World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

State of Brazil

Article Id: WHEBN0031513366
Reproduction Date:

Title: State of Brazil  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves, Rio de Janeiro, Portuguese colonization of the Americas, Portuguese Colonial Act, Graciosa fortress
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

State of Brazil

State of Brazil
Estado do Brasil
State of the Portuguese Empire

 

 

1621–1815
Flag Coat of arms
Flag Coat of arms
State of Brazil; 1789
Capital Salvador
(1621–1793)
Rio de Janeiro
(1793–1815)
Languages Portuguese
Religion Roman Catholicism
Government Monarchy
Monarch
 -  1621 Philip II
 -  1777 - 1815 Maria I
Governor General
 -  1621 Luís de Sousa
 -  1806 - 1808 Marcos de Noronha e Brito, 8th Count of the Arcos
History
 -  Established 1621
 -  Disestablished 1815
Currency Portuguese Real
Warning: Value not specified for ""

The State of Brazil (Portuguese: Estado do Brasil) was one of the states of the Portuguese Empire, in the Americas during the period of Colonial Brazil.

History

In 1621, the Governorate General of Brazil was separated into two states, the State of Brazil and the State of Maranhão. The state was created in June 13, 1621 by Philip II of Portugal.[1]

With the creation of the state, Portuguese America now had two administrative units: the State of Maranhão, with its capital in São Luís, Maranhão, and the State of Brazil, whose capital was São Salvador.

The State of Brazil became a Viceroyalty in 1763, when the capital of the State of Brazil was transferred from Salvador to Rio de Janeiro. In 1775 Brazilian States (Brasil, Maranhão and Grão-Pará) were unified into the Viceroyalty of Brazil, with Rio de Janeiro as capital.

In 1808, with the Transfer of the Portuguese Court to Brazil, the Prince Regent (future John VI of Portugal) assumed direct control of the government of the colony, suppressing the office of Viceroy.

In 1815, the state of Brazil was raised to the level of Kingdom, in the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves.

Composition

The State of Brazil originally included 12 of the original 15 captaincies, all except Ceara (which became subordinate to Pernambuco later) and Maranhão, two parts, which included the subcaptaincy of Para west of the Torsedillas Line at that time (north to south):

Captaincies created by the state

Captaincies from merger of State of Maranhão

Governors

References

  1. ^ Mundo Vestibular: BRASIL COLÔNIA

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.