World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rick Santorum

Article Id: WHEBN0026713474
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rick Santorum  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Straw polls for the Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012, Results of the Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012, Republican Party presidential debates, 2012, Nationwide opinion polling for the Republican Party 2012 presidential primaries, Republican Party presidential primaries, 2012
Collection: 1958 Births, 21St-Century American Writers, American Male Writers, American People of Irish Descent, American People of Italian Descent, American Political Pundits, American Political Writers, American Roman Catholics, College Republicans, Dickinson School of Law Alumni, Fox News Channel People, Intelligent Design Advocates, Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business Alumni, Knights of Malta, Living People, Members of the United States House of Representatives from Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania Lawyers, Pennsylvania Republicans, Pennsylvania State University Alumni, People from Berkeley County, West Virginia, People from Winchester, Virginia, Politicians from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, Republican Party Members of the United States House of Representatives, Republican Party United States Senators, Rick Santorum, The Philadelphia Inquirer People, United States Presidential Candidates, 2012, United States Presidential Candidates, 2016, United States Senators from Pennsylvania, University of Pittsburgh Alumni, Writers from Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rick Santorum

Rick Santorum
Santorum in 2013.
United States Senator
from Pennsylvania
In office
January 3, 1995 – January 3, 2007
Preceded by Harris Wofford
Succeeded by Bob Casey, Jr.
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 18th district
In office
January 3, 1991 – January 3, 1995
Preceded by Doug Walgren
Succeeded by Mike Doyle
Personal details
Born Richard John Santorum
(1958-05-10) May 10, 1958
Winchester, Virginia, U.S.
Political party Republican
Spouse(s) Karen Garver Santorum (m. 1990)
Children 8 (1 deceased)
Residence Great Falls, Virginia, U.S.[1][2]
Alma mater Pennsylvania State University (BA)
University of Pittsburgh (MBA)
Dickinson School of Law (now part of Penn State) (JD)[3]
Occupation Attorney, politician
Religion Roman Catholicism[4]
Website .comricksantorum

Richard John "Rick" Santorum (born May 10, 1958) is an American attorney and Republican Party politician. He served as a United States Senator representing Pennsylvania (1995-2007) and was the Senate's third-ranking Republican (2001-07).[5] He ran as a candidate for the 2012 Republican Party presidential nomination,[6] finishing second to the eventual Republican nominee Mitt Romney.

Born in Virginia, Santorum was raised primarily in Butler, Pennsylvania. He obtained an undergraduate degree from Pennsylvania State University, an M.B.A. from the University of Pittsburgh, and a J.D. from the Dickinson School of Law (now part of Penn State). Santorum worked as an attorney at Kirkpatrick & Lockhart, where he met Karen Garver. They married in 1990, and have seven living children (one child died shortly after birth). Santorum was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives to represent Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district in 1990 and later became a member of a group dubbed the "Gang of Seven".

Santorum was elected as a United States Senator for Pennsylvania in 1994. He served two terms until losing his re-election bid in 2006. A devout, practicing Catholic, Santorum is a social conservative who opposes same-sex marriage and artificial birth control. While serving as a senator, Santorum was the author of what came to be known as the Santorum Amendment, which promoted the teaching of intelligent design. In 2005, Santorum introduced the Workplace Religious Freedom Act along with Senator John Kerry.

In the years following his departure from the Senate, Santorum worked as a consultant, private-practice lawyer, and news contributor. On June 6, 2011 Santorum announced his run for the Republican nomination in the 2012 U.S. presidential election. Upon announcing his campaign suspension on April 10, 2012, he had won 11 primaries and caucuses and received nearly 4 million votes. Santorum officially endorsed Mitt Romney on May 7, 2012.[7]


  • Early life and education 1
  • Early career 2
  • U.S. House of Representatives (1991–1995) 3
  • U.S. Senate (1995–2007) 4
    • Tenure 4.1
    • Legislative proposals 4.2
      • Religious freedom initiatives 4.2.1
      • Teaching of evolution and intelligent design 4.2.2
      • National Weather Service Duties Act 4.2.3
    • Foreign policy 4.3
    • Party leadership and other actions 4.4
      • K Street Project 4.4.1
    • 2006 campaign 4.5
  • Post-Senate career 5
    • Lawyer, political consultant and commentator 5.1
    • Speculation of political plans 5.2
    • 2012 presidential campaign 5.3
    • Post-primary-race campaign 5.4
      • 2012 RNC speech 5.4.1
      • American Patriots 5.4.2
      • WorldNetDaily commentator 5.4.3
      • Possible 2016 presidential run 5.4.4
  • Patriot Voices 6
  • Religious faith 7
  • Political positions 8
    • Abortion 8.1
    • Health care 8.2
    • LGBT rights 8.3
    • Contraception 8.4
    • Pornography 8.5
    • Death penalty 8.6
    • Libertarianism 8.7
    • Poverty 8.8
    • Illegal immigration 8.9
    • Social Security 8.10
    • Energy and environment 8.11
    • Gun control 8.12
    • Euthanasia 8.13
  • Personal life 9
  • Business ventures 10
  • Books 11
    • Works 11.1
  • See also 12
  • References 13
  • External links 14

Early life and education

Rick Santorum is the middle of the three children of Aldo Santorum (1923–2011), a clinical psychologist who immigrated to the United States at age seven from Riva del Garda, Italy,[8] and Catherine (Dughi) Santorum (b. 1918), an administrative nurse[8][9][10] who is of Italian and Irish descent.[11]

Santorum was born in Winchester, Virginia,[12] and grew up in Berkeley County, West Virginia, and Butler County, Pennsylvania. In West Virginia, his family lived in an apartment provided by the Veterans Administration.[13] As a Butler Area public schools student, he was nicknamed "Rooster", supposedly for both a cowlick strand of hair and an assertive nature, particularly on important political issues.[14][15][16][17] After his parents transferred to the Naval Station Great Lakes in northern Illinois, Santorum attended the Roman Catholic Carmel High School in Mundelein, Illinois, for one year, graduating in 1976.[18]

Santorum attended Pennsylvania State University for his undergraduate studies, serving as chairman of the university's College Republicans chapter and graduating with honors in 1980 with a Bachelor of Arts in political science.[19] While at Penn State, Santorum joined the Tau Epsilon Phi fraternity.[20] He then completed a one-year Master of Business Administration program at the University of Pittsburgh's Joseph M. Katz Graduate School of Business, graduating in 1981.[21]

In 1986, Santorum received a Juris Doctor with honors from Dickinson School of Law, which in 2000 became the law school of Penn State University. [22]

Early career

Santorum first became actively involved in politics in the 1970s through volunteering for Senator John Heinz, a Republican from Pennsylvania.[23] Additionally, while working on his law degree, Santorum was an administrative assistant to Republican state senator Doyle Corman, serving as director of the Pennsylvania Senate's local government committee from 1981 to 1984, then director of its transportation committee.[22]

After graduating, Santorum was admitted to the Pennsylvania bar and practiced law for four years at the Pittsburgh law firm Kirkpatrick & Lockhart, a firm known for raising political candidates and lobbyists (later named K&L Gates). As an associate, he successfully lobbied on behalf of the World Wrestling Federation to deregulate professional wrestling, arguing that it should be exempt from federal anabolic steroid regulations because it was entertainment, not a sport.[24][25][26] Santorum left his private law practice in 1990 after his election to the House of Representatives.

U.S. House of Representatives (1991–1995)

Having been groomed by Kirkpatrick & Lockhart, Santorum decided Democratic congressman Doug Walgren was vulnerable, and took up residence in Walgren's district. Needing money and political support, he courted GOP activist and major donor Elsie Hillman,[27] the chair of the state Republican Party.[27] In 1990, at age 32, Santorum was elected to the U.S. House of Representatives to represent Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district, located in the eastern suburbs of Pittsburgh. He scored a significant upset in the heavily Democratic district, defeating seven-term Democratic incumbent Doug Walgren by a 51%–49% margin.[28] During his campaign Santorum repeatedly criticized Walgren for living outside the district for most of the year.[29] Although the 18th District was redrawn for the 1992 elections, and the new district had a 3:1 ratio of registered Democrats to Republicans, Santorum still won re-election with 61% of the vote.[30]

In 1993, Santorum was one of 17 House Republicans who sided with most Democrats to support legislation that prohibited employers from permanently replacing striking employees.[31] He also joined a minority of Republicans to vote against the North American Free Trade Agreement that year.[32] As a member of the Gang of Seven, Santorum was involved in exposing of members of Congress involved in the House banking scandal.

U.S. Senate (1995–2007)

Santorum served in the United States Senate representing Pennsylvania from 1995 to 2007.


Santorum served in the United States Senate representing Pennsylvania from 1995 to 2007. From 2001 until 2007, he was the Senate's third-ranking Republican.[5] He was first elected to the Senate during the 1994 Republican takeover, narrowly defeating incumbent Democrat Harris Wofford 49% to 47%. The theme of Santorum's 1994 campaign signs was "Join the Fight!" During the race, he was considered an underdog, as his opponent was 32 years his senior.[33] He was re-elected in 2000, defeating U.S. Congressman Ron Klink by a 52–46% margin. In his re-election bid of 2006, he lost to Democrat Bob Casey Jr.[34] by a 59–41% margin.

After his election to the Senate in 1994, Santorum sought to "practice what [he] preached" and hired five people for his staff who were on welfare, food stamps, or other government aid.[35]

In 1996, Santorum served as Chairman of the Republican Party Task Force on Welfare Reform, and contributed to legislation that became the Personal Responsibility and Work Opportunity Act. Santorum was an author and the floor manager of the bill.[36] In 1996, Santorum endorsed moderate Republican Arlen Specter in his short-lived campaign for president. Reporters have observed that though Santorum and Specter differed on social policy, Specter provided him with key political staff for his successful run in 1994.[37]

The [38]

Legislative proposals

Religious freedom initiatives

Santorum, Sen. Flight 93 National Memorial Act.
Santorum, at right, alongside seven other Tax Relief and Health Care Act of 2006[39]

In 2002, Santorum was an cosponsor of that year's attempt to pass the Workplace Religious Freedom Act (WRFA).[40] The bill had first been introduced in the Senate by Senator John Kerry (D-MA) in 1996, having been introduced in the House by Rep. Jerrold Nadler (D-NY) in 1994. Although Santorum was in the Senate at the time, he was not a sponsor of the bill when it was introduced in 1996, or when it was reintroduced in 1997 and 1999.[41][42][43] Once signed on as a cosponsor, Santorum remained so throughout his tenure in the Senate. However, the bill did not pass while Santorum was in the Senate (and has not passed as of 2013, despite further reintroductions of the bill).

Santorum also founded the Congressional Working Group on Religious Freedom in 2003.[44][45] The working group included members of both the Senate and the House of Representatives, and met monthly to address issues such as the Workplace Religious Freedom Act, tax-exempt status for churches, the CARE act, international religious freedom, and anti-semitism.[39]

Teaching of evolution and intelligent design

Santorum added to the 2001 No Child Left Behind bill a provision that would have provided more freedom to schools in teaching about the origins of life, including the teaching of intelligent design along with evolution.[46][47] The bill, with the Santorum Amendment included, passed the Senate 91–8[46][48] and was hailed as a victory by intelligent design promoters.[49][50][51][52] However, before the bill became law, scientific and educational groups successfully urged its conference committee to strike the Santorum Amendment from the final version. Intelligent design supporters in Congress then preserved the language of the Santorum Amendment in the conference committee report of the legislative history of the bill.[49][50][51][52][53] The Discovery Institute and other intelligent design proponents point to this report as "a clear endorsement by Congress of the importance of teaching a variety of scientific views about the theory of evolution."[54][55]

In 2002, Santorum called intelligent design "a legitimate scientific theory that should be taught in science classes",[56] but by 2005 he had adopted the Teach the Controversy approach.[57][58] He told National Public Radio, "I'm not comfortable with intelligent design being taught in the science classroom. What we should be teaching are the problems and holes ... in the theory of evolution."[59] Later that year, Santorum resigned from the advisory board of the Christian-rights Thomas More Law Center after the Center's lawyers lost a case representing a school board that had required the teaching of intelligent design.[60] Santorum, who had previously supported the school board's policy, indicated he had not realized that certain members of the board had been motivated by religious beliefs.[60] Santorum critics claimed he was backtracking from his earlier position because he was facing a tough reelection fight for 2006.[60] When asked in November 2011 about his views on evolution, Santorum stated that he believes that evolution occurred on a tiny, micro level.[61]

National Weather Service Duties Act

Santorum introduced the National Weather Service Duties Act of 2005[62][63] which aimed to prohibit the National Weather Service from releasing weather data to the public without charge where private-sector entities perform the same function commercially.[64] The

United States House of Representatives
Preceded by
Doug Walgren
Member of the U.S. House of Representatives
from Pennsylvania's 18th congressional district

Succeeded by
Mike Doyle
United States Senate
Preceded by
Harris Wofford
U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Pennsylvania
Served alongside: Arlen Specter
Succeeded by
Bob Casey, Jr.
Party political offices
Preceded by
Connie Mack III
Chairman of the Senate Republican Conference
Succeeded by
Jon Kyl
Preceded by
Dick Thornburgh
Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Pennsylvania
(Class 1)

1994, 2000, 2006
Succeeded by
Tom Smith
Honorary titles
Preceded by
Russ Feingold
Youngest member of the United States Senate
Succeeded by
Peter Fitzgerald
  • Excerpt from Santorum interview USA Today, April 23, 2003
  • Lawsuit Abuse Critic Explains Suit ABC Primetime, November 10, 2005
  • Editorial: Charities on the Hill Washington Post, March 7, 2006
  • Santorum Against the World, Michael Dougherty, The American Conservative, July 30, 2007

External links

  1. ^ "Santorum Fails to Make Virginia Primary Ballot". PoliticsPA. December 23, 2011. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  2. ^ "GOP cribs: Where the candidates live". CNN. 
  3. ^ Penn State Law website Former U.S. Sen. Rick Santorum who graduated both from Penn State in Political Science ’80, and the Law School ’86
  4. ^ a b c Michael Sokolove (May 22, 2005). "The Believer". The New York Times Magazine. Retrieved January 11, 2011. 
  5. ^ a b "Rick Santorum News and Video". Fox News. April 7, 2010. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  6. ^ Shear, Michael D. (April 10, 2012). "Santorum Suspends Presidential Campaign". The New York Times. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  7. ^ Reston, Maeve (May 7, 2012). "Rick Santorum endorses Mitt Romney in late-night email". Los Angeles Times. Retrieved May 8, 2012. 
  8. ^ a b "Aldo Santorum Obituary". Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  9. ^ "Pennsylvania Town Hall – Pennsylvania's Marketplace of Ideas". January 15, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  10. ^ Zito, Salena (January 21, 2011). "Psychologist "Aldo Santorum devoted career to fellow veterans" work=Pittsburgh Tribune-Review". Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  11. ^ "The Senator's Biography". Santorum's Senate website. Archived from the original on December 30, 2006. Retrieved December 30, 2006. ;
    Steve Goldstein (April 17, 2005). "Big Profile, Big Target". Beaver County Times. 
    "Santorum genealogy". Retrieved June 18, 2010. ;
    The Pennsylvania Manual. Dept. of General Services for the Commonwealth of Pennsylvania. January 6, 2011. Retrieved July 22, 2011. 
  12. ^ "GOP Candidate Rick Santorum's Daughter Hospitalized In Virginia".  
  13. ^ Paul West (February 26, 2012). "Santorum and Romney fight their own class war in Michigan". Los Angeles Times. 
  14. ^ Ball, Molly (January 2, 2012). "Who Is Rick Santorum?". The Atlantic. Retrieved January 20, 2012.  quoting a 2005 article: Newall, Mike (October 5, 2005). "The Path of the Righteous Man: How Rick Santorum became the nation's evangelical poster boy". Philadelphia CityPaper. Retrieved January 20, 2012. Everybody called him "Rooster" because of a strand of hair on the back of his head which stood up, and because of his competitive, in-your-face attitude. 'He would debate anything and everything with you, mostly sports,' says Goettler. 'He was like a rooster. He never backed down.' 
  15. ^ Melinda Henneberger (December 15, 2011). "Rick Santorum is long on substance, short on support". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  16. ^ Butler Senior High School classbook, The Magnet, 1975
  17. ^ a b "Nation & World: 20 things about Rick Santorum – US News and World Report". June 16, 2006. Retrieved January 11, 2012. 
  18. ^ Tony Scifo (November 5, 1996). "Carmel's political alumni return for chat with students Carmel High School". Daily Herald. 
  19. ^ Murray, Michael (August 26, 2011). "Santorum to visit Penn State". The Daily Collegian. Retrieved February 14, 2012. 
  20. ^ Cherkis, Jason (March 5, 2012). "Rick Santorum's Frat Brothers Perplexed By Claims Of Cultural Oppression". HuffingtonPost. Retrieved June 30, 2012. 
  21. ^ New York Times At a Glance: Rick Santorum October 1, 2011
  22. ^ a b The Pennsylvania Manual, Vol 116, Section Eight: The Federal Government, pages 8-11, 2003. Retrieved 2013-05-05.
  23. ^ Cherkis, Jason (February 26, 2012). "Rick Santorum: A Conservative Who Once Defended Labor Unions, Gays In Military, Art Funding". Huffington Post. Retrieved 2012-03-09. 
  24. ^ Tapper, Jake (January 4, 2012). "Rick Santorum, Mr. Bipartisan Compromise – and Mr. Pro Wrestling?". ABC News. Retrieved February 12, 2012. 
  25. ^ Ball, Molly (January 2, 2012). "11 Things You Might Not Know About Rick Santorum". The Atlantic. 
  26. ^ Fitzgerald, Thomas (October 22, 2010). "Conn. race a body slam – with Pa. ties: GOP Senate hopefuls rise got boost from Santorum.". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A.1. 
  27. ^ a b Konigsberg, Eric (1995). "A Funny Thing Happened On the Way To Santorum".  
  28. ^ , November 7, 1990"The Pittsburgh Press". Google. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  29. ^ "Santorum elated at upset victory to win 18th District seat in Congress". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. November 7, 1990. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  30. ^ "Santorum, Klink win House races". Observer Reporter. Washington, PA. November 4, 1992. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  31. ^ Greg Giroux; Heidi Przybyla (January 4, 2012). "Santorum Pro-Labor Votes Lurk as Rivals Attack Early on Earmarks". Bloomberg News.
  32. ^ John Vaught LaBeaume (January 9, 2012)"Santorum to Examiner: Stands by '93 NAFTA 'nay'" Washington Examiner
  33. ^ "Rick Santorum – Politics News Story – WRTV Indianapolis". October 17, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  34. ^ "Fact Check: Is Santorum The Biggest (Senate) Loser?" NJ Today. Retrieved February 12, 2012.
  35. ^ Santorum, Rick. Blue Collar Conservatives: Recommitting to an America that Works. Regnery Publishing, 2014, pg. 97.
  36. ^ Hicks, Josh (January 12, 2012). "Rick Santorum and welfare reform (Fact Checker biography)". The Washington Post / The Fact Checker. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  37. ^ Reeves, Frank; Torry, Jack; Shelly, Peter J. (November 26, 1995). "Santorum says he's in no hurry to back candidate". Pittsburgh Post–Gazette. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  38. ^ "Was Santorum a Senate Spendthrift?". The Weekly Standard. February 15, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  39. ^ a b "Senate Religious Freedom Agenda". The United States Senate. Retrieved 16 January 2014. 
  40. ^ "S.2572 - Workplace Religious Freedom Act of 2002". The Library of Congress. Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  41. ^ "Bill Summary & Status: 104th Congress (1995 - 1996) S.2071". The Library of Congress (Thomas). Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  42. ^ "S.1124 - Workplace Religious Freedom Act of 1997". Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  43. ^ "Bill Summary & Status 106th Congress (1999 - 2000) S.1668 Cosponsors". The Library of Congress (Thomas). Retrieved 15 December 2013. 
  44. ^ "Congressional Record - 109th Congress (2005-2006) - THOMAS (Library of Congress)". February 16, 2006. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  45. ^ "CONGRESSIONAL RECORD—SENATE". U.S. Government Printing Office. February 16, 2006. pp. S1407–1409. 
  46. ^ a b Peter Slevin (March 14, 2005). "Battle on Teaching Evolution Sharpens". The Washington Post. 
  47. ^ "Is There a Federal Mandate to Teach Intelligent Design Creationism?" (PDF).  
  48. ^ "We'd Like Some Answers Origin of man, universe continues to cause debate". Alumni News Stories.  
  49. ^ a b "Language on evolution attached to education law". Issues in Science and Technology.  
  50. ^ a b Kitzmiller v. Dover Area School District. p. 89. "ID's backers have sought to avoid the scientific scrutiny ... by advocating that the controversy, but not ID itself, should be taught in science class. This tactic is at best disingenuous ..."
  51. ^ a b George J. Annas (May 25, 2006)."Intelligent Judging – Evolution in the Classroom and the Courtroom". New England Journal of Medicine. 354:2277–2281. "... as long as the controversy is taught in classes on current affairs, politics, or religion, and not in science classes, neither scientists nor citizens should be concerned."
  52. ^ a b "AAAS Statement on the Teaching of Evolution". American Association for the Advancement of Science. February 16, 2006. "... there is no significant controversy within the scientific community about the validity of the theory of evolution. The current controversy surrounding the teaching of evolution is not a scientific one."
  53. ^ Santorum, Rick (December 18, 2001). "No child left behind act of 2001—conference report".  
  54. ^  
  55. ^  
  56. ^ Rick Santorum (March 14, 2002). "Illiberal Education in Ohio Schools". The Washington Times. 
  57. ^ Rick Santorum (January 14, 2005). "Teach the Controversy". Allentown Morning Call. 
  58. ^ Annas, George J. (2006). "Intelligent Judging – Evolution in the Classroom and the Courtroom".  
  59. ^ "'"Rick Santorum, 'It Takes a Family. Interview with Rick Santorum ( 
  60. ^ a b c "Santorum Breaks With Christian-Rights Law Center". The Washington Post. December 23, 2005. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  61. ^ Mirkinson, Jack (September 8, 2011). "Chris Matthews, Rick Santorum argue after Republican debate (video)". Huffington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  62. ^ "ADDS – Aviation Digital Data Service". June 24, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  63. ^ "National Weather Services Duties Act of 2005 (Introduced in Senate)". Retrieved August 23, 2006. 
  64. ^ a b Babington, Charles (September 10, 2005). "Some GOP Legislators Hit Jarring Notes in Addressing Katrina". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  65. ^ a b "AOPA Online: Air Traffic Services Brief – National Weather Service Duties Act of 2005 – Santorum Bill S. 786". Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  66. ^ "Election '06". The Sunday Patriot – News (Harrisburg, Pa). August 27, 2006. p. A02. 
  67. ^ "Sen. Rick Santorum (R-PA)". Citizens for Ethics. Archived from the original on July 16, 2007. Retrieved July 17, 2007. 
  68. ^ Dorman, Todd (January 2, 2012). "Todd Dorman column". The Gazette (Cedar Rapids, Iowa). 
  69. ^ "Corruption Roll Call". Multinational Monitor 27 (3). May–Jun 2006. pp. 15–23. 
  70. ^ a b "Report: Hundreds of WMDs Found in Iraq". Fox News. June 22, 2006. Archived from the original on April 24, 2008. Retrieved November 1, 2009. 
  71. ^ "Report on Iraqi Chemical Munitions" (PDF). June 21, 2006. Retrieved September 13, 2006. 
  72. ^ Dafna Linzer (June 23, 2006). "Lawmakers Cite Weapons Found in Iraq". The Washington Post. 
  73. ^ Juana Summers (May 17, 2011). "Rick Santorum: John McCain wrong on torture". Politico.Com. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  74. ^ a b c Raffaele, Martha (October 27, 2006). "Santorum: Casey lacking on security". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  75. ^ Summers, Juana (May 17, 2011). "Rick Santorum: John McCain wrong on torture". Politico.
  76. ^ "Santorum: McCain Doesn't Understand Interrogation". Fox News. May 18, 2011. 
  77. ^ "Santorum Hits President on Afghanistan Withdrawal Timeline - ABC News". March 12, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  78. ^ Siegel, Elyse (September 22, 2011). "GOP Debate: Republican Presidential Candidates Face Off In Florida (LIVE UPDATES)". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  79. ^ a b c Hefling, Kimberly (July 21, 2006). "Santorum says Iran at center of world's conflict". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  80. ^ a b O'Toole, James (April 18, 2003). "Santorum trying again on Syria sanctions bill". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  81. ^ Bonnie Squires; Dan Loeb (September 18, 2006). "Rick Santorum On Iran: His record does not match his rhetoric".  
  82. ^ Rick Santorum (December 6, 2007). "The Elephant in the Room | Put aside politics to confront Iran". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  83. ^ Ball, Molly (January 2, 2012). "Who Is Rick Santorum?". Atlantic Wire. Retrieved January 20, 2012. 
  84. ^  
  85. ^ a b Joyner, James (January 5, 2007). "Santorum Ouster Means End of Senate Candy Desk". Outside the Beltway. 
  86. ^ a b Toeplitz, Shira (February 13, 2011). "Mark Kirk: Senate candy man". Politico. 
  87. ^ Maeve Reston (January 26, 2005). "Santorum focusing on re-election to Senate, not White House run".  
  88. ^ Williams, Juan (January 11, 2006). "The K Street Project and Jack Abramoff". NPR. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  89. ^ a b c Marcus Stern and Kristina Cooke (January 5, 2012). "Rivals set to pounce on Santorum's past". Reuters. Retrieved January 6, 2012. 
  90. ^ Dan Eggen; Carol D. Leonnig ( January 5, 2012). "Santorum plays down long history as Washington insider". The Washington Post.
  91. ^ After Santorum Left Senate, Familiar Hands Reached Out
  92. ^ 'Santorum and the Lobbyists 'K Street? K Street? Never heard of it The Philadelphia Inquirer January 29, 2006
  93. ^ a b Reston, Maeve (Nov 15, 2005). "Casey chides Santorum on lobbying ethics". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  94. ^ a b Miller, Jeff (Jan 26, 2006). "Santorum denies working with K Street project". The Morning Call. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  95. ^ Josh Hicks (January 9, 2012). "Rick Santorum and the K Street Project". The Washington Post.
  96. ^ "Pennsylvania Senate: Casey by 23 Santorum Remains Most Vulnerable Incumbent".  
  97. ^ Naftali Bendavid (January 7, 2012). "An Old Loss Dogs Surging Santorum". The Wall Street Journal.
  98. ^ Cooke, Kristina (March 5, 2012). "Special report: Santorum's wins and self-inflicted wounds". Reuters. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  99. ^ Jerry Bowyer (October 10, 2006). "Outside Santorum's Sanctum". New York Sun. 
  100. ^ Stephen Moore (April 15, 2004). "Santorum's Shame". National Review. 
  101. ^ "Casey Widens Lead Over Santorum In Pennsylvania, Quinnipiac University Poll Finds; Voters Lean To Pro-Choice Side Of Abortion Debate".  
  102. ^ Kimberly Hefling (September 26, 2006). "Casey Doubles Lead Over Santorum".  
  103. ^ James O'Toole (October 4, 2006). "Green Party hopeful is out; win for Casey". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved January 12, 2012. 
  104. ^ Brian Knowlton (February 12, 2012). "Santorum Faces Questions on Women in the Work Force".  
  105. ^ "Rick Santorum Was Warned That 2005 Book Could Become Fodder For Political Attacks". ABC News. March 17, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  106. ^ Rick Santorum (July 12, 2002). "Fishers of Men". Catholic Online. Retrieved August 23, 2006. 
  107. ^  
  108. ^ "Senator Rick Santorum (Interview)". July 21, 2005. Retrieved August 23, 2006. 
  109. ^ Miller, Jeff (Jan 20, 2006). "'"Casey rips Santorum on "K Street. The Morning Call. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  110. ^ Reston, Maeve (April 2, 2006). "Casey still pounding Santorum on lobbies". The Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. Retrieved 14 December 2013. 
  111. ^ "Meet the Press transcript".  
  112. ^ "Santorum Responds To Walgren's Residency Rip". WTAE. June 1, 2006. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  113. ^ Vera Miller (September 20, 2006). "Dems Press Cyber Cost Issue". Penn Hills Progress. 
  114. ^ Reynolds, Daniel (November 19, 2004). "Santorum school flap continues". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. Retrieved April 25, 2007. 
  115. ^ "Editorial: Home school/ Santorum, not the state, should pay Penn Hills". Pittsburgh Post-Gazette. September 11, 2006. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  116. ^ "State Pays Penn Hills Schools In Santorum Dispute". WTAE-TV. September 13, 2006. Retrieved April 25, 2007. 
  117. ^ James O'Toole, "Santorum asks county to drop tax exemption", Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, September 27, 2006
  118. ^ Goldstein, Steve; Budoff, Carrie (December 9, 2004). "Senator is a force, a target Santorum emerging as the face of Senate Republicans High-profile battles are the norm for Santorum". Philadelphia Inquirer. p. A.1. 
  119. ^ Brubeck, Sarah (November 28, 2011). "Santorum Opens the Floor: Q&A Session In Newport Caps Weekend". Valley News (White River Junction, Vt). p. A.1. 
  120. ^ Amy McConnell Schaarsmith (July 12, 2005). "Penn Hills loses bid to charge Santorum for online school tuition".  
  121. ^ Norman, Tony (September 15, 2006). "Santorum has got to be kidding". Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  122. ^ Editorial (September 15, 2006). "Santorum hurls the low hard one". Scranton, PA:  
  123. ^ Larry Eichel (September 14, 2006). "'"Santorum ad impugns ethics of Casey 'team.  
  124. ^ Kimberly Hefling (September 13, 2006). "Santorum ad shows Casey "campaign team" behind bars". Associated Press. 
  125. ^ a b c d John J. Miller (January 9, 2007). "Rick’s Return. Life after the Senate for Santorum".  
  126. ^ Brad Rhen (October 25, 2006). "Santorum issues GOP call to arms". Lebanon Daily News. 
  127. ^ Molly Ball (January 3, 2012). "11 Things You Might Not Know About Rick Santorum". National Journal. 
  128. ^ a b Toland, Bill (October 13, 2006). Santorum, Casey go toe-to-toe in debate. Pittsburgh Post-Gazette.
  129. ^ William Petroski (August 7, 2011). "Candidate profile: Rick Santorum refuses to compromise on principles". Des Moines Register. Retrieved January 16, 2012. 
  130. ^ Carter Eskew (January 2, 2011). "Playing tricks with Ricks". The Washington Post.
  131. ^ Salena Zito (March 1, 2007). "Santorum to contribute to Fox News". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. 
  132. ^ "Santorum joins law firm of Eckert Seamans Cherin & Mellott". Pittsburgh Tribune-Review. March 19, 2007. 
  133. ^ "Universal Health Services – Board of Directors". Retrieved February 24, 2011. 
  134. ^ "Rick Santorum".  
  135. ^ a b Heidi Przybyla and Julie Bykowicz, Santorum Becomes Millionaire in Six Years After U.S. Senate Loss Bloomberg Businessweek January 5, 2011
  136. ^ Rucker, Philip (January 5, 2012). "Santorum experienced major jump in income after leaving Senate". Washington Post. 
  137. ^ Carrie Budoff (November 17, 2006). "Santorum: No oval office run".  
  138. ^ "Mitt Romney's Free and Strong America PAC". November 9, 2009. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  139. ^ Blake, Aaron (May 23, 2011). "Santorum gets a grilling on ‘Meet the Press’". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  140. ^ "Santorum weighs in on race". Lancaster Online. September 24, 2008. Retrieved June 18, 2010. 
  141. ^ "Santorum eyes gubernatorial bud".  
  142. ^ "PA Report 100" (PDF).  
  143. ^ "Santorum endorses Corbett". PoliticsPA. November 17, 2009. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  144. ^ "Santorum Fights to Be Heard Amid Republican Din". The New York Times. September 30, 2011. 
  145. ^ Romm, Tony. "Santorum reportedly mulling White House bid". The Hill. Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  146. ^ "Santorum Admits to Pondering Run for Republican Presidential Nomination – Asks for Prayers". September 12, 2009. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  147. ^ "Santorum says he's considering 2012 bid". CNN. January 15, 2010. Retrieved May 22, 2010. 
  148. ^ Ward, Jon. Brief "Primary Election 2012: Conservative Fears Of Permanent Welfare State May Create Wild Ride." Huff Post, May 8, 2011.
  149. ^ "CNN Poll: Romney on top, Gingrich fading & Santorum rising in Iowa". December 28, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  150. ^ "Romney leads Paul in new Des Moines Register Iowa Poll; Santorum surges". Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  151. ^ Condon, Stephanie (January 4, 2011). "Iowa caucus results: Mitt Romney beats Rick Santorum by 8 votes". CBS News. Retrieved January 4, 2011. 
  152. ^ Rosalind S. Helderman and Nia-Malika Henderson (February 8, 2012), "Rick Santorum’s strategy of focusing on low-key races paid off" The Washington Post
  153. ^ Laurie Kellman – Associated Press (February 8, 2012). "Santorum: I won and raised about $250K Tuesday night". The Washington Times. Retrieved February 9, 2012. 
  154. ^ "2012 Republican Presidential Nomination". March 6, 2008. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  155. ^ "Delegates split 3 ways". Yahoo! News. 
  156. ^ "Results for Election Date: 3/24/2012". Louisiana Secretary of State. Retrieved March 25, 2012. 
  157. ^ Blake, Aaron; Henderson, Nia-Malika (April 10, 2012). "Rick Santorum to drop out of the presidential race".  
  158. ^ "Santorum suspends campaign". Fox News. April 10, 2012. 
  159. ^ "Santorum: 'I'm Open' to 2016 Run". The Weekly Standard. November 26, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  160. ^ "Romney calls Santorum "important voice" in GOP". CBSnews. April 10, 2012. 
  161. ^ Linda Feldman (August 29, 2012). "GOP Convention: Rick Santorum attacks Obama over welfare reform". Alaska Dispatch. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  162. ^ "'"Santorum talks up American dream, accuses Obama of turning it into 'nightmare. Fox News. August 28, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  163. ^ "Convention Watch: Convention kiss, praising mom". The San Francisco Chronicle. 
  164. ^ a b David Jackson (August 28, 2012). "Santorum lauds Romney, blasts Obama".  
  165. ^ "'"Santorum says under Obama, dream of freedom has become 'nightmare of dependency. 
  166. ^ Maggie Haberman (August 28, 2012). "'"Santorum hits Obama for 'nightmare of dependency. Politico. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  167. ^ "Rick Santorum RNC speech transcript (text and video)". Politico. August 28, 2012. p. 2. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  168. ^ Rick Santorum (October 2, 2012). "Santorum cites unsung heroes of the American Revolution (book excerpt)". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  169. ^ Rick Santorum joins commentary team. WorldNetDaily, 2012-12-01.
  170. ^ Santorum, Rick. "SIGNING OFF – FOR NOW Exclusive: Rick Santorum bids farewell to readers, vows to continue fight for America". World Net Daily. Retrieved 15 March 2014. 
  171. ^ Easley, Jonathan. "Santorum ‘open’ to 2016 run". The Hill. Retrieved 5 August 2013. 
  172. ^ Rachel Weiner (June 8, 2012). "Rick Santorum’s next move: ‘Patriot Voices’".  
  173. ^ Strauss, Daniel (September 30, 2012). "Santorum plants seed for possible 2016 White House candidacy". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  174. ^ "Endorsements". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  175. ^ "Judge-retention vote at a fevered pitch". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  176. ^ "CRPD". Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  177. ^ Sheryl Gay Stolber; Laurie Goodstein (March 3, 2012). "From ‘Nominal Catholic’ to Clarion of Faith". The New York Times. Retrieved January 20, 2013. 
  178. ^ Stan Guthrie (March 28, 2005). "Sen. Rick Santorum: I Draw No Line Between My Faith and My Decisions...". Christianity Today. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  179. ^ Rachel Zoll And Kasie Hunt (March 18, 2012). "Rick Santorum Not Getting Catholic Vote". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  180. ^ Raushenbush, Paul (March 19, 2012). "Pastor Dennis Terry Introduces Rick Santorum, Tells Non-Christians And Liberals To Get Out (VIDEO)". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  181. ^ Juana Summers; Alexander Burns (February 8, 2012). "Rick Santorum emphasizes his Christian roots". Politico. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  182. ^ "Catholic Rick Santorum struggling to convert GOP Catholics to his cause".  
  183. ^ David Lauter (March 14, 2012). "Poll: Most Republicans don't know Rick Santorum is Catholic".  
  184. ^ a b Max J. Rosenthal (March 19, 2012). "Rick Santorum Frustrated By Low Support From Fellow Catholics". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  185. ^ "Santorum says he doesn't believe in separation of church and state". Yahoo! News. Associated Press. February 26, 2012. 
  186. ^ Horowitz, Alana (February 26, 2012). "'
    "Santorum: Separation Of Church And State 'Makes Me Want To Throw Up. The Huffington Post.
  187. ^ a b Allen, John (January 18, 2002). "Opus Dei prestige on display at centenary event".  
  188. ^ "Pastor introducing Rick Santorum: America a Christian nation – Under God". The Washington Post. March 20, 2012. Retrieved 2013-05-05. 
  189. ^ Ryan Grim (February 18, 2012). "'"Rick Santorum In 2008: Mainstream Protestantism Fell Out Of 'World Of Christianity. The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  190. ^ Tartar, Andre (February 19, 2012). "Santorum Says Obama's Not a Real Christian, Then Grudgingly Admits He Is". New York. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  191. ^ "Santorum Says Obama's Agenda Based on 'Phony' Theology, Not Bible". The Christian Post. February 19, 2012. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  192. ^ "'"Santorum: Obama College Plan Aimed at 'Indoctrination.  
  193. ^ "Highlights: Rick Santorum talks economy, controversy, and faith on GBTV".  
  194. ^ Cavan Sieczkowski (January 18, 2013). "Rick Santorum Blames Gay Marriage, Abortion And Porn Ideals On College Indoctrination". The Huffington Post. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  195. ^ Rick Santorum (November 17, 2005). "The Conservative Future: Compassion". Retrieved August 23, 2006. 
  196. ^ a b c d e Andrew Miga (January 5, 2012). "Santorum has blemishes on conservative record. In Congress, Santorum earned reputation as earmark user.". U.S. News & World Report. Associated Press. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  197. ^ Josh Hicks (January 10, 2012). "Santorum’s record on fiscal policy (Fact Checker biography)". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 13, 2012. 
  198. ^ "The PA Report "Power 75" List" (PDF).  
  199. ^ "Rick Santorum Reaffirms Commitment to Social Conservative Cause". ABC News. June 4, 2011. Retrieved January 1, 2012. 
  200. ^ Stein, Sam (February 21, 2012). "'"Santorum In '95: 'I Was Basically Pro-Choice All My Life, Until I Ran For Congress. Huffington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  201. ^ "'"Santorum In 1995: 'I Was Basically Pro-Choice All My Life Until I Ran For Congress. February 21, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  202. ^ Weiner, Rachel (February 21, 2012). "Report: Rick Santorum supported abortion rights in past". The Washington Post. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  203. ^ Pilkington, Ed (6 December 2013). "Rick Santorum compares Obamacare to apartheid in clumsy Mandela tribute". The Guardian. Retrieved 13 October 2014. 
  204. ^ "George Stephanopoulos Interviews Sen. Rick Santorum".  
  205. ^ "Excerpt from Santorum interview". USA Today. Associated Press. April 23, 2003. Retrieved March 13, 2008. Every society in the history of man has upheld the institution of marriage as a bond between a man and a woman.... In every society, the definition of marriage has not ever to my knowledge included homosexuality. That's not to pick on homosexuality. It's not, you know, man on child, man on dog, or whatever the case may be. It is one thing. And when you destroy that you have a dramatic impact on the quality 
  206. ^ John Barron, "Meet the candidates: Rick Santorum", ABC News, 16 February 2012
  207. ^ Savage, Dan (May 15, 2003). "Bill, Ashton, Rick". The Stranger. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  208. ^ a b Rovzar, Chris (September 7, 2010). "Does Rick Santorum Really Have a Google Problem?". New York. Retrieved February 24, 2011. 
  209. ^ a b "Santorum Talks About Longtime Google Problem". Roll Call. Retrieved February 24, 2011. 
  210. ^ Burns, Alexander. "'"Rick Santorum contacted Google, says company spreads 'filth. Politico. Retrieved September 21, 2011. 
  211. ^ Rick Santorum (July 19, 2005). "The Constitutional Wrecking Ball".  
  212. ^ Peter Wehner (October 24, 2011). "The GOP’s Weak Field". Commentary.
  213. ^ a b Sneed, Tierney (March 16, 2012). "Is Rick Santorum Right on Banning Internet Porn?".  
  214. ^ a b Cronin, Melissa (March 23, 2012). "Santorum Says Porn Causes Aggression But Scientists Disagree".  
  215. ^ Poulos, James (March 19, 2012). "Santorum's Problems Go Way Beyond Porn, Polls Show".  
  216. ^ a b Grim, Ryan (March 18, 2012). "Rick Santorum: Pornography Not A Priority For Obama Administration".  
  217. ^ Rick Santorum vows to end 'pandemic of pornography.' Could he prevail? By Patrik Jonsson, Christian Science Monitor, March 17, 2012
  218. ^ politicks Org (March 22, 2005). "Santorum on Capital Punishment". Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  219. ^ "Clips From Friday: Rick Santorum on the death penalty; Karen Santorum opens up about the death of their infant son". January 23, 2012. Retrieved 2012-04-11. 
  220. ^ Rick Santorum's "Real Concerns" About The Tea Party January 5, 2011
  221. ^ Steve Inskeep, host Rick Santorum, 'It Takes a Family' NPR August 4, 2005
  222. ^ a b Brooks, David (October 29, 2006). "Political Theater and the Real Rick Santorum". The New York Times. 
  223. ^ "Kathryn Jean Lopez: Rick Santorum has his share of believers". Retrieved January 2, 2012. 
  224. ^ Banville, Lee (August 1, 2006). "Still Trailing in Polls, Santorum Hammers on Illegal Immigration".  
  225. ^ "On the Issues". Archived from the original on July 11, 2006. Retrieved August 23, 2006. 
  226. ^ "Santorum in Iowa: Catholic bishops are wrong on immigration | Iowa Caucuses". The Des Moines Register. December 12, 2011. Retrieved January 0, 2012. 
  227. ^ "Candidate bio - Rick Santorum". MSNBC. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  228. ^ "The Rick Santorum Interview". June 8, 2011. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  229. ^ Johnson, Brad; Somanader, Tanya (June 24, 2011). "'"Santorum: 'There's no such thing as global warming.  
  230. ^ Ball, Molly (February 17, 2012). "Rick Santorum on Gun Rights". Retrieved March 11, 2012. 
  231. ^ 2012 Republican Candidates
  232. ^  
  233. ^ Michael Morse and Eugene Kiely (February 22, 2012). "Santorum’s Bogus Euthanasia Claims".  
  234. ^ Jones, Melanie (February 20, 2012). "Rick Santorum's 'Involuntary Euthanasia' Claim Outrages Dutch". International Business Times. Retrieved June 13, 2014. 
  235. ^ Karen Garver Santorum (1998). Letters to Gabriel. CCC of America.  
  236. ^ "Rick Santorum: Faith and conservatism fuel bid for Republican presidential nomination". 
  237. ^ "Experts: Rick Santorum Grief Is Typical, But Taking Body Home, Unusual". ABC News. November 26, 2011. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  238. ^ Lane, Charles (February 28, 2011). "Rick Santorum’s baby-and mine". The Washington Post. Retrieved January 9, 2012. 
  239. ^ Press, Associated (January 7, 2012). "Our bereavement is our own". Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  240. ^ "Santorum: Brought baby home to bury him". YouTube. 2012-01-20. Retrieved 2013-01-20. 
  241. ^ Bond, Paul. "Fox News Commentator Apologizes for Criticism of Rick Santorum's Behavior After Son's Death (Video)". The Hollywood Reporter. Retrieved January 4, 2012. 
  242. ^ John-Henry Westen (September 13, 2009). "Senator Rick Santorum Pondering a Run for the U.S. Presidency". Retrieved October 31, 2009. 
  243. ^ GOP hopeful Rick Santorum campaigns with a seriously ill daughter at home, The Washington Post, November 28, 2011.
  244. ^ Doerr, Edd (July–August 2003). "Rick the lip, wrong Paige, and the plumed Knight". The Humanist 63 (4): 42. 
  245. ^ "Hospitallers" (PDF) 1. Sovereign Military Hospitaller Order of St. John of Jerusalem of Rhodes and Malta. Winter 2004–2005. Retrieved August 25, 2006. 
  246. ^ "Rick Santorum Net Worth – How much is Rick Santorum worth?". Their Net Worth. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  247. ^ "The Net Worth of GOP Presidential Candidates". April 7, 2010. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  248. ^ "Election 2012: How rich are these guys?". CNN. January 13, 2012. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  249. ^ "The Rich List – 2012 Presidential Race Edition". Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  250. ^ "Right-Leaning Novelty Real Estate: GOP Candidates' Homes for Sale". November 7, 2011. Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  251. ^ Riggs, Erika (January 9, 2012). "GOP Candidates Look to Trade These Homes for White House | Zillow Blog – Real Estate Market Stats, Celebrity Real Estate, and Zillow News". Retrieved March 7, 2012. 
  252. ^ "Rick Santorum is new CEO of EchoLight Studios". 24 June 2013. 
  253. ^ Caitlin McDecvitt, Rick Santorum to release a Christmas movie, Politico, 9/25/13
  254. ^ Biography for Richard John Santorum
  255. ^ a b POLITICO
  256. ^ a b c d e Rick Santorum bucks Republican orthodoxy in book POLITICO
  257. ^ a b c BOOK REVIEW: ‘Blue Collar Conservatives’ The Washington Times


See also

  • Rick Santorum (2005).  
  • Rick Santorum (2005). Rick Santorum. Monument Press.  
  • Foreword by Rick Santorum (2006).   – essays largely by Discovery Institute fellows honoring Intelligent Design movement founder Phillip E. Johnson.
  • Rick Santorum (2012). American Patriots: Answering the Call to Freedom.  
  • Rick Santorum (2014). Blue Collar Conservatives: Recommitting to an America That Works.  


In addition to Santorum's three books, a collection of his speeches as a U.S. senator was published and released by Monument Press in 2005 under the title Rick Santorum: A Senator Speaks Out on Life, Freedom, and Responsibility.

Blue Collar Conservatives departs from traditional Republican orthodoxy[256] and says that the Republican Party must to appeal to [256] He says the GOP should be less quick to dismiss concerns over decreasing social and economic mobility, saying that large businesses and stocks are strong, while life has become "a trickle" for workers.[256] He questions rich compensation of business executives, and says that while he supports free trade, Republicans need to look at its impact on the average person and whether existing laws are fair.[256]

American Patriots tells stories of lesser-known Americans from the American Revolution. Santorum writes, "Most Americans know something about our Founding Fathers and their role in creating the government of the United States. However, most know little about the day-to-day battles fought by Americans of all backgrounds that paved the way for the high ideals of our founders to be put into practice."[255] He also writes, "Today we are facing a threat to the very foundation our founders laid. That threat does not come from an alien force but from those who are willing and determined to abandon the concept of God-given rights. Like the royalty during the Revolution, today’s elites wish to return to the pre-Revolutionary paradigm in which they, through governmental force, allocate rights and responsibilities."[255]

It Takes a Family argues that the traditional family is the foundation of society. Santorum criticizes alike laissez-faire conservatives and liberal proponents of social welfare for promoting a radical view of autonomy. In particular, he criticizes the "bigs" - "big government, big media, big entertainment, big universities." The book became a New York Times bestseller.[254]

Santorum has written three books: It Takes a Family: Conservatism and the Common Good (released July 2005); American Patriots: Answering the Call to Freedom (released October 2012); and Blue Collar Conservatives: Recommitting to an America That Works (released April 2014).


In June 2013, Santorum announced his new venture as CEO of EchoLight Studios, a production company that makes "family values"-oriented films.[252] He produced the Christmas-themed movie The Christmas Candle.[253]

Business ventures

Santorum's net worth has been estimated between $880,000 and $3 million,[246] which mainly comes from five rental properties around Penn State University,[247] two personal homes in Great Falls and Penn Hills,[248] and some IRA accounts.[249] In 1997, Santorum purchased a three-bedroom house in the Pittsburgh suburb of Penn Hills. In 2001, he bought a $640,000 house in Leesburg, Virginia,[135] sold it in 2007 for $850,000,[250] and purchased a $2 million home in Great Falls, Virginia.[251] It was announced on May 1, 2014 that Rick Santorum, would become Chairman and CEO of EchoLight Studios, a faith and family film studio and distributor. No compensation for that position was disclosed.

Rick Santorum traveled in 2002 to Rome to speak at a centenary celebration of the birth of Saint Josemaría Escrivá, founder of Opus Dei.[187][244] He and his wife were invested as Knight and Dame of Magistral Grace of the Knights of Malta in a ceremony at St. Patrick's Cathedral in New York on November 12, 2004.[245]

In 2008 Karen Garver Santorum gave birth to their eighth child, Isabella, who was diagnosed with Edwards syndrome (Trisomy 18), a serious genetic disorder, with only a 10% chance of survival past one year old.[241][242][243] Following her second hospitalization in a few months, Santorum officially suspended his campaign for the United States presidential election, 2012.

[240] Fifteen years later, their handling of their infant son's death attracted scrutiny in January 2012 following Santorum's success in the Iowa caucuses. One psychologist interviewed by [236][235][4] In 1996, the Santorums' son Gabriel was born prematurely after 20 weeks of pregnancy and died in the hospital two hours later. Karen wrote that she and Rick slept with the dead infant between them in the hospital that night, then brought him home the following day and introduced him to their other children as "your brother Gabriel".

Santorum met his future wife, Karen Garver (born 1960), while she was a neo-natal nurse studying law at the University of Pittsburgh and he was recruiting summer interns for Kirkpatrick & Lockhart. They married in 1990[17] and have seven living children.

Rick Santorum's wife Karen, along with daughter Sarah Maria, at the Values Voter Summit in October 2011

Personal life

[234] Santorum's comments caused a significant backlash in the Netherlands.[233][232] In 2012 Santorum claimed that half of all euthanizations in the


Santorum has often supported gun rights.[230] Santorum is a firm advocate of a citizen’s right to bear arms. He is also a staunch defender of gun manufacturers, and voted in favor of the 2005 Protection of Lawful Commerce in Arms Act (Bill S 397), which among others, prevents civil suits from being brought against gun manufacturers for criminal acts perpetrated using their weapons.[231]

Gun control

He has stated a policy of "drill everywhere" for oil and that there is "enough oil, coal and natural gas to last for centuries".[229]

Santorum rejects the scientific opinion on climate change that stresses human causation for global warming, referring to it as "junk science". He has stated that global warming is a "beautifully concocted scheme" by the political left and "an excuse for more government control of your life."[228]

Energy and environment

He supported partial privatization of Social Security, and following President Bush's re-election, he held forums across Pennsylvania on the topic.[227]

Social Security

In 2006, Santorum opposed the Senate's immigration reform proposal.[224] Instead, Santorum stated that the U.S. should act to enforce currently existing laws. He has openly stated his opposition to amnesty for illegal immigrants. He supports the construction of a barrier along the U.S.–Mexican border, an increase in the number of border patrol agents on the border, and the stationing of National Guard troops along the border. He also believes that illegal immigrants should be deported immediately when they commit crimes, and that undocumented immigrants should not receive benefits from the government. He believes English should be established as the national language in the United States.[225] Santorum cites his own family's history (his father immigrated to the U.S. from Italy) as proof of how to immigrate "the right way".[226]

Illegal immigration

While in Congress, Santorum supported efforts to fight global Children's Aid Society, and financing community health centers.[222]


In June 2011, Santorum said he would continue to "fight very strongly against libertarian influence within the Republican Party and the conservative movement."[220] In an interview with NPR in the summer of 2005, Santorum discussed what he called the "libertarianish right," saying "they have this idea that people should be left alone, be able to do whatever they want to do. Government should keep our taxes down and keep our regulation low and that we shouldn't get involved in the bedroom, we shouldn't get involved in cultural issues, you know, people should do whatever they want. Well, that is not how traditional conservatives view the world, and I think most conservatives understand that individuals can't go it alone...."[221]


In March 2005, Santorum expressed misgivings about the death penalty in light of wrongly convicted individuals who were sentenced to death. He went on to say, "I agree with the Pope that in the civilized world ... the application of the death penalty should be limited. I would definitely agree with that. I would certainly suggest there probably should be some further limits on what we use it for."[218] In January 2012, Santorum said, "when there is certainty, that's the case that capital punishment can be used," but "if there is not certainty, under the law, it shouldn't be used."[219]

Death penalty

Santorum defended his assertions by claiming that "the Obama Department of Justice seems to favor pornographers over children and families," and that department's insufficiency to prosecute the porn industry "proves his point."[216] He then mentioned that Obama has not put a priority on tackling the porn industry, therefore "putting children at risk as a result of that."[216] In a position paper circulated in March 2012, Santorum said he would order his attorney general to "vigorously enforce" existing laws that "prohibit distribution of hardcore (obscene) pornography on the Internet, on cable/satellite TV, on hotel/motel TV, in retail shops and through the mail or by common carrier."[217]

In his official website, Santorum said that the "Obama Administration has turned a blind eye" to pornography, but promised that that "will change under a Santorum Administration."[213] But according to USA Today, some conservatives believe that Santorum's focus on porn may "hurt the party politically."[213] Nonetheless, on March 23, 2012, Santorum posted on his campaign website that there is "a wealth of research" demonstrating that pornography causes "profound brain changes" and widespread negative effects on children and adults, including "violence to women."[214] Researchers say that there is no such evidence of brain changes, although pornography's harmfulness "is still in dispute."[214] James Poulos, a writer from Forbes, wrote on March 19, 2012 that Santorum's attack on pornography is an "ability to transform relatively irrelevant issues into politically relevant controversies."[215]


Santorum has stated that he does not believe a "right to privacy" is part of the Constitution. He has been critical of the Supreme Court decision in Griswold v. Connecticut (1965), which held that the Constitution guaranteed that right and overturned a law prohibiting the sale of contraceptives to married couples.[211] He has described contraception as "a license to do things in a sexual realm that is counter to how things are supposed to be."[212]


In 2003, during an interview, Santorum expressed opposition to same-sex marriage, said that he favors having laws against polygamy, adultery, sodomy, and other actions "antithetical to a healthy, stable, traditional family", and compared homosexuality to bestiality.[205][206] The remarks drew a retaliatory response from sex advice columnist and gay rights activist Dan Savage, who launched a contest to coin a "santorum" neologism among his blog's readers.[207][208] Since 2004, the website Savage set up for the campaign has regularly been among the top search results for Santorum's surname, leading to what commentators have dubbed "Santorum's Google problem".[208][209] Santorum has characterized the campaign as a "type of vulgarity" that was spread on the Internet.[209] In September 2011, Santorum unsuccessfully requested that Google remove the content from its search engine index.[210]

In his 2005 book, It Takes a Family, Santorum advocated for a society oriented toward "family values" and centered on monogamous, heterosexual relationships, marriage, and child-raising. He opposes same-sex marriage, saying the American public and their elected officials should decide on these "incredibly important moral issues", rather than the Supreme Court, which consists of "nine unelected, unaccountable judges."[204]

Santorum speaking in Des Moines, Iowa in 2011.

LGBT rights

Santorum likened Obamacare to apartheid in South Africa in a Mandela tribute speech and was subsequently accused of being tone-deaf in his response.[203]

Health care

Santorum considered himself pro-choice on abortion but changed to a pro-life position in 1990 when he ran for Congress.[200][201][202]

Santorum at the signing of the Partial-Birth Abortion Ban Act by Pres. George W. Bush in 2004


He has been described as having a "confrontational, partisan, ‘in your face’ style of politics and government.”[198] “I just don’t take the pledge. I take the bullets,” Santorum said. “I stand out in front and I lead to make sure the voices of those who do not have a voice are out in front and being included in the national debate.”[199]

Santorum has consistently held socially conservative views and has advocated "compassionate conservatism".[195] He has a more mixed record on fiscal issues.[196] As a member of Congress, he voted for the Bush tax cuts, favored a balanced budget amendment and sought to curb entitlements, playing a key role in enacting welfare reform.[196] However, he has been criticized for supporting costly federal programs in education and transportation and for using earmarks to fund Pennsylvania projects.[196] He says he regrets many of his votes for such programs, and opposes earmarks.[196] He has also specifically disavowed his 2003 support for the unfunded Medicare prescription drug benefit and his vote for the No Child Left Behind Act.[196][197]

Political positions

Santorum states that he values faith over politics and considers the theological views of a politicians' faith as significant. He questions whether President Obama truly has a religion, alleging that he may have chosen Christianity as a politically expedient platform for power.[190] Santorum stated, "if the President says he's a Christian, he's a Christian" but has stated that Obama's agenda is based on a "phony theology", not the Bible.[191] In an interview with Glenn Beck, Santorum said Obama's desire for greater higher education rates nationwide was a veiled attempt at "indoctrination", claiming that "62 percent of kids who go into college with a faith commitment leave without it." Santorum declined to provide a source for that figure.[192][193] He believes colleges reinforce secular relativism and antagonize religiosity, particularly of Christianity, and lists young people's support for abortion, gay marriage, and pornography as "symptoms" of indoctrination.[194]

Santorum has written for Catholic publications and frequently comments on political issues from a religious standpoint. He has said, "I don't believe in an America where the separation of church and state is absolute. The First Amendment means the free exercise of religion and that means bringing people and their faith into the public square."[185][186] In an interview with the National Catholic Reporter, Santorum said that the distinction between private religious conviction and public responsibility, espoused by President John F. Kennedy, had caused "great harm in America". He said: "All of us have heard people say, 'I privately am against abortion, homosexual marriage, stem cell research, cloning. But who am I to decide that it's not right for somebody else?' It sounds good, but it is the corruption of freedom of conscience."[187] Santorum has been criticized for not separating his politics from his personal faith, and has been accused of advancing a "Christian theocracy" through his work.[188] He told a group of college students in 2008 that the United States had been founded on "Judeo-Christian" ethics, and now "it is a shambles, it is gone from the world of Christianity as I see it."[189]

Santorum proudly calls himself a "culture warrior" and "true Christian conservative." In so positioning himself, he has garnered popularity among evangelicals, but his support among Catholics is not as robust.[180][181] Santorum's emphasis on his "Christian roots" to voters was especially favored by evangelicals in the Midwest and Southern states during the 2012 primaries, although he lost the Republican Catholic vote in most states to Mitt Romney.[182] Exit polls found only 42% of those Catholics and less than a third of Protestant evangelicals knew Santorum was a Catholic.[183] After Santorum won Protestant-majority states Alabama and Mississippi, but lost in heavily-Catholic Puerto Rico, the Huffington Post said he "seemed exasperated by the trend"[184] and said his base support came from "people who take their faith seriously", not necessarily fellow Catholics.[184]

Although he was raised in a nominally Catholic household, Santorum's faith began to deepen when he met his future wife, Karen. Santorum said that he was a "nominal Catholic" when he met his wife, Karen. By his account, conversations with her father, Dr. Kenneth Garver, a staunch Catholic and pro-life advocate, solidified his understanding and opposition to abortion. He and his wife have since become increasingly religious.[177] Santorum now considers himself a devout Catholic and acknowledges his Catholic faith as the source of his politics and worldview.[178] He attends Mass almost daily and organized a Catholic study group for lawmakers while in Congress.[179]

Rick Santorum at prayer, 2012

Religious faith

In June 2012, Santorum launched Patriot Voices, a 501(c)(4) non-profit with a mission to "mobilize conservatives around this country who are committed to promoting faith, family, freedom and opportunity" in support of causes and candidates across the country.[172] Santorum supported U.S. Senate candidates Ted Cruz in Texas and Richard Mourdock in Indiana in their respective Republican primaries; both won their hotly contested primaries.[173] In the general elections, Patriot Voices endorsed eight U.S. Senate candidates and four House candidates.[174] Santorum also lent support to the "NO Wiggins" effort in Iowa to oust Iowa Supreme Court Justice David Wiggins in the 2012 retention elections, who they say carries a political and personal agenda in the court.[175] They have also been vocal in opposition to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities, which they say threatens parental rights and U.S. sovereignty.[176]

Patriot Voices

Appearing on NBC's Meet the Press on August 4, 2013, Santorum said, “I’m open to looking into a presidential race in 2016.”[171]

Possible 2016 presidential run

On December 2, 2012, Santorum joined WorldNetDaily, a conservative news site, as a commentator, to publish an exclusive column on the site every Monday.[169] His column was discontinued on June 23, 2013.[170]

WorldNetDaily commentator

In October 2012, Santorum published American Patriots: Answering the Call to Freedom, a book which tells the stories of 25 largely unknown heroes of the American Revolution.[168]

American Patriots

I thank God that America still has one party that reaches out their hands in love to lift up all of God's children – born and unborn – and says that each of us has dignity and all of us have the right to live the American Dream. And without you, America is not keeping faith with that dream. We are stewards of a great inheritance. In November we have a chance to vote for life and liberty, not dependency. A vote for Mitt Romney and Paul Ryan will put our country back in the hands of leaders who understand what America can and, for the sake of our children, must be to keep the dream alive.[164][167]

Santorum received a primetime speaking slot at the Ann Romney and convention keynote Chris Christie.[161] Santorum spoke of the American dream his immigrant grandfather worked to give his family, and said Obama was turning the dream into a nightmare.[162] He talked about his experiences on the presidential campaign trail, speaking with emotion about his daughter Bella and meeting disabled people and their families.[163] He emphasized the importance of strengthening marriage and the family.[164] He also condemned Barack Obama's actions on the welfare reform law,[165] of which he was one of the chief proponents in Congress, and his actions on education, including school choice and student loans.[166] Santorum concluded his speech to a standing ovation, saying,

2012 RNC speech

Post-primary-race campaign

Following the hospitalization of his daughter Bella and losses in Wisconsin, Maryland and the District of Columbia, Santorum announced the suspension of his campaign on April 10, 2012, in Gettysburg, Pennsylvania.[157][158] Santorum had won 11 state primaries and nearly 4 million votes, more than any other candidate except Mitt Romney.[159] Santorum topped Romney in polls for a brief period. Upon the conclusion of Santorum's run, Romney acknowledged his former rival, saying that Rick Santorum is "an important voice" in the GOP.[160]

He formally announced his run for the Republican presidential nomination on ABC's Good Morning America on June 6, 2011, saying he's "in it to win." He initially lagged behind in the polls, but gained as other conservative candidates slumped. By the weekend before the Iowa caucuses, polls showed him in the top three, along with Mitt Romney and Ron Paul.[149][150] The Des Moines Register also noted that the momentum was with Santorum. In the closest finish in the history of the Iowa caucuses, the count on the night put Romney as winner by a margin of eight votes, but the final result announced two weeks later showed that Santorum had won by 34 votes.[151] Santorum later focused on the states holding votes on February 7, a strategy that paid off as the former Pennsylvania Senator won all three.[152][153] Santorum then surged in polls taken shortly after, taking first place in some and a close second in others.[154] In the March 13 primaries, Santorum narrowly won in both Mississippi and Alabama[155] and followed up with a victory in Louisiana on March 24.[156]

On January 15, 2010, Santorum sent an email and letter to supporters of his political action committee, saying, "I'm convinced that conservatives need a candidate who will not only stand up for our views, but who can articulate a conservative vision for our country's future". He continued, "And right now, I just don't see anyone stepping up to the plate. I have no great burning desire to be president, but I have a burning desire to have a different president of the United States".[147] He formed a presidential exploratory committee on April 13, 2011. Santorum has also referred to his grandfather's historical encounter with Italian fascism as an inspiration for his 2012 presidential campaign.[148]

On September 11, 2009, Santorum spoke to Catholic leaders in Orlando, Florida, saying that the 2012 presidential elections were going to be "a real opportunity for success." He then scheduled various appearances in Iowa with political non-profit organizations.[145][146]

In the fall of 2009, Santorum gave a speech at the University of Dubuque on the economy, fueling speculation that he would run for president in 2012. Santorum later recalled, "It got a lot of buzz on the Internet, so I thought, 'Wow, maybe there's some interest'". He decided to campaign after multiple conversations with his wife, who was not enthusiastic at first.[144]

Santorum speaking at the Iowa State Fair in August 2011

2012 presidential campaign

Santorum was mentioned as a candidate for Governor of Pennsylvania in 2010.[141] At one point, he was said to have "quietly but efficiently put his fingerprints on a wide-array of conservative causes in the state."[142] However, Santorum declined to seek the gubernatorial nomination and instead endorsed eventual winner Tom Corbett.[143]

On February 1, 2008, Santorum said he would vote for Mitt Romney in the 2008 Republican presidential primary race.[138] Santorum criticized John McCain, questioning his pro-life voting record and conservative values. Santorum later said he endorsed Romney because he saw him as the "best chance to stop John McCain", whom he considered too moderate.[139] In September 2008, Santorum expressed support for McCain as the nominee, citing McCain's choice of Sarah Palin as his running mate as a step in the right direction.[140]

Before the 2006 election, Santorum was frequently mentioned as a possible 2008 presidential candidate. Such speculation faded when, during the course of the 2006 campaign and in light of unimpressive poll numbers in his Senate race, he declared that, if re-elected, he would serve a full term. After he lost, Santorum once again ruled out a presidential run.[137]

Speculation of political plans

Santorum earned $1.3 million in 2010 and the first half of 2011. The largest portion of his employment earnings – $332,000 – came from his work as a consultant for industry interest groups, including Consol Energy and American Continental Group. Santorum also earned $395,414 in corporate director's fees and stock options from Universal Health Services, and $217,385 in income from the Ethics and Public Policy Center think tank.[89][135][136] In 2010 he was paid $23,000 by The Philadelphia Inquirer for his work as a freelance columnist.[89]

In January 2007 Santorum joined the Ethics and Public Policy Center, a D.C.-based conservative think tank as director of its America's Enemies Program focusing on foreign threats to the United States, including Islamic fascism, Venezuela, North Korea and Russia.[125] In February 2007 he signed a deal to become a contributor on the Fox News Channel, offering commentary on politics and public policy.[131] In March 2007 he joined Eckert Seamans,[132] where he primarily practiced law in the firm's Pittsburgh and Washington, D.C., offices, providing business and strategic counseling services to the firm's clients. In 2007, he joined the Board of Directors of Universal Health Services, a hospital management company based in King of Prussia, Pennsylvania.[133] He also began writing an Op/Ed column, "The Elephant in the Room", for The Philadelphia Inquirer.[134]

Lawyer, political consultant and commentator

Post-Senate career

In the November 7, 2006, election, Santorum lost by over 700,000 votes, receiving 41% of the vote to Casey's 59%, the largest margin of defeat for an incumbent senator since 1980.[129][130]

A heated debate between the candidates occurred on October 11, 2006.[128] Bill Toland of the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette described both candidates' performances during the debate as "unstatesmanlike".[128]

Toward the end of his campaign, Santorum shifted his theme to the threat of radical Islam.[74][125] In October 2006 he gave a "Gathering Storm" speech, invoking British Prime Minister Winston Churchill's description of Europe prior to World War II.[74][125] As evidence that Islamists were waging a more than 300-year-old crusade against the Western world, Santorum pointed to September 11, 1683, the date of the Battle of Vienna.[126] Casey responded, "No one believes terrorists are going to be more likely to attack us, because I defeat Rick Santorum."[127] Noting that he had been "even more hawkish" during this time period than President Bush, Santorum later said, "Maybe that wasn’t the smartest political strategy, spending the last few months running purely on national security".[125]

Santorum ran a television ad suggesting that Casey's supporters had been under investigation for various crimes. The negative ad backfired, as the The Scranton Times-Tribune found that all but a few of Casey's contributors donated when he was running for other offices, and none were investigated for anything.[122] In fact, two of the persons cited in Santorum's campaign ad actually gave contributions to Santorum in 2006, and one died in 2004.[123] Santorum's campaign countered that those donations were not kept, and had been donated to educational institutions.[124]

Santorum stated that he spent "maybe a month a year" at his Pennsylvania home,[111] raising allegations of hypocrisy as he had denounced his former opponent Doug Walgren for living away from his House district.[112] Critics also complained that Pennsylvania taxpayers were paying 80% of the tuition for five of Santorum's children to attend an online "cyber school"—a benefit available only to Pennsylvania residents—when all his children lived in Virginia.[113] The Penn Hills School District, which covered the tuition costs for the cyber school through local taxes, unsuccessfully filed a complaint against Santorum for reimbursement in 2005,[114] but won reimbursement from the state in September 2006 in the amount of $55,000.[115][116] In response, Santorum asked county officials to remove the homestead tax exemption from his Penn Hills property, saying he was entitled to it, but chose not to take it because of the political dispute.[117] Since 2006, Santorum has been home-schooling his seven children.[118][119] Santorum responded to the dispute saying that his children should not be implicated in the "politics of personal destruction".[120] One of his children appeared in a 2006 re-election campaign ad saying, "My dad's opponents have criticized him for moving us to Washington so we could be with him more."[121]

Santorum was mired in controversy and spent much of his time on the campaign in defense against his own past statements and positions. He faced criticism from his rival Casey and others for several statements in his book, It Takes a Family, including his denunciation of 1960s "radical feminism", which he claimed had made it "socially affirming to work outside the home" at the expense of child care.[104] In the book, Santorum also compared pro-choice Americans to "German Nazis." John Brabender, an adviser to Santorum's Senate and Presidential races, reflected back on the book's controversies and said Santorum was warned that sections could bring political damage, and Santorum was not willing to change much of it simply to gain moderate supporters.[105] In addition, a past article Santorum wrote to The Catholic Online resurfaced in 2005, in which he linked liberalism and moral relativism in American society, particularly within seminaries, to the Roman Catholic Church sex abuse scandal. He wrote, " is no surprise that Boston, a seat of academic, political and cultural liberalism in America, lies at the center of the storm."[106][107] His remarks were heavily criticized, especially in Massachusetts, and he was asked for an explanation. Santorum did not retract his statement and defended his premise that it was "no surprise that the center of the Catholic Church abuse took place in very liberal, or perhaps the nation's most liberal area, Boston."[108] In addition, the question of Santorum's association with the K Street Project was an issue that his opponent made use of during the campaign.[93][94][109][110]

Santorum's opponent was Democratic State Treasurer Bob Casey, Jr., the son of popular former governor Robert Casey, Sr. Casey was well known for his opposition to abortion, negating one of Santorum's key issues.[101] For most of the campaign, Santorum trailed Casey by 15 points or more in polls.[102] Green Party candidate Carl Romanelli failed to gain ballot access in the race, further hurting Santorum's chances. Reportedly, several of Santorum's supporters had funded and petitioned for Romanelli to siphon away Democrats from Casey.[103]

In 2006, Santorum sought re-election to a third Senate term.[96] He ran unopposed in the Republican Party. His seat was considered among the most vulnerable for Republicans and was a prime target of the Democratic Party in the Arlen Specter over conservative Congressman Pat Toomey in the primary for Pennsylvania's other senate seat. Many socially and fiscally conservative Republicans considered the Specter endorsement to be a betrayal of their cause.[99][100]

County results of the 2006 U.S. Senate race in Pennsylvania. Counties in red were won by Santorum.

2006 campaign

Beginning in 1995, Republicans leaders such as Tom Delay and Grover Norquist initiated in order to place Republicans in lobbying firm jobs, and exclude Democrats. In addition, the initiative pressured lobbying firms to contribute to Republican campaigns, by withholding access to lawmakers from firms that did not comply.[88] The initiative became politically toxic for Republicans when the Jack Abramoff scandal broke in late 2004. Although some sources indicate that Santorum played a key role[89][90] in the K Street Project, Santorum has denied any involvement.[91][92] In November 2005, several months after the indictments of Abramoff and Delay, Santorum told the Pittsburgh Post-Gazette, "The K Street project is purely to make sure we have qualified applicants for positions that are in town. From my perspective, it's a good government thing."[93] A few months later, however, Santorum emphatically denied any connection with either the K Street Project or Norquist, saying: "I had absolutely nothing to do -- never met, never talked, never coordinated, never did anything -- with Grover Norquist and the quote K Street Project."[94] In January 2012 The Washington Post's "Fact Checker" concluded that "we can't prove definitively whether or not Santorum collaborated on the K Street Project", saying that it "depend[ed] on how you define the initiative".[95] However, Fact Checker concluded that Santorum had not been truthful about his relationship with Norquist.

K Street Project

In January 2005, Santorum announced his intention to run for Senate Republican Whip, the second-highest post in the Republican caucus after the 2006 election, saying he expected the incumbent whip, Mitch McConnell of Kentucky, to run for Senate Republican leader to succeed Bill Frist of Tennessee, who was planning to retire.[87] As a result of Santorum's loss in the 2006 election, this plan was never realized.

Santorum became chairman of the Senate Republican Conference in 2000, the party's third-ranking leadership position in the Senate.[4] In that role, Santorum directed the communications operations of Senate Republicans and was a frequent party spokesperson. He was the youngest member of the Senate leadership and the first Pennsylvanian to hold such a prominent position since Senator Hugh Scott was Republican leader in the 1970s.[85][86] In addition, Santorum served on the Senate Agriculture Committee; the Senate Committee on Banking, Housing and Urban Affairs; the Senate Special Committee on Aging; and the Senate Finance Committee, of which he was the chairman of the Subcommittee on Social Security and Family Policy. He also sat at the candy desk for ten years.[85][86]

Party leadership and other actions

He supports U.S. political intervention[79] and economic sanctions against state sponsors of terrorism.[80] Santorum views "Islamic-fascism" in Iran as the center of the "world's conflict", and his geo-political strategy for peace involves the United States promoting "a strong Lebanon, a strong Israel, and a strong Iraq."[79] He sponsored the Syria Accountability Act of 2003 to require Syria cease all activity with Lebanon and end all support for terrorism.[80] In 2005, Santorum sponsored the Iran Freedom and Support Act, which appropriated $10 million aimed at regime change in Iran. The Act passed with overwhelming support. However, Santorum nevertheless voted against the Lautenberg amendment, which would have closed the loophole that allows companies like Halliburton to do business with Iran through their foreign affiliates.[81] Santorum reflected on his last year in the Senate as one spent talking a lot about Iran, and was characterized by The Atlantic Wire as an "extreme hawk" in his approach with Iran.[82][83] Santorum stated that Iran was the creator of Hezbollah and the driving force of Hamas. He said Iran was at the center of "much of the world's conflict" but he was opposed to direct military action against the country in 2006.[79] Santorum was one of only two senators who voted against confirming the nomination of Robert Gates as Secretary of Defense. Santorum stated that his objection was to Gates's support for talking with Iran and Syria, because it would be an error to talk with radical Islamists.[84]

He says the war on terror can be won and is optimistic about U.S. involvement in Iraq and Afghanistan in the long term. Santorum has defended the treatment of prisoners in Guantanamo Bay, specifically defended waterboarding and stated that John McCain, who opposes the practice, "doesn't understand how enhanced interrogation works."[73][74][75][76] Santorum called the War in Afghanistan "a very winnable operation" in 2012, dismissing efforts for withdrawal by 2014. He similarly criticized President Obama's foreign policy, saying he was "not focused on trying to win the war" in Afghanistan,[77] and said he was against any withdrawal in Iraq in 2012, saying, "We want victory."[78]

Santorum is a supporter of the War on Terror and shares the views of neoconservatives and the Bush Doctrine in regard to foreign policy. Santorum felt that the War in Iraq was justified, and in 2006 declared that weapons of mass destruction (WMDs) had been found in Iraq. Santorum made the declaration regarding WMDs[70] based, in part on declassified portions of the U.S. Army Intelligence and Security Command.[71] The report stated that coalition forces had recovered approximately 500 weapons munitions that contain degraded or vacant mustard or sarin nerve agent casings. The specific weapons he referred to were chemical munitions dating back to the Iran–Iraq War that were buried in the early 1990s. The report stated that while agents had degraded to an unknown degree, they remained dangerous and possibly lethal.[70] However, officials of the Department of Defense, CIA intelligence analysts, and the White House have all explicitly stated that these expired casings were not part of the WMDs threat that the Iraq War was launched to contain.[72]

Foreign policy

[69][68][64] were "insufficient".Hurricane Katrina In support of the bill, Santorum criticized the National Weather Service in September 2005, saying its evacuation warnings for [67] cited the bill as one of several reasons for listing Santorum as one of its "most corrupt politicians".Citizens for Responsibility and Ethics in Washington The liberal advocacy group [66], a commercial weather company based in Pennsylvania, donated $10,500 to Santorum and his PAC.AccuWeather The motivations surrounding the bill were controversial, as employees of [65] but it never passed committee.[65]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.