblast, as amended by the Law #23-GD of March 30, 2015 On the Implementation of Local Self-Government on the Territory of Samara Urban Okrug of Samara Oblast. Effective as of after ten days from the day of the official publication.).

External links

  • (Russian) Official website of Syzran
  • Samara at DMOZ
  • (Russian) Old photos of Syzran
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