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São Paulo FC

São Paulo
Full name São Paulo Futebol Clube
Nickname(s) Tricolor (Tricolour)
O Clube da Fé (The Faith Team)
Soberano (Sovereign)
Founded 25 January 1930 (1930-01-25)
Stadium Morumbi, São Paulo
Ground Capacity 67,052
President Carlos Augusto de Barros e Silva (interim)
Head coach Doriva
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Paulista
Brasileirão, 2nd
Paulistão, 4th
Website Club home page

São Paulo Futebol Clube (Portuguese pronunciation: ), simply known as São Paulo, is a professional football club, based in São Paulo, Brazil.

The club plays in the Paulistão (the State of São Paulo's premier state league), as well as the Brasileirão (the top tier of the Brazilian football league system), being one of the only five clubs to have never been relegated, along with Santos, Flamengo, Internacional and Cruzeiro.

As for international titles, São Paulo is the most successful team from Brazil, with 12 international titles. It is also one of the most successful South American clubs in terms of overall titles, having won 21 state titles, six Brasileirão titles, three Copa Libertadores titles, one Copa Sudamericana, one Supercopa Sudamericana, one Copa CONMEBOL, one Copa Masters CONMEBOL,[1][2][3][4][5][6] two Recopa Sudamericanas, two Intercontinental Cups and one FIFA Club World Cup.

Founded in 1930, São Paulo was an inaugural member of the Clube dos 13 group of Brazil's leading football clubs. The club's most consistent spell of success came in the 1990s, under coach Telê Santana, when it won three state titles, one national championship, two Copa Libertadores, two Recopa Sudamericanas, two Intercontinental Cups, one Supercopa Sudamericana, one Copa CONMEBOL, one Copa Masters CONMEBOL.

São Paulo is the third best-supported club in Brazil, with over 28 million supporters.[7] The team's traditional home kit is a white shirt with two horizontal stripes (one red and one black), white shorts and white socks.[7] Its home ground is the 67,052-seater Morumbi football stadium in São Paulo,[8] where it has played since 1947.[9] The stadium was the venue for the Copa Libertadores finals of 1992, 1993, 1994, 2000, 2003, 2005 and 2006. São Paulo is the second richest Brazilian football club in terms of revenue, with an annual revenue of $111.9m (€78.2m), and the second nation's most valuable club, worth over $353.4m (€246.9m) in 2011.[10]


  • History 1
    • 1930–1934: Origins of the club: "São Paulo da Floresta" ("São Paulo of the Forest") 1.1
    • 1935–1939: The Rebirth of São Paulo FC 1.2
    • 1940–1950: The Steam Roller 1.3
    • 1951–1957: The Dry Spell 1.4
    • 1958–1969: Just the Stadium 1.5
    • 1970–1979: Campeonato Brasileiro (Brazilian Championship) 1.6
    • The 1980s: Tricolor Decade 1.7
    • 1990–1995: The Telê Era 1.8
    • 1996–2004: Post-Telê years 1.9
    • 2005 - present 1.10
  • Colours and badge 2
  • Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors 3
  • Stadium 4
  • Players 5
    • Current squad 5.1
    • Reserve players 5.2
    • Out on loan 5.3
  • Personnel 6
    • Current technical staff 6.1
  • Club rivalries 7
    • São Paulo vs. Palmeiras 7.1
    • São Paulo vs. Santos 7.2
    • São Paulo vs. Corinthians 7.3
  • Supporters 8
  • Honours 9
    • International competitions 9.1
      • Continental 9.1.1
      • Worldwide 9.1.2
    • Domestic competitions 9.2
      • National 9.2.1
      • Regional 9.2.2
    • Campeonato Brasileiro Série A record 9.3
  • References 10
  • External links 11


1930–1934: Origins of the club: "São Paulo da Floresta" ("São Paulo of the Forest")

The foundations of the club in 1930 and 1935 at the memorial Cássio Luiz dos Santos Werneck.
The championship team of 1931

São Paulo FC was founded in January 25, 1930 by 60 former officials, players, members and friends of the football clubs CA Paulistano and AA das Palmeiras of São Paulo. Paulistano, founded in 1900 and thus one of the oldest clubs in town and eleven times champions of São Paulo, abandoned football because of the professionalisation of the sport. Palmeiras, founded in 1902 and three times champions of São Paulo intended after the end of the season 1929 to set up a professional team, but failed to do so.

Paulistano brought into the union star players like Arthur Friedenreich and Araken Patuska. Palmeiras' contribution was the stadium Estádio da Floresta, generally known as Chácara da Floresta.

The jerseys of the new club were derived from the ones of Palemiras, which were white and sported a black ring across the chest. To the black and white of Palmeiras was added the red and white of Paulistano, thus, the ring became red, white and black.

The team, coached by former Paulistano star player Rubens Salles, played its first match on March 16, 1930 when it drew 0-0 against CA Ypiranga. The side became in the same year runner up of the State Championship and won it in 1931, losing only one match of 26 and scoring 92 goals in the process. In the following three years São Paulo FC was again runner up in the championship.

In 1933 football in São Paulo became officially professional and the friendly match on March 12, 1933 which São Paulo won 5-1 against Santos FC is considered the opener of that era.

Internal arguments and turmoil led to financial problems. The club merged with the Clube de Regatas Tietê, another sports club from the town, and the football department was disbanded on May 14, 1935.[11]

1935–1939: The Rebirth of São Paulo FC

Just after the merger with Tietê, the founders and re-founders created the Grêmio Tricolor, which formed Clube Atlético São Paulo, on June 4, 1935, and, finally, São Paulo Futebol Clube on December 16 of the same year.[12]

The new club's first game was against Portuguesa Santista on January 25, 1936. The match was almost cancelled, owing to the city's anniversary, but Porphyrio da Paz, the football director and composer of the club's anthem, obtained permission from the Board of Education Office for the game to continue.[13]

Another merger occurred in 1938, this time with Clube Atlético Estudantes Paulista, from the neighborhood of Moóca, and the club finished as runners-up in the Campeonato Paulista.

1940–1950: The Steam Roller

In 1940, when the Estádio do Pacaembu was inaugurated, a new era began in São Paulo state football. São Paulo Futebol Clube finished as runners-up once again in the Campeonato Paulista in 1941, and a year later the club paid 200 contos de réis (equivalent to approximately R$162,000 today) to acquire Leônidas da Silva from Flamengo. During this period, São Paulo also acquired the Argentinian António Sastre and Brazilians Noronha, José Carlos Bauer, Zezé Procópio, Luizinho, Rui and Teixeirinha. With these new additions, Tricolor became known as the Steam Roller, winning the Paulista championship five times, in 1943, 1945, 1946, 1948 and 1949. The club sold its Canindé training ground to Portuguesa to raise money for their new stadium the Estádio do Morumbi, for which construction began in 1952.

New team after being reformed in 1936

1951–1957: The Dry Spell

The run of success of the 1940s, came to an end in the early 1950s, and the club only won two state championships in the new decade, in 1953 and 1957. The latter championship was won with the help of the 35-year-old Brazilian international Zizinho and Hungarian manager Béla Guttmann. In the years that followed, the club struggled to compete with the rise of Pelé and his club, Santos. With the construction of the Morumbi stadium still ongoing, São Paulo entered its longest period without a title in its history, which was to last thirteen years.

Leonidas da Silva with another Tricolor legend, Arthur Friedenreich

1958–1969: Just the Stadium

Since São Paulo's budget planning was focused on the Morumbi stadium construction rather than the signing of new players, few expensive players were bought during the 1960s, although the club did acquire Brazilian internationals Roberto Dias and Jurandir. In 1960, the Morumbi Stadium was inaugurated, and named after the late Cícero Pompeu de Toledo, the club's chairman during most of the stadium construction. One of the few happy moments for the fans during this period was the 1963 Paulista Championship 4–1 victory against Pelé's Santos.

1970–1979: Campeonato Brasileiro (Brazilian Championship)

In 1970, the Morumbi stadium was finally completed and the club purchased Gérson from Botafogo, Uruguayan midfielder Pedro Rocha from Peñarol and striker Toninho Guerreiro from Santos. The club was managed by Zezé Moreira, who was the manager of Brazil at the World Cup in 1954, and won the Paulista Championship after beating Guarani 2–1 in the Campinas a week before the end of the competition.

In 1971, the club beat Palmeiras 1–0, with a goal from Toninho Guerreiro, in the final to capture another state title. That year saw the inaugural Campeonato Brasileiro, with the club finishing as runners-up to Atlético Mineiro, managed by Telê Santana.

In the following years, São Paulo and Palmeiras gradually overtook Pelé's Santos and Corinthians as the dominant club sides in São Paulo state. In 1972, Palmeiras won the state championship title, only one point ahead of São Paulo, and the following year the clubs finished in the same positions in the Brazilian Championship. In 1974, São Paulo took part in the Copa Libertadores losing in the final to Independiente in a replay.

In 1975, former goalkeeper José Poy took over as manager, and São Paulo won the Paulista Championship after defeating Portuguesa in a penalty shoot-out.

Valdir Peres, Chicão, Serginho Chulapa and Zé Sérgio were the club's most influential players when São Paulo finally secured the Brazilian Championship for the first time in 1977 following a penalty shoot-out victory over Atlético Mineiro at the Mineirão. However, they failed to win another trophy until the reclaimed the Paulista Championship in 1980.

The 1980s: Tricolor Decade

In the 1980s, São Paulo won four Paulista and one Brazilian titles, helped by the impressive central defensive pair of Oscar and Dario Pereyra. 1980 and 1981, the club won the Paulista Championship in successive seasons for the first time since the 1940s.[14]

In 1985, the head coach Cilinho introduced to the world the Menudos of Morumbi, a team that included Silas, Müller and Sidney, and the club once again won the Paulista Championship. The main striker was Careca, a centre-forward who also played for Brazil in the 1986 FIFA World Cup. The midfield featured Falcão, brought in from Italian club A.S. Roma, and nicknamed the King of Rome.[14]

In 1986, manager Pepe led the club to its second Brazilian Championship title, defeating Guarani in a penalty shoot-out. In 1987, Dario Pereyra left the club, but in that year the Menudos team won its last title, another Paulista title. The so-called Tricolor Decade ended with the 1989 Paulista Championship title and a second-place finish in the Brazilian Championship, when São Paulo lost to Vasco da Gama in the final match.[14]

1990–1995: The Telê Era[15]

Telê Santana, won two Copa Libertadores and two Intercontinental Cups with São Paulo.

In 1990, after a poor start to the campaign in Championship Paulista, Telê Santana was hired as the club's coach, and São Paulo went on to finish runners-up in the Brazilian Championship. In 1991, Tele Santana wins first title on São Paulo winning the Paulista championship.

In 1991, São Paulo won the Brazilian championship after beating Carlos Alberto Parreira's Bragantino, and the club began a period of consistent achievement both nationally and internationally. The following year they reached the Copa Libertadores final, where they faced Newell's Old Boys of Argentina. São Paulo lost the first leg 1–0, but reversed the scoreline in the second leg in Brazil, and then won the competition in the penalty shoot-out to take the title for the first time.[16]

Raí, São Paulo's midfielder in the 1990s

In the same year, in Tokyo the club won its first Intercontinental Cup, beating Johann Cruyff's FC Barcelona team 2–1. After returning to Brazil, the club beat Palmeiras 2–1 to win its eighteenth state championship title.

In 1993, São Paulo retained the Copa Libertadores, beating Universidad Católica of Chile in the final. After the competition, influential midfielder Raí left the club, but São Paulo won the Intercontinental Cup again, beating Fabio Capello's A.C. Milan 3–2. Müller scored the winning goal in the 86th minute of the match, from an assist by Toninho Cerezo.[17]

In 1994, the club reached the final of the Copa Libertadores for the third year in a row, and faced Argentina's Vélez Sársfield. On this occasion they lost a penalty shoot-out to the Argentine side at the Morumbi stadium. But by the end of this year, São Paulo won the Copa CONMEBOL, defeating Peñarol of Uruguay in the final.

1996–2004: Post-Telê years

Rogério Ceni, São Paulo's goalkeeper

At the beginning of 1996, owing to health issues, Telê Santana left São Paulo, ending the club's golden era. Between 1995 and 2004, the club had fourteen managers. Among the most notable titles during those ten years were the 2000 Paulista Championship and the club's first Rio-São Paulo Tournament title in 2001. Rogério Ceni, Julio Baptista, Luís Fabiano and Kaká were the club's stars. Raí briefly returned to the club between 1998 and 2000, and with him, the club won the Paulista Championship twice, in 1998 and 2000, after beating Corinthians and Santos, respectively. In 2004 São Paulo were back in the Copa Libertadores and reached the semi-finals before being eliminated by underdogs Once Caldas, from Colombia. At the end of that year Émerson Leão was hired as the club's coach.

In 2003, São Paulo made a deal with Spanish amateur side Santangelo Club Aficionado that resulted in the Spanish club changing its name to São Paulo Madrid.[18]

2005 - present

In 2005, with Leão as the club's manager, São Paulo won the Paulista Championship. However, Leão would soon leave the club, and Paulo Autuori, the former manager of Peru's national team, was hired to replace him. São Paulo won the Libertadores Cup for the third time, beating another Brazilian team, Atlético Paranaense in the final. Atlético switched the first leg of the final to Estádio Beira-Rio in Porto Alegre, their own ground not having sufficient capacity for a final, and the match ended in a 1–1 draw. In the second leg, at the Morumbi, São Paulo won 4–0 to become the first Brazilian club to win three Copa Libertadores titles.

In December 2005, São Paulo competed in the FIFA Club World Championship in Japan. After beating Saudi Arabia's Al-Ittihad 3–2, they faced the European champions Liverpool in the final. A 1–0 victory over the English team gave São Paulo its third intercontinental title. The single goal was scored by Mineiro in the first half of the match.[19][20] Other players in that year's squad included centre-back Diego Lugano, full-back Cicinho and forward Amoroso.[21]

Tribute received from the Paulista Football Federation and President Lula for winning the first FIFA Club World Cup.

After the success of the 2005 season, Paulo Autuori left the team to coach Kashima Antlers in the J. League. Muricy Ramalho was signed up as the new coach, having led Internacional to the runners-up position in the 2005 Brazilian Championship. In his first tournament as a manager, Ramalho reached second place in the Paulista Championship, losing to Santos by one point. São Paulo reached the final of the 2006 Copa Libertadores, but lost 4-3 on aggregate to Brazilian rivals Internacional. However, they went on to win their fourth Campeonato Brasileiro trophy, becoming the first team to become national champions in the new league system format.

São Paulo against Bayern Munich in 2007.

After being eliminated from the Copa Libertadores in 2007, São Paulo won the Brazilian title for the second year in a row, fifteen points ahead of second-placed Santos. They won the title for the third season running in 2008 season, overturning an eleven-point deficit behind Gremio, to become the first team win the national title six times. Manager Muricy Ramalho was also the first manager to win three Brazilian titles in a row with the same team.

Muricy Ramalho was fired from the manager post following a defeat in the home leg of the 2009 Copa Libertadores to Cruzeiro, São Paulo's fourth consecutive Libertadores Cup elimination to another Brazilian. Ricardo Gomes took over as manager.

In 2010 São Paulo lost again against Internacional in the 2010 Libertadores Cup, ending Ricardo Gomes's spell as manager. In 2011 the club signed Rivaldo, and Luís Fabiano was bought for 7.6 million euros, the most expensive player in the history of São Paulo, and goalkeeper Rogério Ceni scored his hundredth career goal, against Corinthians.

In a research made by brazilian sports site, São Paulo, during eight years, among 2003 and 2011, were the second club from country to earn more money negotiating them players. Tricolor paulista received R$ 287 million. The first one is Sport Club Internacional, that earned R$ 289 million.[22]

For the 2013 season, after seven years wearing kits produced by Reebok, São Paulo signed with brazilian brand Penalty. The contract is valid until 2015 and the club will earn R$35 million per year.[23] This contract is the second most valuable of kits supplies from Brazil: just is exceeded by the signed between Flamengo and Adidas, in a value of R$38 million.[24] However, the contract may be terminated prior to completion. In May 2015, São Paulo presented its new kits with Under Armour.

Colours and badge

When Club Athletico Paulistano and Associação Atlética das Palmeiras merged, their colours (red and white for Paulistano and black and white for Palmeiras) were inherited by São Paulo. The colours match those of São Paulo's state flag, and also represent the three main races that lived in Brazil during that period: the native Americans (represented by the red), the Europeans (represented by the white) and the Africans (represented by the black).

The club's home strip is a white shirt, with two horizontal stripes at chest level, the upper one red and the lower one black, and with a badge in the centre of the chest. The shorts and socks are all-white. The away strip consists of a red shirt with red, black and white vertical stripes, black shorts and socks.

The badge consists of a shield with a black rectangle in the upper section bearing the initials SPFC in white. Below the rectangle is a red, white and black triangle. The badge also has five stars, two gold and three red ones. The gold ones denote Adhemar Ferreira da Silva's world and Olympic records and the red ones represents the three world championships won by São Paulo.

Kit manufacturers and shirt sponsors

Period Kit manufacturer Shirt partner
1960–1967 Athleta
1968–1972 HerinGol
1972–1973 Scratch
1974–1977 Penalty
1977 Terres
1978–1979 Dell'erba
1980–1982 Le Coq Sportif
1983 BCN
1984 Perdigão
Sorte Já: Carnê Tricolor
1985–1986 Adidas Cruzeiro do Sul Seguros
1986 VASP
1986–1987 Nugget
1987–1988 Bic
1988–1990 Coca-Cola
1991 Penalty
1991–1993 IBF
1993–1995 TAM
1996 Adidas
1997 Data Control
1997–1999 Cirio
1999 Penalty
2000–2001 Motorola
2001–2002 LG Electronics
2003–2005 Topper
2006–2009 Reebok
2010–2011 Banco BMG
2012–2014 Semp
2013–2015 Penalty
2015– Under Armour


Estádio do Morumbi (Morumbi Stadium), inside view

São Paulo's stadium is officially named Estádio Cícero Pompeu de Toledo (Cicero Pompeu de Toledo Stadium) and commonly known by the nickname Estádio do Morumbi (Morumbi Stadium). It was inaugurated in 1960, with a maximum sitting capacity of 120,000 people, but now its maximum capacity is only 67,052 seats. Its record attendance for a football match, set in 1977, is 146,082.[9]

The club also owns two training grounds, one named Centro de Treinamento Frederico Antônio Germano Menzen (Frederico Antônio Germano Menzen Training Center), nicknamed Centro de Treinamento (CT) da Barra Funda (Barra Funda's Training Center), which is used mostly by the professional team.[25] The other is the Centro de Formação de Atletas Presidente Laudo Natel (President Laudo Natel Athletes Formation Center), nicknamed Centro de Treinamento (CT) de Cotia (Cotia's Training Center), which is used by the youth teams.[26]


Current squad

As of 7 September 2015
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
01 GK Rogério Ceni (captain)
3 MF Rodrigo Caio
4 DF Matheus Reis
6 DF Carlinhos
7 MF Michel Bastos (3rd captain)
9 FW Luís Fabiano (vice-captain)
10 MF Paulo Henrique Ganso
11 FW Alexandre Pato (on loan from Corinthians)
12 GK Denis
13 MF Wilder Guisao (on loan from Toluca)
14 FW Alan Kardec
16 DF Reinaldo
17 FW Rogério
19 MF Wesley
20 MF Ricardo Centurión
21 DF Edson Silva
No. Position Player
22 DF Bruno
23 MF Thiago Mendes
25 MF Hudson
26 DF Luiz Eduardo
27 DF Auro
28 GK Renan Ribeiro
29 MF Daniel
30 DF Lucão
33 DF Breno
34 DF Lyanco
36 MF João Schmidt
37 FW João Paulo
38 MF Jeferson
39 FW Murilo
40 GK Léo
DF Iago Maidana

Reserve players

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
DF Henrique Miranda
No. Position Player
FW Adelino

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
DF Hugo Gomes (on loan to Mallorca)
DF Luiz Eduardo (on loan to Juventude)
DF Lucas Possignolo (on loan to Portimonense)
DF Polidoro (on loan to Nacional)
DF Mateus Caramelo (on loan to Chapecoense)
DF Lucas Farias (on loan to Náutico)
DF Luis Ricardo (on loan to Botafogo)
DF Thiago Carleto (on loan to Botafogo)
DF Bruno Cortez (on loan to Albirex Niigata)
No. Position Player
MF Allan (on loan to Nacional)
MF Wellington (on loan to Internacional)
MF Maicon (on loan to Grêmio)
MF Mirrai (on loan to São Bento)
MF Pedrinho (on loan to Sampaio Corrêa)
MF Roni (on loan to Chiapas)
FW Ademilson (on loan to Yokohama F. Marinos)
FW Ewandro (on loan to Atlético Paranaense)


Current technical staff

Position Staff
Head coach Doriva
Assistant manager Milton Cruz
Fitness coach José Mário Campeiz
Sérgio Rocha
Goalkeeping coach Haroldo Lamounier
Director of football Gustavo Cecílio Vieira de Oliveira
Medical Staff José Sanchez
Auro Rayel

Last updated: 28 April 2015
Source: São Paulo Futebol Clube

Club rivalries

São Paulo vs. Palmeiras

This fixture is nicknamed the "Choque Rei", and has seen 103 wins by São Paulo, 99 wins by Palmeiras and 99 draws.[27]

São Paulo vs. Santos

Also known as "San-São", this fixture was first played in 1936. Since then, São Paulo have won it 114 times, Santos 92, and there have been 62 draws.[28]

São Paulo vs. Corinthians

The game between these clubs is also known as "Majestoso", a name coined by Thomas Mazzoni. The first "Majestoso" occurred on 25 May 1930.[29] The fixture has seen 79 wins for São Paulo, 88 wins for Corinthians and 84 draws.[30]


São Paulo's average attendances per year in Brazilian Championship:

Year Attendance Year Attendance Year Attendance Year Attendance Year Attendance
1971 19,518 1981 41,179 1991 22,196 2001 18,085 2011 21,485
1972 21,270 1982 23,841 1992 20,440 2002 25,452 2012 24,298
1973 18,282 1983 21,643 1993 23,275 2003 12,231 2013 23,024
1974 8,596 1984 8,202 1994 8,992 2004 8,613 2014 24,744
1975 14,001 1985 12,532 1995 6,135 2005 9,805 2015
1976 18,266 1986 29,483 1996 7,498 2006 22,948 2016
1977 32,031 1987 12,907 1997 5,889 2007 28,662 2017
1978 11,472 1988 10,635 1998 9,430 2008 21,333 2018
1979 - 1989 17,211 1999 19,282 2009 26,268 2019
1980 21,369 1990 18,243 2000 10,113 2010 14,704 2020

São Paulo's average attendances per year in Copa Libertadores:

Year Attendance Year Attendance
1972 38,616 2004 56,103
1974 21,821 2005 48,822
1978 31,132 2006 50,755
1982 14,552 2007 26,287
1987 7,301 2008 36,809
1992 25,771 2009 38,403
1993 68,725 2010 42,686
1994 54,663 2013 41,346
---- ------ 2015 37,023


International competitions


Winners (3): 1992, 1993, 2005
Winners (1): 1994
Winners (2): 1993, 1994


Domestic competitions


Winner (6): 1977, 1986, 1991, 2006, 2007, 2008


Campeonato Brasileiro Série A record

Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position Year Position
1971 2nd 1981 2nd 1991 1st 2001 7th 2011 6th
1972 9th 1982 6th 1992 6th 2002 5th 2012 4th
1973 6th 1983 5th 1993 4th 2003 3rd 2013 9th
1974 10th 1984 17th 1994 6th 2004 3rd 2014 2nd
1975 5th 1985 22nd 1995 12th 2005 11th 2015
1976 25th 1986 1st 1996 11th 2006 1st
1977 1st 1987 6th 1997 12th 2007 1st
1978 2nd 1988 11th 1998 15th 2008 1st
1979 1989 2nd 1999 4th 2009 3rd
1980 9th 1990 2nd 2000 12th 2010 9th


  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ a b [1]
  8. ^ CBF
  9. ^ a b
  10. ^ Clubes mais ricos do Brasil 2011
  11. ^ A História do SPFC → Floresta, São Paulo Futebol Clube (per 2013-11-15)
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^ a b c
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^
  18. ^ – Gazeta EsportivaTricolor mais perto do Real Madrid (April 23, 2003) (retrieved on July 6, 2006)
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^

External links

  • Official Website (Portuguese)
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