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Shaykh Junayd

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Title: Shaykh Junayd  
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Subject: Mausoleum of Sheikh Juneyd, Shaykh Haydar, Safavid dynasty, Siege of Trebizond (1461), Buyruks
Collection: 1460 Deaths, Kurdish Sufis, Safavid Dynasty, Safaviyeh Order, Year of Birth Unknown
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Shaykh Junayd

Sheikh Junayd (died 1460) was the son of Shaykh Ibrahim. After the death of his father, he assumed the leadership of the Safaviyya from 1447-1460.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Succession 2
  • See also 3
  • Notes 4

History

Under Junayd, the Safaviyya was transformed from a Shi’i sentiments, and in particular those of the Twelver ghulat.[1][2] Junayd was viewed as a divine incarnation by his followers.[3][4]

During his time in Ardabil, Junayd attracted so many disciples that in 1448, Jahan Shah (the Kara Koyunlu prince) drove him into exile to Anatolia and Syria. While there, he engaged in missionary activities and accumulated Turkmen followers.[5] He then went to the court of Uzun Hassan at Diyarbakır, where he married Uzun Hassan’s sister, Khadija Begum, somewhere between 1456-1459.[6]

Junayd was prevented from returning to Ardabil, so he lived at Shirvan where he died in a local skirmish near the Samur River in what is modern Azerbaijan, where he was buried. This led to the beginning of animosity between the mainly Sunni Shirvanshah and the increasingly heterodox Shi’i Safaviyya.[7]

Mausoleum of Sheikh Juneyd is located in the village of Khazra in Azerbaijan. Junayd was succeeded by his son Shaykh Haydar.

Succession

Shaykh Junayd
Preceded by
Sheikh Ibrahim Safavi
Leader of the Safaviyya
1447–1460
Succeeded by
Sheikh Haydar Safavi

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Vincent J. Cornell,Voices of Islam: Voices of tradition, pg.225
  2. ^ Seyyed Hossein Nasr,Traditional Islam in the modern world, pg.61
  3. ^ Jaroslav Krejčí, Anna Krejčová, Before the European challenge, pg.151
  4. ^ Farhad Daftary. The Ismāʻı̄lı̄s, pg.466
  5. ^ Kathryn Babayan, Mystics, monarchs, and messiahs, pg.139
  6. ^ Andrew J. Newman, Safavid Iran, pg.129
  7. ^ Percy Molesworth Sykes, A History of Persia, pg.240-241
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