World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Robert Rodriguez

Robert Rodríguez
Rodriguez at the 2014 San Diego Comic-Con, July 2014
Born Robert Anthony Rodríguez
(1968-06-20) June 20, 1968 [1]
San Antonio, Texas, U.S.
Education St. Anthony Catholic High School
Alma mater College of Communication
University of Texas
Occupation Film director, film producer, screenwriter, film editor, cinematographer, musician, actor
Years active 1991–present
Notable work El Mariachi, Desperado, Spy Kids, Sin City, Grindhouse, Machete
Spouse(s) Elizabeth Avellán (1990–2006)
Partner(s) Rose McGowan (2007–09)
Website Troublemaker Studios

Robert Anthony Rodríguez (born June 20, 1968)[2] is an American film director, screenwriter, producer, cinematographer, editor, cartoonist and musician. He shoots and produces many of his films in Mexico and his home state, Texas.

Rodriguez directed the 1992 action film El Mariachi, which was a commercial success after grossing $2 million against a budget of $7,000. The film spawned two sequels known collectively as the Mexico Trilogy: Desperado and Once Upon a Time in Mexico. He directed From Dusk till Dawn in 1997 and developed its television adaptation series (2014–present).[3] Rodriguez co-directed the 2005 neo-noir crime thriller anthology Sin City (adapted from the graphic novel of the same name) and the 2014 sequel, Sin City: A Dame to Kill For. Rodriguez also directed the Spy Kids films, The Faculty, The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D, Planet Terror, Machete, and the Demi Lovato music video "Confident".

He is a friend and frequent collaborator of filmmaker Quentin Tarantino, who founded the production company A Band Apart, which Rodriguez was a member of. In December 2013, Rodriguez launched his own cable television channel, El Rey.[4]


  • Early life 1
  • Career 2
    • Early career 2.1
    • Mainstream success 2.2
    • Predators 2.3
    • Machete 2.4
    • Unproduced projects and upcoming films 2.5
  • Personal life 3
  • The "one-man film crew" and "Mariachi-style" 4
  • Selected filmography 5
  • Awards and nominations 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Early life

Rodríguez was born in San Antonio, Texas, the son of Mexican-American parents Elizabeth (née Villegas), a nurse, and Cecilio G. Rodríguez, a salesman.[5][6] He began his interest in film at age eleven, when his father bought one of the first VCRs, which came with a camera.[7]

While attending St. Anthony High School Seminary in San Antonio, he was commissioned to videotape the school's football games. According to his sister he was fired soon afterward for shooting them with a cinematic style, getting shots of parents' reactions and the ball traveling through the air instead of shooting the whole play. There he met Carlos Gallardo; they both shot films on video throughout high school and college. After graduating Rodriguez went to the College of Communication at the University of Texas at Austin, where he also developed a love of cartooning. His grades were not high enough to get into the school's film program, so he invented a daily comic strip entitled Los Hooligans with many of the characters based on his siblings – in particular, one of his sisters, Maricarmen. The comic proved to be quite successful, running for three years in the student newspaper The Daily Texan, while Rodríguez continued to make short films.

Rodríguez grew up shooting action and horror short films on video, and editing on two VCRs. Finally, in the fall of 1990, his entry in a local film contest earned him a spot in the university's film program where he made the award-winning 16 mm short Bedhead (1991). The film chronicles the amusing misadventures of a young girl whose older brother sports an incredibly tangled mess of hair that she cannot tolerate. Even at this early stage, Rodríguez's trademark style began to emerge: quick cuts, intense zooms, and fast camera movements deployed with a sense of humor that offsets the action.


Early career

The short film "Bedhead" attracted enough attention to encourage him to seriously attempt a career as a filmmaker. He went on to shoot the action flick El Mariachi in Spanish. El Mariachi, which was shot for around $7,000 with money raised by his friend Carlos Gallardo and participating in medical research studies, won the Audience Award at the Sundance Film Festival in 1993. The film, originally intended for the Spanish-language low-budget home-video market, was "cleaned up" with post-production work costing several hundred thousand dollars before being distributed by Columbia Pictures in the United States, still being promoted as "the movie made for $7,000". Rodríguez described his experiences making the film in his book Rebel Without a Crew.

Bedhead 1991 – was recognized for excellence in the Black Maria Film Festival, and was selected by Film/Video Curator Sally Berger, for the Black Maria 20th anniversary retrospective at MoMA in 2006.

Mainstream success

Desperado, was a sequel to El Mariachi that starred Antonio Banderas and introduced Salma Hayek to American audiences. Rodríguez went on to collaborate with Quentin Tarantino on the vampire thriller From Dusk till Dawn (also both co-producing its two sequels), and he is currently writing, directing, and producing the TV series for his own cable network, El Rey.[8] Rodriguez has also worked with Kevin Williamson, on the horror film The Faculty.

In 2001, Rodríguez enjoyed his first Hollywood hit with Spy Kids, which went on to become a movie franchise. A third "mariachi" film also appeared in late 2003, Once Upon a Time in Mexico, which completed the Mexico Trilogy (also called the Mariachi Trilogy). He operates a production company called Troublemaker Studios, formerly Los Hooligans Productions.

Rodríguez co-directed Sin City (2005), an adaptation of the Frank Miller Sin City comic books; Quentin Tarantino guest-directed a scene. During production in 2004, Rodríguez insisted that Miller would be credited as co-director, because he considered the visual style of Miller's comic art to be just as important as his own in the film. However, the Directors Guild of America would not allow it, citing that only "legitimate teams", e.g., the Wachowskis, could share the director's credit. Rodríguez chose to resign from the DGA, stating, "It was easier for me to quietly resign before shooting because otherwise I'd be forced to make compromises I was unwilling to make or set a precedent that might hurt the guild later on." By resigning from the DGA, Rodríguez was forced to relinquish his director's seat on the film John Carter of Mars for Paramount Pictures. Rodríguez had already signed on and had been announced as director of that film, planning to begin filming soon after completing Sin City.

Sin City was a critical hit in 2005 as well as a box office success, particularly for a hyperviolent comic book adaptation that did not have name recognition comparable to the X-Men or Spider-Man. He has stated that he is interested in eventually adapting all of Miller's Sin City comic books.

Rodríguez released The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D in 2005, a superhero-kid movie intended for the same younger audiences as his Spy Kids series. Sharkboy and Lavagirl was based on a story conceived by Rodríguez's 7-year-old son, Racer, who was given credit for the screenplay. The film was not a major success, grossing just $39 million at the box office.

Rodríguez wrote and directed the film Planet Terror as part of the double-bill release Grindhouse (2007). Quentin Tarantino directed Grindhouse's other film.

He also has a series of "Ten Minute Film School" segments on several of his DVD releases, showing aspiring filmmakers how to make good, profitable movies using inexpensive tactics. Starting with the Once Upon a Time in Mexico DVD, Rodríguez began creating a series called, "Ten Minute Cooking School" where he revealed his recipe for "Puerco Pibil" (based on Cochinita pibil, an old dish from Yucatán), the same food Johnny Depp's character, "Agent Sands" ate in the film. The popularity of this series led to the inclusion of another "Cooking School" on the two-disc version of the Sin City DVD where Rodríguez teaches the viewer how to make "Sin City Breakfast Tacos", a dish (made for his cast and crew during late-night shoots and editing sessions) utilizing his grandmother's tortilla recipe and different egg mixes for the filling. He had initially planned to release a third "Cooking School" with the DVD release of Planet Terror but then announced on the "Film School" segment of the DVD that he would put it on the Grindhouse DVD set instead. The Cooking School, titled "Texas Barbecue...from the GRAVE!", is a dish based on the "secret barbecue recipe" of JT Hague, Jeff Fahey's character in the film.[9]

Rodríguez is a strong supporter of

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^ "Robert Rodriguez Biography" Friday Moviez Entertainment Guaranteed
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Once Upon a Time in Mexico DVD feature "Film is Dead".
  11. ^
  12. ^
  13. ^
  14. ^
  15. ^
  16. ^
  17. ^ a b c d e
  18. ^
  19. ^
  20. ^
  21. ^
  22. ^
  23. ^
  24. ^
  25. ^
  26. ^
  27. ^
  28. ^
  29. ^
  30. ^
  31. ^
  32. ^ The DV Rebel's Guide: An All-Digital Approach to Making Killer Action Movies on the Cheap, Stu Maschwitz (2007).


See also

Year Award Category Film Result
1993 Deauville American Film Festival Award Audience Award El Mariachi Won
Critics Award Nominated
Sundance Film Festival Award Audience Award for Best Dramatic Film Won
Grand Jury Prize Nominated
1994 Independent Spirit Award Best Director Nominated
Best First Feature
Shared with Carlos Gallardo
1996 Saturn Award Best Director From Dusk till Dawn Nominated
Silver Scream Award Best Film Won
1999 ALMA Award Outstanding Latino Director of a Feature Film The Faculty Nominated
2002 Outstanding Director in a Motion Picture Spy Kids Won
Outstanding Screenplay (Original or Adapted) Nominated
2003 ASCAP Award Top Box Office Films
Shared with John Debney
Spy Kids 2: Island of Lost Dreams Won
Imagen Award Best Director (Foreign or Domestic) – Film Won
2004 ASCAP Award Top Box Office Films Spy Kids 3-D: Game Over Won
Golden Satellite Award Best Original Song Once Upon a Time in Mexico Won
2005 Cannes Film Festival Award Technical Grand Prize Sin City Won
Palme d'Or
Shared with Frank Miller
Phoenix Film Critics Society Award Best Editing Won
Satellite Award Outstanding Cinematography Nominated
Outstanding Film Editing Nominated
Outstanding Original Score Nominated
Outstanding Sound (Mixing & Editing)
Shared with John Pritchett, Sergio Reyes, Paula Fairfield, William Jacobs & Carla Murray
Outstanding Visual Effects Nominated
2006 ALMA Award Outstanding Director of a Motion Picture Nominated
ASCAP Award Top Box Office Films
Shared with John Debney
Czech Lion Best Foreign Language Film (Nejlepsí zahranicní film)
Shared with Frank Miller & Quentin Tarantino
Imagen Award Best Director Nominated
The Adventures of Sharkboy and Lavagirl in 3-D Nominated
2007 Austin Film Critics Association Award Austin Film Award
Shared with Quentin Tarantino
Grindhouse Nominated
ShoWest Award Director of the Year
Shared with Quentin Tarantino

Awards and nominations

Selected filmography

He calls his style of making movies "Mariachi-style" (in reference to his first feature film El Mariachi) in which (according to the back cover of his book Rebel Without a Crew) "Creativity, not money, is used to solve problems." Stu Maschwitz coined the term "Robert Rodriguez list", i.e. you make a list of things you have access to like cool cars, apartments, horses, samurai swords and so on, and then write the screenplay based on that list.[32]

Rodríguez not only has the credits of producing, directing and writing his films, he also frequently serves as editor, director of photography, camera operator, steadicam operator, composer, production designer, visual effects supervisor, and sound editor on his films. This has earned him the nickname of "the one-man film crew". He abbreviates his numerous roles in his film credits; Once Upon a Time in Mexico, for instance, is "shot, chopped, and scored by Robert Rodriguez", and Sin City is "shot and cut by Robert Rodriguez".

The "one-man film crew" and "Mariachi-style"

In March 2014, Rodriguez showed his collection of Frank Frazetta original paintings in Austin, Texas, during the SXSW festival.[31]

In October 2010, he walked Alexa Vega down the aisle at her wedding to producer Sean Covel.

He reportedly had a "dalliance"[25] with actress Rose McGowan during the shooting of Grindhouse.[26] In October 2007, Elle Magazine revealed that Rodríguez cast McGowan as the title role in his remake of Barbarella.[27] After some reports of their breaking up[28] and being together again,[29] they split up in October 2009.[30]

Rodríguez announced in April 2006 that he and his wife Elizabeth Avellán, with whom he had five children, had separated after 16 years of marriage.[24] Avellán has continued to produce most of his films since the split-up, so their professional relationship has continued.

Personal life

In late October 2015, Rodriguz appeared on the RoosterTeeth Podcast, in which he discussed with the cast about all the work that goes into film's pre and post production. They also discussed some of the projects Rodriguz had worked on in "Stage 5" in Austin, Texas.[23]

In 2011, Rodríguez announced at Comic-Con that he had purchased the film rights to Heavy Metal and planned to develop a new animated film at the new Quick Draw Studios.[22]

As of May 2009, Rodríguez plans to produce a live-action remake of Fire and Ice, a 1983 film collaboration between painter Frank Frazetta and animator Ralph Bakshi. The deal was closed shortly after Frazetta's death.[17]

In May 2008 Rodríguez is said to be shopping around a prison drama television series called Woman in Chains!, with Rose McGowan being a possibility for a lead role.[21]

In May 2007 it was announced that Rodríguez had signed on to direct a remake of Barbarella for a 2008 release.[18] At the 2007 Comic-Con convention, actress Rosario Dawson announced that because of Barbarella, production of Sin City 2 would be put on hold. She also announced that she would be playing an amazon in the Barbarella film.[19] As of June 2008, plans to remake the film Barbarella with Rose McGowan as the lead have been delayed; the actress and director are instead remaking the film Red Sonja.[20]

Since 1998, he has owned the film rights to WonderCon that production would likely commence on Madman the Movie in 2006. Huang is actually friends with Rodriguez, who advised him to pursue filmmaking as a career when Rodriguez landed a deal with Columbia Pictures where Huang was an employee.

Unproduced projects and upcoming films

On May 5, 2010, Robert Rodríguez responded to Arizona's controversial immigration law by releasing an "illegal" trailer on Ain't It Cool News.[16] The fake trailer combined elements of the Machete trailer that appeared in Grindhouse with footage from the actual film,[17] and implied that the film would be about Machete leading a revolt against anti-immigration politicians and border vigilantes.[17] Several movie websites, including Internet Movie Database, reported that it was the official teaser for the film.[17] However, Rodriguez later revealed the trailer to be a joke, explaining "it was Cinco de Mayo and I had too much tequila."[17]

Rodríguez hoped to film Machete at the same time as Sin City 2.[14] Additionally, during Comic-Con International 2008, he took the time to speak about Machete, including such topics as: status, possible sequels after the release of Machete, and production priorities.[15] It was also revealed that he has regularly pulled sequences from it for his other productions including Once Upon a Time in Mexico. Machete was released in theaters September 3, 2010 in the U.S.A.

According to Rodríguez, the origins of the film go back to Desperado. He says, "When I met Danny, I said, 'This guy should be like the Mexican Jean-Claude Van Damme or Charles Bronson, putting out a movie every year and his name should be Machete.' So I decided to do that way back when, never got around to it until finally now. So now, of course, I want to keep going and do a feature."[12] In an interview with Rolling Stone magazine, Rodriguez said that he wrote the screenplay back in 1993 when he cast Trejo in Desperado. "So I wrote him this idea of a federale from Mexico who gets hired to do hatchet jobs in the U.S. I had heard sometimes FBI or DEA have a really tough job that they don't want to get their own agents killed on, they'll hire an agent from Mexico to come do the job for $25,000. I thought, "That's Machete. He would come and do a really dangerous job for a lot of money to him but for everyone else over here it's peanuts." But I never got around to making it."[13]

Machete is a feature film directed by Rodríguez and released in September 2010. It is an expansion of a fake trailer Rodriguez directed for the 2007 film Grindhouse. It starred Danny Trejo as the title character. Trejo, Rodriguez' 2nd cousin, has worked with him in some of his other movies such as Desperado, From Dusk till Dawn, Once Upon a Time in Mexico and Spy Kids, where Trejo's character was also known as Machete. Although originally announced to be released direct-to-DVD as an extra on the Planet Terror DVD, the film was produced as a theatrical release.[11]


On April 23, 2009, it was announced that Rodríguez would produce a new Predator sequel, entitled Predators. This film's script was based on early drafts he had written after seeing the original. Rodriguez's ideas included a planet-sized game preserve and various creatures used by the Predators to hunt a group of abducted yet skilled humans. Opening to mostly positive reviews, the film fared reasonably well at the box office.

Rodríguez at the premiere of Grindhouse, Austin, Texas, 2007


. Austin Film Festival He was presented with the Extraordinary Contribution to Filmmaking Award at the 2010 [10]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.