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Seljuq Armenia

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Seljuq Armenia

Armenia under the Seljuq Empire

 

1071–1201
 

Armenia, split among the Shaddadids of Ani and Gandzak, Ahlatshahs (Shah-Armen), the Saltukids of Erzurum (Karin/Theodosiopolis), the Kingdom of Syunik-Baghk, states in the Armenian Highlands during its Seljuq rule.
Capital Ani
Languages Armenian (native language)
Oghuz Turkic
Religion Armenian Apostolic
Sunni Islam
Government Monarchy
Historical era Middle Ages
 -  Established 1071
 -  Disestablished 1201

Seljuq Armenia refers to the period of Medieval Armenia under the Seljuq Empire, which began after its brief conquest by the Byzantine Empire with the fall of Bagratid Armenia in 1045 until the beginning of the Armenian-Georgian union in 1201 out of the turmoil of the fall of the Seljuq Empire in 1201.

Contents

  • Background 1
  • Battle of Manzikert 2
  • Foreign Dominions and Beyliks 3
    • Saltukids 3.1
    • Ahlatshahs (Shah-Armen) 3.2
    • Shaddadids 3.3
  • Armenian Dominions 4
    • Kingdom of Syunik Baghk 4.1
    • Others 4.2
  • See also 5
  • References 6

Background

Although the native Bagratuni Dynasty was founded under favourable circumstances, the feudal system gradually weakened the country by eroding loyalty to the central government. Thus internally enfeebled, Armenia proved an easy victim for the Byzantines, who captured Ani in 1045.

Battle of Manzikert

The

  1. ^ "Alp Arslan". Archived from the original on 2011-08-27. Retrieved February 6, 2007. 
  2. ^ "Byzantium and Its Influence on Neighboring Peoples". Archived from the original on 2011-08-27. Retrieved February 8, 2007. 
  3. ^ Dissertation, Appendix A, Supplementary Notes on the 11-13th Century Naxarars, Turco-Mongolica, History, Historical, Medieval, Armenia, Armenian, Georgia, Georgian, Mongolian,...
  4. ^ Andrew C. S. Peacock, Nomadic Society and the Seljūq Campaigns in Caucasia, 209.
  5. ^ Shaddadids, C.E. Bosworth, The Encyclopedia of Islam, Vol.IX, Ed. C.E.Bosworth, E. van Donzel, W.P.Heinrichs and G.Lecomte, (Brill, 1997), 169.
  6. ^ Lokman I. Meho,Kelly L. Maglaughli (1968). Kurdish culture and society: an annotated bibliography. Greenwood Publishing Group.  

References

See also

Various Armenian villages and towns remained semi-independent under Armenian rule. Among these were Sassun, Moks, the Hayhurum rule of Melitene under Gabriel of Melitene, and other smaller states.

Others

The Kingdom of Syunik-Baghk was an Armenian state that ruled the territories of Syunik, Artsakh and Arran.

Kingdom of Syunik Baghk

Armenian Dominions

The Shaddadids were a dynasty of Kurdish origin[4][5][6] who ruled in various parts of Armenia and Arran from 951 to 1174. They were established in Dvin. Through their long tenure in Armenia, they often intermarried with the Bagratuni royal family of Armenia.

Shaddadids

Ahlatshahs were centered in Ahlat on the northwestern shore of the Lake Van. They ruled most of modern Bitlis and Van provinces and parts of Batman, Siirt and Diyarbakır.

Ahlatshahs (Shah-Armen)

The Saltukids were centered in Arzan ar-Rum (Armenian: Կարին Karin, Greek: Θεοδοσιούπολις Theodosiopolis, Turkish: Erzurum) following the Battle of Manzikert, who ruled from 1071 to 1202.

Saltukids

Foreign Dominions and Beyliks

[3]

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