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Spiritual but not religious

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Title: Spiritual but not religious  
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Subject: Spirituality, Irreligion, Irreligion by country, Enlightenment (spiritual), Illuminationism
Collection: Irreligion, Spirituality
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Spiritual but not religious

"Spiritual but not religious" (SBNR) is a popular phrase and initialism[1] used to self-identify a

  1. ^ Schott, Ben (2010-06-16). "Sbnr". The New York Times. 
  2. ^ "Examining the Growth of the Spiritual but Not Religious".  
  3. ^ Robert C. Fuller, Spiritual But Not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America, Oxford University Press 2001, p. 6
  4. ^ "Americans' Spiritual Searches Turn Inward". Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  5. ^ "Newsweek/Beliefnet Poll Results". Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  6. ^ Rodney Stark, What Americans Really Believe, Baylor University Press 2005
  7. ^ a b "'"Survey: 72% of Millennials 'more spiritual than religious. USA Today. 2010-10-14. 
  8. ^ Spiritual but not religious' becoming more common self-identific"'". 2010-05-31. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  9. ^ "Welcoming the Spiritually Independent". 2013-09-04. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  10. ^ "BBC News - Viewpoints: Why is faith falling in the US?". 2012-08-22. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  11. ^ Rosenbaum, Nancy (2010-02-24). "Spiritual But Not Religious". On Being. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  12. ^ Hill, P. C.; Pargament, K. I.; Hood, R. W. Jr.; McCullough, M. E.; Swyers, J. P.; Larson, D. B.; Zinnbauer, B. J. (2000). "Conceptualizing religion and spirituality: points of commonality, points of departure". Journal for the Theory of Social Behaviour 30 (1): 51–77.  
  13. ^ McIntosh, D. N., & Spilka, B. (1995). Religion and the family. In B. J. Neff & D. Ratcliff (Eds.), Handbook of Family Religious Education (pp. 36-60). Birmingham, AL Religious Education Press.
  14. ^ Robert C. Fuller, ‘’Spiritual But Not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America’’, Oxford University Press 2001, p. 5
  15. ^ a b Brian J. Zinnbauer and Kenneth I Pargament, Handbook of the psychology of religion and spirituality, Chapter 2: Religiousness and Spirituality, Raymond F. Paloutzian and Crystal L. Park (ed.), Guilford Press 2005, ISBN 978-1-57230-922-7
  16. ^ "Why I Hate Religion, But Love Jesus || Spoken Word". YouTube. 2012-01-10. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  17. ^ "Christianity Is Not a Religion?". SharperIron. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  18. ^ WR Miller, CE Thoresen (January 2003). "Spirituality, religion, and health: An emerging research field". The American Psychologist 58 (1): 24–35.  
  19. ^ Woods and Ironson (as cited in Miller & Thoresen, 2003)
  20. ^ Michael Hogan (2010). The Culture of Our Thinking in Relation to Spirituality. Nova Science Publishers: New York.
  21. ^ Gorsuch 1999.
  22. ^ Amy Hollywood. "Amy Hollywood - Spiritual but Not Religious | Harvard Divinity Bulletin". Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  23. ^ "The Problem With Being 'Spiritual but Not Religious' |". 2013-03-21. Retrieved 2013-11-10. 
  24. ^ a b "Are there dangers in being 'spiritual but not religious'?".  
  25. ^  


See also

[24] Some representatives of organized religion have criticized the practice of spirituality without religiosity.


In the field of psychology, spirituality has emerged as a distinct western world have given rise to this broader view of spirituality.[20] The term "spiritual" is now frequently used in contexts in which the term "religious" was formerly employed.[21] Both theistic and atheistic beliefs have been known to criticize this development.[22][23]

[17] In January 2012, Jefferson Bethke furthered the SBNR movement among evangelical Christians with his YouTube film "

Books such as Robert C. Fuller's Spiritual but not Religious: Understanding Unchurched America (ISBN 0-19-514680-8) and Sven E. Erlandson's Spiritual But Not Religious: A Call To Religious Revolution In America (ISBN 0-595-01108-X) highlight the emerging usage of the term.

Historically, the words religious and spiritual have been used synonymously to describe all the various aspects of the concept of religion.[12][13] Gradually, the word spiritual came to be associated with the private realm of thought and experience while the word religious came to be connected with the public realm of membership in a religious institution with official denominational doctrines.[14] Zinnbauer and Pargament (2005) write that in the early 1900s psychology scholars such as social science.[15]

Religion and spirituality


  • Religion and spirituality 1
  • Criticism 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4

The term has been called cliché by popular religious writers such as Robert Wright,[11] but is gaining in popularity. The SBNR lifestyle is most studied in the population of the United States.

Those who identify as SBNR vary in their individual spiritual philosophies and practices and theological references, referencing some higher power or transcendent nature of reality, without belonging to a religious affiliation. In the USA most SBNR people without a religious affiliation believe in God.[10]

SBNR is commonly used[7][8] to describe the demographic also known as unchurched, none of the above, more spiritual than religious, spiritually eclectic, unaffiliated, freethinkers, or spiritual seekers. In 2013, Rabbi Rami Shapiro introduced the phrase "Spiritually Independent" as a new term to replace "SBNR" with a more positive statement which looks to the "politically independent" as a role model.[9] Younger people are more likely to identify as SBNR than older people. In April 2010, the front page of USA Today claimed that 72% percent of Generation Y agree they are "more spiritual than religious".[7]

[6] to 10%[5] Other surveys report lower percentages ranging from 24%[4] The term is used world-wide, but is most prominent in the United States where one study reports that as many as 33% of people identify as spiritual but not religious.[3][2]

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