World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Sacrosanctum Concilium

Article Id: WHEBN0000040348
Reproduction Date:

Title: Sacrosanctum Concilium  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Second Vatican Council, Tridentine Mass, Lumen gentium, Mysterii Paschalis, Canon Law
Collection: 1963 in Religion, 1963 Works, Documents of the Second Vatican Council
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Sacrosanctum Concilium

Eucharist in Catholic Westminster Cathedral in London, celebrated with the use of the Roman Missal, published according to the principles set by the Sacrosanctum concilium.
This article is part of the series:
Legislation and Legal System of the Catholic Church
Sacrosanctum Concilium, the Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy, is one of the constitutions of the Second Vatican Council. It was approved by the assembled bishops by a vote of 2,147 to 4 and promulgated by Pope Paul VI on December 4, 1963. The main aim was to achieve greater lay participation in the Catholic Church's liturgy.


  • Contents 1
  • Title and purpose 2
  • Participation of the laity 3
  • Consilium 4
  • See also 5
  • Further reading 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


The numbers given correspond to section numbers within the text.

  1. Introduction (1–4)
  2. General Principles for the Restoration and Promotion of the Sacred Liturgy (5–46)
  3. The Nature of the Sacred Liturgy and Its Importance in the Church's Life (5–13)
  4. The Promotion of Liturgical Instruction and Active Participation (14–20)
  5. The Reform of the Sacred Liturgy (21–46)
  6. General Norms (22–25)
  7. Norms Drawn from the Hierarchic and Communal Nature of the Liturgy (26–32)
  8. Norms Based Upon the Didactic and Pastoral Nature of the Liturgy (33–36)
  9. Norms for Adapting the Liturgy to the Culture and Traditions of Peoples (37–40)
  10. Promotion of Liturgical Life in Diocese and Parish (41–42)
  11. The Promotion of Pastoral-Liturgical Action (43–46)
  12. The Most Sacred Mystery of the Eucharist (47–58)
  13. The Other Sacraments and the Sacramentals (59–82)
  14. The Divine Office (83–101)
  15. The Liturgical Year (102–11)
  16. Sacred Music (112–21)
  17. Sacred Art and Sacred Furnishings (122–30)
  18. Appendix: A Declaration of the Second Ecumenical Council of the Vatican on Revision of the Calendar
  19. Title and purpose

    As is customary with Catholic documents, the name of this Constitution, "Sacred Council" in Latin, is taken from the first line of the document:
    1. This sacred Council has several aims in view: it desires to impart an ever increasing vigor to the Christian life of the faithful; to adapt more suitably to the needs of our own times those institutions which are subject to change; to foster whatever can promote union among all who believe in Christ; to strengthen whatever can help to call the whole of mankind into the household of the Church. The Council therefore sees particularly cogent reasons for undertaking the reform and promotion of the liturgy.
    Sacrosanctum Concilium

    Participation of the laity

    One of the first issues considered by the council, and the matter that had the most immediate effect on the lives of individual Catholics, was the revision of the liturgy. The central idea was that there ought to be greater lay participation in the liturgy.

    Mother Church earnestly desires that all the faithful should be led to that fully conscious and active participation in liturgical celebrations which is demanded by the very nature of the liturgy. Such participation by the Christian people as a chosen race, a royal priesthood, a holy nation, a redeemed people (1 Peter 2:9; cf. 2:4–5), is their right and duty by reason of their baptism.
    Sacrosanctum Concilium 14

    Many have claimed that Vatican II went much further in encouraging "active participation" than previous Popes had allowed or recommended. Popes Pius X, Pius XI, and Pius XII consistently asked that the people be taught how to chant the responses at Mass and that they learn the prayers of the Mass in order to participate intelligently. For its part, Vatican II never asked for the involvement of the laity in the sanctuary that is typical of post-conciliar practice. The council fathers established guidelines to govern the revision of the liturgy, which included allowed and encouraged greater use of the vernacular (native language) in addition to Latin, particularly for the biblical readings and other prayers. As bishops determined, local or national customs could be cautiously incorporated into the liturgy.


    Implementation of the Council's directives on the liturgy was carried out under the authority of Pope Paul VI by a special papal commission, later incorporated in the Congregation for Divine Worship and the Discipline of the Sacraments, and, in the areas entrusted to them, by national conferences of bishops, which, if they had a shared language, were expected to collaborate in producing a common translation.

    See also: Mass of Paul VI, Liturgy

    See also

    Further reading

    • Amerio, Romano (1996). Iota Unum. Kansas City: Sarto House.  
    • Jungmann, JA (1966). "Constitution on the Sacred Liturgy". In Vorgrimler, H. Commentary on the Documents of Vatican II 1. London; Freiburg am B.: Burns & Oates; Hereder & Herder. pp. 1–80. 
    • Linden, Ian (2009), Global Catholicism: diversity and change since Vatican II, London, Hurst & Co, p. 337 .
    • Sinke Guimarães, Atila (1997). In the Murky Waters of Vatican II. Metairie: MAETA.  
    • Whitehead, Kenneth D, ed. (2009), Sacrosanctum Concilium and the Reform of the Liturgy: Proceedings from the 29th Annual Convention of the Fellowship of Catholic Scholars, Scranton, PA: University of Scranton Press , 210 pp.


    1. ^

    External links

    • "Sacrosanctum concilium", II Vatican council, Rome, IT: Vatican .
    • "Sacrosanctum concilium", II Vatican council (in Latin), Rome, IT: Vatican .
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.