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South Central Semitic languages

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Title: South Central Semitic languages  
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Subject: Judeo-Moroccan, Judeo-Yemeni Arabic, Central Asian Arabic, Judeo-Iraqi Arabic
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South Central Semitic languages

Arabic languages
Arabia, Arab world
Linguistic classification: Afro-Asiatic

The Arabic language family consists of

  • Classical Arabic and its descendants, including
  • Ancient or Old North Arabian, different inscriptions found in Arabian Peninsula circa B.C., believed to be different scripts precurser of Arabic script, including
    • Safaitic inscriptions
    • Dedanitic/Lihyanitic inscriptions
    • Thamudic inscriptions
    • Hasaitic inscriptions
    • Taymanite inscriptions identical with Aramaic script and the precurser of current Arabic scripts and Biblical Hebrew Script (hasmonian, Herodian scripts, Herodian is the official script of current official Masorates)

SIL Ethnologue unites Canaanite and Arabic in a South Central Semitic group together with Aramaic forming Central Semitic, but it is more common to unite Aramaic and Canaanite as Northwest Semitic.


  • Cantineau, Jean (1955). "La dialectologie arabe," Orbis 4:149-169.
  • Fischer, Wolfdietrich, & Otto Jastrow (ed) (1980). Handbuch der arabischen Dialekte. Wiesbaden: Harrasowitz.
  • Kaye, Alan S., & Judith Rosenhouse (1997). "Arabic Dialects and Maltese," The Semitic Languages. Ed. Robert Hetzron. New York: Routledge. Pages 263-311.
  • Lozachmeur, H., (ed.), (1995) Presence arabe dans le croissant fertile avant l'Hegire (Actes de la table ronde internationale Paris, 13 Novembre 1993) Paris: Editions Recherche sur les Civilisations. ISBN 2-86538-254-0
  • Macdonald, M.C.A., (2000) "Reflections on the linguistic map of pre-Islamic Arabia" Arabian Archaeology and Epigraphy 11(1), 28–79
  • Scagliarini, F., (1999) "The Dedanitic inscriptions from Jabal 'Ikma in north-western Hejaz" Proceedings of the Seminar for Arabian Studies 29, 143-150 ISBN 2-503-50829-4
  • Sobelman, H., (ed.) (1962). Arabic Dialect Studies. Washington, D.C.: Center for Applied Linguistics and the Middle East Institute.
  • Winnett, F.V. and Reed, W.L., (1970) Ancient Records from North Arabia (Toronto: University of Toronto)

See also

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