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Suleiman II

Suleiman II
Caliph of Islam
Amir al-Mu'minin
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Custodian of the Two Holy Mosques
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Reign November 8, 1687 – June 22, 1691
Predecessor Mehmed IV
Successor Ahmed II
Born April 15, 1642
Died June 22, 1691 or
June 23, 1691(1691-06-23) (aged 49)
Consorts Hatice Kadınefendi
Behzat Kadınefendi
İvaz Kadınefendi
Süylün Kadınefendi
Şehsuvar Kadınefendi
Zeyneb Kadınefendi
Royal house House of Osman
Father Ibrahim
Mother Saliha Dilaşub Sultan
Religion Sunni Islam
Tughra

Suleiman II (April 15, 1642 – June 22/23 1691) (Ottoman Turkish: سليمان ثانى Süleymān-i sānī) was the Sultan of the Ottoman Empire from 1687 to 1691.

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Reign 2
    • Ottoman–Habsburg War 2.1
    • Relations with the Mughal Empire 2.2
  • Gallery 3
  • See also 4
  • Sources 5
  • External links 6

Early life

The younger brother of Mehmed IV (1648–87), Suleiman II was born at Topkapı Palace in Constantinople and had spent most of his life in the kafes (cage), a kind of luxurious prison for princes of the blood within the Topkapı Palace (it was designed to ensure that none could organize a rebellion).

His mother was a Serb woman originally named Katarina, known as Saliha Dilaşub Sultan.[1][2][3]

Reign

Ottoman–Habsburg War

The Ottoman Army after suffering a devastating defeat during the Second Battle of Mohács.

Immediately after assuming the throne, the Ottomans suffered a devastating defeat at the second Battle of Mohács. Unable to rule effectively himself, Suleiman II shrewdly appointed Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha as his Grand Vizier. Even so, when Russia joined an alliance of European powers, the Ottomans suffered the devastating Crimean campaigns.

Under Köprülü's leadership the Ottomans halted an Austrian advance into Serbia and crushed an uprising in Macedonia and Bulgaria until Köprülü Fazıl Mustafa Pasha was killed in the Battle of Slankamen by Austrian forces. Suleiman II died at Edirne Palace in 1691.

Relations with the Mughal Empire

In 1688 the Ottoman Sultan Suleiman II urgently requested for assistance against the rapidly advancing Austrians, during the Ottoman–Habsburg War however the Mughal Emperor Aurangzeb and his forces were too heavily engaged in the Deccan Wars against the Marathas to commit any formal assistance to their desperate Ottoman allies.[4]

Gallery

See also

Sources

  1. ^ "Sultan II. Süleyman Han".  
  2. ^ Günseli İnal; Semiramis Arşivi (2005). Semiramis: Sultan'ın gözünden şenlik. YKY. p. 27.  
  3. ^ Ali Kemal Meram (1977). Padişah anaları: resimli belgesel tarih romanı. Öz Yayınları. p. 325. 
  4. ^ Mughal-Ottoman relations: a study of political & diplomatic relations ... - Naimur Rahman Farooqi - Google Boeken. Books.google.com. 1989. Retrieved 29 April 2012. 

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons


Suleiman II
Born: April 15, 1642 Died: June 22, 1691[aged 49]
Regnal titles
Preceded by
Mehmed IV
Sultan of the Ottoman Empire
Nov 8, 1687 – Jun 22, 1691
Succeeded by
Ahmed II
Sunni Islam titles
Preceded by
Mehmed IV
Caliph of Islam
Nov 8, 1687 – Jun 22, 1691
Succeeded by
Ahmed II
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