World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

South Australian Company

The South Australian Company was formed in South Australia; its purpose was to build a new colony. The South Australian Company ended business in its own right on 17 March 1949 when its management was transferred to Elders Trustee & Executor Company Ltd.[1]


  • Foundation 1
  • Arrivals of 1836 2
  • The Commissioners 3
  • Colonial Managers 4
  • Officers of the company 5
  • Company offices 6
  • List of people associated with the South Australian Company 7
  • References 8
  • Further reading 9
  • External links 10


The formation of the company followed considerable lobbying by the South Australian Association, a group consisting of philanthropists, radical thinkers, dissenters and merchants. After a years of negotiation, false starts, changes and amendments to suggested charters, the British Parliament finally gave approval and passed the South Australian (Foundation) Act on 15 August 1834.[2]

The founding Board of directors were Raikes Currie; Charles Hindley M.P.; James Hyde; Henry Kingscote; John Pirie, Alderman; Christopher Rawson; John Rundle M.P.; Thomas Smith; James Ruddell Todd; and Henry Waymouth; with Edmund John Wheeler, Manager; Samuel Stephens, Colonial Manager; and Edward Hill, Secretary pro tem,[3]

Arrivals of 1836

In January 1836 four ships sailed from England on behalf of the Company. They developed a settlement at Kingscote on Kangaroo Island, in July 1836, but when farming proved unviable, they transferred their settlement to the mainland. The Company provided basic infrastructure for the new colony, as well as sold or leased land to immigrants who came to settle.

27 July Duke of York (190 ton) S.A. Company 38 passengers
30 July Lady Mary Pelham (206 ton) S.A. Company 29
16 August John Pirie (105 ton) S.A. Company 28
21 August Rapid (162 ton) Commissioners 24
11 September Cygnet (239 ton) Commissioners 84
5 October Emma (181 ton) S.A. Company 22
2 November L'Africaine (316 ton) Various 76
16 December Tam O'Shanter (360 ton) O. Gilles 74
23 December HMS Buffalo (850 ton) Commissioners 171[4]

The Commissioners

Under the William Hutt, J. G. Shaw-Lefevre, W. A. Mackinnon M.P., S. Mills, Jacob Montefiore, G. Palmer, and J. Wright. The first Resident Commissioner was James Hurtle Fisher.[4]

Colonial Managers

The Colonial Managers ("CEOs" in South Australia) of the South Australian Company were:

Stephens, SamuelSamuel Stephens 1836 1837 [5]
McLaren, DavidDavid McLaren 1837 1841 [6]
Giles, WilliamWilliam Giles 1841 1861 [7]
Brind, William JohnWilliam John Brind 1861 1894 [8][9]
Sparks, Henry YorkeHenry Yorke Sparks 1894 1900 [10][11]
Moore, Henry PercivalHenry Percival Moore 1901 1929 [12][13]
Muller, Arthur Leopold AlbertArthur Leopold Albert Muller 1930 1936 [14][15]
? 1936 1949

Officers of the company

Most of the major streets in the Adelaide city centre were named after the founding directors of the company

  • 1836–1848 ) Angas Street ([17][16][3]
  • 1848-18?? James Ruddell Todd
  • 1899–1923 Henry Joslin [18]
Company Secretaries
  • 1878–1911 James Hutchison [25]
  • 1911-1930+ Henry Brandreth Gibbs F.C.I.S.[26]
Attorneys in South Australia
  • William Bartley [27]
  • 1850–1906 Sir Samuel Davenport, K.C.M.G.[28]
  • 1876–1923 John Warren Bakewell [29]
Local Board of Advice, Adelaide

Company offices

From 1872, the South Australian Company occupied offices on North Terrace on the corner of Gawler Place. The new building, "Gawler Chambers", was completed in 1914.

List of people associated with the South Australian Company

Most of the major streets in the Adelaide city centre were named after the founding directors of the company

Who Association Streets Notes
Angas, George FifeGeorge Fife Angas Commissioner Angas Street
Divett, Edward Trustee Divett Place
Fisher, Sir James HurtleSir James Hurtle Fisher (1790–1875) Resident Commissioner (#1) Hurtle Square [34]
Fussell, John Trustee
Gawler, GeorgeGeorge Gawler (1795–1869) Governor of SA (1838-1841) Gawler Place Gawler (town), Gawler Ranges, etc. Refer Gawler[35]
Giles, WilliamWilliam Giles (1791–1862) Colonial Manager (1841-1860) [7]
Gouger, RobertRobert Gouger (1802–1846) Colonial secretary (#1) Gouger Street [36]
Grenfell, Pascoe St LegerPascoe St Leger Grenfell MP Grenfell Street
Grey, Sir GeorgeSir George Grey (1812–1898) Governor of SA (1841-1845) [37]
Hindley, CharlesCharles Hindley Founding director Hindley Street [3]
Hindmarsh, Sir JohnSir John Hindmarsh (1785–1860) Governor of SA (1836-1838) Hindmarsh Square [38]
Hutt, WilliamWilliam Hutt Commissioner Hutt Street
Kingscote, Henry Founding Director Kingscote, Kangaroo Island[3]
Kingston, Sir George StricklandSir George Strickland Kingston (1807–1880) Deputy Surveyor General [39]
Light, WilliamWilliam Light (1786–1839) Surveyor General Light Square [40]
McLaren, DavidDavid McLaren (1785–1850) Colonial Manager (1837-1841) [6]
Moore, Henry Percival Colonial Manager (1901-1929) [12][13]
Morphett, Sir JohnSir John Morphett (1809–1892) Morphett Street [41]
Muller, Arthur Leopold Albert Colonial Manager (1930-1936) [14][15]
Pirie, Sir JohnSir John Pirie Founding director Pirie Street [3]
Rawson, Christopher Founding director [3]
Robe, FrederickFrederick Robe (1801-1871) Governor of SA (1845-1848) Robe, South Australia[42]
Rundle, JohnJohn Rundle Founding director Rundle Street [3]
Smith, Thomas Founding director [3]
Sparks, Henry Yorke Colonial Manager (1894-1900) [9][10][11]
Stephens, EdwardEdward Stephens (1811–1861) First manager of SA Banking Co [43]
Stephens, SamuelSamuel Stephens (1808–1840) Colonial Manager (1836-1837) [5]
Todd, James Ruddell Founding director [3]
Torrens, RobertRobert Torrens (1780–1864) Commissioner [44]
Wakefield, Edward GibbonEdward Gibbon Wakefield (1796–1862) Wakefield Street [45]
Waymouth, HenryHenry Waymouth Founding director Waymouth Street [3]
Young, Sir Henry Edward FoxSir Henry Edward Fox Young (1803-1870) Governor of SA (1848-1854) [46]


  • Deed of settlement (Details), State Library of South Australia
  1. ^ Our history, Australian Executor Trustees
  2. ^ History of the South Australian Company, SA Memory
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k The South Australian Company South Australian Gazette and Colonial Register 18 June 1836 p.6
  4. ^ a b Majority of the Colony of South Australia South Australian Register 5 January 1858 p.3 accessed 2 July 2011
  5. ^ a b Stephens, Samuel (1808-1840), Australian Dictionary of Biography online retrieved 1 July 2011
  6. ^ a b McLaren, David (1785-1850) Australian Dictionary of Biography online retrieved 2 July 2011
  7. ^ a b Tregenza, John (1966). "Giles, William (1791-1862)".  
  8. ^ William John Brind SA Memory
  9. ^ a b 'The South Australian Company' The Adelaide Observer 7 July 1894, p.14 col. E.
    Resignation of Mr. W.J. Brind and appointment of Mr. H.Y. Sparks as Manager; biographical sketch of Henry Yorke Sparks.
  10. ^ a b Death of Mr. H. Y. Sparks South Australian Register 22 October 1900 p.4
  11. ^ a b Death of H. Y. Sparks The Advertiser 22 October 1900 p.5 – Includes biography
  12. ^ a b Personal The Advertiser 6 December 1913 p.19 (Henry Percival Moore)
  13. ^ a b Personal The Advertiser 11 January 1901 p.5 – Includes brief biography of Henry Percival Moore
  14. ^ a b New Manager – South Australian Company The Mail 28 December 1929 p.3 – Includes brief biography of Arthur L. A. Muller
  15. ^ a b Obituary – Mr Arthur L. A. Muller The Advertiser 10 March 1936 p.21
  16. ^ Angas, George Fife (1789–1879), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  17. ^
  18. ^ Joslin, Henry, 1839-1927
  19. ^ Clarke, Stanley, Sir, d.1911
  20. ^ & Kennaway, John H., Sir, d.1919
  21. ^ Johnston, Andrew, d.1922
  22. ^ Grant, John Henry
  23. ^ Hodge, R.H. Hermon, Sir
  24. ^ & Barr Smith, Thomas Elder, 1863-1941
  25. ^ Hutchison, James
  26. ^
  27. ^ a b
  28. ^
  29. ^ a b
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^
  33. ^
  34. ^ Fisher, Sir James Hurtle (1790–1875), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  35. ^ Gawler, George (1795–1869), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  36. ^ Gouger, Robert (1802–1846), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  37. ^ Grey, Sir George (1812–1898), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  38. ^ Hindmarsh, Sir John (1785–1860), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  39. ^ Kingston, Sir George Strickland (1807–1880), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  40. ^ Light, William (1786–1839), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  41. ^ Morphett, Sir John (1809–1892), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  42. ^ E. J. R. Morgan (1967). "Robe, Frederick Holt (1802-1871)".  
  43. ^ Stephens, Edward (1811–1861), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  44. ^ Torrens, Robert (1780–1864), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  45. ^ Wakefield, Edward Gibbon (1796–1862), Australian Dictionary of Biography online
  46. ^ H. J. Gibbney (1976). "Young, Sir Henry Edward Fox (1803-1870)".  

Further reading

  • Price, A. Grenfell, Founders & Pioneers of South Australia, Adelaide, 1929
  • Sutherland, George, The South Australian Company; a study in colonisation, London; New York: Longmans, Green, 1898.
  • Pearse, Malcolm, Australia's Early Managers Australia Pacific Economic and Business History Conference, Wellington, New Zealand, February 2010. p. 12
  • State Library of South Australia factsheets online: South Australian Company

External links

  • Copyright photo of a South Australian Company promisary note for sixpence, issue Kingscote, 1 June 1836, signed by Samuel Stephens
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.