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Stepan Zorian

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Title: Stepan Zorian  
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Subject: Armenian Revolutionary Federation, Simon Zavarian, March Days, Armenian national liberation movement, Armenian Revolutionary Federation in Lebanon
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Stepan Zorian


Stepan Zorian (Armenian: Ստեփան Զօրեան, 1867–1919), better known by his nom de guerre Rostom (Ռոստոմ), was one of the three founders of the Armenian Revolutionary Federation and a very active participant of the Armenian national liberation movement.


  • Founding of the ARF 1
  • Works and travels 2
  • Post Constitution days 3
  • Death 4
  • Sources 5
  • See also 6

Founding of the ARF

Zorian was born in Christapor Mikaelian and Simon Zavarian, all would become revolutionaries. They co-founded the Armenian Revolutionary Federation (ARF) in 1890. Their new political party had a major impact on Armenians. It gained support by demanding reforms and taking up arms to defend Armenian citizens of the Ottoman Empire.

Works and travels

Zorian moved to Abdul Hamid II. He also opened an Armenian school there with his wife, Lisa Melik Shahnazarian.

Post Constitution days

During the 1908 Constitutional revolution in Turkey, he moved to Garin. In 1914, World War I broke out, he moved to Europe and then to the Caucasus. There he participated in the Armenian-Tatar wars. During the Iranian revolution, he participated in the revolution alongside Persian revolutionaries. He also directs the fight of self-defense in Baku. After a disastrous result, he fled to Iran with thousands of Armenians.


Zorian died in 1919 in Tiflis, aged 52. He was the only founder of the ARF to live to see an independent Armenia.


  • Rosdom biography in Armenian and English
  • Mihran Kurdoghlian, Badmoutioun Hayots, C. Hador (translated from the Armenian), Armenian History, volume III, p. 34, Athens, Greece: 1996

See also

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