World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Shenkottai

Article Id: WHEBN0005809322
Reproduction Date:

Title: Shenkottai  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of cities and towns in India, Index of India-related articles, Punalur, Courtallam, Kollam district, Kerala, Srivilliputhur, Vanchinathan
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Shenkottai

Sengottai
Senkottai, Shencottah
city
Sengottai
Sengottai
Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 8°58′24″N 77°14′47″E / 8.973333°N 77.246389°E / 8.973333; 77.246389Coordinates: 8°58′24″N 77°14′47″E / 8.973333°N 77.246389°E / 8.973333; 77.246389

Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirunelveli
Government
 • Municipal Chairman Mohana Krishnan
Population (2001)
 • Total 26,838
Languages
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 627809
Telephone code 04633
Vehicle registration TN-79
Sex ratio 1003 /
Website

Sengottai is a municipality in the Tirunelveli district, of Tamilnadu, India. Spread over an area of 2.68 Sq. Kilometers with a population of over 26,838, the economy of the town revolves around the cultivation of rice.[1] The name Sengottai means Red Fort in Tamil. There is fort like structure on the entrance of this town. Sengottai is also spells as Shencottah, Shenkottai, Chengottai, Chenkottai, Sengottai, Senkottai) and is roughly 5 Kilometers from the courtallam waterfall.

History

Before state reorganization sengottai was a part of the Travancore Kingdom. In December 1851, the boundary between tirunelveli and Travancore on the sengottai side was clearly defined as proposed by General Cullen as early as 1846, and finally sanctioned by the Madras Government. sengottai Municipality was constituted in 1921. The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came into effect from the 1st November 1956 and consequently the Tamil speaking area of sengottai taluk of Quilon district were added to Madras State.[2] sengottai was revised from III grade to II grade as per G.O. No.85 dated 22.5.98.[3] Vanchinathan, popularly known as Vanchi, was an Indian Tamil independence activist. He is best remembered for having shot dead Ashe, the Collector of Thirunelveli and having later committed suicide in order to evade arrest.

Geography

The town is spread over an area of 2.68 km2.

Demographics

As of the census of India 2001, Sengottai had a population of 26,838 comprising 13,396 males and 13,442 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,003. A total of 2,815 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 914. The town had an average literacy of 84.03%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 2,490 comprising 10.37% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 241 comprising 1% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 6,418 households in the town. As of 2001, Sengottai had a total of 10,129 main workers: 184 cultivators, 851 agricultural labourers, 2,576 in house hold industries and 6,518 other workers. There was a total of 755 marginal workers: 3 marginal cultivators, 138 marginal agricultural labourers, 254 marginal workers in household industries and 360 other marginal workers.[4]

Culture

During the Tamil month of Maargazhi (corresponding to December through January), people in Sengottai sing bhajan before sunrise and draw special rangoli outside their houses every day. During the Month of January, Tamil month Thai Chariot festival is celebrated grandly. In that occasion Swamy Lord Siva, kulasekaranathar and Lord parvathi, Dharmasavathini and Lord Ganesha and murugan will come in separate wooden chariot respectively. In that festival approximately 25000 people will come together to pull the chariot. The car will run through four ratha veedhis and it will halt at its location. The "Thai poosam" festival will prolong for 10 days. Every vinayagar pooja celebration is very popular. "Soora Samharam" is another festival celebrated in Sengottai.

Transport

Sengottai is connected by road to most places in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The nearest airport is in Madurai, roughly four hours by road and three hours by train. There is a railway station and railway line between Sengottai and Tenkasi. Trivandrum International Airport is four hours by road. This road passes through the beautiful Western Ghats. Transport Corporation of Tamil Nadu, Tirunelveli & Madurai Branch Depots and Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Express Service Depot serve Sengottai.T

References

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.