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Siebengebirge

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Title: Siebengebirge  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Central Uplands, Westerwald, Drachenfels (Siebengebirge), Heisterbach Abbey, Hotel Petersberg
Collection: Mountains and Hills of North Rhine-Westphalia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
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Siebengebirge

Seven Hills
Seven Hills, 1900
Highest point
Peak Großer Ölberg
Elevation 460 m (1,510 ft)
Coordinates
Naming
Native name Siebengebirge
Geography
Area map of Seven Hills
Country Germany
State/Province North Rhine-Westphalia and Rhineland-Palatinate
Geology
Orogeny Volcanic
Period Oligocene
The castle Schloss Drachenburg is one of the landmarks of Seven Hills

Seven Hills,[1][2][3] or Seven Mountains (German: Siebengebirge), is a Central Uplandish hill range on the east bank of the Middle Rhine, southeast of Bonn, Germany. The area, located in the municipalities of Bad Honnef and Königswinter, consists of more than 40 hills. The hills are of ancient volcanic origin and came into being between 28 and 15 million years ago. Much of the territory covered by Seven Hills belongs to the Seven Hills Nature Park (Naturpark Siebengebirge), which is under environmental protection.

The highest peak is the Ölberg at 460 metres above sea level. It is a popular tourist destination for hiking, because of its natural beauty.

Contents

  • Hills 1
  • Origin of the German name 2
  • References 3
  • External links 4

Hills

The seven most important hills:

Other hills:

  • Himmerich (366 m)
  • Trenkeberg (430 m)
  • Weilberg (297 m)
  • Stenzelberg (287 m)
  • Broderkonsberg (378 m)
  • Mittelberg (353 m)
  • Leyberg (359 m)
  • Jungfernhardt (320 m)
  • Geisberg (324 m)
  • Schallenberg (310 m)
  • Großer Breiberg (313 m)
  • Kleiner Breiberg (288 m)
  • Wasserfall (338 m)
  • Kleiner Ölberg (332 m)
  • Limperichsberg
  • Scharfenberg
  • Zickelburg (182 m)

Origin of the German name

Although the common English name "Seven Hills" is merely the most logical translation of the German name, Siebengebirge, the origins of the latter are disputed. Three theories exist:

  1. The oldest name (Moller, 1590) was not Siebengebirge, but Sieben Berge (septem montes, seven hills). Depending on the viewpoint near the river Rhine, one notices almost exactly seven hills, which are not always the same and not even the highest. Also, the number seven used to denote an arbitrary amount of items, was connected to magic and thus had a highly symbolic meaning. This makes it an obvious name for an area that was said to be sinister and impenetrable before the 19th century.
  2. The word sieben is derived from the word siefen, which denotes the wet valley of a stream.
  3. The name Siebengebirge emerged from the word Siedengebirge which indicated the presence of soap boilers ("Seifensieder"), who were banned from the valleys because boiling soap smelled so bad.

References

  1. ^ Encyclopedia Britannica, A. Constable, 1911. Retrieved 10 Feb 2015.
  2. ^ Seven Hills newspaper article
  3. ^ The Castles of the Rhine by Robert R. Taylor (2009). Retrieved 10 Feb 2015.

External links

  • Information and pictures about Seven Hills
  • Rhine Dragon The Seven Mountains: a virtual tour, history, old and new legends, nature
  • Honnefer Bilderbogen with pictures of Seven Hills
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