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Sbeitla

Sbeitla
Arch of Diocletian
Arch of Diocletian
Sbeitla is located in Tunisia
Sbeitla
Location in Tunisia
Coordinates:
Country Tunisia
Governorate Kasserine Governorate
Government
 • Governor Atef Boughatas
 • Mayor Naceur Mahmoudi
Area
 • Total 437.6 sq mi (1,133.5 km2)
Population (2004)
 • Total 20,253 [1]
 • Ethnicities Arab
 • Ethnicities density 142.7/sq mi (55.11/km2)
 • Religions Islam
Time zone CET (UTC1)
Postal code 1250[2]
Website Sbeitla Official Website

Sbeitla (Tunisian Arabic: سبيطلةAbout this sound Sbaytlā ) is a city in north-central Tunisia. Nearby are the Roman ruins of Sufetula, containing the best preserved Forum temples in Tunisia. It was the entry point of the Muslim conquest of North Africa and south of Europe.

Sbeitla is the capital of the largest delegation in Kasserine Governorate with an area of 1133.5 km2.[3] It is located in 33 km in the west of the governorate, and 264 km to Tunis. It has a population of 20,253 (2004 estimate).[1]

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Culture 3
    • Museums 3.1
    • Festivals 3.2
  • Economy 4
    • Agricultural 4.1
    • Petroleum industries 4.2
    • Handicraft 4.3
  • Sports 5
  • Notable people 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

History

The oldest traces of civilization in the zone are Punic megaliths and funereal stelae.

The region was inhabited by nomadic tribes until the Legio III Augusta established a camp at Ammaedara. Through the surrender of the Berber leader Tacfarinas, the region was pacified and populated under the Roman Emperor Vespasian and his sons between 67 and 69, becoming a bishopric in the Roman province of Byzacena.

Some inscriptions found in the city suggest that the settlement had success along the lines of others in North Africa during the 2nd century, reaching great prosperity through the olive industry, whose cultivation benefited from excellent climatic conditions in the region. The olive presses found in the ruins of the city further bolster this conclusion. The resulting prosperity made possible the construction of a splendid forum and other important buildings.

The city began to decline during the Late Empire, during which the city was surrounded and occupied by Vandals, a fact that is demonstrated by the appearance of temples dedicated to their gods.

The arrival of the Byzantines inaugurated a new period of splendor. In 647, the fields before the city were the site of a major battle between the Byzantines and Berbers of Gregory the Patrician and the Rashidun Caliphate's governor of Egypt, Abdullah ibn Saad. The battle ended in a decisive Muslim victory, which shook Byzantine control over the region and signalled the beginning of the Muslim conquest of North Africa.

The battle with Muslim army was under the leadership of the leader (Caliph) Uthman ibn Affan who sent the army under the leadership of Abdullah ibn Saad. At his arrival to Barqa, Uqba ibn Nafi joined the army with his army and they prepared together the plan to conquest Sbeitla.

The battle was long and hard, for that reason the Caliph Uthman ibn Affan sent reinforcement under the leadership of Abd Allah ibn al-Zubayr. The three leaders prepared a new plan and they succeeded to win the battle.

The Muslim conquest ended the diocese of Sufetula, which was however nominally revived a Catholic titular bishopric;

Geography

Sbeitla is located in western central Tunisia. By road it is 33 kilometres (29 mi) north-east of Kasserine, 246 kilometres (180 mi) south-west of Tunis, 166 kilometres (141 mi) south-west of Sousse. The city is known by its Semi-arid climate.

Culture

Thanks to its well preserved archaeological site and its prestigious forum, the cultural activities in Sbeitla have prospered. It organizes an annual festival in the forum, and it has an archaeological museum.

Museums

The museum of Sbeitla houses several maps, sculptures, and mosaics. It is formed by three exposition rooms. The first one is about the Capsian culture, the second one is about the rest of Dionysus's empire. The last one is an exhibition room of two Mosaics.

Festivals

Since 2000, the city holds her Spring International festival each year, it is an international celebration were many famous actors like Mahmoud Yacine and authors like Mahmoud Messadi were honored.[4] The city celebrates also its international festival nammed also festival abadelah of Sbeitla. It was founded in 2000, and it became international in 2013.[5]

Economy

The economy of Sbeitla relays on handicraft, agricultural and petroleum production managed by ETAP in the oil field of Douleb.

Agricultural

The city is surrounded by a large field of agriculture of olive, almond and animal husbandry. It contains 919 shallow wells, 137 deep wells, a mountain lake and a mountain dam the irrigated Area remains limited to 2930 hectars.[6]

Distribution of irrigated areas in 2008.[7]
Irrigables Areas (ha) irrigated Areas (ha) Usage Rate (%) Densification Rate (%)
Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private Total Public Private Total
992 2374 3366 794 2136 2930 80 100 90 110 111 111

Petroleum industries

The Oil field of Douleb is one of the fields explored by ETAP, since April 12, 1968 and it produces 230 000 barrels\year. In 1974, the field reached it maximal productivity with 1200m3 per day.[8]

Handicraft

Tunisian brnous

The majority of handicraft known in Sbeitla relay on wool processing. Tunisian barnous is one of those handcrafts.

Sports

Sbeitla's most popular sport club is the Union Sportive Sbeitla, it belongs to Tunisian ligue professionnelle 3 before being promoted to ligue 2 at the season 2013.

At June 5, 2013, the club was qualified to the Quarter-finals of Tunisian Cup at the first time in his history. He eliminated Stade Tunisien and then he was eliminated by CA Bizertin.[9]

Notable people

See also

References

  1. ^ a b National Institute of Statistics - Tunisia
  2. ^ Postal code of Sbeïtla, GeoPostcodes
  3. ^ (Arabic) Sbeitla in the official website of Kasserine Governorate
  4. ^ (French) Official website of the Festival.
  5. ^ (French) Sbeitla Festival International, did you said?, jetsetmagazine.net, Asma DRISSI, July 4, 2013
  6. ^ Official website of Sbeitla: Water Resources.
  7. ^ Annual CRDA 2007-2008
  8. ^ (Arabic) The Oil field of Doulab, ETAP Website
  9. ^ (French), juin 9, 2013Mosaïque FM" Tunisian Cup : Stade Tunisien was eliminated by Union Sportive Sbeitla ",
  10. ^ "Mongi Soussi Zarrouki Olympic Results". sports-reference.com. Retrieved 2010-11-07. 
  11. ^ (French) Administration of the festival, printemps-sbeitla.com
  12. ^ (French) Biography of Lotfi Ben Jeddou, Minister of the Interior, Express FM, January 27, 2014

External links

  • Lexicorient
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