World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Strășeni District

Article Id: WHEBN0003435718
Reproduction Date:

Title: Strășeni District  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Țigănești, Strășeni, Micăuți, Districts of Moldova, Tourism in Moldova, Căușeni District
Collection: Districts of Moldova, Strășeni District
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Strășeni District

Strășeni
District (Raion)
Flag of Strășeni
Flag
Coat of arms of Strășeni
Coat of arms
Location of Strășeni
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Strășeni
Government
 • Raion President Petru Voloșciuc (PLDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 730 km2 (280 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 91,500
 • Density 125.3/km2 (325/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 237
Area code(s) +373 37
Car plates ST
Website http://www.straseni.md

Strășeni is an administrative district (Moldovan: raion) in the central part of Moldova. Its administrative center and leading city is Strășeni. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 91,100. The other principal town is Bucovăț, 26 km (16 mi) to the north of the Moldovan capital. Otherwise the district is divided between rural communities.

Contents

  • Toponymics 1
  • History 2
  • Geography 3
    • Climate 3.1
    • Fauna 3.2
    • Flora 3.3
    • Rivers 3.4
  • Administrative subdivisions 4
  • Demographics 5
    • Ethnic groups 5.1
    • Religion 5.2

Toponymics

Strășeni is a toponym, of origin polysemantic as legends show in time, the name derived from the word "horrible" (in Romanian "strașnic") and the echo of these events materialize. In name of a hamlet of the forest Codri. Or in another version, outlaws hope nobleman, who travels on the road to Chișinău (19th century), so places were Scary. Another treatment of the toponym, as the traditional occupations linked to the natives. The parties were of Strășeni craftsmen, carpenters, just like a great eaves (in Romanian stresina).

History

Căpriana monastery, one of the most oldest monastery in Moldova

The present territory of the district is inhabited since the stone age, 30-20.000 BC. Localities with the oldest historical attestation are Căpriana, Dolna, Lozova and Vorniceni, they are first attested in 1420. Căpriana monastery in 1429 received the status of the monastery. The present territory of the district Straseni, was part of the medieval lands Lăpușna County and Orhei County boundary of which is on the Bîc River. In 1545 is remembered by scribes, Strășeni district center. In the 16th-18th centuries, the district develop both economic (trade, agriculture, forestry) and cultural (built monasteries and churches), as there has been a major increase of population. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812-1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918-1940, 1941-1944), the district is part of the Chișinău County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chișinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography

Landscape of Codri in district

Strășeni district is located in the central part of Republic of Moldova. The neighboring district's are Călăraşi District in north-west, Orhei District in north-east, Criuleni District in east, municipality of Chișinău, Ialoveni District and Hînceşti District in south and Nisporeni in west. District is located on the Central Moldavian Plateau, and Codri forest region. Relief hilly terrain sloping from northwest to southeast, cut by valleys and rivers. Erosion processes with a high intensity. The soil is mainly brown soil forest and gray soil.

Climate

Temperate continental climate, annual average temperature +10 C. The average temperature in July +22 c, in January from -4-5 C. The annual precipitation 550–650 mm. Average wind speed 3–6 m \ s.

Fauna

Fauna typical central Europe, with the presence of such mammals such as fox, wild boar, deer, hedgehogs, wild cat, red deer, wolf, raccoon dog, wild cat, ferret and others. Of birds: hawk, crow, stork, eagles, egrets and more. In the past forests were populated district of: brown bear, elk, bull, wisent, disappeared due to excessive hunting, but the deforestation.

Flora

Forests occupy 36.6% of the district are characterized by the presence of oak, english oak, beech, hornbeam, maple, ash, lime and other trees. From plants: clover, bell, nettle and others.

Rivers

District is located in the Nistru river basin. The main tributaries that cross the district are: Ichel (102 km) and Bic (152 km). Most lakes have a natural origin. The largest is Ghidighici Reservoir.

Administrative subdivisions

Demographics

1 January 2012 the district population was 91,500 of which 23.7% urban and 76.3% rural population

  • Births (2010): 1163 (12.7 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 1251 (13.7 per 1000)
  • Growth Rate (2010): -88 (-1.0 per 1000)

Ethnic groups

Old Princely Church (Căpriana monastery), built between 1491-1496 of Stephen the Great
Ethnic group Population % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 85,910 96.64%
Russians 1,576 1.77%
Ukrainians 985 1.11%
Bulgarians 109 0.12%
Gagauzians 70 0.08%
Others 250 0.28%

Religion

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.