Seongnam FC

Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma
성남 일화 천마
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Full name Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Football Club
성남일화 천마 프로축구단
Nickname(s) Chunma (Pegasus)
Founded 1989;  (1989), as Ilhwa Chunma FC[1]
Ground Tancheon Sports Complex
Ground Capacity 16,250
Owner Ilhwa Co., Ltd.
Chairman Park Kyu-Nam
Manager An Ik-Soo
League K League Classic
2012 Season 12th
Website Club home page
Home colours
Away colours
Current season

Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma (Korean: 성남 일화 천마) is a South Korean professional football club, based in Seongnam, South Korea, Seongnam is satellite city of Seoul, 28 km away. Seongnam plays in the K-League Classic. Founded as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club in 1989, the club is the most successful in Korean football, having won a record 7 league titles, 2 FA Cups, 3 League Cups, and 2 AFC Champions League titles.

Seongnam placed 5th in the IFFHS Asian Club of the 20th Century.[2]

History

The club was founded on 18 March 1989 as Ilhwa Chunma Football Club[1] with the club based in Seoul. The club was successful from its beginning, winning its first K-League Cup three years later in 1992 and winning three consecutive league titles from 1993 to 1995. But the club was forced to move in 1996, as part of the K-League's decentralization policy. This policy was carried out due to two reasons - the first reason was that the KFA and the K-League wanted to build a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul and the second reason was that the KFA and the K-League wanted to spread football fever to the provinces. The three clubs based in Seoul - Ilhwa Chunma, LG Cheetahs, Yukong Elephants didn't accept this policy, resulting in the Korean government giving eviction orders to the 3 clubs. However, they guaranteed if the clubs built a soccer-specific stadium in Seoul, they could have a Seoul franchise and then return to Seoul. As a result, three clubs were evicted from Seoul to other cities, Ilhwa Chunma moved to the city of Cheonan and changed its name to Cheonan Ilhwa Chunma.

Several unsuccessful seasons followed, and when they finished at the bottom of the league for the second consecutive time in 1999, the club moved to the Seoul satellite city of Seongnam and renamed themselves Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma. The move worked out very well, as the rejuvenated club went on to win three consecutive K-League titles from 2001 to 2003.

A disappointing 2004 campaign saw them meekly relinquish their title. However, they reached the final of the 2004 AFC Champions League, where despite winning the away leg 3-1, they lost the home leg 5-0 to Saudi Arabian club Al-Ittihad and lost the tie 6-3 on aggregate.

The club bounced back to the forefront of Korean football in style as they claimed their seventh league title in 2006, defeating Suwon Samsung Bluewings 3-1 on aggregate in the championship playoff final. This was their 7th K-League title which is a record out of all the K-League clubs.

Before they were defeated by Suwon Bluewings 2-1 on 15 July 2007 in the 2007 season, they had not lost for 22 consecutive league matches - the third longest streak in the history of the K-League.

Seongnam reached the final of the 2007 K-League Championship but were beaten 4-1 on aggregate by Pohang Steelers, despite finishing first place in the regular season. This brought controversy about the playoffs system.

In 2008, they moved their home stadium to Seongnam 1 Stadium for their summer season, due to the rebuilding of Tancheon Sports Complex. However, due to the delay of the reconstruction of Tancheon Sports Complex they returned to their home stadium.

On 13 November 2010, Seongnam beat Iranian club Zob Ahan FC 3-1 in the final of the 2010 AFC Champions League. This was their second AFC Champions League title and qualified them directly into the quarter finals stage of the 2010 FIFA Club World Cup. Seongnam finished the tournament in 4th place.

The conflict about the relocation

During the 2013 season, there were rumors that the club was going to be sold to Ansan. Ansan's mayor, after the rumor was reported by the press, also stated officially that Ansan is planning to purchase Seongnam Ilhwa from Ilhwa. 800 estimated supporters (SF1080, YRU, YF Boys, Chunma Bulsa, Ultras Giovani) protested infront of the Seongnam city hall, and inside Seongnam's former stadium, Seongnam 1 Stadium stating; the Seongnam city's ignorance and a wrong decision to send the most successful club in the K-League Classic's history away.

On October 2013, Seongnam's mayor Lee, Jae-Myung had a conference and stated that the Seongnam Ilhwa Chunma Football Club will be sold to Seongnam and will be succeeding the history. Therefore, Seongnam Fooball Club (Seongnam FC) run by Seongnam will be participating in the K-League Classic 2014 season.

Records

Season Division Tms. Pos. FA Cup AFC CL
1989 K1 6 5 - -
1990 K1 6 6 - -
1991 K1 6 5 - -
1992 K1 6 2 - -
1993 K1 6 1 - -
1994 K1 7 1 - -
1995 K1 8 1 - Semi-final
1996 K1 9 8 Quarter-final Winners
1997 K1 10 8 Runners-up Runners-up
1998 K1 10 10 Quarter-final -
1999 K1 10 10 Winners -
2000 K1 10 3 Runners-up -
2001 K1 10 1 Quarter-final -
2002 K1 10 1 Semi-final -
2003 K1 12 1 Round of 16 Group Stage
2004 K1 13 9 Round of 32 Runners-up
2005 K1 13 3 Round of 16 -
2006 K1 14 1 Round of 32 -
2007 K1 14 2 Round of 16 Semi-final
2008 K1 14 5 Quarter-final -
2009 K1 15 2 Quarter-final -
2010 K1 15 4 Quarter-final Winners
2011 K1 16 10 Winners -
2012 K1 16 12 Round of 16 Round of 16
2013 K1 14 - - -
Key
  • Tms. = Number of teams
  • Pos. = Position in league

Crest and Colours

The current crest has been used since 2006. The number of stars (7) indicates the number of league trophies the club has lifted. The flying horse (Korean: 천마 (Chunma), Korean Pegasus) on the crest is the mascot of the club, which is a legendary animal in Korean mythology. The colours have meanings as well; yellow means progressive attitude, red shows passion, and blue means the world as it is the colour of the sky. Its former colors were white, orange, black and green(this was used together with blue and yellow).

Connection to Unification Church

There is controversy over Seongnam, since it is owned by Sun Myung Moon's Unification Church's Ilhwa Group. Therefore, some Christians in Seongnam have been against the club, being hostile to the club's plans to construct a new stadium and a club house.

Current squad

As of 30 July 2013

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
1 South Korea GK Jeon Sang-Wook
2 South Korea DF Hyun Young-Min
3 Brazil DF Edcarlos
5 South Korea DF Sim Woo-Yeon
6 South Korea DF Park Jin-Po (captain)
7 South Korea MF Kim Chul-Ho
8 South Korea MF Kim Seong-Jun
9 South Korea FW Kim Dong-Sub
10 Montenegro FW Ivan Vuković
11 South Korea MF Kim Tae-Hwan
12 South Korea GK Yang Han-Been
13 South Korea MF Lee Hyun-Ho
14 South Korea FW Kim Sun-Woo
15 South Korea MF Kim Pyung-Rae
16 South Korea MF Jung Seon-Ho
17 South Korea DF Lee Yo-Han
18 South Korea FW Kim Hyun (on loan from Jeonbuk)
19 South Korea MF Lee Chang-Hoon
No. Position Player
20 South Korea DF Yun Young-Sun
21 South Korea GK Jung San
22 South Korea MF Lee Jong-Won
23 South Korea FW Jung Ji-An
24 South Korea DF Hwang Jae-Won
25 South Korea FW Hwang Ui-Jo
26 South Korea DF Lim Chae-Min
27 South Korea DF Kang Jin-Ouk
28 South Korea FW Lee Seung-Yeoul
30 South Korea MF Kim Young-Nam
32 South Korea MF Cho Soo-Chul
49 South Korea MF Kim Han-Yoon
60 South Korea MF Cho Joon-Hee
62 South Korea FW Choi Woo-Sun
64 South Korea DF Lee Jung-Min
77 South Korea MF Kim In-Sung
80 Uzbekistan MF Server Djeparov
88 Uruguay FW Federico Laens

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as has been defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

No. Position Player
South Korea DF Yong Hyun-Jin (at Sangju Sangmu Phoenix for military service)
South Korea DF Jeong Ho-Jeong (at Sangju Sangmu Phoenix for military service)
South Korea DF Song Han-Ki (at Gyeongju KHNP)
Australia DF Brendan Hamill (at Gangwon FC)
No. Position Player
South Korea DF Kim Ji-Woong (at Bucheon FC)
South Korea MF Park Sang-Hee (at Sangju Sangmu Phoenix for military service)
South Korea MF Jang Suk-Won (at Sangju Sangmu Phoenix for military service)
South Korea MF Lee Chi-Joon (at Police for military service)
 

Notable former players

Current Staff

As of July 25, 2010

Coaching Staff

U-18 Team (Pungsaeng High School) Coaching Staff

  • Mangager: South Korea Kim Woo-Jae
  • Coach: South Korea Kim Jong-Chun
  • Goalkeeper Coach: South Korea Kim Hee-Ho

U-15 Team (Pungsaeng Middle School) Coaching Staff

  • Manager: South Korea Yoo Sung-Woo
  • Coach: South Korea Seo Kwang-Woon

Managers

# Name From To Season Notes
1
South Korea Park Jong-Hwan 1988/09/16 1996/04/02 1989–1995
C
South Korea Lee Jang-Soo 1996/04/03 1996/08/17 1996
2
1996/08/18 1996/12/05 1996
3
Belgium René Desaeyere 1996/12/18 1998/09/08 1997–1998
4
South Korea Cha Kyung-Bok 1998/09/09 2004/12/01 1998–2004
C
South Korea Kim Hak-Beom 2004/12/07 2004/12/29 2004 In FA Cup, He was manager.
5
2004/12/30 2008/11/27 2005–2008
C
South Korea Shin Tae-Yong 2008/12/06 2010/02/17 2009
6
2010/02/18 2012/12/08 2010–2012
7
South Korea Ahn Ik-Soo 2012/12/14 Present 2013-

Club honors

Domestic

  • K-League
Winners (7): 1993, 1994, 1995, 2001, 2002, 2003, 2006
Runners-up (3): 1992, 2007, 2009
Winners (2): 1999, 2011
Runners-up (3): 1997, 2000, 2009
Winners (1): 2002
Runners-up (2): 2000, 2004
  • K-League Cup
Winners (3): 1992, 2002, 2004
Runners-up (3): 1995, 2000, 2006

International

Winners (2): 1995, 2010
Runners-up (2): 1996-97, 2004
Winners (1): 1996
Winners (1): 2004
Winners (1): 1996
  • Asian Challenge Cup
Winners (1): 2012
Runners-Up (1): 2012

Kit Supplier

Crest

See also

References

External links

  • Official Website (Korean) (English)
  • Official Twitter (Korean)
  • Official Facbook (Korean)
Achievements
Preceded by
Thai Farmers Bank
Thailand
Champions of Asia
1995-96
Succeeded by
Pohang Steelers
South Korea
Preceded by
Pohang Steelers
South Korea
Champions of Asia
2010
Succeeded by
Al-Sadd SC
Qatar
Preceded by
POSCO Atoms
K-League Champions
1993 · 1994 · 1995
Succeeded by
Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
Preceded by
Anyang LG Cheetahs
K-League Champions
2001 · 2002 · 2003
Succeeded by
Suwon Samsung Bluewings
Preceded by
Ulsan Hyundai Horang-i
K-League Champions
2006
Succeeded by
Pohang Steelers

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