World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Suruç

Article Id: WHEBN0004182029
Reproduction Date:

Title: Suruç  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Suruç Water Tunnel, Siverek, List of prisons in Turkey, 506, Aleppo Vilayet
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Suruç

Suruç
Suruç is located in Turkey
Suruç
Suruç
Coordinates:
Country Turkey
Province Şanlıurfa
Government
 • Mayor Orhan Şansal (BDP)
 • Kaymakam Mehmet Sinan Yıldız
Area[1]
 • District 735.19 km2 (283.86 sq mi)
Population (2012)[2]
 • Urban 56,963
 • District 101,351
 • District density 140/km2 (360/sq mi)
Post code 63800
Website .tr.bel.surucwww

Suruç (Kurdish: Pîrsûs) is a rural district of Şanlıurfa Province of Turkey, on a plain near the Syrian border 46 km south-west of the city of Urfa.

Etymology

The modern Turkish name “Suruç” is derived from Serugh (Syriac: ܣܪܘܓ, Sĕrûḡ, pronounced as if Sıruğ in Modern Turkish orthography, but present pronunciation influenced by Arabic: سروج‎, sarūj meaning: "saddle"), the pre-Islamic name for the area. The name literally means “woven” (Hebrew: סרוג 'sarug' meaning: "knitted") or “latticed,” and either refers to weaving or saddle making, both of which are traditional in the district. Alternatively, the name is associated with Serug (Hebrew: שרוג‎, śərûḡ) the great-grandfather of the prophet Abraham (Genesis 11.20–23; I Chronicles 1.26; Luke 3.35).

History

In antiquity the Sumerians built a settlement in the area. The city was a centre of silk-making. They were succeeded by a number of other Mesopotamian civilisations. The Roman Emperor Constantine I brought the town under the control of the city of Edessa (modern day Şanlıurfa). One of the most famous residents of the district is its 6th century Syriac bishop and poet-theologian Jacob of Serugh. The town was surrendered to the Abbasid Arabs in 639. It was later controlled by Crusaders (in 1098), and Moslems again (in 1127). The city was then destroyed in the Mongol invasions, and in 1517 the area was brought into the Ottoman Empire by Selim I. Suruç was occupied in 1918 by British and in 1919 by French troops, but was freed by a local resistance struggle. Suruç is today inhabited mostly by ethnic Kurds.

The main town of the district is also called Suruç. However, the older name for the town is Batnan or Batnae (Syriac: ܒܛܢܢ, Baṭnān; Greek: Βάτναι, Batnai; Latin: Batnae). Today Suruç is an agricultural district famous for pomegranates.

On october 19th, Journalist Serena Shim was killed in Suruç which was considered suspicious when a couple days earlier Shim was accused of espionage connected with the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant

See also

References

  1. ^ "Area of regions (including lakes), km²". Regional Statistics Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. 2002. Retrieved 2013-03-05. 
  2. ^ "Population of province/district centers and towns/villages by districts - 2012". Address Based Population Registration System (ABPRS) Database. Turkish Statistical Institute. Retrieved 2013-02-27. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.