World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rwandan cuisine

Article Id: WHEBN0026275793
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rwandan cuisine  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Malawian cuisine, Cuisine of Swaziland, Mauritanian cuisine, Cuisine of Seychelles, Cuisine of Guinea-Bissau
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rwandan cuisine

Rwanda's location in Africa.

The cuisine of Rwanda is based on local staple foods produced by the traditional subsistence-level agriculture and has historically varied between the country's different ethnic groups.[1]


Rwandan staples include bananas, plantains, pulses, sweet potatoes, beans, and cassava (manioc). Historically this is particularly true of the Twa and the Hutus who hunted and farmed. Their diet was high in vegetables and lacking in animal protein due to the small amount of animal products consumed. The Tutsis were traditionally pastoralists and consumed a higher amount of milk and dairy products.[1]

Many Rwandans do not eat meat more than a few times a month.[1] For those that live near lakes and have access to fish, tilapia is popular.[1] The potato, thought to have been introduced to Rwanda by German and Belgian colonists, is now very popular and is cultivated in the towns of Gitarama and Butare.[2]

National dishes

A plate of ugali and cabbage.

Various dishes have evolved from the range of basic foods consumed. Ugali (or bugali) is a paste made from maize and water, to form a porridge-like consistency that is eaten throughout East Africa.[3] Isombe is made from mashed cassava leaves and served with dried fish.[2]

Matoke is a dish made from baked or steamed plantains.[3] Ibihaza is made from pumpkins cut into pieces, mixed with beans and boiled without peeling them. Ground nuts paste Ikinyiga, and Millet flour paste umustima w’uburo both of these pastes are made from boiling water and flour, mixed to a porridge like consistency.[4]

In the restaurants in the capital city of Kigali, locals and expatriates eat a variety of international cuisine, including Indian, Chinese, Italian, and African.[5] In other cities and towns, the cuisine is simpler, often consisting of chicken, fish, goat or steak served with rice or french fries.[5]


Milk is a common drink among Tutsi.[6] Other popular drinks in Rwanda include fruit juice, wine and beer.[7] Commercial beers drunk in Rwanda include [8]

Beers feature in traditional rituals and ceremonies and are generally consumed only by men.[2] [9] Ubuki is made from fermented honey and has an alcohol content of about 12 per cent.[10]

See also



  1. ^ a b c d Adekunle, p.81
  2. ^ a b c Adekunle, p.13
  3. ^ a b c Auzias, p.74
  4. ^ "Different types of Rwandan Food". Retrieved 18 February 2012. 
  5. ^ a b Auzias, p.73
  6. ^ Adekunle, p.84
  7. ^ King, p.129
  8. ^ Adekunle, p.86
  9. ^ Adekunle, p.85
  10. ^ Twagilimana, p.19


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.