Space Agency

This is a list of government agencies engaged in activities related to outer space and space exploration.

The name given is the English version, with the native language version below. The acronym given is the most common acronym: this can either be the acronym of the English version (e.g. JAXA), or the acronym in the native language. Where there are multiple acronyms in common use, the English one is given first.

The date of the founding of the space agency is the date of first operations where possible. If the space agency is no longer running, then the date when it was terminated (i.e. the last day of operations) is given. A link to the Agency's primary website is also given.

Color legend

The capabilities of the space agencies are color-coded as follows:

  Manned Lunar Exploration + Operates Space Station + Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Space Station + Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Manned Space Flight + Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Operates Extraterrestrial Probes + Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  Launch Capability + Operates Satellites
  None Of The Above
Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Initialisms/Acronym Astronauts Operates Satellites Sounding Rockets capable Recoverable Biological Sounding Rockets capable
Belarus Space Agency  Belarus 2010  — No No Yes No [1]
Aeronautics and Space Research and Diffusion Center
(Spanish: Centro de Investigación y Difusión Aeronáutico-Espacial)
CIDA-E  Uruguay 5 August 1975  — No No No No  —
Mexican Space Agency
(Spanish: Agencia Espacial Mexicana)
AEM  Mexico 30 July 2010  — Yes Yes No No  —
Algerian Space Agency
French: Agence Spatiale Algérienne
Berber: Tafullut Tadzayrit n Tallunt
Arabic: الوكالة الفضائية الجزائرية
ASAL  Algeria 16 January 2002  — No Yes No No  —
Asia Pacific Multilateral Cooperation in Space Technology and Applications
(Chinese: 亚太空间技术应用多边合作会议)
AP-MCSTA February 1992  — No Yes No No  —
Asia-Pacific Regional Space Agency Forum
(Japanese: アジア太平洋地域宇宙機関会議)
APRSAF 1993  — No Yes No No  —
Asia-Pacific Space Cooperation Organization
(Chinese: 亚太空间合作组织)
APSCO 28 October 2005  — No Yes No No  —
German: Agentur für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(Aeronautics and Space Agency;
also Austrian Space Agency;
(Austrian Solar and Space Agency 1977–1987)
ALR  Austria 12 July 1972  — No No No No [2][3]
Azerbaijani: Azərbaycan Milli Aerokosmik Agentliyinin
(Azerbaijan National Aerospace Agency)
AMAKA  Azerbaijan 21 February 1974  — No Yes No No  —
Dutch: Belgisch Instituut voor Ruimte-Aëronomie
French: Institut d’Aéronomie Spatiale de Belgique
(Belgian Institute for Space Aeronomy)
BIRA
IASB
BISA
 Belgium 25 November 1964  — Yes No No No [4]
Spanish: Agencia Bolivariana para Actividades Espaciales
(Bolivarian Agency for Space Activities)
ABAE  Venezuela 1 January 2008  — No Yes No No [5]
Portuguese: Agência Espacial Brasileira
(Brazilian Space Agency)
AEB  Brazil 10 February 1994  — Yes Yes Yes[6] No [7]
UK Space Agency UKSA  United Kingdom 1 April 2010  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Bolivian Space Agency
ABAE  Bolivia 2012  — No No No No [8][9][10]
Bulgarian: Българска академия на науките
(Space Research Institute, Solar-Terrestrial Influences Institute) Bulgarian Space Agency
ИСЗВ-БАН
STIL-BAS
 Bulgaria 1987  — Yes Yes No No [11]
Canadian Space Agency
French: Agence spatiale canadienne
CSA
ASC
 Canada 1 March 1989  — Yes Yes Yes No [12]
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [13]
Spanish: Comisión Colombiana del Espacio
(Colombian Space Commission)
CCE  Colombia 18 July 2006  — Yes Yes No No [14]
Centre for Remote Imaging, Sensing and Processing CRISP  Singapore 1995  — No Yes No No
Commonwealth Scientific and Industrial Research Organisation CSIRO  Australia 1926  — No Yes No No [15]
Consultative Committee for Space Data Systems CCSDS 1982  — No No No No  —
Committee on Space Research COSPAR 1958  — No No No No [16][16][16]
Croatian: Hrvatska svemirska agencija
(Croatian Space Agency)
HSA
CSA
 Croatia October 2002  — No No No No [17]
Czech: Ministerstvo dopravy České republiky
(Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic - Space Technologies and Satellite Systems Department[18])
[6]
Ministry of Transport of the Czech Republic
 Czech Republic 2003  — No No No No [18]
Danish: Danmarks Rumcenter
(Danish National Space Center)
DRC
DNSC
 Denmark 1 January
1968
31 December
2006
Yes No No No
Danish: Dansk Rumforskningsinstitut
(Danish Space Research Institute)
DRKI
DSRI
 Denmark 1 January
2005
31 December
2006
No Yes No No
Danish: Danmarks Tekniske Universitet – Institut for Rumforskning og -teknologi
(Technical University of Denmark – National Space Institute)
DTU Space  Denmark 1 January
2006
 — Yes Yes No No [19]
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
31 May 1975  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [20][21]
Geo-Informatics and Space Technology Development Agency
(Thai: สำนักงานพัฒนาเทคโนโลยีอวกาศและภูมิสารสนเทศ)
GISTDA
สทอภ
 Thailand 3 November 2002  — No Yes No No [22]
German: Deutsches Zentrum für Luft- und Raumfahrt
(German Aerospace Center)
DLR  Germany 1969  — Yes Yes Yes No [23]
Hungarian: Magyar Űrkutatási Iroda
(Hungarian Space Office)
MŰI
HSO
 Hungary January 1992  — No Yes No No [24]
Indian Space Research Organization
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [23]
Greek: Ινστιτούτο Διαστημικών Εφαρμογών και Τηλεπισκόπησης
(Institute for Space Applications and Remote Sensing)
ΙΔΕΤ
ISARS
 Greece 1955  — No Yes No No
Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial INTA  Spain 1942  — Yes Yes Yes No [25][26][27]
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران‎)
ISA  Iran 2003  — No Yes Yes Yes [28][29][30]
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983  — Yes Yes Yes No
Italian Space Agency
(Italian: Agenzia Spaziale Italiana)
ASI  Italy 1988  — Yes Yes Yes No
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003  — Yes Yes Yes No [31]
National Space Agency (KazCosmos);
Kazakh Space Research Institute
NSA (KazCosmos);
SRI
 Kazakhstan 1991  — No Yes No No  —
Korean Committee of Space Technology
(Korean: 조선우주공간기술위원회)
KCST  North Korea 1980s  — No Yes Yes No [32][33][34]
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
KARI  South Korea 10 October 1989  — Yes Yes Yes No
Lithuanian Space Association LSA  Lithuania 2007  — No No No No [35]
Malaysian National Space Agency
(Malay: Agensi Angkasa Negara)
ANGKASA  Malaysia 2002  — Yes Yes No No [36]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [37]
National Authority for Remote Sensing and Space Sciences
(Arabic: الهيئة العامة للاستشعار عن بعد وعلوم الفضاء ‎)
NARSS  Egypt 1994  — No Yes No No [38]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961  — Yes Yes Yes No [39]
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigación y Desarrollo Aeroespacial
(National Commission for Aerospace Research and Development)
CONIDA  Peru 11 June 1974  — No No Yes No  —
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Investigaciones Espaciales
(National Commission for Space Research)
CNIE  Argentina 1961 1991 No No Yes Yes [40][41]
Spanish: Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales
(National Space Activities Commission)
CONAE  Argentina 28 May 1991  — No Yes Yes No [40]
Indonesian: Lembaga Antariksa dan Penerbangan Nasional
(National Institute of Aeronautics and Space)
LAPAN  Indonesia 27 November 1964  — Yes Yes Yes No
National Remote Sensing Center of Mongolia NRSC  Mongolia 1987  — No No No No [42]
French: Centre national de télédétection
(Arabic: المركز الوطني للإستشعار عن بعد‎)
(National Remote Sensing Center of Tunisia)
CNT  Tunisia 1988  — No No No No  —
Uzbek State Space Research Agency (UzbekCosmos) USSRA (UzbekCosmos)  Uzbekistan 2001  — No No No No
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992  — Yes Yes Yes No [8]
National Space Organization
(Chinese: 國家太空中心)
NSPO  Republic of China (Taiwan) October 1991  — No Yes Yes No [44]
National Space Research and Development Agency NASRDA  Nigeria 1998  — No Yes No No
Dutch: Stichting Ruimteonderzoek Nederland
(Netherlands Institute for Space Research)
SRON  Netherlands 1983  — No No No No
Norwegian: Norsk Romsenter
(Norwegian Space Centre)
NRS
NSC
 Norway 1987  — No Yes Yes No [45]
Pakistan Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission
(Urdu: پاکستان خلائی و بالا فضائی تحقی‍قاتی کمیشن‎)
SUPARCO
سپارکو
 Pakistan 16 September 1961  — No Yes Yes No
Portuguese: Gabinete do Espaço da FCT
(FCT Space Office)
[46]
FCT SO
 Portugal 2009  — No No No No
Romanian: Agenţia Spaţială Română
(Romanian Space Agency)
ASR
ROSA
 Romania 1991  — Yes Yes No No
former Egypt Remote Sensing Center EASRT-RSC  Egypt 1971 1994 No No No No [38]
French: Centre Royal de Télédétection Spatiale
Berber: Ammas Amrrukan n Tallunt
(Arabic: المركز الملكي للإستشعار البعدي الفضائي‎)
(Royal Centre for Remote Sensing)
CRTS  Morocco December 1989  — No No No No  —
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS  Russia c.1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Sri Lanka Space Agency SLSA  Sri Lanka 2010 (Proposed)[dated info]  — No No No No [47]
Turkish: TÜBİTAK Uzay Teknolojileri Araştırma Enstitüsü (TÜBİTAK UZAY)
(TUBITAK Space Technologies Research Institute)
TÜBİTAK UZAY  Turkey 1985  — Yes Yes No No  —
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes
Space Research and Remote Sensing Organization SPARRSO  Bangladesh 1980  — No No No No [48]
Polish: Centrum Badań Kosmicznych PAN
(Space Research Centre)
CBK-PAN
SRC
 Poland 1977  — Yes Yes No No
South African National Space Agency SANSA  South Africa 2011  — No No No No [49]
Space Research Institute of Saudi Arabia
(Arabic: معهد بحوث الفضاء ‎)
KACST-SRI  Saudi Arabia  —  — No Yes No No  —
Vietnamese: Viện Công nghệ vũ trụ
(Space Technology Institute)
CNVT
VAST-STI
 Vietnam 20 November 2006  — Yes Yes No No [50]
Swedish: Rymdstyrelsen
(Swedish National Space Board)
SNSB  Sweden 1972  — No Yes Yes No
Swiss Space Office SSO   Switzerland  —  — No No No No
Turkmenistan National Space Agency  Turkmenistan 2011  — No No No No [51]
United Nations Office for Outer Space Affairs UNOOSA  United Nations 13 December 1958  —  —  —  —  — [52]
United Nations Committee on the Peaceful Uses of Outer Space UNCOPUOS 12 December 1959  —  —  —  —  —  —
United & Independent Space Agency (in formation) UISA 1 May 2013 (Expected)  — No No No No
Vietnam Space Commission VNSC  Vietnam 2008  — No No No No [53]

List of space agencies with launch capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Capabilities of the space agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Launch capable Multiple Satellites Launch capable Operates Extraterrestrial Probe Recoverable Satellites capable
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [13]
European Space Agency
(French: Agence spatiale européenne)
(German: Europäische Weltraumorganisation)
ESA
ASE
EWO
 Austria
 Belgium
 Czech Republic
 Denmark
 Finland
 France
 Germany
 Greece
 Ireland
 Italy
 Luxembourg
 Netherlands
 Norway
 Portugal
 Poland
 Romania
 Spain
 Sweden
  Switzerland
 United Kingdom
31 May 1975  — Yes Yes Yes No [20][21]
Iranian Space Agency
(Persian: سازمان فضایی ایران‎)
ISA
ISA
 Iran 2003  — Yes No No No [54]
Israeli Space Agency
(Hebrew: סוכנות החלל הישראלית‎)
(Arabic: وكالة الفضاء الإسرائيلية‎)
ISA
סל"ה
 Israel April 1983  — Yes No No No
Korea Aerospace Research Institute
(Korean: 한국항공우주연구원)
(Hanja: 韓國航空宇宙硏究院)
KARI
항우연
 South Korea October 1989  — Yes No No No
Indian Space Research Organization
(Hindi: भारतीय अंतरिक्ष अनुसंधान संगठन)
ISRO
इसरो
 India 15 August 1969  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [55]
Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency
(Japanese: 宇宙航空研究開発機構)
JAXA  Japan 1 October 2003  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [31]
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes [37]
French: Centre National d’Études Spatiales
(National Center of Space Research)
CNES  France 19 December 1961  — Yes Yes No No [39]
Ukrainian: Національне космічне агентство України
(National Space Agency of Ukraine)
НКАУ
NSAU
 Ukraine 2 March 1992  — Yes Yes No No
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency (Roscosmos))
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes

List of space agencies with manned spaceflight capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the Space Agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Manned Spaceflight capable Manned Space launch capable Spacewalk capable Space Rendezvous and Docking capable Operates Space Station
China National Space Administration
(Chinese: 中华人民共和国国家航天局)
CNSA  People's Republic of China 22 April 1993  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [13][56]
European Space Agency [9] 1975  — No No Yes Yes Yes
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes [37]
Russian: Федеральное космическое агентство
(Russian Federal Space Agency)
ROSCOSMOS
RFSA
 Russia ca. 1992  — Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 Yes Yes Yes Yes Yes

List of achievements of space agencies with lunar landing capability

Space agency Country Founded Terminated Accomplished tasks by the Space Agency Ref(s)
Name Acronym Circumlunar Manned Spaceflight Unmanned Moon Soft Landing Unmanned (automated) lunar rover operation Automated Lunar sample return mission Manned Moon Landing and sample return
National Aeronautics and Space Administration NASA  United States 1 October 1958  — Yes Yes No[57] No[58] Yes [37]
Russian: Советская космическая программа
(Soviet space program)
СССР  Soviet Union ca. 1955 ca. 1991 No Yes Yes[59] Yes[60][61] No [62]

Expected future space agencies

Space agency Country Possible expected date of foundation Current status Ref(s)
Name Acronym
Pan-Arab Space Agency
PASA Arab League Arab League At proposal stage [63]
African Space Agency AfriSpace African Union At proposal stage [64][65][66][67]
Philippine Space Agency PSA  Philippines At proposal stage [68]
Sri Lanka Aeronautics and Space Agency SLASA  Sri Lanka Immediate goal is to construct and launch two satellites. Sri Lankan Telecommunications Regulatory Commission has signed an agreement with Surrey Satellite Technology Ltd to get relevant help and resources. [69][70]

Budgets

The annual budgets listed are the official budgets for national space agencies available in public domain. The budgets are not normalized to the expenses of space research in different countries, i.e. higher budget does not necessarily mean more activity or better performance in space exploration.[71][72] Note also that budget could be used for different projects: e.g. positioning system GPS is maintained from US defence budget, while ESA's money is used for developing European Galileo positioning system. The data for authoritarian countries are unreliable. For European contributors to ESA, the national budgets shown are separate from their contributions to ESA.

Country Agency Budget
(USD)
 United States NASA (National Aeronautics and Space Administration) $17,700 million (2012)[73]
 Russia ROSCOSMOS (Russian Federal Space Agency) $5,600 million (2013)[74]
ESA (European Space Agency) $5,380 million (2012)[75]
 France CNES (French Space Agency) $2,822 million (2010)[76]
 Japan JAXA (Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency) $2,460 million[77]
 Germany DLR (German Aerospace Center) $2,000 million[78]
 India ISRO (Indian Space Research Organization) $1,320 million[79]
 China CNSA (China National Space Administration) $1,300 million[80]
 Italy ASI (Italian Space Agency) $1,000 million[81]
 Iran ISA (Iranian Space Agency) $500 million[82]
 Canada CSA (Canadian Space Agency) $488.7 million[83]
 United Kingdom UKSA (UK Space Agency) $414 million[84]
 Brazil AEB (Brazilian Space Agency) $343 million[85]
 South Korea KARI (Korea Aerospace Research Institute) $300 million[86]
 Ukraine NSAU (National Space Agency of Ukraine) $250 million[87]
 Argentina CONAE (Comisión Nacional de Actividades Espaciales) $180 million[88]
 Belgium BELSPO (Belgian Federal Office for Science Policy) $170 million[89]
 Spain INTA (Instituto Nacional de Técnica Aeroespacial) $135 million[90]
 Netherlands NSO (Netherlands Space Office) $110 million[91]
 Sweden SNSB (Swedish National Space Board) $100 million[92]
 Pakistan SUPARCO (Space and Upper Atmosphere Research Commission) $82 million[93]
  Switzerland SSO (Swiss Space Office) $10 million[94]
 Mexico AEM (Mexican Space Agency) $8.34 million[95]
  World All space agencies (Total of listed budgets) $40,618.34 million

World maps

See also

Spaceflight portal

References

External links

  • Space Law Blog
  • Space Agencies Worldwide by UN HDI
  • World map showing location of all these space agencies

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