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Title: Shenkottai  
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Subject: List of cities and towns in India, Index of India-related articles, Punalur, Courtallam, Kollam district, Kerala, Srivilliputhur, Vanchinathan
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Senkottai, Shencottah
Location in Tamil Nadu, India

Coordinates: 8°58′24″N 77°14′47″E / 8.973333°N 77.246389°E / 8.973333; 77.246389Coordinates: 8°58′24″N 77°14′47″E / 8.973333°N 77.246389°E / 8.973333; 77.246389

Country  India
State Tamil Nadu
District Tirunelveli
 • Municipal Chairman Mohana Krishnan
Population (2001)
 • Total 26,838
 • Official Tamil
Time zone IST (UTC+5:30)
PIN 627809
Telephone code 04633
Vehicle registration TN-79
Sex ratio 1003 /

Sengottai is a municipality in the Tirunelveli district, of Tamilnadu, India. Spread over an area of 2.68 Sq. Kilometers with a population of over 26,838, the economy of the town revolves around the cultivation of rice.[1] The name Sengottai means Red Fort in Tamil. There is fort like structure on the entrance of this town. Sengottai is also spells as Shencottah, Shenkottai, Chengottai, Chenkottai, Sengottai, Senkottai) and is roughly 5 Kilometers from the courtallam waterfall.


Before state reorganization sengottai was a part of the Travancore Kingdom. In December 1851, the boundary between tirunelveli and Travancore on the sengottai side was clearly defined as proposed by General Cullen as early as 1846, and finally sanctioned by the Madras Government. sengottai Municipality was constituted in 1921. The States Reorganisation Act, 1956 came into effect from the 1st November 1956 and consequently the Tamil speaking area of sengottai taluk of Quilon district were added to Madras State.[2] sengottai was revised from III grade to II grade as per G.O. No.85 dated 22.5.98.[3] Vanchinathan, popularly known as Vanchi, was an Indian Tamil independence activist. He is best remembered for having shot dead Ashe, the Collector of Thirunelveli and having later committed suicide in order to evade arrest.


The town is spread over an area of 2.68 km2.


As of the census of India 2001, Sengottai had a population of 26,838 comprising 13,396 males and 13,442 females, making the sex ratio (number of females per thousand males) of the town to 1,003. A total of 2,815 people were under six years of age and the child sex ratio (number of females per thousand males under six years of age) stood at 914. The town had an average literacy of 84.03%, higher than the national average of 59.5%. A total of 2,490 comprising 10.37% of the population belonged to Scheduled Castes (SC) and 241 comprising 1% of the population belonged to Scheduled tribes (ST). There were are total of 6,418 households in the town. As of 2001, Sengottai had a total of 10,129 main workers: 184 cultivators, 851 agricultural labourers, 2,576 in house hold industries and 6,518 other workers. There was a total of 755 marginal workers: 3 marginal cultivators, 138 marginal agricultural labourers, 254 marginal workers in household industries and 360 other marginal workers.[4]


During the Tamil month of Maargazhi (corresponding to December through January), people in Sengottai sing bhajan before sunrise and draw special rangoli outside their houses every day. During the Month of January, Tamil month Thai Chariot festival is celebrated grandly. In that occasion Swamy Lord Siva, kulasekaranathar and Lord parvathi, Dharmasavathini and Lord Ganesha and murugan will come in separate wooden chariot respectively. In that festival approximately 25000 people will come together to pull the chariot. The car will run through four ratha veedhis and it will halt at its location. The "Thai poosam" festival will prolong for 10 days. Every vinayagar pooja celebration is very popular. "Soora Samharam" is another festival celebrated in Sengottai.


Sengottai is connected by road to most places in Tamil Nadu and Kerala. The nearest airport is in Madurai, roughly four hours by road and three hours by train. There is a railway station and railway line between Sengottai and Tenkasi. Trivandrum International Airport is four hours by road. This road passes through the beautiful Western Ghats. Transport Corporation of Tamil Nadu, Tirunelveli & Madurai Branch Depots and Tamil Nadu State Transport Corporation Express Service Depot serve Sengottai.T


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