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Salamanca Island Road Park

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Title: Salamanca Island Road Park  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of national parks of Colombia
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Salamanca Island Road Park

Vía Parque Isla de Salamanca
Salamanca Island Road Park
Ciénaga Grande de Santa Marta viewed from the road park
Nearest city Barranquilla, Colombia

10°56′N 74°27′W / 10.933°N 74.450°W / 10.933; -74.450Coordinates: 10°56′N 74°27′W / 10.933°N 74.450°W / 10.933; -74.450

Area 562 km2 (217 sq mi)
Established 1964[1]
Governing body SINAP

The Salamanca Island Road Park (Spanish: Vía Parque Isla de Salamanca) is a national park located in the Caribbean Region of Colombia, on the eastern outskirts of the city of Barranquilla in the Magdalena Department. The flora and fauna is in abundance because of the confluence of sweet water Magdalena River and saline water Caribbean Sea. It was created in 1964[1] to protect the abundant bird life and coastal mangroves.[2]

Vía Parque is included in the Spanish name (English: Park Road) because of the road that runs through it, connecting Santa Marta with Barranquilla.[3] In 2000 the park was designated a Biosphere reserve by UNESCO.[4]


The climate is arid and dry and the temperature averages between 28-30°C. The average yearly rainfall is 400 mm in the eastern part of the area, and 760 mm in the western part. The volume of water lost through evaporation and plant transpiration is greater than rainfall, leading to a water deficit.[3]

Flora and fauna

Mangrove forests, tropical dry forests and riparian forest cover most of the area. The mangroves cover a third of the area (12,000 hectares)[3] and the three predominant species are: red mangrove, black mangrove, white mangrove and buttonwood.[5][6]

The park has an abundant variety of wildlife, many of them endangered. The existence of 33 species of mammals indicates a maintained high diversity, despite the environmental problems affecting the ecosystem. The park is home to 98 species of invertebrates, nine species of amphibians, 35 species of reptiles, more than 140 fish species and 199 birds, many of which are migratory, endemic and residents.[5]



External links

  • The park's page at Parques Nacionales Naturales de Colombia (Spanish)
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