The Kurdish edition of Şerefname
Author Sharaf Khan Bidlisi
Country Safavid dynasty
Language Persian
Genre History
Publication date 1597
Media type Print (Hardback & Paperback) & Audio book

The Sharafnama (Kurdish: Şerefname, شەرەفنامە, "The Book of Sharaf", Persian: شرفنامه) is the famous book of Sharaf al-Din Bitlisi (a medieval Kurdish historian and poet) (1543–1599), which he wrote in 1597, in Persian.[1] Sharafnama is regarded as the main source on Kurdish history. It deals with the different Kurdish dynasties such as, Saladin the Great and his Ayyubid Dynasty, ancient and Medieval Kurdish principalities in the Middle-East and the Caucasus, as well as some mentioning about the pre-Islamic ancestors of the Kurds.


Main article: Sharaf Khan Bidlisi

Sharaf Khan Bidlisi was born in February 25, 1543, son of Shamsaddin Batlisi, in the Garmrood village. In 1576 Tahmasb of the Safavids gives him the title the Mir of Mirs ("commander of commanders"); appoints him leader of all Iranian Kurdish tribes.[2]

In 1578, Sharafkhan abandons his previous stand, and supports the Ottomans in their war against the Iranians, offering them 400 soldiers. Between 1578 and 1588, Sharafkhan virtually led all the Ottoman wars against the Persians.[3] Sultan Murad III, the Ottoman Sultan, grants Sharafkhan the title of Khan. He becomes the Mir of the Batlisi province. As he turned 53, Sharafkhan gives the authority of his dynasty to his son Shamsaddin Bag Abu Alma'ali. He begins writing the book Sharafnama in 1597.


In 1873-1875, François Charmoy, a French scholar, translated it from Persian into French and published it in Saint Petersburg, Russia. At the right, it is a Kurdish-French dictionnary, made by Alexandre Jaba, and published in 1879 in Saint Pertersburg too. Among many other languages, the Sherefname has been translated into Arabic, Azerbaijani, English, Ottoman, Russian, and Turkish languages. For the first time in 1972 the great Kurdish scholar Abdurrahman Sharafkandi, translated the book from Persian into Kurdish for the first time.

Legacy of Sharafnama

Being one of the oldest book ever written by a Kurdish historian, Sharafnama is of particular significance for modern historians and scholars. The fact that a Kurd, for the first time, put Kurdish culture, history, heritage and society under a spotlight is of special importance in contrast to other studies that were done before Sharafnama that viewed Kurds in the context of the Greater Muslim world, and just another Muslim people.


See also

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