World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

SS Bandırma

Article Id: WHEBN0007035210
Reproduction Date:

Title: SS Bandırma  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Samsun, Ships of the Ottoman Empire, Atatürk Museum, Şişli, Commemoration of Atatürk, Youth and Sports Day, Berç Türker Keresteciyan
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

SS Bandırma

History General characteristics
Ottoman Empire
  • SS Bandırma (1910)
  • ex Panderma (1894)
  • ex Kymi (1883)
  • ex Torocarderto (1878)
Builder: Paisley, Scotland
Launched: 1878
Out of service: 1924
Status: Demolished
Class & type: Cargo ship
Tonnage: 192 GT
Length: 47.7 m (156 ft 6 in)

SS Bandırma was an Ottoman mixed-freight ship, which became famous for her historical role in taking Mustafa Kemal Pasha (Atatürk) from Constantinople (present day: Istanbul) to Samsun in May 1919 that marked the establishment of the Turkish national movement.


  • The ship 1
  • The mission 2
  • The replica 3
  • Ship's register 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

The ship

The steamer Bandırma, built 1878 in Paisley, Scotland, was a 47.7-metre (156 ft) cargo ship with 192 gross tons capacity. She was christened Torocarderto, and under this name she sailed five years long as a freighter for Dussey and Robinson. In 1883, she was purchased by Greek ship-owner H. Psicha Preaus, and renamed SS Kymi. 7 years later, she was sold to another Greek ship-owner, Cap. Andreadis, sailing under the same name. In 1891, she went down following an accident, but could be floated again.

The Ottoman Maritime Co. purchased the ship in 1894, renaming her SS Panderma. She served in the Sea of Marmara as a passenger cargo vessel. On 28 October 1910, the company's status was changed, and it was renamed Ottoman Transportation Authority. The ship’s name was also changed to SS Bandırma, Turkish for Panderma, and she served then as a mail ship in the coastal waters of Ottoman Empire.

During World War I, SS Bandırma collided with the British submarine HMS E11, and survived a torpedo attack from the same vessel.

Bandırma was taken out of duty in 1924. She was sold 1925, and demolished in a shipyard in Golden Horn within four months.

The mission

She went into the history of Republic of Turkey, when Mustafa Kemal Pasha, who was appointed shortly before Inspector of the Ninth Army Troops Inspectorate of the Ottoman Empire in eastern Anatolia, left Constantinople with SS Bandırma on 16 May 1919 for Samsun. He was sent to Anatolia by sultan's decree to oversee the process of disbanding the Ottoman Army that was ordered by the Entente powers occupying the capital and controlling the Ottoman government.

Mustafa Kemal Pasha, accompanied with 22 officers, 25 soldiers and 8 administrative staff sailed in heavy weather on the old steamer with a not functioning compass needed to navigate in the wavy Black Sea, and set foot on land in Samsun on 19 May 1919. Upon landing, Mustafa Kemal Pasha started the Turkish national movement contrary to the orders given to him by the Ottoman government in İstanbul that resulted in the declaration of Republic of Turkey after the Turkish War of Independence almost four years later.

The replica

In view of her important historical role in the birth of the Republic of Turkey, the governor and the mayor of Samsun Province both initiated the rebuilding of Bandırma in original dimensions and outlook. The building of the replica by Taşkınlar Shipbuilding Co. started on 9 May 2000, and was completed on 15 April 2001. The new Bandırma was opened as a museum ship by Prime Minister Recep Tayyip Erdoğan on 19 May 2003 at Doğu Park (East Park) in Samsun. Wax figures of Mustafa Kemal Pasha and his followers on the ship are on display along with historical items in the museum ship today.

Ship's register

  • 1878 SS Torocarderto, Great Britain, Dussey and Robinson
  • 1883 SS Kymi, Greece, H. Psicha Preus
  • 1890 SS Kymi, Greece, Cap. Andreadis
  • 1894 SS Panderma, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Maritime Co.
  • 1910 SS Bandırma, Ottoman Empire, Ottoman Transportation Co.
  • 1924 taken out of service
  • 1925 demolished
  • 2001 replica built
  • 2003 replica put in service as museum ship in Samsun


  • Municipality of Samsun website
  • Samsun
  • SS Bandırma

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.