Religion by country

This is an overview of religion by country.

Religions by country 2010[1]

Country Region Subregion Population --Christian--  % ---Muslim---  % -Unaffiliated-  % ----Hindu----  % -Buddhist-  % Folk Religion  % Other Religion  % --Jewish--  %
Burundi Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 8 380 000 7 667 700 91.50 % 234 640 2.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 477 660 5.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Comoros Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 730 000 3 650 0.50 % 717 590 98.30 % 730 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 7 300 1.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Djibouti (Horn of Africa) Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 890 000 20 470 2.30 % 862 410 96.90 % 1 780 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 670 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 1 780 0.20 %
Eritrea (Horn of Africa) Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 5 250 000 3 302 250 62.90 % 1 921 500 36.60 % 5 250 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 21 000 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Ethiopia (Horn of Africa) Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 82 950 000 52 092 600 62.80 % 28 700 700 34.60 % 50 000 0.06 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 156 700 2.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Kenya Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 40 510 000 34 352 480 84.80 % 3 929 470 9.70 % 1 012 750 2.50 % 40 510 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 688 670 1.70 % 486 120 1.20 % 0 0.00 %
Madagascar Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 20 710 000 17 665 630 85.30 % 621 300 3.00 % 1 428 990 6.90 % 10 000 0.05 % 0 0.00 % 931 950 4.50 % 20 000 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Malawi Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 14 900 000 12 322 300 82.70 % 1 937 000 13.00 % 372 500 2.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 253 300 1.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Mauritius Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 1 300 000 328 900 25.30 % 217 100 16.70 % 7 800 0.60 % 733 200 56.40 % 0 0.00 % 9 100 0.70 % 3 900 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Mayotte Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 200 000 1 400 0.70 % 197 200 98.60 % 400 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 000 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Mozambique Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 23 390 000 13 262 130 56.70 % 4 210 200 18.00 % 4 186 810 17.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 730 860 7.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Réunion Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 850 000 744 600 87.60 % 35 700 4.20 % 17 000 2.00 % 38 250 4.50 % 1 700 0.20 % 3 400 0.40 % 9 350 1.10 % 0 0.00 %
Rwanda Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 10 620 000 9 919 080 93.40 % 191 160 1.80 % 382 320 3.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 106 200 1.00 % 21 240 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Seychelles Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 90 000 84 600 94.00 % 990 1.10 % 1 890 2.10 % 1 890 2.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 540 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Somalia (Horn of Africa) Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 9 330 000 0 0.00 % 9 311 340 99.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
South Sudan Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 9 950 000 6 019 750 60.50 % 616 900 6.20 % 49 750 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 3 273 550 32.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Tanzania Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 44 840 000 27 531 760 61.40 % 15 783 680 35.20 % 627 760 1.40 % 44 840 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 807 120 1.80 % 30 000 0.07 % 0 0.00 %
Uganda Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 33 420 000 28 975 140 86.70 % 3 843 300 11.50 % 167 100 0.50 % 100 260 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 300 780 0.90 % 33 420 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Zambia Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 13 090 000 12 775 840 97.60 % 65 450 0.50 % 65 450 0.50 % 13 090 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 39 270 0.30 % 117 810 0.90 % 0 0.00 %
Zimbabwe Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 12 570 000 10 935 900 87.00 % 113 130 0.90 % 993 030 7.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 477 660 3.80 % 37 710 0.30 % 10 000 0.08 %
Eastern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Eastern Africa 333 970 000 238 006 180 71.27 % 73 510 760 22.01 % 9 371 310 2.81 % 982 040 0.29 % 1 700 0.00 % 11 288 190 3.38 % 760 090 0.23 % 11 780 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Angola Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 19 080 000 17 267 400 90.50 % 38 160 0.20 % 973 080 5.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 801 360 4.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Cameroon Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 19 600 000 13 778 800 70.30 % 3 586 800 18.30 % 1 038 800 5.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 646 800 3.30 % 529 200 2.70 % 0 0.00 %
Central African Republic Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 4 400 000 3 938 000 89.50 % 374 000 8.50 % 44 000 1.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 44 000 1.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Chad Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 11 230 000 4 559 380 40.60 % 6 210 190 55.30 % 280 750 2.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 157 220 1.40 % 11 230 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Congo, Democratic Republic of the Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 65 970 000 63 199 260 95.80 % 989 550 1.50 % 1 187 460 1.80 % 30 000 0.05 % 0 0.00 % 461 790 0.70 % 65 970 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Congo, Republic of the Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 4 040 000 3 470 360 85.90 % 48 480 1.20 % 363 600 9.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 113 120 2.80 % 44 440 1.10 % 0 0.00 %
Equatorial Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 700 000 620 900 88.70 % 28 000 4.00 % 35 000 5.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 11 900 1.70 % 3 500 0.50 % 0 0.00 %
Gabon Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 1 510 000 1 155 150 76.50 % 169 120 11.20 % 84 560 5.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 90 600 6.00 % 10 570 0.70 % 0 0.00 %
Sao Tome and Principe Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 170 000 139 740 82.20 % 0 0.00 % 21 420 12.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 4 930 2.90 % 4 080 2.40 % 0 0.00 %
Middle Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Middle Africa 126 700 000 108 128 990 85.34 % 11 444 300 9.03 % 4 028 670 3.18 % 30 000 0.02 % 0 0.00 % 2 331 720 1.84 % 668 990 0.53 % 0 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Botswana Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Africa 2 010 000 1 449 210 72.10 % 8 040 0.40 % 414 060 20.60 % 6 030 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 120 600 6.00 % 12 060 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Lesotho Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Africa 2 170 000 2 100 560 96.80 % 0 0.00 % 67 270 3.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 170 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Namibia Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Africa 2 280 000 2 223 000 97.50 % 6 840 0.30 % 43 320 1.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 4 560 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
South Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Africa 50 130 000 40 705 560 81.20 % 852 210 1.70 % 7 469 370 14.90 % 551 430 1.10 % 100 260 0.20 % 200 520 0.40 % 150 390 0.30 % 50 130 0.10 %
Swaziland Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Africa 1 190 000 1 048 390 88.10 % 2 380 0.20 % 120 190 10.10 % 1 190 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 11 900 1.00 % 4 760 0.40 % 0 0.00 %
Southern Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Southern Africa 57 780 000 47 526 720 82.25 % 869 470 1.50 % 8 114 210 14.04 % 558 650 0.97 % 100 260 0.17 % 339 750 0.59 % 167 210 0.29 % 50 130 0.09 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Benin Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 8 850 000 4 690 500 53.00 % 2 106 300 23.80 % 442 500 5.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 601 850 18.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Burkina Faso Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 16 470 000 3 705 750 22.50 % 10 145 520 61.60 % 65 880 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 536 380 15.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Cape Verde Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 500 000 445 500 89.10 % 500 0.10 % 45 500 9.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 7 500 1.50 % 1 000 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Gambia, The Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 1 730 000 77 850 4.50 % 1 645 230 95.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 730 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Ghana Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 24 390 000 18 268 110 74.90 % 3 853 620 15.80 % 1 024 380 4.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 195 110 4.90 % 48 780 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Guinea Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 9 980 000 1 087 820 10.90 % 8 423 120 84.40 % 179 640 1.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 269 460 2.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Guinea-Bissau Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 1 520 000 299 440 19.70 % 685 520 45.10 % 65 360 4.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 469 680 30.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Ivory Coast Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 19 740 000 8 705 340 44.10 % 7 402 500 37.50 % 1 579 200 8.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 013 480 10.20 % 39 480 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Liberia Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 3 990 000 3 427 410 85.90 % 478 800 12.00 % 55 860 1.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 19 950 0.50 % 3 990 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Mali Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 15 370 000 491 840 3.20 % 14 201 880 92.40 % 414 990 2.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 245 920 1.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Mauritania Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 3 460 000 10 380 0.30 % 3 428 860 99.10 % 3 460 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 17 300 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Niger Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 15 510 000 124 080 0.80 % 15 261 840 98.40 % 108 570 0.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Nigeria Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 158 420 000 78 101 060 49.30 % 77 308 960 48.80 % 633 680 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.01 % 2 217 880 1.40 % 90 000 0.06 % 0 0.00 %
Senegal Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 12 430 000 447 480 3.60 % 11 982 520 96.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Sierra Leone Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 5 870 000 1 226 830 20.90 % 4 578 600 78.00 % 5 870 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 46 960 0.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
St. Helena Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 4 000 3 860 96.50 % 0 0.00 % 132 3.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 8 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Togo Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 6 030 000 2 635 110 43.70 % 844 200 14.00 % 373 860 6.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 146 680 35.60 % 36 180 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Western Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Western Africa 304 264 000 123 748 360 40.67 % 162 347 970 53.36 % 4 998 882 1.64 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.00 % 12 789 880 4.20 % 219 438 0.07 % 0 0.00 %
Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa Sub-Saharan Africa 822 714 000 517 410 250 62.89 % 248 172 500 30.17 % 26 513 072 3.22 % 1 570 690 0.19 % 111 960 0.01 % 26 749 540 3.25 % 1 815 728 0.22 % 61 910 0.01 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Australia Asia and the Pacific Australia and New Zealand 22 270 000 14 987 710 67.30 % 534 480 2.40 % 5 389 340 24.20 % 311 780 1.40 % 601 290 2.70 % 155 890 0.70 % 178 160 0.80 % 111 350 0.50 %
New Zealand Asia and the Pacific Australia and New Zealand 4 370 000 2 490 900 57.00 % 52 440 1.20 % 1 599 420 36.60 % 91 770 2.10 % 69 920 1.60 % 21 850 0.50 % 30 590 0.70 % 8 740 0.20 %
Australia and New Zealand Asia and the Pacific Australia and New Zealand 26 640 000 17 478 610 65.61 % 586 920 2.20 % 6 988 760 26.23 % 403 550 1.51 % 671 210 2.52 % 177 740 0.67 % 208 750 0.78 % 120 090 0.45 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Kazakhstan Asia and the Pacific Central Asia 16 030 000 3 975 440 24.80 % 11 285 120 70.40 % 673 260 4.20 % 0 0.00 % 32 060 0.20 % 48 090 0.30 % 16 030 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Kyrgyzstan Asia and the Pacific Central Asia 5 330 000 607 620 11.40 % 4 690 400 88.00 % 21 320 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 5 330 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Tajikistan Asia and the Pacific Central Asia 6 880 000 110 080 1.60 % 6 652 960 96.70 % 103 200 1.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Turkmenistan Asia and the Pacific Central Asia 5 040 000 322 560 6.40 % 4 687 200 93.00 % 25 200 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Uzbekistan Asia and the Pacific Central Asia 27 440 000 631 120 2.30 % 26 534 480 96.70 % 219 520 0.80 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.04 % 10 000 0.04 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.04 %
Central Asia Asia and the Pacific Central Asia 60 720 000 5 646 820 9.30 % 53 850 160 88.69 % 1 042 500 1.72 % 0 0.00 % 42 060 0.07 % 63 420 0.10 % 16 030 0.03 % 10 000 0.02 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
China Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 1 341 340 000 68 408 340 5.10 % 24 144 120 1.80 % 700 179 480 52.20 % 20 000 0.00 % 244 123 880 18.20 % 293 753 460 21.90 % 9 389 380 0.70 % 0 0.00 %
Hong Kong Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 7 050 000 1 008 150 14.30 % 126 900 1.80 % 3 955 050 56.10 % 28 200 0.40 % 930 600 13.20 % 902 400 12.80 % 105 750 1.50 % 0 0.00 %
Japan Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 126 540 000 2 024 640 1.60 % 253 080 0.20 % 72 127 800 57.00 % 30 000 0.02 % 45 807 480 36.20 % 506 160 0.40 % 5 947 380 4.70 % 0 0.00 %
Korea, North Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 24 350 000 487 000 2.00 % 0 0.00 % 17 361 550 71.30 % 0 0.00 % 365 250 1.50 % 2 995 050 12.30 % 3 141 150 12.90 % 0 0.00 %
Korea, South Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 48 180 000 14 164 920 29.40 % 96 360 0.20 % 22 355 520 46.40 % 0 0.00 % 11 033 220 22.90 % 385 440 0.80 % 96 360 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Macau Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 540 000 38 880 7.20 % 1 080 0.20 % 83 160 15.40 % 0 0.00 % 93 420 17.30 % 318 060 58.90 % 5 400 1.00 % 0 0.00 %
Mongolia Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 2 760 000 63 480 2.30 % 88 320 3.20 % 990 840 35.90 % 0 0.00 % 1 520 760 55.10 % 96 600 3.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Taiwan Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 23 220 000 1 277 100 5.50 % 10 000 0.04 % 2 948 940 12.70 % 0 0.00 % 4 945 860 21.30 % 10 263 240 44.20 % 3 761 640 16.20 % 0 0.00 %
Eastern Asia Asia and the Pacific Eastern Asia 1 573 980 000 87 472 510 5.56 % 24 719 860 1.57 % 820 002 340 52.10 % 78 200 0.00 % 308 820 470 19.62 % 309 220 410 19.65 % 22 447 060 1.43 % 0 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Fiji Asia and the Pacific Melanesia 860 000 553 840 64.40 % 54 180 6.30 % 6 880 0.80 % 239 940 27.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 4 300 0.50 % 0 0.00 %
New Caledonia Asia and the Pacific Melanesia 250 000 213 000 85.20 % 7 000 2.80 % 26 000 10.40 % 0 0.00 % 1 500 0.60 % 500 0.20 % 2 000 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
Papua New Guinea Asia and the Pacific Melanesia 6 860 000 6 805 120 99.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 27 440 0.40 % 13 720 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Solomon Islands Asia and the Pacific Melanesia 540 000 525 960 97.40 % 0 0.00 % 1 080 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 1 620 0.30 % 7 020 1.30 % 3 780 0.70 % 0 0.00 %
Vanuatu Asia and the Pacific Melanesia 240 000 223 920 93.30 % 0 0.00 % 2 880 1.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 9 840 4.10 % 3 360 1.40 % 0 0.00 %
Melanesia Asia and the Pacific Melanesia 8 750 000 8 321 840 95.11 % 61 180 0.70 % 36 840 0.42 % 239 940 2.74 % 3 120 0.04 % 44 800 0.51 % 27 160 0.31 % 0 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Guam Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 180 000 169 560 94.20 % 0 0.00 % 3 060 1.70 % 0 0.00 % 1 980 1.10 % 2 700 1.50 % 2 880 1.60 % 0 0.00 %
Kiribati Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 100 000 97 000 97.00 % 0 0.00 % 800 0.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 2 200 2.20 % 0 0.00 %
Marshall Islands Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 50 000 48 750 97.50 % 0 0.00 % 750 1.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 150 0.30 % 400 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
Micronesia, Federated States of Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 110 000 104 830 95.30 % 0 0.00 % 990 0.90 % 0 0.00 % 440 0.40 % 2 970 2.70 % 770 0.70 % 0 0.00 %
Nauru Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 10 000 7 900 79.00 % 0 0.00 % 450 4.50 % 0 0.00 % 110 1.10 % 810 8.10 % 740 7.40 % 0 0.00 %
Northern Mariana Islands Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 60 000 48 780 81.30 % 420 0.70 % 600 1.00 % 0 0.00 % 6 360 10.60 % 3 180 5.30 % 660 1.10 % 0 0.00 %
Palau Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 20 000 17 340 86.70 % 0 0.00 % 240 1.20 % 0 0.00 % 160 0.80 % 160 0.80 % 2 080 10.40 % 0 0.00 %
Micronesia Asia and the Pacific Micronesia 530 000 494 160 93.24 % 420 0.08 % 6 890 1.30 % 0 0.00 % 9 050 1.71 % 9 970 1.88 % 9 730 1.84 % 0 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
American Samoa Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 70 000 68 810 98.30 % 0 0.00 % 490 0.70 % 0 0.00 % 210 0.30 % 280 0.40 % 210 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Cook Islands Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 20 000 19 200 96.00 % 0 0.00 % 640 3.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 160 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
French Polynesia Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 270 000 253 800 94.00 % 0 0.00 % 13 230 4.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 350 0.50 % 1 080 0.40 % 0 0.00 %
Niue Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 2 000 1 928 96.40 % 0 0.00 % 66 3.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 4 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Samoa Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 180 000 174 240 96.80 % 0 0.00 % 4 500 2.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 720 0.40 % 0 0.00 %
Tokelau Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 1 400 1 397 99.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 3 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Tonga Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 100 000 98 900 98.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 100 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 900 0.90 % 0 0.00 %
Tuvalu Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 11 000 10 637 96.70 % 11 0.10 % 143 1.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 209 1.90 % 0 0.00 %
Wallis and Futuna Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 13 000 12 662 97.40 % 0 0.00 % 78 0.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 156 1.20 % 104 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
Polynesia Asia and the Pacific Polynesia 667 400 641 574 96.13 % 11 0.00 % 19 147 2.87 % 100 0.01 % 210 0.03 % 1 786 0.27 % 3 390 0.51 % 0 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Brunei Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 400 000 37 600 9.40 % 300 400 75.10 % 1 600 0.40 % 1 200 0.30 % 34 400 8.60 % 24 800 6.20 % 400 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Burma (Myanmar) Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 47 960 000 3 740 880 7.80 % 1 918 400 4.00 % 239 800 0.50 % 815 320 1.70 % 38 415 960 80.10 % 2 781 680 5.80 % 95 920 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Cambodia Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 14 140 000 56 560 0.40 % 282 800 2.00 % 28 280 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 13 701 660 96.90 % 84 840 0.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Indonesia Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 239 870 000 23 747 130 9.90 % 209 166 640 87.20 % 240 000 0.10 % 4 077 790 1.70 % 1 679 090 0.70 % 719 610 0.30 % 239 870 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Laos Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 6 200 000 93 000 1.50 % 0 0.00 % 55 800 0.90 % 0 0.00 % 4 092 000 66.00 % 1 903 400 30.70 % 43 400 0.70 % 0 0.00 %
Malaysia Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 28 400 000 2 669 600 9.40 % 18 090 800 63.70 % 198 800 0.70 % 1 704 000 6.00 % 5 026 800 17.70 % 653 200 2.30 % 56 800 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Philippines Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 93 260 000 86 358 760 92.60 % 5 129 300 5.50 % 93 260 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 80 000 0.09 % 1 398 900 1.50 % 93 260 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Singapore Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 5 090 000 926 380 18.20 % 727 870 14.30 % 834 760 16.40 % 264 680 5.20 % 1 725 510 33.90 % 117 070 2.30 % 493 730 9.70 % 0 0.00 %
Thailand Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 69 120 000 622 080 0.90 % 3 801 600 5.50 % 207 360 0.30 % 69 120 0.10 % 64 419 840 93.20 % 60 000 0.09 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Timor-Leste Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 1 120 000 1 115 520 99.60 % 1 120 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 120 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Vietnam Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 87 850 000 7 203 700 8.20 % 175 700 0.20 % 26 003 600 29.60 % 0 0.00 % 14 407 400 16.40 % 39 796 050 45.30 % 351 400 0.40 % 0 0.00 %
Southeastern Asia Asia and the Pacific Southeastern Asia 593 410 000 126 571 210 21.33 % 239 594 630 40.38 % 27 903 260 4.70 % 6 932 110 1.17 % 143 582 660 24.20 % 47 540 670 8.01 % 1 374 780 0.23 % 0 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Bangladesh Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 148 690 000 297 380 0.20 % 133 523 620 89.80 % 80 000 0.05 % 13 530 790 9.10 % 743 450 0.50 % 594 760 0.40 % 30 000 0.02 % 0 0.00 %
Bhutan Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 730 000 3 650 0.50 % 1 460 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 164 980 22.60 % 545 310 74.70 % 13 870 1.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
India Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 1 224 610 000 30 615 250 2.50 % 176 343 840 14.40 % 870 000 0.07 % 973 564 950 79.50 % 9 796 880 0.80 % 6 123 050 0.50 % 28 166 030 2.30 % 10 000 0.00 %
Maldives Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 320 000 1 280 0.40 % 314 880 98.40 % 0 0.00 % 960 0.30 % 1 920 0.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Nepal Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 29 960 000 149 800 0.50 % 1 378 160 4.60 % 89 880 0.30 % 24 177 720 80.70 % 3 085 880 10.30 % 1 108 520 3.70 % 20 000 0.07 % 0 0.00 %
Pakistan Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 173 590 000 2 777 440 1.60 % 167 340 760 96.40 % 20 000 0.01 % 3 298 210 1.90 % 20 000 0.01 % 30 000 0.02 % 20 000 0.01 % 0 0.00 %
Sri Lanka Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 20 860 000 1 522 780 7.30 % 2 044 280 9.80 % 0 0.00 % 2 836 960 13.60 % 14 455 980 69.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Southern Asia Asia and the Pacific Southern Asia 1 598 760 000 35 367 580 2.21 % 480 947 000 30.08 % 1 059 880 0.07 % 1 017 574 570 63.65 % 28 649 420 1.79 % 7 870 200 0.49 % 28 236 030 1.77 % 10 000 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Afghanistan Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 31 410 000 31 410 0.10 % 31 315 770 99.70 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.03 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 20 000 0.06 % 1 0.00 %
Armenia Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 3 090 000 3 043 650 98.50 % 0 0.00 % 40 170 1.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 3 090 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Azerbaijan Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 9 190 000 275 700 3.00 % 8 905 110 96.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Cyprus Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 1 100 000 805 200 73.20 % 278 300 25.30 % 13 200 1.20 % 0 0.00 % 2 200 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Iran Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 73 970 000 147 940 0.20 % 73 600 150 99.50 % 73 970 0.10 % 20 000 0.03 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 147 940 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Turkey Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 72 750 000 291 000 0.40 % 71 295 000 98.00 % 873 000 1.20 % 0 0.00 % 40 000 0.05 % 20 000 0.03 % 145 500 0.20 % 20 000 0.03 %
Western Asia Asia and the Pacific Western Asia 191 510 000 4 594 900 2.40 % 185 394 330 96.81 % 1 000 340 0.52 % 30 000 0.02 % 42 200 0.02 % 20 000 0.01 % 316 530 0.17 % 20 000 0.01 %
Asia and the Pacific Asia and the Pacific Asia and the Pacific 4 054 967 400 286 589 204 7.07 % 985 154 511 24.30 % 858 059 957 21.16 % 1 025 258 470 25.28 % 481 820 400 11.88 % 364 948 996 9.00 % 52 639 460 1.30 % 160 090 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Austria Europe Central Europe 8 390 000 6 745 560 80.40 % 453 060 5.40 % 1 132 650 13.50 % 0 0.00 % 16 780 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 8 390 0.10 % 16 780 0.20 %
Croatia Europe Central Europe 4 400 000 4 109 600 93.40 % 61 600 1.40 % 224 400 5.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Czech Republic Europe Central Europe 10 490 000 2 444 170 23.30 % 0 0.00 % 8 014 360 76.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Estonia (Baltic states) Europe Central Europe 1 340 000 534 660 39.90 % 2 680 0.20 % 798 640 59.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 340 0.10 %
Germany Europe Central Europe 82 300 000 56 540 100 68.70 % 4 773 400 5.80 % 20 328 100 24.70 % 80 000 0.10 % 246 900 0.30 % 40 000 0.05 % 82 300 0.10 % 246 900 0.30 %
Hungary Europe Central Europe 9 980 000 8 083 800 81.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 856 280 18.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 9 980 0.10 %
Latvia (Baltic states) Europe Central Europe 2 250 000 1 255 500 55.80 % 2 250 0.10 % 985 500 43.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 4 500 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Liechtenstein Europe Central Europe 40 000 36 760 91.90 % 2 000 5.00 % 1 160 2.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 40 0.10 %
Lithuania (Baltic states) Europe Central Europe 3 320 000 2 981 360 89.80 % 0 0.00 % 332 000 10.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Poland Europe Central Europe 38 280 000 36 098 040 94.30 % 0 0.00 % 2 143 680 5.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.03 %
Slovakia Europe Central Europe 5 460 000 4 657 380 85.30 % 10 920 0.20 % 780 780 14.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Slovenia Europe Central Europe 2 030 000 1 591 520 78.40 % 73 080 3.60 % 365 400 18.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Switzerland Europe Central Europe 7 660 000 6 227 580 81.30 % 421 300 5.50 % 911 540 11.90 % 30 640 0.40 % 30 640 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 7 660 0.10 % 22 980 0.30 %
Central Europe Europe Central Europe 175 940 000 131 306 030 74.63 % 5 800 290 3.30 % 37 874 490 21.53 % 110 640 0.06 % 294 320 0.17 % 40 000 0.02 % 102 850 0.06 % 308 020 0.18 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Belarus Europe Eastern Europe 9 600 000 6 835 200 71.20 % 19 200 0.20 % 2 745 600 28.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Georgia Europe Eastern Europe 4 350 000 3 849 750 88.50 % 465 450 10.70 % 30 450 0.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Russia Europe Eastern Europe 142 960 000 104 789 680 73.30 % 14 296 000 10.00 % 23 159 520 16.20 % 30 000 0.02 % 142 960 0.10 % 285 920 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 285 920 0.20 %
Ukraine Europe Eastern Europe 45 450 000 38 087 100 83.80 % 545 400 1.20 % 6 681 150 14.70 % 10 000 0.02 % 20 000 0.04 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 45 450 0.10 %
Eastern Europe Europe Eastern Europe 202 360 000 153 561 730 75.89 % 15 326 050 7.57 % 32 616 720 16.12 % 40 000 0.02 % 162 960 0.08 % 285 920 0.14 % 0 0.00 % 331 370 0.16 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Denmark Europe Northern Europe 5 550 000 4 634 250 83.50 % 227 550 4.10 % 654 900 11.80 % 22 200 0.40 % 11 100 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Faroe Islands Europe Northern Europe 50 000 49 000 98.00 % 0 0.00 % 850 1.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 150 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Finland Europe Northern Europe 5 360 000 4 373 760 81.60 % 42 880 0.80 % 943 360 17.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Iceland Europe Northern Europe 320 000 304 000 95.00 % 640 0.20 % 11 200 3.50 % 960 0.30 % 1 280 0.40 % 1 600 0.50 % 640 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Norway Europe Northern Europe 4 880 000 4 133 360 84.70 % 180 560 3.70 % 492 880 10.10 % 24 400 0.50 % 29 280 0.60 % 0 0.00 % 9 760 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Sweden Europe Northern Europe 9 380 000 6 303 360 67.20 % 431 480 4.60 % 2 532 600 27.00 % 18 760 0.20 % 37 520 0.40 % 18 760 0.20 % 18 760 0.20 % 9 380 0.10 %
Northern Europe Europe Northern Europe 25 540 000 19 797 730 77.52 % 883 110 3.46 % 4 635 790 18.15 % 66 320 0.26 % 79 180 0.31 % 20 360 0.08 % 29 310 0.11 % 9 380 0.04 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Albania Europe Southeastern Europe 3 200 000 576 000 18.00 % 2 569 600 80.30 % 44 800 1.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 6 400 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Bosnia and Herzegovina Europe Southeastern Europe 3 760 000 1 966 480 52.30 % 1 699 520 45.20 % 94 000 2.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Bulgaria Europe Southeastern Europe 7 490 000 6 149 290 82.10 % 1 026 130 13.70 % 314 580 4.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Greece Europe Southeastern Europe 11 360 000 10 008 160 88.10 % 602 080 5.30 % 692 960 6.10 % 11 360 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 11 360 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Kosovo Europe Southeastern Europe 2 080 000 237 120 11.40 % 1 809 600 87.00 % 33 280 1.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Macedonia Europe Southeastern Europe 2 060 000 1 221 580 59.30 % 809 580 39.30 % 28 840 1.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Moldova Europe Southeastern Europe 3 570 000 3 477 180 97.40 % 21 420 0.60 % 49 980 1.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 21 420 0.60 %
Montenegro Europe Southeastern Europe 630 000 492 030 78.10 % 117 810 18.70 % 20 160 3.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Romania Europe Southeastern Europe 21 490 000 21 382 550 99.50 % 64 470 0.30 % 21 490 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Serbia Europe Southeastern Europe 7 770 000 7 187 250 92.50 % 326 340 4.20 % 256 410 3.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Southeastern Europe Europe Southeastern Europe 63 410 000 52 697 640 83.11 % 9 046 550 14.27 % 1 556 500 2.45 % 11 360 0.02 % 0 0.00 % 11 360 0.02 % 6 400 0.01 % 21 420 0.03 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Andorra Europe Southern Europe 80 000 71 600 89.50 % 640 0.80 % 7 040 8.80 % 400 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 80 0.10 % 240 0.30 %
Gibraltar Europe Southern Europe 30 000 26 640 88.80 % 1 200 4.00 % 870 2.90 % 540 1.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 90 0.30 % 630 2.10 %
Italy Europe Southern Europe 60 550 000 50 438 150 83.30 % 2 240 350 3.70 % 7 508 200 12.40 % 60 550 0.10 % 121 100 0.20 % 60 550 0.10 % 60 000 0.10 % 50 000 0.08 %
Malta Europe Southern Europe 420 000 407 400 97.00 % 840 0.20 % 10 500 2.50 % 840 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Portugal Europe Southern Europe 10 680 000 10 017 840 93.80 % 64 080 0.60 % 469 920 4.40 % 10 680 0.10 % 64 080 0.60 % 53 400 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
San Marino Europe Southern Europe 30 000 27 480 91.60 % 0 0.00 % 2 160 7.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 270 0.90 % 90 0.30 %
Spain Europe Southern Europe 46 080 000 36 218 880 78.60 % 967 680 2.10 % 8 755 200 19.00 % 20 000 0.04 % 0 0.00 % 20 000 0.04 % 10 000 0.02 % 46 080 0.10 %
Vatican City Europe Southern Europe 800 800 100.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Southern Europe Europe Southern Europe 117 870 800 97 208 790 82.47 % 3 274 790 2.78 % 16 753 890 14.21 % 93 010 0.08 % 185 180 0.16 % 133 950 0.11 % 70 440 0.06 % 97 040 0.08 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Belgium Europe Western Europe 10 710 000 6 875 820 64.20 % 631 890 5.90 % 3 105 900 29.00 % 0 0.00 % 21 420 0.20 % 21 420 0.20 % 10 000 0.09 % 32 130 0.30 %
Channel Islands Europe Western Europe 150 000 127 800 85.20 % 0 0.00 % 21 300 14.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 450 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
France Europe Western Europe 62 790 000 39 557 700 63.00 % 4 709 250 7.50 % 17 581 200 28.00 % 30 000 0.05 % 313 950 0.50 % 188 370 0.30 % 125 580 0.20 % 313 950 0.50 %
Ireland Europe Western Europe 4 470 000 4 112 400 92.00 % 49 170 1.10 % 277 140 6.20 % 8 940 0.20 % 8 940 0.20 % 8 940 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Isle of Man Europe Western Europe 80 000 67 280 84.10 % 160 0.20 % 12 320 15.40 % 160 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Luxembourg Europe Western Europe 510 000 359 040 70.40 % 11 730 2.30 % 136 680 26.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 530 0.30 % 510 0.10 %
Monaco Europe Western Europe 40 000 34 400 86.00 % 160 0.40 % 4 680 11.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 80 0.20 % 680 1.70 %
Netherlands Europe Western Europe 16 610 000 8 404 660 50.60 % 996 600 6.00 % 6 992 810 42.10 % 83 050 0.50 % 33 220 0.20 % 33 220 0.20 % 33 220 0.20 % 33 220 0.20 %
United Kingdom Europe Western Europe 62 040 000 44 110 440 71.10 % 2 729 760 4.40 % 13 214 520 21.30 % 806 520 1.30 % 248 160 0.40 % 186 120 0.30 % 496 320 0.80 % 310 200 0.50 %
Western Europe Europe Western Europe 157 400 000 103 649 540 65.85 % 9 128 720 5.80 % 41 346 550 26.27 % 928 670 0.59 % 625 690 0.40 % 438 070 0.28 % 667 180 0.42 % 690 690 0.44 %
Europe Europe Europe 742 520 800 558 221 460 75.18 % 43 459 510 5.85 % 134 783 940 18.15 % 1 250 000 0.17 % 1 347 330 0.18 % 929 660 0.13 % 876 180 0.12 % 1 457 920 0.20 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Anguilla Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 20 000 18 120 90.60 % 60 0.30 % 800 4.00 % 80 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 580 2.90 % 320 1.60 % 20 0.10 %
Antigua and Barbuda Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 90 000 83 700 93.00 % 540 0.60 % 1 530 1.70 % 180 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 3 240 3.60 % 900 1.00 % 0 0.00 %
Aruba Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 110 000 101 090 91.90 % 220 0.20 % 6 600 6.00 % 0 0.00 % 110 0.10 % 1 430 1.30 % 110 0.10 % 440 0.40 %
Bahamas, The Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 340 000 326 400 96.00 % 340 0.10 % 10 540 3.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 020 0.30 % 1 020 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Barbados Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 270 000 257 040 95.20 % 2 700 1.00 % 5 130 1.90 % 1 080 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 3 780 1.40 % 0 0.00 %
Cayman Islands Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 60 000 50 100 83.50 % 240 0.40 % 5 640 9.40 % 540 0.90 % 0 0.00 % 2 700 4.50 % 360 0.60 % 480 0.80 %
Cuba Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 11 260 000 6 665 920 59.20 % 0 0.00 % 2 589 800 23.00 % 22 520 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 1 959 240 17.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Dominica Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 70 000 66 080 94.40 % 70 0.10 % 350 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 70 0.10 % 2 100 3.00 % 1 190 1.70 % 0 0.00 %
Dominican Republic Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 9 930 000 8 738 400 88.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 082 370 10.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 89 370 0.90 % 9 930 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Grenada Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 100 000 96 600 96.60 % 300 0.30 % 1 000 1.00 % 700 0.70 % 0 0.00 % 1 300 1.30 % 200 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Guadeloupe Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 460 000 441 140 95.90 % 1 840 0.40 % 11 500 2.50 % 2 300 0.50 % 0 0.00 % 1 840 0.40 % 1 840 0.40 % 0 0.00 %
Haiti Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 9 990 000 8 681 310 86.90 % 0 0.00 % 1 058 940 10.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 219 780 2.20 % 29 970 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Jamaica Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 2 740 000 2 115 280 77.20 % 0 0.00 % 471 280 17.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 123 300 4.50 % 27 400 1.00 % 0 0.00 %
Martinique Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 410 000 395 650 96.50 % 820 0.20 % 9 430 2.30 % 820 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 820 0.20 % 2 460 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Montserrat Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 5 000 4 675 93.50 % 0 0.00 % 240 4.80 % 5 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 10 0.20 % 75 1.50 % 0 0.00 %
Netherlands Antilles Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 200 000 187 800 93.90 % 400 0.20 % 6 600 3.30 % 400 0.20 % 1 000 0.50 % 2 400 1.20 % 600 0.30 % 600 0.30 %
Puerto Rico Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 3 750 000 3 626 250 96.70 % 0 0.00 % 71 250 1.90 % 0 0.00 % 11 250 0.30 % 30 000 0.80 % 3 750 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
St. Kitts and Nevis Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 50 000 47 300 94.60 % 150 0.30 % 800 1.60 % 750 1.50 % 0 0.00 % 650 1.30 % 400 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
St. Lucia Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 170 000 154 870 91.10 % 170 0.10 % 10 200 6.00 % 510 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 850 0.50 % 3 400 2.00 % 0 0.00 %
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 110 000 97 570 88.70 % 1 650 1.50 % 2 750 2.50 % 3 740 3.40 % 0 0.00 % 2 200 2.00 % 2 200 2.00 % 0 0.00 %
Trinidad and Tobago Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 1 340 000 883 060 65.90 % 79 060 5.90 % 25 460 1.90 % 304 180 22.70 % 4 020 0.30 % 25 460 1.90 % 18 760 1.40 % 0 0.00 %
Turks and Caicos Islands Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 40 000 36 840 92.10 % 0 0.00 % 1 840 4.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 1 080 2.70 % 240 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Virgin Islands, British Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 20 000 16 900 84.50 % 240 1.20 % 780 3.90 % 240 1.20 % 0 0.00 % 1 680 8.40 % 160 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
Virgin Islands, U.S. Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 110 000 104 280 94.80 % 110 0.10 % 4 070 3.70 % 440 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 660 0.60 % 330 0.30 %
Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Caribbean 41 645 000 33 196 375 79.71 % 88 910 0.21 % 5 378 900 12.92 % 338 485 0.81 % 16 450 0.04 % 2 471 050 5.93 % 109 725 0.26 % 1 870 0.00 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Belize Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 310 000 271 560 87.60 % 310 0.10 % 27 590 8.90 % 620 0.20 % 1 550 0.50 % 4 650 1.50 % 310 0.10 % 3 100 1.00 %
Costa Rica Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 4 660 000 4 235 940 90.90 % 0 0.00 % 368 140 7.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 37 280 0.80 % 13 980 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
El Salvador Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 6 190 000 5 459 580 88.20 % 0 0.00 % 680 900 11.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 30 950 0.50 % 18 570 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Guatemala Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 14 390 000 13 699 280 95.20 % 0 0.00 % 589 990 4.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 86 340 0.60 % 10 000 0.07 % 0 0.00 %
Honduras Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 7 600 000 6 657 600 87.60 % 7 600 0.10 % 798 000 10.50 % 0 0.00 % 7 600 0.10 % 83 600 1.10 % 45 600 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Mexico Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 113 420 000 107 862 420 95.10 % 0 0.00 % 5 330 740 4.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 70 000 0.06 % 20 000 0.02 % 70 000 0.06 %
Nicaragua Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 5 790 000 4 967 820 85.80 % 0 0.00 % 723 750 12.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 81 060 1.40 % 5 790 0.10 % 0 0.00 %
Panama Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 3 520 000 3 273 600 93.00 % 24 640 0.70 % 168 960 4.80 % 0 0.00 % 7 040 0.20 % 14 080 0.40 % 14 080 0.40 % 14 080 0.40 %
Mexico and Central America Latin America and the Caribbean Mexico and Central America 155 880 000 146 427 800 93.94 % 32 550 0.02 % 8 688 070 5.57 % 620 0.00 % 16 190 0.01 % 407 960 0.26 % 128 330 0.08 % 87 180 0.06 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Argentina Latin America and the Caribbean South America 40 410 000 34 429 320 85.20 % 404 100 1.00 % 4 930 020 12.20 % 0 0.00 % 20 000 0.05 % 323 280 0.80 % 121 230 0.30 % 202 050 0.50 %
Bolivia Latin America and the Caribbean South America 9 930 000 9 324 270 93.90 % 0 0.00 % 407 130 4.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 89 370 0.90 % 99 300 1.00 % 0 0.00 %
Brazil Latin America and the Caribbean South America 194 950 000 173 310 550 88.90 % 40 000 0.02 % 15 401 050 7.90 % 0 0.00 % 194 950 0.10 % 5 458 600 2.80 % 389 900 0.20 % 110 000 0.06 %
Chile Latin America and the Caribbean South America 17 110 000 15 296 340 89.40 % 0 0.00 % 1 471 460 8.60 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.06 % 256 650 1.50 % 34 220 0.20 % 17 110 0.10 %
Colombia Latin America and the Caribbean South America 46 290 000 42 818 250 92.50 % 10 000 0.02 % 3 055 140 6.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 370 320 0.80 % 40 000 0.09 % 0 0.00 %
Ecuador Latin America and the Caribbean South America 14 460 000 13 606 860 94.10 % 0 0.00 % 795 300 5.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 43 380 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Latin America and the Caribbean South America 3 000 2 016 67.20 % 9 0.30 % 945 31.50 % 0 0.00 % 6 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 24 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
French Guiana Latin America and the Caribbean South America 230 000 194 120 84.40 % 2 070 0.90 % 7 820 3.40 % 3 680 1.60 % 0 0.00 % 20 930 9.10 % 1 150 0.50 % 0 0.00 %
Guyana Latin America and the Caribbean South America 750 000 495 000 66.00 % 48 000 6.40 % 15 000 2.00 % 186 750 24.90 % 0 0.00 % 1 500 0.20 % 4 500 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
Paraguay Latin America and the Caribbean South America 6 450 000 6 250 050 96.90 % 0 0.00 % 70 950 1.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 109 650 1.70 % 12 900 0.20 % 0 0.00 %
Peru Latin America and the Caribbean South America 29 080 000 27 771 400 95.50 % 0 0.00 % 872 400 3.00 % 0 0.00 % 58 160 0.20 % 290 800 1.00 % 87 240 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Suriname Latin America and the Caribbean South America 520 000 268 320 51.60 % 79 040 15.20 % 28 080 5.40 % 102 960 19.80 % 3 120 0.60 % 27 560 5.30 % 9 360 1.80 % 1 040 0.20 %
Uruguay Latin America and the Caribbean South America 3 370 000 1 951 230 57.90 % 0 0.00 % 1 371 590 40.70 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 26 960 0.80 % 10 110 0.30 % 10 110 0.30 %
Venezuela Latin America and the Caribbean South America 28 980 000 25 879 140 89.30 % 86 940 0.30 % 2 898 000 10.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 57 960 0.20 % 20 000 0.07 % 0 0.00 %
South America Latin America and the Caribbean South America 392 533 000 351 596 866 89.57 % 670 159 0.17 % 31 324 885 7.98 % 293 390 0.07 % 286 236 0.07 % 7 076 960 1.80 % 829 934 0.21 % 340 310 0.09 %
Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean Latin America and the Caribbean 590 058 000 531 221 041 90.03 % 791 619 0.13 % 45 391 855 7.69 % 632 495 0.11 % 318 876 0.05 % 9 955 970 1.69 % 1 067 989 0.18 % 429 360 0.07 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Bermuda Northern America Northern America 60 000 45 000 75.00 % 660 1.10 % 11 640 19.40 % 0 0.00 % 300 0.50 % 1 800 3.00 % 480 0.80 % 180 0.30 %
Canada Northern America Northern America 34 020 000 23 473 800 69.00 % 714 420 2.10 % 8 062 740 23.70 % 476 280 1.40 % 272 160 0.80 % 408 240 1.20 % 306 180 0.90 % 340 200 1.00 %
Greenland Northern America Northern America 60 000 57 660 96.10 % 0 0.00 % 1 500 2.50 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 480 0.80 % 360 0.60 % 0 0.00 %
St. Pierre and Miquelon Northern America Northern America 6 000 5 682 94.70 % 12 0.20 % 228 3.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 78 1.30 % 0 0.00 %
United States Northern America Northern America 310 380 000 243 027 540 78.30 % 2 793 420 0.90 % 50 902 320 16.40 % 1 862 280 0.60 % 3 724 560 1.20 % 620 760 0.20 % 1 862 280 0.60 % 5 586 840 1.80 %
Northern America Northern America Northern America 344 526 000 266 609 682 77.38 % 3 508 512 1.02 % 58 978 428 17.12 % 2 338 560 0.68 % 3 997 020 1.16 % 1 031 280 0.30 % 2 169 378 0.63 % 5 927 220 1.72 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Bahrain The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 1 260 000 182 700 14.50 % 885 780 70.30 % 23 940 1.90 % 123 480 9.80 % 31 500 2.50 % 0 0.00 % 2 520 0.20 % 7 560 0.60 %
Iraq The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 31 670 000 253 360 0.80 % 31 353 300 99.00 % 31 670 0.10 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 20 000 0.06 % 0 0.00 %
Israel The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 7 420 000 148 400 2.00 % 1 380 120 18.60 % 230 020 3.10 % 0 0.00 % 22 260 0.30 % 14 840 0.20 % 7 420 0.10 % 5 609 520 75.60 %
Jordan The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 6 190 000 136 180 2.20 % 6 016 680 97.20 % 0 0.00 % 6 190 0.10 % 24 760 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Kuwait The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 2 740 000 391 820 14.30 % 2 030 340 74.10 % 0 0.00 % 232 900 8.50 % 76 720 2.80 % 0 0.00 % 8 220 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Lebanon The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 4 230 000 1 620 090 38.30 % 2 592 990 61.30 % 12 690 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 8 460 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Oman The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 2 780 000 180 700 6.50 % 2 388 020 85.90 % 5 560 0.20 % 152 900 5.50 % 22 240 0.80 % 0 0.00 % 27 800 1.00 % 0 0.00 %
Palestinian territories The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 4 040 000 96 960 2.40 % 3 943 040 97.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Qatar The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 1 760 000 242 880 13.80 % 1 191 520 67.70 % 15 840 0.90 % 242 880 13.80 % 54 560 3.10 % 0 0.00 % 12 320 0.70 % 0 0.00 %
Saudi Arabia The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 27 450 000 1 207 800 4.40 % 25 528 500 93.00 % 192 150 0.70 % 301 950 1.10 % 82 350 0.30 % 82 350 0.30 % 82 350 0.30 % 0 0.00 %
Syria The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 20 410 000 1 061 320 5.20 % 18 940 480 92.80 % 408 200 2.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
United Arab Emirates The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 7 510 000 946 260 12.60 % 5 775 190 76.90 % 82 610 1.10 % 495 660 6.60 % 150 200 2.00 % 0 0.00 % 60 080 0.80 % 0 0.00 %
Yemen The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 24 050 000 48 100 0.20 % 23 833 550 99.10 % 24 050 0.10 % 144 300 0.60 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
The Middle East The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East 141 510 000 6 516 570 4.61 % 125 859 510 88.94 % 1 026 730 0.73 % 1 700 260 1.20 % 473 050 0.33 % 97 190 0.07 % 220 710 0.16 % 5 617 080 3.97 %
Country Region Subregion Population --Christian-- % ---Muslim--- % -Unaffiliated- % ----Hindu---- % -Buddhist- % Folk Religion % Other Religion % --Jewish-- %
Algeria The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 35 470 000 70 940 0.20 % 34 725 130 97.90 % 638 460 1.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 10 000 0.03 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Egypt The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 81 120 000 4 137 120 5.10 % 76 982 880 94.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Libya The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 6 360 000 171 720 2.70 % 6 143 760 96.60 % 12 720 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 19 080 0.30 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Morocco The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 31 950 000 20 000 0.06 % 31 918 050 99.90 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Sudan The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 33 600 000 1 814 400 5.40 % 30 475 200 90.70 % 336 000 1.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 940 800 2.80 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Tunisia The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 10 480 000 20 960 0.20 % 10 427 600 99.50 % 20 960 0.20 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
Western Sahara The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 530 000 1 060 0.20 % 526 820 99.40 % 2 120 0.40 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
North Africa The Middle East and North Africa North Africa 199 510 000 6 236 200 3.13 % 191 199 440 95.83 % 1 010 260 0.51 % 0 0.00 % 19 080 0.01 % 950 800 0.48 % 0 0.00 % 0 0.00 %
The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East and North Africa The Middle East and North Africa 341 020 000 12 752 770 3.74 % 317 058 950 92.97 % 2 036 990 0.60 % 1 700 260 0.50 % 492 130 0.14 % 1 047 990 0.31 % 220 710 0.06 % 5 617 080 1.65 %
World World World 6 895 806 200 2 172 804 407 31.51 % 1 598 145 602 23.18 % 1 125 764 242 16.33 % 1 032 750 475 14.98 % 488 087 716 7.08 % 404 663 436 5.87 % 58 789 445 0.85 % 13 653 580 0.20 %

Religious information by country from CIA - The World Fact Book and International Religious Freedom Report for 2012

Country CIA - The World Fact Book[2] International Religious Freedom Report for 2012[3]
Afghanistan Sunni Muslim 80%, Shia Muslim 19%, other 1% Reliable data on religious demography is difficult to obtain because an official nationwide census has not been conducted in decades. U.S. government estimates indicate a population of approximately 30.4 million, with Sunni Muslims comprising 80 percent of the population, Shia Muslims making up about 19 percent, and other religious groups comprising less than 1 percent. The Ismailis, who self identify as a Shia denomination, comprise approximately 5 percent of the total population. Leaders of minority religious communities estimate there are 350 Sikh families and 30 Hindu families. Estimates of the Bahai and Christian communities are less clear because neither group practices openly for fear of persecution. Reportedly, the Christian community is between 500 and 8,000 persons and the Bahai community is approximately 2,000 persons. In addition, there are small numbers of practitioners of other religions. There is one known Jewish citizen.

There are three active gurdwaras (Sikh places of worship) in Kabul and 10 in other parts of the country; there were 64 gurdwaras throughout the country before the mujahideen era, when many were seized. There are five remaining Hindu mandirs (temples) in three cities: two in Kabul, one of which shares a wall with a mosque, one in Jalalabad, one in Helmand, and one in Kandahar. Afghanistan’s last known Jew maintains Kabul’s sole synagogue, and there are also three defunct synagogues in Herat, which are no longer in use for lack of a Jewish community. There are no public Christian churches. Afghan Christians worship alone or in small congregations in private homes. Many Afghan Christians converted while living as refugees in third countries. Chapels and churches for noncitizens of various faiths are located on several military bases, Provincial Reconstruction Teams, and at the Italian embassy in Kabul. Buddhist foreigners are free to worship in Hindu temples. Followers of the Bahai faith have practiced in the country for approximately 150 years. The community is predominantly based in Kabul, although some Bahais remain in Kandahar.

Albania Muslim 70%, Albanian Orthodox 20%, Roman Catholic 10% (note: percentages are estimates; there are no available current statistics on religious affiliation; all mosques and churches were closed in 1967 and religious observances prohibited; in November 1990, Albania began allowing private religious practice) According to the 2011 census, the population is 2.8 million. It is difficult to assess the size of religious groups because nearly 20 percent of respondents declined to answer the optional census question about religious affiliation. Several religious leaders challenge the census results. According to the census, Sunni Muslims constitute nearly 57 percent of the population, Roman Catholics 10 percent, Orthodox Christians (the Autocephalous Orthodox Church of Albania) nearly 7 percent, and Bektashi (a form of Shia Sufism) 2 percent. Other groups present include Bahais, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). The State Committee on Cults reports more than 230 religious groups, organizations, foundations, and educational institutions operating in the country.
Algeria Sunni Muslim (state religion) 99%, Christian and Jewish 1% The population is 37.1 million according to January estimates from the Office of National Statistics. Over 99 percent is Sunni Muslim. Groups together constituting less than 1 percent of the population include Christians, Jews, and a small community of Ibadi Muslims residing in the province of Ghardaia. Some religious leaders estimate there are only a few hundred Jews. Unofficial estimates of the number of Christians in Algeria vary between 30,000 and 70,000. For security reasons, due mainly to civil conflict, Christians concentrated in the cities of Algiers, Annaba, and Oran in the mid-1990s. According to Christian leaders, evangelical Christians, including Seventh-day Adventists, account for the largest number of Christians. Most evangelicals live in the Kabylie region. Next in size are the Methodists and members of other Protestant denominations, followed by Roman Catholics. A significant proportion of Christian foreign residents, whose numbers are difficult to estimate, are students and illegal immigrants from sub-Saharan Africa seeking to reach Europe. One religious leader estimates there are between 1,000 and 1,500 Egyptian Coptic Christians living in the country. There are no statistics on the number of religious conversions; however, according to the Minister of Religious Affairs, 150 foreigners converted to Islam and 50 citizens converted to Christianity in 2011. Christian leaders estimate that dozens of Algerians have converted to Christianity in the past two years. Officials from the Ministry of Religious Affairs and Endowments (MRA) report that there are approximately 16,000 mosques and 24,000 imams in Algeria.
American Samoa Christian Congregationalist 50%, Roman Catholic 20%, Protestant and other 30%
Andorra Roman Catholic (predominant) The government estimates the population to be 78,000. There are no official statistics on religious affiliation, but observers estimate that approximately 90 percent of the population is Roman Catholic. Smaller religious groups include Muslims, Hindus, Jews, Anglicans, Seventh-day Adventists, Bahais, and members of the Unification Church. There are also small numbers of members of other Christian groups, including the New Apostolic Church, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and Jehovah’s Witnesses.

The population consists largely of immigrants from Spain, Portugal, and France; citizens constitute 37 percent of inhabitants. Immigrants are generally also Catholic.

Angola indigenous beliefs 47%, Roman Catholic 38%, Protestant 15% (1998 est.) The government estimates the population to be approximately 20 million. The last official census was in 1970. The majority of the population is Christian. The Roman Catholic Church estimates that 55 percent of the population is Catholic, while the government estimates that 70 percent is. The National Institute for Religious Affairs estimates 25 percent of the population combines Christian and traditional beliefs; 10 percent is Protestant, including Methodists, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Congregationalists (United Church of Christ), and Assemblies of God; and 5 percent belongs to Brazilian evangelical churches. A small portion of the rural population practices animism or indigenous religious beliefs. There is a small Muslim community, unofficially estimated at 80,000 to 90,000, most of whom are migrants from West Africa or of Lebanese origin. Some Muslim sources put these figures closer to 500,000, but it is not possible to confirm the estimate.

There are approximately 450 to 500 Jews, primarily Israelis.

Anguilla Protestant 83.1% (Anglican 29%, Methodist 23.9%, other Protestant 30.2%), Roman Catholic 5.7%, other Christian 1.7%, other 5.2%, none or unspecified 4.3% (2001 census)
Antigua and Barbuda Protestant 76.4% (Anglican 25.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 12.3%, Pentecostal 10.6%, Moravian 10.5%, Methodist 7.9%, Baptist 4.9%, Church of God 4.5%), Roman Catholic 10.4%, other Christian 5.4%, other 2%, none or unspecified 5.8% (2001 census) According to a U.S. government estimate in July, the population of Antigua and Barbuda is 89,000. According to the 2001 census, 74 percent of the population is Christian. The Anglican Church is the largest religious group, accounting for 26 percent of the population. The Methodist, Moravian, and Roman Catholic churches account for less than 10 percent each. The United Evangelical Association, an organization that includes most independent evangelical churches, claims 25 percent of the population, and Jehovah’s Witnesses number more than 1,000 members. Non-Christians include an estimated 1,000 to 1,500 Rastafarians, more than 200 Muslims, nearly 200 Hindus, and approximately 50 members of the Bahai Faith. There are also approximately 200 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).
Argentina nominally Roman Catholic 92% (less than 20% practicing), Protestant 2%, Jewish 2%, other 4% According to the 2010 census of the National Institute of Statistics and Census, the population is approximately 40.1 million. A 2008 study by the National Council of Scientific and Technical Research and the National Agency for the Promotion of Science and Technology estimates Roman Catholics constitute 76 percent of the population, and Baptists, Jews, Muslims, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Lutherans, Methodists, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) each total less than 5 percent of the population. Leaders of diverse religious groups note the recent growth of evangelical Protestant communities. While exact numbers are difficult to confirm (and national census data does not track religious affiliation), the Jewish population is approximately 250,000-300,000, generally considered the largest Jewish population in Latin America. Similarly, the Muslim population, an estimated 400,000 to 1 million, is also the largest in Latin America.
Armenia Armenian Apostolic 94.7%, other Christian 4%, Yezidi (monotheist with elements of nature worship) 1.3% According to preliminary results of the 2011 census, the population is 2.8 million. Approximately 90 percent of citizens belong to the Armenian Apostolic Church. Other religious groups constituting less than 5 percent each of the total population include Roman Catholics, Armenian Uniate (Mekhitarist) Catholics, Orthodox Christians, evangelical Christians, Molokans, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Baptists, charismatic Christians, Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Yezidis, Jews, Sunni Muslims, Shiite Muslims, and pagans.

Yezidis are concentrated primarily in agricultural areas northwest of Yerevan around Mount Aragats, and Armenian Catholics live primarily in the north. Most Jews, Mormons, and Orthodox Christians reside in Yerevan, along with a small community of Muslims, most of whom are Shiites, including Iranians and temporary residents from the Middle East.

Aruba Roman Catholic 80.8%, Protestant 7.8% (Evangelist 4.1%, Methodist 1.2%, other Protestant 2.5%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.5%, Jewish 0.2%, other 5.1%, none or unspecified 4.6%
Australia Protestant 27.4% (Anglican 18.7%, Uniting Church 5.7%, Presbyterian and Reformed 3%), Catholic 25.8%, Eastern Orthodox 2.7%, other Christian 7.9%, Buddhist 2.1%, Muslim 1.7%, other 2.4%, unspecified 11.3%, none 18.7% (2006 Census) According to November 2012 data from the Bureau of Statistics, the population is 22.8 million. According to the 2011 census, 61 percent of citizens consider themselves Christian, including 25 percent Roman Catholic and 17 percent Anglican, while 22.3 percent report having no religious affiliation. Buddhists constitute 2.5 percent of the population, Muslims 2.2 percent, Hindus 1.3 percent, and Jews 0.5 percent.

The census indicated that indigenous persons constitute 2.5 percent of the population (approximately 548,370 people) and that 1 percent of indigenous respondents practice traditional indigenous religions. Affiliation with a traditional indigenous religion is higher in very remote areas (6 percent) than in all other areas (less than 1 percent). Around 60 percent of indigenous respondents identify themselves as Christian and around 20 percent report having no religious affiliation.

Austria Roman Catholic 73.6%, Protestant 4.7%, Muslim 4.2%, other 3.5%, unspecified 2%, none 12% (2001 census) The population is approximately 8.4 million, according to a 2011 Statistics Austria report. Religious groups and the Austrian Integration Fund estimate that Roman Catholics constitute 64 percent of the population and Muslims 6 percent. Religious groups constituting less than 5 percent each include the Lutheran Church; the Swiss Reformed Church (Evangelical Church-Augsburg and Helvetic confessions); Eastern Orthodox churches (Russian, Greek, Serbian, Romanian, and Bulgarian); Jehovah’s Witnesses; other Christian churches; the Jewish community; and other non-Christian religious groups.
Azerbaijan Muslim 93.4%, Russian Orthodox 2.5%, Armenian Orthodox 2.3%, other 1.8% (1995 est.) (note: religious affiliation is still nominal in Azerbaijan; percentages for actual practicing adherents are much lower) The population as estimated by the State Statistics Committee in 2012 is 9.3 million. According to 2011 data from the SCWRA, 96 percent of the population is Muslim, with the remainder consisting primarily of members of the Russian Orthodox and Armenian Apostolic Churches, other Christians, Jews, and nonbelievers. Approximately 65 percent of the Islamic population is Shia and 35 percent Sunni.

Christians mainly live in Baku and other urban areas. Approximately 20,000 Jews live in Baku, with smaller communities throughout the country. Other small religious groups include Lutherans, Roman Catholics, Baptists, Molokans, Seventh-day Adventists, and Bahais. Since independence in 1991, a number of religious groups considered by the government to be foreign or "nontraditional" have established a presence, including Salafist Muslims, Pentecostal and other evangelical Christians, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Hare Krishnas. There is a significant number of foreign resident Christian communities in Baku.

Bahamas, The Protestant 67.6% (Baptist 35.4%, Anglican 15.1%, Pentecostal 8.1%, Church of God 4.8%, Methodist 4.2%), Roman Catholic 13.5%, other Christian 15.2%, none or unspecified 2.9%, other 0.8% (2000 census) According to the official census of 2010, the total population is approximately 353,700. The census also reported that more than 90 percent of the population professes a religion. Protestant Christian denominations make up a majority and include Baptists (35 percent), Anglicans/Episcopalians (15 percent), Pentecostals (8 percent), Church of God (5 percent), Seventh-day Adventists (5 percent), and Methodists (4 percent). Fourteen percent of the population is Roman Catholic.

Smaller religious communities are also active and include Greek Orthodox Christians, Jews, Bahais, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Rastafarians, Muslims, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). A small number of Bahamians and resident Haitians, particularly those living in the Family Islands, practice Obeah, a version of Voodoo. Some members of the small resident Guyanese and Indian populations practice Hinduism.

Bahrain Muslim (Shia and Sunni) 81.2%, Christian 9%, other 9.8% (2001 census) The 2010 census lists the overall population as 1.2 million, with citizens making up slightly less than half of the population. Citizens are 99 percent Muslim, while Jews, Christians, Hindus, and Bahais constitute the remaining 1 percent. Muslims comprise 70.2 percent of the total population of citizens and noncitizens. The government does not publish statistics regarding the sectarian breakdown between Shia and Sunni citizens; however, Shia are widely believed to represent a majority of the country’s citizen population.

There are approximately 350 licensed Sunni mosques, while the number of licensed Shia places of worship includes 863 mosques and 589 matams (religious cultural centers). In newer residential developments such as Hamad Town and Isa Town, which often have mixed Shia and Sunni populations, there tends to be a disproportionate number of Sunni mosques. Foreigners, mostly from South Asia and from other Arab countries, constitute an estimated 54 percent of the population. Approximately half of resident foreigners are non-Muslim, including Hindus, Buddhists, Christians (primarily Roman Catholic, Protestant, Syrian Orthodox, and Mar Thoma from South India), Bahais, and Sikhs.

Bangladesh Muslim 89.5%, Hindu 9.6%, other 0.9% (2004) According to the 2011 census, Sunni Muslims constitute 90 percent of the population and Hindus make up 9.5 percent of a total population of 152.5 million. The remainder of the population is predominantly Christian (mostly Roman Catholic) and Theravada-Hinayana Buddhist. Ethnic and religious minority groups often overlap and are concentrated in the Chittagong Hill Tracts and northern districts. Buddhists are predominantly found among the indigenous (non-Bengali) populations of the Chittagong Hill Tracts. Bengali and ethnic minority Christians live in communities across the country, concentrating in Barisal City, Gournadi in Barisal District, Baniarchar in Gopalganj, Monipuripara in Dhaka, Christianpara in Mohakhal, Nagori in Gazipur, and Khulna City. There also are small populations of Shia Muslims, Bahais, animists, and Ahmadiyya Muslims. Estimates of their numbers varied from a few thousand to 100,000 adherents per group.

Most noncitizen residents are of Bangladeshi descent and practice Islam. Separately, there are approximately 30,000 registered Rohingya refugees and between 250,000 and 450,000 unregistered Rohingya practicing Islam in the southeast around Cox’s Bazar.

Barbados Protestant 63.4% (Anglican 28.3%, Pentecostal 18.7%, Methodist 5.1%, other 11.3%), Roman Catholic 4.2%, other Christian 7%, other 4.8%, none or unspecified 20.6% (2008 est.) The population is approximately 287,700, according to a U.S. Government source. According to the 2000 census, more than 95 percent of the population is Christian. The most recent census indicates that the two largest groups are Anglicans (28 percent) and Pentecostals (18 percent), followed by Seventh-day Adventists (5 percent), Methodists (5 percent), and Roman Catholics (4 percent). There are small numbers of Baptists, Moravians, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

The number of non-Christians is small. There are 4,000 Muslims, most of whom trace their ancestry to the Indian state of Gujarat. A few immigrants from Guyana, Trinidad, South Asia, and the Middle East, as well as approximately 200 native-born persons, constitute the rest of the growing Muslim community. There are three mosques and an Islamic center. Other religious groups include Jews, Rastafarians, Hindus, Buddhists, and Bahais.

Belarus Eastern Orthodox 80%, other (including Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 20% (1997 est.) According to the National Statistics Committee, the population is 9.5 million. There are no authoritative figures on religious affiliation. The National Academy of Science reports that 57.3 percent of the population belongs to the BOC, 34.5 percent to the Roman Catholic Church, and 3.1 percent to Protestant groups, based on a poll of those who regularly attend worship services. However, according to a 2011 survey by the Information and Analytical Center of the Presidential Administration, approximately 80 percent of citizens belong to the BOC, 10 percent to the Roman Catholic Church, and 2 percent to other religious groups. Smaller religious groups include Muslims, Jews, Greek Catholics ("Uniates"), and Orthodox groups other than the BOC. Jewish groups state that between 30,000 and 40,000 persons are Jewish. Other registered groups include the Old Believers, Lutherans, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Apostolic Christians, Hare Krishnas, Bahais, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Messianic and Reform churches, Presbyterians, Armenian Apostolics, Latin Catholics, and members of Christ’s Church and the St. Jogan Church.
Belgium Roman Catholic 75%, other (includes Protestant) 25% According to Eurostat, the population is 11 million. The government does not collect or publish statistics on religious affiliation.

A 2011 report by the King Baudouin Foundation estimates the religious affiliation of the population to be 50 percent Roman Catholic, 32 percent without affiliation, 9 percent atheist, 6 percent Muslim, 2.5 percent other Christian, 0.4 percent Jewish, and 0.3 percent Buddhist. Other religious groups include Hindus, Sikhs, Hare Krishnas, and Scientologists.

Belize Roman Catholic 39.3%, Pentecostal 8.3%, Seventh Day Adventist 5.3%, Anglican 4.5%, Mennonite 3.7%, Baptist 3.5%, Methodist 2.8%, Nazarene 2.8%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.6%, other 9.9% (includes Bahai Faith, Buddhism, Hinduism, Islam, and Mormon), other (unknown) 3.1%, none 15.2% (2010 census) The 2012 official labor force survey reports the population is approximately 338,900. According to the 2010 census, the Roman Catholic Church is the largest religious group, accounting for 40 percent of the population. Pentecostals constitute 9 percent of the population, Seventh-day Adventists 6 percent, Anglicans 5 percent, Mennonites 4 percent, Baptists 4 percent, Methodists 3 percent, members of the Church of the Nazarene 3 percent, and Jehovah’s Witnesses 2 percent. Smaller religious groups include The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Buddhists, Hindus, Muslims, Rastafarians, the Salvation Army, and Bahais. Fifteen percent do not belong to any religious group.

No religious group is a majority in any of the country’s six districts. Catholics are found throughout the country. Mennonites and Pentecostals live mostly in the rural areas of the Cayo and Orange Walk districts, and members of other religious groups tend to be concentrated in Belize City.

Benin Catholic 27.1%, Muslim 24.4%, Vodoun 17.3%, Protestant 10.4% (Celestial 5%, Methodist 3.2%, other Protestant 2.2%), other Christian 5.3%, other 15.5% (2002 census) The population is approximately 9.6 million, according to a U.S. government source. According to the 2002 census (the most recent official survey), the population is 27 percent Roman Catholic, 24 percent Muslim, 17 percent Voudon (Voodoo), 6 percent other indigenous religious groups, and 5 percent Celestial Christian. Groups constituting less than 5 percent each include Methodists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Rosicrucians, Bahais, Baptists, Pentecostals, the Unification Church, and Eckankar. Seven percent claim no religious affiliation.

Many individuals who identify themselves as Christian or Muslim also practice Voodoo or other traditional religions. Most Muslims are Sunni and are concentrated in northern areas. The few Shia Muslims are primarily foreign residents and reside in Benin for commercial reasons. Southern areas are more heavily Christian.

Bermuda Protestant 49.2% (Anglican 15.8%, African Methodist Episcopal 8.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.7, other Protestant 18.1%), Roman Catholic 14.5%, other 12.4%, unspecified 6.2%, none 17.7% (2010 census)
Bhutan Lamaistic Buddhist 75%, Indian- and Nepalese-influenced Hinduism 25% A 2011 World Bank report indicates the population is approximately 738,000. According to a U.S. government estimate, approximately 75 percent of the population practices Drukpa Kagyu or Nyingmapa Buddhism, both of which are disciplines of Mahayana Buddhism. Most of the Nepali-speaking minority is Hindu, although there are small numbers of Christians and Buddhists. Hindus represent approximately 25 percent of the population. Hindu temples exist in southern areas. Christians are reportedly concentrated in towns and in the south.

According to unconfirmed estimates, there are between 3,000 and 15,000 Christians in the country. There are also reports of a few Muslims. Although priests of the animist Bon tradition often officiate at and include Bon rituals in Buddhist festivals, very few citizens adhere exclusively to this religion. The Sharchops ethnic group, which forms the majority of the population of eastern Bhutan, reportedly practices Tibetan Buddhism combined with elements of the Bon tradition and Hinduism. According to an April estimate by the Ministry of Labor and Resources, just over 55,000 Indian laborers are present in the country, most of whom are Hindu or Muslim.

Bolivia Roman Catholic 95%, Protestant (Evangelical Methodist) 5% According to a 2010 National Statistical Institute estimate, the population is10.4 million. In the 2001 census, the latest to collect information on religion, 78 percent identify themselves as Roman Catholic and 16 percent as Protestant or evangelical. Approximately 3 percent belongs to smaller Christian groups. There are a very small number of Muslims and Jews. According to a 2010 survey, in the four largest cities the population is 81 percent Catholic and 10 percent Protestant or evangelical, suggesting that people in urban areas are more likely to identify as Catholic than are those living in rural communities.

Many indigenous communities, concentrated in rural areas, practice a mix of Catholic and spiritual traditions.

Bosnia and Herzegovina Muslim 40%, Orthodox 31%, Roman Catholic 15%, other 14% The population is 3.8 million, according to a June 2011 government statistics agency estimate. The country’s territory is divided into two entities, the Federation and the RS, with a separate administrative district for Brcko. According to unofficial estimates from the statistics agency, Muslims constitute 45 percent of the population, Serbian Orthodox Christians 36 percent, Roman Catholics 15 percent, Protestants 1 percent, and other communities, including Jews, 3 percent. There is a strong correlation between ethnicity and religion: Bosniaks are generally associated with Islam, Bosnian Serbs with the Serbian Orthodox Church, and Bosnian Croats with the Roman Catholic Church. The Jewish community has approximately 1,000 members and maintains an historic place in society by virtue of centuries of coexistence with other religious communities and its active role in the Inter-Religious Council, which mediates among the four religious communities regarded as "traditional" (Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, Catholic, and Jewish).

The majority of Serbian Orthodox adherents live in the RS, and the majority of Muslims and Catholics in the Federation. Within the Federation distinct, Muslim and Catholic majority areas remain, with most Catholics in Herzegovina and areas of central Bosnia and most Muslims elsewhere in central Bosnia and Sarajevo. The Jewish community, similar to Protestants and most other small religious communities, has its largest membership in Sarajevo.

Botswana Christian 71.6%, Badimo 6%, other 1.4%, unspecified 0.4%, none 20.6% (2001 census) The 2012 census estimates the population at 2,030,000. The U.S. government estimates that approximately 70 percent of citizens are members of Christian groups, 6 percent are adherents of the traditional indigenous religion Badimo, and 1 percent belong to other religious groups. Approximately 20 percent espouse no religion.

Anglicans, Methodists, and members of the United Congregational Church of Southern Africa make up the majority of Christians. There are also congregations of Lutherans, Roman Catholics, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Baptists, the Dutch Reformed Church, Mennonites, and other Christian denominations. According to a 2011 study by the Pew Research Center, there are approximately 8,000 Muslims, many of whom are of South Asian origin. There are small numbers of Hindus and Bahais. Immigrants, including foreign workers, are more likely to be members of non-Christian religious groups than are native-born citizens.

Brazil Roman Catholic (nominal) 73.6%, Protestant 15.4%, Spiritualist 1.3%, Bantu/voodoo 0.3%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.2%, none 7.4% (2000 census) According to the 2010 census, the population is 190.7 million. An estimated 64.6 percent of the population is Roman Catholic and 22 percent is Protestant. Approximately 60 percent of Protestants belong to Pentecostal churches, 18 percent belong to traditional Protestant churches, and 22 percent to other Protestant groups. Other Christian groups constituting less than 1 percent of the population include Jehovah’s Witnesses and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

Other groups constituting less than 1 percent each include African and syncretic religious groups such as Candomble and Umbanda, Buddhists, Jews, Muslims, and Hindus. There is a small number of adherents of indigenous religious beliefs. There are different assessments of the number of Muslims. According to the 2010 census, there are approximately 35,200 Muslims, while the Federation of Muslim Associations of Brazil considers the number to be about 1.5 million. Other observers estimate there are approximately 400,000-500,000 Muslims. There are significant Muslim communities in the cities of São Paulo, Rio de Janeiro, Curitiba, and Foz do Iguazu, as well as in smaller cities in the states of Parana, Rio Grande do Sul, São Paulo, and Rio de Janeiro. According to the Jewish Confederation of Brazil, there are more than 125,000 Jews, 65,000 of whom reside in São Paulo State and 40,000 in Rio de Janeiro State. Many other cities have smaller Jewish communities.

Brunei Muslim (official) 67%, Buddhist 13%, Christian 10%, other (includes indigenous beliefs) 10% According to the Brunei Government’s mid-year 2011 statistics, the country has a total population of 422,700, including temporary residents such as foreign workers. Approximately 83 percent of the population is Muslim, 7 percent Buddhist, and less than 4 percent is a combination of other faiths, including Christians (Protestants and Catholics), Hindus, Bahais, Taoists, Sikhs, Nasranis, atheists, and others; 6 percent did not state a religious affiliation. The government categorizes Catholics as distinct from other Christians. There is an indigenous population that adheres to traditional animistic beliefs, although many have converted either to Islam or Christianity. According to the latest information available, there are 110 mosques and Islamic prayer halls, six Christian churches (three Roman Catholic, two Anglican, and one Baptist), three Chinese Buddhist temples, and one Hindu temple, all officially registered in the country. Several Christian congregations operate without registration.
Bulgaria Eastern Orthodox 59.4%, Muslim (Sunni) 7.4%, Muslim (Shia) 0.4%, other (including Catholic, Protestant, Armenian Apostolic Orthodox, and Judaism) 1.7%, other (unknown) 27.4%, none 3.7% (2011 census) The 2011 census reports the population is 7.4 million. According to the census, 76 percent of the population identifies itself as Orthodox Christian. Orthodox Christianity, Hanafi Sunni Islam, Judaism, and Roman Catholicism all hold a historic place in the country’s culture. Muslims are the second largest religious group, estimated at 10 percent of the population. Groups together constituting about 2 percent of the population include Catholics, Armenian Christians, Jews, evangelical Protestants, and others. There are 115 registered religious groups in addition to the Bulgarian Orthodox Church (BOC).

Some religious minorities are concentrated geographically. Many Muslims, including ethnic Turks, Roma, and "Pomaks" (descendants of Slavic Bulgarians who converted to Islam under Ottoman rule) live in the Rhodope Mountains along the southern border with Greece. Ethnic Turkish and Roma Muslims also live in large numbers in the northeast and along the Black Sea coast. Nearly 40 percent of Catholics live in and around Plovdiv. The majority of the small Jewish community lives in Sofia and along the Black Sea coast. Protestants are widely dispersed, but are more numerous in areas with large Roma populations.

Burkina Faso Muslim 60.5%, Catholic 19%, animist 15.3%, Protestant 4.2%, other 0.6%, none 0.4% The government estimates the population at 16.8 million. Approximately 61 percent is Muslim, the majority Sunni. Approximately 19 percent is Roman Catholic, 4 percent belongs to various Protestant groups, and 15 percent maintain exclusively indigenous beliefs. Statistics on religious affiliation are approximate because Muslims and Christians often adhere simultaneously to some aspects of indigenous religious beliefs.

Muslims reside largely in the northern, eastern, and western border regions, and Christians live in the center of the country. Persons practice indigenous religious beliefs throughout the country, especially in rural communities. The capital has a mixed Muslim and Christian population.

Burma (Myanmar) Buddhist 89%, Christian 4% (Baptist 3%, Roman Catholic 1%), Muslim 4%, animist 1%, other 2% Although there has not been a census since 1983, a 2012 U.S. government source estimates the population to be 54,584,700. Theravada Buddhism is the dominant religion. The principal minority religious groups include Christians (primarily Baptists, Roman Catholics, and Anglicans, along with several other small Protestant denominations), Muslims (mostly Sunni), Hindus, and practitioners of traditional Chinese and indigenous religions. Some sources suggest that approximately 90 percent of the population practices Buddhism, 4 percent Christianity, and 4 percent Islam. These statistics likely underestimate the non-Buddhist proportion of the population. A very small Jewish community in Rangoon has a synagogue but no resident rabbi.

The country is ethnically diverse, with significant correlation between ethnicity and religion. Theravada Buddhism is the dominant religion among the majority Burman ethnic group and also among the Shan, Rakhine, and Mon ethnic minorities. Christianity is dominant among the Kachin, Chin, and Naga ethnic groups. Christianity also is practiced widely among the Karen and Karenni ethnic groups; although many Karen and Karenni are Buddhist and some Karen are Muslim. Citizens of South Asian origin, who are concentrated in major cities and in the south-central region, are predominantly Hindu or Muslim, although some are Christian. Islam is practiced widely in Rakhine State and in Rangoon, Irrawaddy, Magwe, and Mandalay Divisions, where some Burmese, ethnic Indians, ethnic Bengalis, ethnic Kaman, and Rohingya practice the religion. Chinese ethnic minorities generally practice traditional Chinese religions. Traditional indigenous beliefs are practiced widely among smaller ethnic groups in the highland regions.

Burundi Christian 82.8% (Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 21.4%), Muslim 2.5%, Adventist 2.3%, other 6.5%, unknown 5.9% (2008 census) The population is 10.5 million, according to a U.S. government estimate. Although reliable statistics are not available, religious leaders estimate approximately 60 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 20 percent belongs to indigenous religious groups, and 15 percent to Protestant groups. Muslims constitute 2 to 5 percent of the population, and live mainly in urban areas. Most Muslims are Sunni, although some belong to Shia groups.
Cambodia Buddhist (official) 96.4%, Muslim 2.1%, other 1.3%, unspecified 0.2% (1998 census) The population is over 14.9 million, according to a July 2012 U.S. government estimate. An estimated 96 percent of the population is Theravada Buddhist. The vast majority of ethnic-Khmer Cambodians are Buddhist, and there is a close association between Buddhism, Khmer cultural traditions, and identity and daily life. According to the Ministry of Cults and Religion, the Mahayana school of Buddhism has approximately 19,550 followers and has 167 temples throughout the country.

Approximately 2.4 percent of the population, predominantly ethnic Chams, is Muslim, typically living in towns and rural fishing villages on the banks of the Tonle Sap Lake and the Mekong River, as well as in Kampot Province. There are four branches of Islam represented in the country: the Malay-influenced Shafi branch, practiced by as much as 90 percent of Muslims; the Saudi-Kuwaiti-influenced Salafi (Wahhabi) branch; the indigenous Iman-San branch; and the Kadiani branch. The remaining 1.6 percent of the population is Bahai, Jewish, ethnic Vietnamese Cao Dai, or members of various Christian denominations.

Cameroon indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 40%, Muslim 20% The government estimates the population to be 19.4 million. The 2005 census, the most recent available, indicates that 69.2 percent of the population is Christian, 20.9 percent Muslim, and 5.6 percent animist. Groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jews and Bahais. Census data indicates the Christian population is 38.4 percent Roman Catholic, 26.3 percent Protestant, 4 percent other Christian denominations, including Jehovah’s Witnesses, and less than 1 percent Orthodox Christians.

Muslims and Christians live in every region, although Christians are concentrated primarily in the southern and western regions. Large cities have significant populations of both groups. The two Anglophone regions of the country are largely Protestant, and the eight Francophone regions are mostly Catholic. In the northern regions, the dominant Fulani (or Peuhl) ethnic group is mainly Muslim, but the overall population in those regions is fairly evenly divided among Muslims, Christians, and followers of indigenous religions, who are mostly located in rural areas. The Bamoun ethnic group of the West Region is predominately Muslim. Many Muslims, Christians, and members of other faiths also adhere to some aspects of African animist beliefs.

Canada Roman Catholic 42.6%, Protestant 23.3% (United Church 9.5%, Anglican 6.8%, Baptist 2.4%, Lutheran 2%), other Christian 4.4%, Muslim 1.9%, other and unspecified 11.8%, none 16% (2001 census) The government statistical agency estimates the population is 35 million. According to the 2001 census, the most recent to ask about religious affiliation, approximately 77 percent of the population is Christian. Roman Catholics (44 percent of the population) constitute the largest group, followed by Protestant denominations (29 percent). The United Church and the Anglican, Presbyterian, Lutheran, Baptist, and Pentecostal churches are the largest Protestant groups. Approximately 2 percent of the population is Muslim and 1 percent is Jewish. Groups constituting 1 percent or less of the population include Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, Scientologists, Bahais, and adherents of Shintoism and Taoism.

According to the 2001 census, 0.1 percent of the population identifies itself as followers of "aboriginal spirituality." Approximately 16 percent of the population claims no religious affiliation. Most recent immigrants are of Asian origin and generally adhere to religious beliefs different from the majority of native-born citizens. According to the 2006 census, "visible minorities" constitute 16.2 percent of the overall population, with 96 percent residing in major metropolitan areas across the country.

Cape Verde Roman Catholic (infused with indigenous beliefs), Protestant (mostly Church of the Nazarene) According to the 2010 census, the population is 498,000. Government statistics indicate that 77 percent is Roman Catholic, 10 percent Protestant, 2 percent Muslim, and 11 percent does not identify with any religion. The majority of Christians belong to the Catholic Church; the second largest Christian denomination is the Church of the Nazarene. Other Christian denominations include Seventh-day Adventists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), members of the Assemblies of God, Universal Church of the Kingdom of God, and other Pentecostal and evangelical groups. There are small Bahai communities and a small but growing Muslim community with approximately 6,000 members.
Cayman Islands Protestant 67.7% (Church of God 25.5%, Presbyterian/United Church 9.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 8.4%, Baptist 8.3%, Pentecostal 6.7%, Anglican 3.9%, non-denominational 5.7%), Roman Catholic 12.6%, other religions 4%, other 6.5%, none 6.1%, unspecified 3.2% (2007)
Central African Republic indigenous beliefs 35%, Protestant 25%, Roman Catholic 25%, Muslim 15% (note: animistic beliefs and practices strongly influence the Christian majority) The population is 4.5 million, according to a 2011 World Bank estimate. According to the 2003 census, the population is 51 percent Protestant, 29 percent Roman Catholic, and 15 percent Muslim. Others incorporate aspects of indigenous beliefs into Christian and Islamic practice.
Chad Muslim 53.1%, Catholic 20.1%, Protestant 14.2%, animist 7.3%, other 0.5%, unknown 1.7%, atheist 3.1% (1993 census) The World Bank estimates the population at 11.53 million. Over 50 percent is Muslim, approximately 33 percent is Christian, and the remainder adheres to indigenous religious beliefs or has no religion. Most northerners practice Islam, and most southerners practice Christianity or indigenous religions, but population patterns are becoming more complex, especially in urban areas.

The majority of Muslims adheres to the Sufi Tijaniyah tradition. A minority of Muslims (5 to 10 percent) holds beliefs associated with Wahhabism or Salafism, and these numbers are increasing slowly. Approximately 25 percent of Christians are Roman Catholics, according to Catholic Church data. Most Protestants are members of evangelical Christian groups. Small groups of Bahais and Jehovah’s Witnesses are also present.

Channel Islands Guernsey - Protestant (Anglican, Presbyterian, Baptist, Congregational, Methodist), Roman Catholic; Jersey - Protestant (Anglican, Baptist, Congregational New Church, Methodist, Presbyterian), Roman Catholic
Chile Roman Catholic 70%, Evangelical 15.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, other Christian 1%, other 4.6%, none 8.3% (2002 census) According to the 2012 census, the population is 16.6 million. Religious affiliation statistics from the 2012 census were not available at year’s end. According to the 2002 census, 70 percent of the population over the age of 14 is Roman Catholic and 15 percent is "evangelical", a term referring to all non-Catholic Christian groups except The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Orthodox (Armenian, Greek, Persian, Serbian, and Ukrainian churches), and Seventh-day Adventist. Approximately 90 percent of "evangelicals" are Pentecostal. Anglican, Baptist, Episcopalian, Lutheran, Methodist, Presbyterian, Reformed Evangelical, and Wesleyan groups constitute the remaining 10 percent. Bahais, Buddhists, Jews, Muslims, and members of the Unification Church collectively constitute less than 5 percent of the population.

According to the 2002 census, 5 percent of the population self-identifies as "indigenous", of whom 65 percent identify as Catholic, 29 percent as Protestant, and 6 percent as "other."

China Daoist (Taoist), Buddhist, Christian 3%-4%, Muslim 1%-2% (note: officially atheist (2002 est.)) According to Bureau of Statistics information as of 1 November 2010, the population of mainland China is 1,339,725,000. In its report to the United Nations Human Rights Council during its Universal Periodic Review in February 2009, the government stated that there were "more than 100 million followers of different religious faiths and the religious population is steadily increasing." However, accurate estimates of the numbers of religious believers vary widely depending on the source. For example, a 2007 survey conducted by East China Normal University states that 31.4 percent of citizens aged 16 and over, or 300 million people, are religious believers. The same survey estimates that there are 200 million Buddhists, Taoists, or worshippers of folk gods, although accurate estimates are difficult to make because many adherents practice exclusively at home.

According to the State Administration for Religious Affairs (SARA), there are more than 21 million Muslims in the country; unofficial estimates range as high as 50 million. Hui Muslims are concentrated primarily in the Ningxia Hui Autonomous Region and Qinghai, Gansu, and Yunnan provinces. Uighur Muslims live primarily in Xinjiang. According to Xinjiang Statistics Bureau data from 2010, there are approximately 10 million Uighurs in Xinjiang. The 2011 Blue Book of Religions, produced by the Institute of World Religions at the Chinese Academy of Social Sciences (CASS), a research institution directly under the State Council, reports the number of Protestant Christians to be between 23 and 40 million. A June 2010 SARA report estimates there are 16 million Protestants affiliated with the Three-Self Patriotic Movement (TSPM). According to 2010 Pew Research Center estimates, there are 67 million Protestant Christians, of whom 23 million are affiliated with the TSPM. According to SARA, more than six million Catholics worship in sites registered by the Catholic Patriotic Association (CPA). The Pew Center estimates that there are nine million Catholics on the mainland, 5.7 million of whom are affiliated with the CPA. In addition to the five nationally recognized religions, local governments have legalized certain religious communities and practices, such as Orthodox Christianity in Xinjiang, Heilongjiang, Zhejiang, and Guangdong provinces. Some ethnic minorities retain traditional religions, such as Dongba among the Naxi people in Yunnan and Buluotuo among the Zhuang in Guangxi. Worship of the folk deity Mazu reportedly has been reclassified as "cultural heritage" rather than religious practice. Prior to the government’s 1999 ban on Falun Gong, a self-described spiritual discipline, it was estimated that there were 70 million adherents.

China - Tibet According to official data from China’s sixth decennial national census, conducted in November 2010, the TAR’s 2,716,400 ethnic Tibetans make up 91 percent of the TAR’s total population. Official census data also show ethnic Tibetans constituting 1.8 percent of the total population of Gansu Province, 24.4 percent in Qinghai Province, 2.1 percent in Sichuan Province, and 0.3 percent in Yunnan Province.

Most ethnic Tibetans practice Tibetan Buddhism, although a sizeable minority practices Bon, an indigenous religion, and very small minorities practice Islam, Catholicism, or Protestantism. Some scholars estimate that there are as many as 400,000 Bon followers across the Tibetan Plateau. Scholars also estimate that there are up to 5,000 ethnic Tibetan Muslims and 700 ethnic Tibetan Catholics in the TAR. Many Tibetan government officials and CCP members in Tibet are religious believers, despite government and CCP prohibitions against officials’ holding religious beliefs or participating in religious activities. Other residents of traditionally Tibetan areas include ethnic Han Chinese, many of whom practice Buddhism, Daoism, Confucianism, or traditional folk religions; Hui Muslims; and non-ethnic Tibetan Catholics and Protestants. Approximately 4,000 to 5,000 Muslims worship at mosques in the TAR. A Catholic church with 560 members is located in the traditionally Catholic community of Yanjing in the eastern TAR. Cizhong (Tsodruk), in Diqing (Dechen) Tibetan Autonomous Prefecture (TAP), Yunnan Province, is also home to a large Tibetan Catholic congregation. The TAR is home to a small number of Falun Gong adherents, as well as unregistered Christian churches. According to the State Council Information Office’s 2011 White Paper "Sixty Years Since Peaceful Liberation of Tibet," the TAR has over 1,700 "venues for religious activities and about 46,000 monks and nuns." While no recent data on the number of Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in other Tibetan areas of China are available, according to a 2009 article in the People’s Daily (the official newspaper of the CCP), altogether in the TAR and in Gansu, Qinghai, Sichuan and Yunnan Provinces, there are 3,000 Tibetan Buddhist monasteries with 120,000 Tibetan Buddhist monks and nuns.

Christmas Island Buddhist 36%, Muslim 25%, Christian 18%, other 21% (1997)
Cocos (Keeling) Islands Sunni Muslim 80%, other 20% (2002 est.)
Colombia Roman Catholic 90%, other 10% The population is 47 million, according to a 2011 World Bank estimate. The government does not keep statistics on religious affiliation, and estimates from religious leaders varied. The Roman Catholic Bishops’ Conference estimates that 90 percent of the population is Catholic, while the Colombian Evangelical Council (CEDECOL) states that approximately 15 percent of the population is Protestant. According to a 2007 press report, 80 percent of the population is Catholic, 14 percent is non-Catholic Christian, 2 percent is agnostic, and the remaining 4 percent belongs to other religious groups, including Islam and Judaism. Other observers estimate that the non-Catholic population consists of five million members of Protestant, including evangelical, groups; 261,000 Seventh-day Adventists; 150,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church); 10,000 Muslims, and 5,000 Jews. There is also a small population of adherents to animism and various syncretic beliefs.

Some religious groups are concentrated in certain geographical regions. Most of those who blend Catholicism with elements of African animism are Afro-Colombians and reside on the Pacific coast. Most Jews reside in major cities, most Muslims on the Caribbean coast, and most adherents of indigenous animistic religions in remote rural areas. A small Taoist commune is located in a mountainous region of Santander Department.

Comoros Sunni Muslim 98%, Roman Catholic 2% The World Bank estimates the population at 735,000. It is 99 percent Sunni Muslim. The several hundred non-Sunni residents include Shia Muslims, Sikhs, Hindus, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roman Catholics, and Protestants.

The very few non-Sunni places of worship include Shia mosques, a Hindu temple, and one Christian church on each of the three islands. The best known is the Catholic Church in Moroni, for which the surrounding "Quartier du Cathedral" neighborhood is named. Its parishioners are nearly entirely foreign residents, who worship freely.

Congo, Democratic Republic of the Roman Catholic 50%, Protestant 20%, Kimbanguist 10%, Muslim 10%, other (includes syncretic sects and indigenous beliefs) 10% The population is 68.7 million, according to a 2011 UN Population Fund estimate. Approximately 50 percent is Roman Catholic, 35 percent Protestant (including evangelicals), 5 percent Kimbanguist (a Christian-inspired Congolese church), and 5 percent Muslim. Other religious groups with smaller populations include Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Greek Orthodox Christians, and Jews. The remainder generally adheres to indigenous religious beliefs. Approximately 70 percent of the population attends religious services weekly.

Most religious groups are scattered throughout the country and are widely represented in cities and large towns. Muslims mainly reside in the provinces of Maniema, Orientale, Kasai Occidental, Bandundu, and Kinshasa. Although present throughout the country, Kimbanguists are primarily concentrated in Kinshasa and Bas-Congo.

Congo, Republic of the Christian 50%, animist 48%, Muslim 2% The population is four million, according to government estimates. A 2010 government report estimates over 80 percent is Christian, of which an estimated 40 percent is Roman Catholic, 51 percent Protestant, and the remaining Kimbanguist (a Christian-inspired Congolese faith), Salvationist, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Approximately 28 percent of Protestants are evangelical. An estimated 11 percent of the population is atheist, and 2 percent is Muslim. The remainder includes other unspecified religious groups. A significant portion of the population combines traditional beliefs and practices with Christianity and other religious beliefs. There are an estimated 726,000 Muslim foreign migrant workers and 180 mosques, serving both citizens and migrant workers.
Cook Islands Protestant 69.6% (Cook Islands Christian Church 55.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 7.9%, other Protestant 5.8%), Roman Catholic 16.8%, Mormon 3.8%, other 4.2%, unspecified 2.6%, none 3% (2001 census)
Costa Rica Roman Catholic 76.3%, Evangelical 13.7%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.3%, other Protestant 0.7%, other 4.8%, none 3.2% The population is 4.6 million, according to a U.S. government source. A 2011 University of Costa Rica survey estimates that 47 percent identify themselves as practicing Roman Catholics, 23 percent as non-practicing Catholics, 16 percent as evangelical Protestants, 6 percent as belonging to other religions, and 8 percent as having no religious affiliation.

Approximately 92 percent of Protestants are Pentecostal and 8 percent are Baptist. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) estimates its membership at 35,000. The Lutheran Church estimates it has 5,500 members. The Jewish Zionist Center estimates that there are 2,800 Jews. Approximately 1,000 Quakers live in the cloud forest reserve of Monteverde, Puntarenas, and an additional 1,000 persons attend Quaker meetings as nonmembers throughout the country. Although they represent less than one percent of the population, Jehovah’s Witnesses have a strong presence on the Caribbean coast. Seventh-day Adventists operate a university that attracts students from throughout the Caribbean Basin. The Unification Church has its headquarters for Latin America in San Jose. Other religious groups include followers of Islam, Taoism, Krishna Consciousness, Scientology, Tenrikyo, and the Bahai Faith. Indigenous peoples are more likely than non-indigenous peoples to practice animism.

Croatia Roman Catholic 87.8%, Orthodox 4.4%, other Christian 0.4%, Muslim 1.3%, other and unspecified 0.9%, none 5.2% (2001 census) The population is approximately 4.3 million, according to the 2011 census. Approximately 86 percent is Roman Catholic, 4 percent Serbian Orthodox, and 1.5 percent Muslim. Other groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jews, Protestants, and members of other Christian groups. Nearly 4 percent self-identifies as nonreligious or atheist. Religious affiliation correlates closely with ethnicity. Members of the Serbian Orthodox Church (SPC), predominantly ethnic Serbs, live primarily in cities and areas bordering Serbia, Montenegro, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. Most members of other minority religious groups reside in urban areas. Most immigrants are Roman Catholic ethnic Croats from Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Cuba nominally Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses, Jewish, Santeria (note: prior to CASTRO assuming power) According to the country’s National Office of Statistics’ 2012 publication on demographics, the population is approximately 11 million. There is no independent authoritative source on the size or composition of religious groups. The Roman Catholic Church estimates that 60 to 70 percent of the population is Catholic, but only 4 to 5 percent regularly attend mass. Membership in Protestant churches is estimated at 5 percent of the population. Baptists and Pentecostals are likely the largest Protestant denominations. Jehovah’s Witnesses report approximately 95,400 members; Methodists estimate 35,000; Seventh-day Adventists 33,000; Anglicans, 22,000; Presbyterians, 15,000; Quakers, 300; and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), 50. The Jewish community estimates 1,500 members, of whom 1,200 reside in Havana. According to the Islamic League, there are 6,000 to 8,000 Muslims residing in the country, although only an estimated 1,000 are Cubans. Other religious groups include Greek and Russian Orthodox, Buddhists, and Bahais.

Many people, particularly in the Afro-Cuban community, consult with practitioners of religions with roots in West Africa and the Congo River basin, known as Santeria. These religious practices are commonly intermingled with Catholicism, and some even require Catholic baptism for full initiation, making it difficult to estimate accurately the total membership of these syncretistic groups.

Cyprus Greek Orthodox 78%, Muslim 18%, other (includes Maronite and Armenian Apostolic) 4% According to the October 2011 census, which contains no data on religious affiliation, the population of the government-controlled area is more than 840,000. According to the 2001 census, 95 percent of the permanent population in the government-controlled area belongs to the autocephalous Greek Orthodox Church of Cyprus. Other religious groups include Roman Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, Maronite Catholics, Armenian Orthodox, Jews, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Bahais, and Buddhists. The religious affiliation of recent immigrants and migrant workers is generally different from that of native-born citizens. Most of the approximately 2,100 Jews are foreign residents.
Czech Republic Roman Catholic 10.3%, Protestant (includes Czech Brethren and Hussite) 0.8%, other and unspecified 54.6%, none 34.2% (2011 census) According to the Statistical Office, the population is 10.5 million. The population is largely homogeneous with a dominant Christian tradition. The 2011 census indicates 2.2 million people hold religious beliefs. Approximately 11 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 7 percent lists no specific religion, and 3 percent adheres to a variety of religious beliefs, including Protestantism, Judaism, Islam, and Buddhism. Eight percent of the population attends religious services regularly. There are approximately 3,500 persons officially registered as members of the Jewish community, although academics estimate there are approximately 10,000 Jews and the Federation of Jewish Communities estimates there are 15,000 to 20,000. Leaders of the local Muslim community estimate there are 10,000 Muslims, most of whom are immigrants.
Denmark Evangelical Lutheran (official) 95%, other Christian (includes Protestant and Roman Catholic) 3%, Muslim 2% According to government statistics, the population is 5.6 million. The government estimates 80 percent of the population belongs to the ELC. Although reportedly fewer than 10 percent of citizens attend services once a month or more, more than 50 percent observe religious holidays or participate at least once annually in religious rituals such as baptisms, confirmations, weddings, and funerals.

As a result of immigration, Muslims constitute approximately 4 percent of the population. Muslim groups are concentrated in the largest cities, particularly Copenhagen, Odense, and Aarhus. Groups constituting less than 1 percent of the population include, in descending order: Roman Catholics, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Serbian Orthodox Christians, Jews, Baptists, Buddhists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Pentecostals, and other non-denominational Christians. Though estimates vary, the Center for Contemporary Religion at Aarhus University places the Jewish population at 2,400.

Djibouti Muslim 94%, Christian 6% The 2010 UN World Population Prospects estimates the population at 889,000, of which 94 percent is Sunni Muslim. There are small numbers of Roman Catholics, Protestants, Copts, Ethiopian Orthodox, Greek Orthodox, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Hindus, and Bahais, who are generally foreign-born citizens and expatriates. Citizens are officially considered Muslims if they do not specifically identify with another religious group.
Dominica Roman Catholic 61.4%, Protestant 20.6% (Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Pentecostal 5.6%, Baptist 4.1%, Methodist 3.7%, Church of God 1.2%), Jehovah's Witnesses 1.2%, other Christian 7.7%, Rastafarian 1.3%, other or unspecified 1.6%, none 6.1% (2001 census) The 2011 census estimates the population at 71,300. The 2001 population and housing census indicates approximately 61 percent of the population is Roman Catholic. Seventh-day Adventists and Pentecostals comprise 6 percent each, and Baptists and Methodists 4 percent each. Other small religious groups include Anglicans, Bahais, Christian Brethren, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Muslims, Nazarenes, Rastafarians and members of the Church of Christ. Six percent of the population claims no religious affiliation.
Dominican Republic Roman Catholic 95%, other 5% A U.S. government source estimates the population at 10.1 million. The population is approximately 40 percent "practicing" Roman Catholic, 29 percent "nonpracticing" Roman Catholic, 18 percent evangelical Protestant, including Assemblies of God, Church of God, Baptists, and Pentecostals, and 11 percent without religious affiliation, according to a 2006 Gallup survey. There are also small numbers of Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). According to a 2007 Dominican Confederation of Evangelical Unity estimate, evangelicals represent 16 to 20 percent of the population.

Most of the approximately 350 Jews live in Santo Domingo, where there are two synagogues and one rabbi. There is also a small Jewish community and a synagogue in Sosua. There are approximately 800 Muslims, including foreign students. There are a small number of Buddhists and Hindus. Some Catholics combine Catholicism and Afro-Caribbean beliefs (santeria), witchcraft (brujeria), or voodoo (vodou), but they usually conceal such practices. Most Haitian immigrants are Catholic. An unknown number practice voodoo, but typically conceal the practice.

Ecuador Roman Catholic 95%, other 5% The population is approximately 14.5 million, according to the 2010 census by the National Institute of Statistics and Census (INEC). A 2012 INEC survey indicates 80 percent is Roman Catholic, 11 percent evangelical Christian, and 6 percent belongs to other religious groups including Islam, Hinduism, and indigenous and African faiths. Other religious groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Buddhists, Jews, and spiritualists. Some groups combine indigenous beliefs with Catholicism. Pentecostals draw much of their membership from indigenous people in the highland provinces. Hundreds of evangelical churches exist, many of which are not affiliated with a particular denomination. These groups include the Gospel Missionary Union, now called Avant Ministries, the Christian and Missionary Alliance, and Hoy Cristo Jesus Bendice (Today Jesus Christ Blesses). There are also practitioners of Santeria, primarily resident Cubans.

There are small numbers of other registered religious groups, including Anglicans, Episcopalians, Bahais, Lutherans, members of the Eastern Orthodox Church, Presbyterians, members of the Unification Church, and followers of Inti (the traditional Inca sun god).

Egypt Muslim (mostly Sunni) 90%, Coptic 9%, other Christian 1% According to a July 2012 U.S. government estimate, Egypt’s population is 83 million. Approximately 90 percent of the population is Sunni Muslim and about 10 percent is Christian. The majority of Christians belong to the Coptic Orthodox Church. Other Christian communities together constitute less than 2 percent of the population and include the Armenian Apostolic, Catholic (Armenian, Chaldean, Greek, Melkite, Roman, and Syrian), Maronite, Orthodox (Greek and Syrian), and Anglican/Episcopalian churches, which range in size from several thousand to hundreds of thousands. A Protestant community, established in the mid-19th century, includes the following churches: Presbyterian, Baptist, Brethren, Open Brethren, Revival of Holiness (Nahdat al-Qadaasa), Faith (Al-Eyman), Church of God, Christian Model Church (Al-Mithaal Al-Masihi), Apostolic, Grace (An-Ni’ma), Pentecostal, Apostolic Grace, Church of Christ, Gospel Missionary (Al-Kiraaza bil Ingil), and the Message Church of Holland (Ar-Risaala). There are also followers of the Seventh-day Adventist Church.

Shia Muslims constitute less than 1 percent of the population. There are also small groups of Quranists and Ahmadi Muslims. The country’s Jewish community numbers fewer than 70 persons, mostly senior citizens. There are 1,000 to 1,500 Jehovah’s Witnesses and 1,500 to 2,000 Bahais; however, the government does not recognize these groups. Christians reside throughout the country, although the percentage of Christians is higher in Upper Egypt (the southern part of the country) and in some sections of Cairo and Alexandria. Many foreign religious groups, including Roman Catholics and Protestants, have been present in the country for more than a century. These groups are engaged in education, social, and development work. Some foreigners are members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), a group the government does not recognize but allows to meet in private residences. In a March 2011 report, the Central Agency for Public Mobilization and Statistics states 108,395 mosques and 2,869 churches exist in the country.

El Salvador Roman Catholic 57.1%, Protestant 21.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.9%, Mormon 0.7%, other religions 2.3%, none 16.8% (2003 est.) According to the National Directorate of Census and Statistics of the Ministry of the Economy, the population is approximately 6.2 million. According to a May survey by the Institute of Public Opinion of the University of Central America, 47 percent identifies as Roman Catholic and 33 percent as evangelical. The survey reported 17 percent as having "no religion." There are small numbers of Jehovah’s Witnesses, Hare Krishnas, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). A small segment of the population adheres to indigenous religious beliefs.
Equatorial Guinea nominally Christian and predominantly Roman Catholic, pagan practices According to a 2009 UN estimate, the population is 676,000. An estimated 93 percent is Christian, of which 87 percent is Roman Catholic and 6 percent belongs to Protestant and independent denominations. Many Catholics reportedly adhere to some aspects of traditional beliefs as well. Five percent of the population adheres exclusively to indigenous religious beliefs. Muslims, Bahais, and members of other religious groups each constitute less than 1 percent of the population. The number of Muslims is increasing due to the growing number of West African and Middle Eastern immigrants.
Eritrea Muslim, Coptic Christian, Roman Catholic, Protestant A 2012 UN study estimates the population at 5.6 million. Other observers report the population is lower due to emigration. There are no reliable statistics on religious affiliation. The government reports that 50 percent of the population is Christian and 50 percent Sunni Muslim. According to a 2010 international nongovernmental organization (NGO) estimate, the population is 63 percent Christian and 36 percent Muslim. The same NGO asserts that Orthodox Christians make up approximately 57 percent of the population, Roman Catholics 4 percent, and Protestants - including the Evangelical Lutheran Church, Baptists, Presbyterians, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Pentecostals, and others without international affiliation - 1 percent. It is possible that 2 percent of the population is animist. There is a small Bahai community. Numbers of Muslims and Protestants reportedly have increased over the past 10 years.

The population is predominantly Muslim in the eastern and western lowlands and mainly Christian in the central highlands. There are high levels of participation among all religious groups.

Estonia Evangelical Lutheran 13.6%, Orthodox 12.8%, other Christian (including Methodist, Seventh-Day Adventist, Roman Catholic, Pentecostal) 1.4%, unaffiliated 34.1%, other and unspecified 32%, none 6.1% (2000 census) According to current government statistics, the population is 1.3 million. Approximately 14 percent of the population is Evangelical Lutheran and 15 percent belongs to one of the two Orthodox Churches: the Estonian Orthodox Church, subordinate to the Moscow Patriarchate (EOCMP), and the Estonian Apostolic Orthodox Church (EAOC). Other Christian groups, including Methodists, Seventh-day Adventists, Roman Catholics, and Pentecostals, constitute 1.4 percent of the population. Members of the Russian Old Believers live primarily along the west bank of Lake Peipsi in the east. There are also small Jewish and Muslim communities. Thirty-four percent of the population is unaffiliated; 32 percent, unspecified or other; and 6 percent do not identify with any religion. Most religious adherents among the Russian-speaking population are Orthodox and reside mainly in the capital or the northeastern part of the country.

According to the government, there are more than 500 registered religious associations.

Ethiopia Ethiopian Orthodox 43.5%, Muslim 33.9%, Protestant 18.6%, traditional 2.6%, Catholic 0.7%, other 0.7% (2007 Census) The population is 85 million, according to a U.S. government estimate. The 2007 census estimates that 44 percent belong to the Ethiopian Orthodox Church (EOC), 34 percent is Sunni Muslim, and 19 percent belong to Christian evangelical and Pentecostal groups. The EOC is predominant in the northern regions of Tigray and Amhara and also present in Oromia. Islam is most prevalent in the Afar, Oromia, and Somali regions. Established Protestant churches are strongest in the Southern Nations, Nationalities, and Peoples’ Region (SNNPR), Gambella, and parts of Oromia.

There are small numbers of Eastern Rite and Roman Catholics, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and adherents of indigenous religions.

European Union Roman Catholic, Protestant, Orthodox, Muslim, Jewish
Falkland Islands (Islas Malvinas) Christian 67.2%, none 31.5%, other 1.3% (2006 census)
Faroe Islands Evangelical Lutheran 83.8%, other and unspecified 16.2% (2006 census)
Fiji Protestant 55.4% (Methodist 34.6%, Assembly of God 5.7%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.9%, Anglican 0.8%, other 10.4%), Hindu 27.9%, Roman Catholic 9.1%, Muslim 6.3%, Sikh 0.3%, other or unspecified 0.3%, none 0.7% (2007 census) The government’s official 2007 census estimated the population to be 837,300. Approximately 64 percent of the population is Christian, 28 percent Hindu, and 6 percent Muslim. The largest Christian denomination is the Methodist Church, which claims approximately 290,000 members, more than one-third of the population. Other Protestant denominations and the Roman Catholic Church also have significant followings. The majority of the country’s chiefs support the Methodist Church, and it remains influential in the ethnic Fijian community, particularly in rural areas. There are also a small number of active nondenominational Christian groups and small but active communities of Bahais and Sikhs.

Religious affiliation runs largely along ethnic lines. Most indigenous Fijians, who constitute 57 percent of the population, are Christian. Most Indo-Fijians, who account for 37 percent, are Hindu, while roughly 20 percent of the Indo-Fijians are Muslim and 6 percent are Christian. Approximately 60 percent of the small Chinese community is Christian. The very small western community is predominantly Christian.

Finland Lutheran Church of Finland 82.5%, Orthodox Church 1.1%, other Christian 1.1%, other 0.1%, none 15.1% (2006) According to Statistics Finland, the population is 5.4 million. Approximately 77 percent belongs to the Evangelical Lutheran Church (ELC) and 1 percent to the Orthodox Church. Other religious groups, each accounting for less than 1 percent of the population, include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Roman Catholics, Muslims, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jews, and members of the Free Church of Finland.

There are approximately 50,000-60,000 Muslims, more than a 100 percent increase since 1999, primarily due to immigration and high birth rates. An estimated 75 percent are Sunni and 25 percent are Shiite. The largest Muslim group is ethnic Somali; there are also communities of North Africans, Bosnians, Arabs, Tartars, Turks, and Iraqis. The government statistics agency reported in 2011 that the number of persons with no religious affiliation is over one million. An estimated 19 percent of the population either does not belong to any religious group or practices religion "in private," including nonregistered Pentecostal worshippers and Muslims.

France Roman Catholic 83%-88%, Protestant 2%, Jewish 1%, Muslim 5%-10%, unaffiliated 4% (overseas departments: Roman Catholic, Protestant, Hindu, Muslim, Buddhist, pagan) The population is approximately 64 million, according to the 2010 national census conducted by the French National Institute of Statistics and Economic Studies (INSEE). The government does not keep statistics on religious affiliation. According to a poll published in Le Parisien in 2011, 36 percent of the population believes in God, 34 percent does not, and 30 percent is uncertain.

The Catholic daily La Croix found that 64 percent of the population identifies itself as Roman Catholic, 6 percent of whom classify themselves as observant. The Interior Ministry estimates that 8 to 10 percent of the population is Muslim, 25 percent of whom attend Friday prayers. The Muslim population primarily consists of immigrants from former French North African and sub-Saharan colonies and their descendants. All other religious groups combined constitute less than 7 percent of the population. Le Parisien estimates that there are 1.6 million Protestants, 500,000 of whom are evangelical. Many evangelical churches are African-style "prosperity" churches composed primarily of African and Antillean immigrants. The Buddhist Union estimates there are one million Buddhist sympathizers and practitioners. The Buddhist population mainly consists of Chinese and Vietnamese immigrants and their descendants. The Jewish community numbers approximately 600,000, of whom 40 percent are highly observant, according to press reports. The Jewish community is approximately 70 percent Sephardic and 30 percent Ashkenazi Jews. The Jehovah’s Witnesses estimate they have approximately 120,000 members. Orthodox Christians number between 80,000 and 100,000; most are associated with the Greek or Russian Orthodox churches. The Church of Scientology estimates 50,000 members. The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) estimates its membership at 36,000 in metropolitan France and 22,000 in French overseas departments and territories, 30 percent of whom are observant. According to the press, there are between 7,000 and 15,000 Sikhs.

French Polynesia Protestant 54%, Roman Catholic 30%, other 10%, no religion 6%
Gabon Christian 55%-75%, animist, Muslim less than 1% A 2011 World Bank report estimates the population to be 1.5 million. Approximately 70 percent is Christian. From 10 to 15 percent is Muslim, of whom 80 to 90 percent are foreigners. Ten percent practices animism exclusively and 5 percent does not identify with any religion. Many persons practice a syncretistic religious belief that combines elements of Christianity, traditional religious beliefs, Voudon (Voodoo), or animism.
Gambia, The Muslim 90%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 2% The Bureau of Statistics estimates the population to be 1.74 million. Sunni Muslims constitute more than 90 percent of the population. The majority is Malikite Sufi and the main orders represented are Tijaniyah, Qadiriyah, and Muridiyah. Small numbers of immigrants from South Asia are Shafi’i Sunnis. Sufi orders pray together at common mosques. There are also small numbers of non-Sufi Muslims, including members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim community.

An estimated 9 percent of the population is Christian. Most Christians are Roman Catholic. There are also Anglicans, Methodists, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and a number of evangelical groups. Less than 1 percent of the population is Bahai or practices indigenous animist religious beliefs. There is a small community of Hindus among South Asian immigrants and business persons.

Georgia Orthodox Christian (official) 83.9%, Muslim 9.9%, Armenian-Gregorian 3.9%, Catholic 0.8%, other 0.8%, none 0.7% (2002 census) The National Statistics Office estimates the population at 4.5 million. According to the 2002 census, Orthodox Christians constitute 84 percent of the population, followed by Muslims at 10 percent and members of the Armenian Apostolic Church (AAC) at 4 percent.

There is a strong correlation among ethnicity, religious affiliation, and region of residence. Most ethnic Georgians are affiliated with the GOC. A small number of mostly ethnic Russians are members of several Orthodox groups not affiliated with the GOC, including the Molokani, Staroveriy (Old Believers), and Dukhoboriy (Spirit Wrestlers). Ethnic Azeris, who are predominantly Muslim, form the majority of the population in the southeastern region of Kvemo-Kartli. Other Muslim groups include ethnic Georgian Muslims in Ajara and Chechen Kists in the northeast. Ethnic Armenians belong primarily to the Armenian Apostolic Church (AAC) and constitute the majority of the population in the southern Samtskhe-Javakheti region. Roman Catholics, Kurdish Yezidis, Greek Orthodox, and Jews together make up less than 5 percent of the population. "Nontraditional" religious groups such as Baptists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Pentecostals, and Hare Krishnas are growing in number, but together constitute less than 1 percent of the population.

Germany Protestant 34%, Roman Catholic 34%, Muslim 3.7%, unaffiliated or other 28.3% According to a 2011 Federal Statistics Office estimate, the population is 81.8 million. There are no official statistics on religious groups. Unofficial estimates and figures provided by religious groups indicate the Roman Catholic Church has approximately 25 million members and the Protestant Church (a confederation of the Lutheran, Uniate, and Reformed Protestant denominations) has approximately 24 million members. Together, the two groups account for more than 60 percent of the population. Other Protestant denominations that together account for less than 1 percent of the population include the New Apostolic Church, Baptist communities (Evangelical Christian Baptists, International Baptist Convention, Reformed Baptists, Bible Baptists, and others), and evangelical nondenominational Baptists.

There are approximately 4 million Muslims, including 2.9 million Sunnis, 500,000 Alevis, and 280,000 Shia, together making up 5 percent of the population. Orthodox Christians number approximately 1.4 million. Smaller religious groups include Buddhists, Hindus, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the COS. The Jewish community numbers approximately 200,000. Roughly 28 million persons (33 percent of the population) either have no religious affiliation or are members of unrecorded religious groups.

Ghana Christian 71.2% (Pentecostal/Charismatic 28.3%, Protestant 18.4%, Catholic 13.1%, other 11.4%), Muslim 17.6%, traditional 5.2%, other 0.8%, none 5.2% (2010 census) The population is 24.6 million, according to the 2010 census. Approximately 71 percent is Christian, 18 percent is Muslim, 5 percent adheres to indigenous religious beliefs, and 6 percent identifies as belonging to other religious groups or has no religious beliefs. Other religious groups include the Bahai Faith, Buddhism, Judaism, Hinduism, Shintoism, Eckankar, and Rastafarianism.

Christian denominations include Roman Catholic, Methodist, Anglican, Mennonite, Evangelical Presbyterian, African Methodist Episcopal Zionist, Christian Methodist, Evangelical Lutheran, F’eden, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon), Seventh-day Adventist Church, Pentecostal, Baptist, African independent churches, the Society of Friends (Quaker), and numerous charismatic religious groups. Islamic traditions include Orthodox Sunni, Ahmadi, the Tijani and Qadiriyya orders of Sufism, and a small number of Shia. Many individuals who are nominally Christian or Muslim also adhere to some aspects of traditional beliefs. There are also syncretistic groups combining elements of Christianity and Islam with traditional beliefs. Zetahil, a practice unique to the country, combines elements of Christianity and Islam. There is no significant link between ethnicity and religion, but geography is often associated with religious identity. The majority of Muslims reside in northern areas and in the urban centers of Accra, Kumasi, Sekondi-Takoradi, Tamale, and Wa, while the majority of the followers of traditional religious beliefs resides in rural areas. Christians live throughout the country.

Gibraltar Roman Catholic 78.1%, Church of England 7%, other Christian 3.2%, Muslim 4%, Jewish 2.1%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 0.9%, none 2.9% (2001 census)
Greece Greek Orthodox (official) 98%, Muslim 1.3%, other 0.7% The National Statistics Service estimates the population at 9.9 million. The government does not keep statistics on religious groups. The U.S. government estimates that 98 percent of the population self-identifies as Greek Orthodox. The Autocephalous Church of Greece has jurisdiction over central Greece, the Peloponnese, and Ionian and Cycladic islands, while Crete and the Aegean islands are under the jurisdiction of the Ecumenical Patriarchate. Thrace, Macedonia, and Epirus are under the spiritual guidance of the Ecumenical Patriarchate but administratively under the Church of Greece.

The 1923 Treaty of Lausanne created an officially recognized "Muslim minority," estimated at 140,000 to 150,000 (approximately 1.3 percent of the total population) residing in Thrace. Additionally, NGOs estimate that between 500,000 and 700,000 Muslims from Albania, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Iraq, Syria, and North Africa reside in the region of Attica, which encompasses Athens. Other religious groups include Roman Catholics, Protestants, Jews, Old Calendarist Orthodox, Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Scientologists, Bahais, Hare Krishnas, and members of polytheistic Hellenic religions.

Greenland Evangelical Lutheran, traditional Inuit spiritual beliefs
Grenada Roman Catholic 53%, Anglican 13.8%, other Protestant 33.2% The 2011 census reports the population to be approximately 103,000. According to the 2001 census, the last census for which religious affiliation data is available, 44 percent is Roman Catholic, 12 percent Anglican, 11 percent Pentecostal, and 11 percent Seventh-day Adventist. Religious groups whose adherents number at least 2 percent of the population include Methodists, Presbyterians, Baptists, and members of the Church of God and evangelical groups. Smaller groups include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Brethren, Bahais, Hindus, Moravians, Muslims, Rastafarians, Mennonites, and members of the Salvation Army and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Approximately 4 percent describe themselves as nonbelievers. There are two mosques. There is no organized Jewish community. Saint George’s University hosts Christian, Jewish, and Muslim student organizations; the government does not count its 3,700 foreign students in the census data.
Guam Roman Catholic 85%, other 15% (1999 est.)
Guatemala Roman Catholic, Protestant, indigenous Mayan beliefs The population is approximately 14 million, according to a U.S. government source. There is no official census of religious affiliation. The Roman Catholic Episcopal Conference of Guatemala estimates 65 to 70 percent of the population is Catholic. The Evangelical Alliance, the official umbrella organization for Protestant groups, estimates that 43 percent is Protestant. The largest Protestant group is the Full Gospel Church, followed by the Assemblies of God, the Central American Church, and the Prince of Peace Church. There are many independent evangelical groups. Other religious groups include Baptists, Presbyterians, Lutherans, Episcopalians, Seventh-day Adventists, the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (Mormon), Russian Orthodox, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Approximately 2,000 Jews and a small Muslim population reside primarily in Guatemala City.

Catholics and Protestants are present throughout the country, and their adherents are found among all major ethnic groups and political parties. According to leaders of Mayan spiritual organizations and Catholic and Protestant missionaries, many indigenous Catholics and some Protestants also practice some form of indigenous spiritual ritual.

Guinea Muslim 85%, Christian 8%, indigenous beliefs 7% The population is 10.9 million, according to a U.S. government source. Approximately 85 percent of the population is Muslim, 8 percent is Christian, and 7 percent adheres to indigenous religious beliefs. Much of the population incorporates some indigenous rituals into their religious practices. Muslims are generally Sunni, although the population of Shias is increasing. Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Baptists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventists, and several evangelical groups. There is a small Bahai community. There are also small numbers of Hindus, Buddhists, and adherents of traditional Chinese religious beliefs among foreign residents.

Muslims constitute a majority in all four major regions. Christians are most numerous in Conakry, large cities, the south, and the eastern Forest Region. Indigenous religious beliefs are most prevalent in the Forest Region. Participation in formal religious services and rituals is high as a result of the close ties between cultural rituals and religious practices.

Guinea-Bissau Muslim 50%, indigenous beliefs 40%, Christian 10% The World Bank estimates the population is 1.5 million. Approximately 50 percent follows indigenous religious practices. Forty percent is Muslim, and 10 percent is Christian.

The Fula (Peuhl or Fulani) and Mandinka ethnic groups are the most numerous followers of Islam. Muslims generally live in the north and northeast, and most Muslims are Sunni. Adherents of indigenous religious beliefs generally live in all but the northern parts of the country. The Christian population, including Roman Catholics and Protestants, is concentrated in Bissau and other large towns.

Guyana Protestant 30.5% (Pentecostal 16.9%, Anglican 6.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 5%, Methodist 1.7%), Hindu 28.4%, Roman Catholic 8.1%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.1%, Muslim 7.2%, other Christian 17.7%, other 4.3%, none 4.3% (2002 census) According to the 2002 census, the population is approximately 751,000. An estimated 57 percent is Christian, 28 percent Hindu, 7 percent Muslim (mainly Sunni), and 2 percent adheres to other religious beliefs. Of Christian groups, 17 percent are Pentecostal, 8 percent Roman Catholic, 7 percent Anglican, 5 percent Seventh-day Adventist, and 20 percent are other or unaffiliated groups. There are small numbers of Rastafarians and Bahais. An estimated 4 percent of the population does not profess any religion. Some religious groups assert greater numbers of members than reported in the 2002 census.

The country is ethnically diverse, reflecting East Indian, African, Chinese, and European ancestry, as well as a sizeable indigenous population. The membership of most religious groups includes a cross section of ethnic groups, although most Hindus are Indo-Guyanese and nearly all Rastafarians are Afro-Guyanese.

Haiti Roman Catholic 80%, Protestant 16% (Baptist 10%, Pentecostal 4%, Adventist 1%, other 1%), none 1%, other 3% (note: roughly half of the population practices voodoo) According to a 2012 U.S. government estimate, the population is 9.8 million. Approximately 80 percent is Roman Catholic, 10 percent Baptist, 4 percent Pentecostal, 1 percent Seventh-day Adventist, and 1 percent other Protestant denominations. Other religious groups present in small numbers include Episcopalians, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Methodists, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Muslims, Scientologists, and practitioners of Vodou (Voodoo). The leader of a prominent multidenominational group reports half the population practices some form of Vodou, often blended with elements of other religions, usually Catholicism. The press reports a growing number of Muslims since the 2010 earthquake, citing an estimate of 2,000 to 10,000 Muslims. There are fewer than 50 Jews.
Honduras Roman Catholic 97%, Protestant 3% The population is approximately 8.3 million, according to a U.S. government source. There are no reliable government statistics on religious affiliation. A 2007 survey by a Latin American market research and public opinion company reports 47 percent of respondents identify as Roman Catholic and 36 percent as evangelical Protestant. The principal religious groups are Catholic, Episcopal, Lutheran, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Mennonite, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and evangelical Protestant. The most prominent evangelical churches include the Abundant Life, Living Love, and Great Commission churches. A growing number of evangelical churches have no denominational affiliation. The Evangelical Confederation of Honduras represents the evangelical leadership. There are approximately 2,000 Muslims and 1,000 Jews. San Pedro Sula has a mosque and a synagogue, and Tegucigalpa has a synagogue.
Hong Kong eclectic mixture of local religions 90%, Christian 10% According to the Census and Statistics Department, the population is 7 million. Information Services Department data note that approximately 43 percent of the population practice some form of religion. The two most prevalent religions are Buddhism and Taoism, often observed in the same temple. There are approximately 1.5 million Buddhists and Taoists, 480,000 Protestants, 363,000 Roman Catholics, 20,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), 220,000 Muslims, 40,000 Hindus, 10,000 Sikhs, and 5,000-6,000 Jews. Confucianism is also prevalent, although few believers practice Confucianism as a formal religion. There are between 300 and 500 practitioners of Falun Gong, a self-described spiritual discipline.

There are approximately 600 Taoist and Buddhist temples (including temples affiliated with Tibetan Buddhist schools), 800 Christian churches and chapels, five mosques, seven synagogues, one Hindu temple, and one Sikh temple. There are approximately 1,400 Protestant congregations, representing 50 denominations, including Baptists, Lutherans, Seventh-day Adventists, Anglicans, Christian and Missionary Alliance groups, the Church of Christ in China, Methodists, and Pentecostals. The Hong Kong Catholic Diocese recognizes the Pope. A bishop, priests, monks, and nuns serve Catholics and maintain links to the Vatican.

Hungary Roman Catholic 51.9%, Calvinist 15.9%, Lutheran 3%, Greek Catholic 2.6%, other Christian 1%, other or unspecified 11.1%, unaffiliated 14.5% (2001 census) According to the 2011 national census, the population is approximately 9.9 million. The government does not collect official data on religious affiliation. However, the 2011 national census included an optional question on religious affiliation; responses indicate the population is 37.1 percent Roman Catholic, 11.6 percent Hungarian Reformed Church (Calvinist), 2.2 percent Lutheran, and less than 1 percent Jewish. These four groups are considered the country’s "historic" religions. Among the respondents, 16.7 percent indicate no religious affiliation and 1.5 percent indicate atheist; 27.2 percent offer no response. Religious groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Greek Catholics, the Faith Congregation (a Pentecostal group), Orthodox Christian groups, other Christian denominations, Buddhists, and Muslims.
Iceland Lutheran Church of Iceland (official) 80.7%, Roman Catholic 2.5%, Reykjavik Free Church 2.4%, Hafnarfjorour Free Church 1.6%, other religions 3.6%, unaffiliated 3%, other or unspecified 6.2% (2006 est.) The National Statistical Bureau of Iceland estimates the population is 319,600. Approximately 77 percent of the population belongs to the ELC. By year’s end, 1,478 individuals had resigned from the church, while the church registered 322 new individuals other than infants. Many of those who resigned joined one of the organizationally and financially independent Lutheran Free Churches, representing 5.7 percent of the population. Although most citizens observe traditional Lutheran rituals for such events as baptisms, confirmations, weddings, and funerals, most do not regularly attend Sunday services.

Approximately 6.7 percent of the population belongs to 35 small recognized and registered religious groups. The largest is the Roman Catholic Church with10,455 members. Approximately 5.8 percent belongs to other or unspecified religious groups and 4.9 percent does not belong any religious group. Muslim sources estimate there are 1,000 to 1,500 Muslims. There are fewer than 100 Jews. Foreigners constitute an estimated 80 percent of the Roman Catholic population, mostly from other European countries and the Philippines.

India Hindu 80.5%, Muslim 13.4%, Christian 2.3%, Sikh 1.9%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census) According to the 2011 census, the total population is 1.21 billion. According to the 2001 census, the latest year for which disaggregated figures have been released, Hindus constitute 80.5 percent of the population, Muslims 13.4 percent, Christians 2.3 percent, and Sikhs 1.9 percent. Groups that together constitute less than 1 percent of the population include Buddhists, Jains, Parsis (Zoroastrians), Jews, and Bahais. So-called "tribal" groups, which are indigenous groups historically outside the caste system and generally included among Hindus in government statistics, often practice traditional indigenous religious beliefs (animism).

There are large Muslim populations in the states of Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, Maharashtra, West Bengal, Andhra Pradesh, Karnataka, and Kerala; Muslims constitute the majority in the states of Jammu and Kashmir. Although Muslims are a minority nationally, the country has the world’s third-largest Muslim population based on the 2001 census. Slightly more than 85 percent of Muslims are Sunni; most of the rest are Shia. Christian populations are found across the country but in greater concentrations in the northeast, as well as in the southern states of Kerala, Tamil Nadu, and Goa. Three small northeastern states (Nagaland, Mizoram, and Meghalaya) have large Christian majorities. Sikhs constitute the majority in the state of Punjab.

Indonesia Muslim 86.1%, Protestant 5.7%, Roman Catholic 3%, Hindu 1.8%, other or unspecified 3.4% (2000 census) According to the 2010 government census, the most recent available, the population is approximately 237 million. Approximately 87 percent of the population is Muslim, 7 percent Protestant, 3 percent Roman Catholic, and 1.5 percent Hindu. Other religious groups (Buddhism, followers of traditional indigenous religions, Confucianism, other Christian denominations, and those who did not respond to the census question) comprise approximately 1.25 percent of the population.

The country’s Muslim population is overwhelmingly Sunni. Of the more than 207 million Muslims, an estimated one to three million are Shiites. Many smaller Muslim groups exist, including approximately 200,000-400,000 members of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community. An estimated 20 million people, primarily in Java, Kalimantan, and Papua, practice various traditional belief systems, often referred to collectively as "Aliran Kepercayaan." There are approximately 400 different Aliran Kepercayaan communities throughout the archipelago. Many combine their beliefs with one of the government-recognized religions and register under that recognized religion. The country has a small Sikh population, estimated at between 10,000 and 15,000, residing primarily in Medan and Jakarta. There are small Jewish communities in Jakarta, Manado, and Surabaya. The Bahai community reports thousands of members, but no reliable figures are available. Falun Dafa (or Falun Gong), which considers itself a spiritual organization rather than a religion, claims several thousand followers, but specific numbers are unavailable. The number of atheists is also unknown, but the group Indonesian Atheists claims to have more than 500 members. Sunni Islam is the majority religion throughout most of the country. Notable exceptions include the province of Bali, which is predominantly Hindu, and the provinces of Papua, West Papua, East Nusa Tenggara, and North Sulawesi, which are predominantly Protestant Christian.

Iran Muslim (official) 98% (Shia 89%, Sunni 9%), other (includes Zoroastrian, Jewish, Christian, and Baha'i) 2% According to the Statistical Center of Iran’s 2011 National Population and Housing Census, the population is 75.2 million. Muslims constitute 99 percent of the population; 90 percent are Shia and 9 percent are Sunni (mostly Turkmen, Arabs, Baluchs, and Kurds living in the southwest, southeast, and northwest, respectively). There are no official statistics available on the size of the Sufi Muslim population; however, some reports estimate between two and five million people practice Sufism.

Groups together constituting the remaining 1 percent of the population include Bahais, Christians, Jews, Sabean-Mandaeans, and Zoroastrians. The two largest non-Muslim minorities are Bahais and Christians. The Bahais number approximately 300,000, and are heavily concentrated in Tehran and Semnan. According to UN figures, 300,000 Christians live in the country, though some NGOs estimate there may be as many as 370,000. The Statistical Center of Iran reports there are 117,700. The majority of Christians are ethnic Armenians concentrated in Tehran and Isfahan. Unofficial estimates of the Assyrian Christian population range between 10,000 and 20,000. There are also Protestant denominations, including evangelical groups. Christian groups outside the country estimate the size of the Protestant Christian community to be less than 10,000, although many Protestant Christians reportedly practice in secret. There are from 5,000 to 10,000 Sabean-Mandaeans. The Statistical Center of Iran estimates there are 25,271 Zoroastrians, who are primarily ethnic Persians; however, Zoroastrian groups report they have 60,000 members.


Iraq Muslim (official) 97% (Shia 60%-65%, Sunni 32%-37%), Christian or other 3% (note: while there has been voluntary relocation of many Christian families to northern Iraq, recent reporting indicates that the overall Christian population may have dropped by as much as 50 percent since the fall of the Saddam HUSSEIN regime in 2003, with many fleeing to Syria, Jordan, and Lebanon) According to a July 2012 U.S. government estimate, the population is approximately 31.1 million. Religious demography statistics vary due to violence, internal migration, and governmental tracking capability. Numbers are often estimates from nongovernmental organizations (NGOs) and community leaders, as the government has not yet taken a census.

According to 2010 government statistics, 97 percent of the population is Muslim. Shia Muslims, predominantly Arabs but including Turkmen, Faili (Shia) Kurds, and others, constitute 60 to 65 percent. Arab and Kurdish Sunni Muslims make up 32 to 37 percent of the population. From 18 to 20 percent are Sunni Kurds, 12 to 16 percent are Sunni Arabs, and the remaining 1 to 2 percent are Sunni Turkmen. Approximately 3 percent of the population is composed of Christians, Yezidis, Sabean-Mandaeans, Bahais, Shabaks, Kakais (sometimes referred to as Ahl-e Haqq), and a very small number of Jews. Shia, although predominantly located in the south and east, are the majority in Baghdad and have communities in most parts of the country. Sunnis form the majority in the west, center, and the north of the country. Christian leaders estimate there are between 400,000 and 850,000 Christians. Approximately two-thirds are Chaldeans (an eastern rite of the Catholic Church), nearly one-fifth are Assyrians (Church of the East), and the remainder are Syriacs (Eastern Orthodox), Armenians (Roman Catholic and Eastern Orthodox), Anglicans, and other Protestants. Evangelical Christians reportedly number approximately 5,000. Yezidi leaders report that most of 500,000 to 700,000 Yezidis reside in the north, with 15 percent in Dahuk Province and the rest in Ninewa Province. Shabak leaders state there are 200,000 to 500,000 Shabaks, who reside mainly near Mosul in Ninewa Province. Estimates of the size of the Sabean-Mandaean community vary widely; according to Sabean-Mandaean leaders, about 4,000 remain in the country, generally along the Tigris and its tributaries. According to a leader in the Sabean-Mandaean community in Basrah, the Sabean-Mandaean population in Basrah has fallen dramatically over the last decade to an estimated 500-750 people. The Bahai leadership report fewer than 2,000 members, spread throughout the country in small groups. The Kakai community around Kirkuk is estimated at 24,500 people. Fewer than 10 Jews reportedly reside in Baghdad, and there are unconfirmed reports that very small Jewish communities exist in other parts of the country. UNHCR reports that 82,260 Iraqi refugees and 218,800 internally displaced persons (IDPs) registered returns in 2012. The Ministry of Migration and Displacement (MOMD) reports that 304 of those returns were minorities. A majority of these refugees originally fled Iraq and sought asylum in Syria and Jordan due to sectarian violence triggered by the 2006 bombing of the Samara shrine. According to UNHCR’s 2012 monitoring report, the majority of the Iraqi refugees who sought asylum in Iran were Shia families who had fled Iraq before 2003; those who returned in 2012 mostly settled in Najaf and Karbala. In addition to Iraqi refugees, an estimated 1.1 million people of diverse religious backgrounds remain internally displaced due to sectarian violence between 2006 and 2008. The number of religious minorities internally displaced by violence remains uncertain because many stay with relatives and friends. An international NGO reports that 6,156 Christian families remain internally displaced in the country’s northern governorates. The NGO largely attributes the high number to Iraqi Christians fleeing Syria where they had previously found refuge. The NGO attributes the decision of families to resettle in northern Iraq due to the area’s relative security compared with elsewhere in the country. Humanitarian organizations working with displaced Christian families note that this vulnerable population is often unable to sell their homes at a reasonable price if they choose to migrate. They also face increasing rental costs in their area of displacement.


Ireland Roman Catholic 87.4%, Church of Ireland 2.9%, other Christian 1.9%, other 2.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.2% (2006 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 4.6 million. The census indicates the population is approximately 84 percent Catholic (the lowest percentage ever reported), 3 percent Church of Ireland, 1 percent Muslim (a sharp rise over the previous five years), 1 percent Orthodox Christian, 1 percent unspecified Christian, and 6 percent not stating a religious affiliation. There are small numbers of Presbyterians and Jews. Groups of Christians and Muslims from Africa, Muslims from North Africa and the Middle East, Muslims and Hindus from South Asia, and Orthodox Christians continue to grow, especially in larger urban areas.
Isle of Man Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Baptist, Presbyterian, Society of Friends), Roman Catholic
Israel Jewish 75.6%, Muslim 16.9%, Christian 2%, Druze 1.7%, other 3.8% (2008) According to the 2011 report of the Central Bureau of Statistics (CBS), the population is 7.9 million (including settlers living in the Occupied Territories), of which approximately 76 percent are Jews, 19 percent are Muslims, 2 percent are Christians, and 1.6 percent are Druze. The remaining 1.4 percent consists of relatively small communities of Bahais, Samaritans, Karaites, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and those classified as "other"--mostly persons who identify themselves as Jewish but do not satisfy the Orthodox Jewish definition of "Jewish" the government uses for civil procedures. The majority of non-Jewish citizens are of Arab origin.

According to the CBS report, 9 percent of the Jewish population identifies as Haredi (also known as "ultra-Orthodox"), 10 percent identifies as Orthodox, 15 percent describe themselves as "traditional, religious," 23 percent call themselves "traditional, not so religious," and 43 percent describe themselves as "nonreligious/secular" Jews, most of whom observe some Jewish traditions. Although not differentiated in official statistics, a 2012 Guttman Institute poll shows that approximately 500,000 traditional and secular Jews associate themselves with the beliefs of the Conservative or Reform streams of Judaism. There is also a community of approximately 20,000 Messianic Jews. Religious communities often are concentrated in geographical areas according to religious beliefs. The country continues to undergo demographic changes due to the higher birth rate of the Haredi and Muslim communities. There are approximately 95,000 foreigners permitted to work in the country and an additional 120,000 illegal foreign workers. Foreign workers were members of many different religious groups, including: Protestant, Roman Catholic, Orthodox Christian, Buddhist, Hindu, and Muslim.

Italy Christian 80% (overwhelming Roman Catholic with very small groups of Jehova Witnesses and Protestants), Muslims NEGL (about 700,000 but growing), Atheists and Agnostics 20% According to a 2011 national statistics institute estimate, the population is 60.63 million. A 2009 report estimates 87 percent of native-born citizens are Roman Catholic, but a 2010 report by the independent research institute Eurispes estimates that only 24 percent regularly participate in Catholic worship services. Religious groups accounting for less than 5 percent of the population include non-Catholic Christians, Muslims, Jews, Hindus, Bahais, and Buddhists. Non-Catholic Christian groups include Orthodox, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Assemblies of God, the Confederation of Methodist and Waldensian Churches, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and a number of small Protestant groups.

The number of Muslims continues to grow with immigration from North Africa, South Asia, Albania, and the Middle East. Most Muslims live in the northern part of the country. According to the research branch of the Caritas nongovernmental organization (NGO), of an estimated five million resident foreigners, 1.6 million are Muslim, 1.5 million Orthodox, one million Catholic, and 0.2 million Protestant. The Jewish community is estimated to be 30,000.

Ivory Coast Muslim 38.6%, Christian 32.8%, indigenous 11.9%, none 16.7% (2008 est.) (note: the majority of foreigners (migratory workers) are Muslim (70%) and Christian (20%)) According to the World Bank’s 2011 country data report, the population is 20.2 million. Approximately 35 to 40 percent is Muslim, a roughly equal percentage is Christian, and an estimated 25 percent adheres to indigenous religious beliefs. Many Christians and Muslims also adhere to some aspects of indigenous religious beliefs.

Traditionally, the north is associated with Islam and the south with Christianity, although practitioners of both religions live throughout the country. In general, political and religious affiliations tend to follow ethnic lines. Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Seventh-day Adventists, Methodists, Presbyterians, Harrists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Southern Baptists, Copts, and members of the Assemblies of God. Other religious groups include Buddhists, Bahais, adherents of the Celestial Church of Christ, followers of the International Society for Krishna Consciousness, and Bossonists, who follow traditions of the Akan ethnic group.

Jamaica Protestant 62.5% (Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%, Pentecostal 9.5%, Other Church of God 8.3%, Baptist 7.2%, New Testament Church of God 6.3%, Church of God in Jamaica 4.8%, Church of God of Prophecy 4.3%, Anglican 3.6%, other Christian 7.7%), Roman Catholic 2.6%, other or unspecified 14.2%, none 20.9%, (2001 census) The population is approximately 2.7 million, according to the Statistical Institute’s 2011 census. An estimated 26 percent belongs to the Church of God, 12 percent is Seventh-day Adventist, 11 percent Pentecostal, 7 percent Baptist, 3 percent Anglican, 2 percent Roman Catholic, 2 percent United Church, 2 percent Methodist, 2 percent Jehovah’s Witnesses, 1 percent Moravian, 1 percent Brethren, 2 percent does not report a religious affiliation, and 8 percent belongs to other groups. The latter includes approximately 29,000 Rastafarians, 1,500 Muslims (although Muslim groups estimate their numbers at 5,000), 1,800 Hindus, 500 Jews, and 270 Bahais. The census reports that 21 percent has no religious affiliation.
Japan Shintoism 83.9%, Buddhism 71.4%, Christianity 2%, other 7.8% (note: total adherents exceeds 100% because many people belong to both Shintoism and Buddhism (2005)) The Statistics Bureau estimates the population to be 127.5 million as of October. Because the government does not require religious groups to report their membership, it is difficult to determine the number of members of different groups. A 2009 report by the Agency for Cultural Affairs (ACA) indicates that membership claims by religious groups totaled 207 million. This number, substantially more than the country’s population, reflects many citizens’ affiliation with multiple religions. For example, it is common to practice both Buddhist and Shinto rites.

According to the ACA’s 2009 statistics, 106 million persons identified themselves as Shinto, 90 million as Buddhist, and 2.1 million as Christian, while nine million followed "other" religions. The category of "other" includes Islam, the Bahai Faith, Hinduism, Judaism, or no religion. The government does not compile statistics on the number of Muslims in the country specifically, but a 2005 report by academic sources estimates the Muslim population at 63,000. There is no significant correlation between religious affiliation and ethnicity, politics, or socio-economic status; the society is relatively ethnically and religiously homogeneous. The indigenous Ainu people, who practice an animist faith, are concentrated mainly in Japan’s northern island, Hokkaido. Some immigrants and foreign workers practice religions other than Shintoism, the indigenous religion, or Buddhism.

Jordan Sunni Muslim 92% (official), Christian 6% (majority Greek Orthodox, but some Greek and Roman Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Coptic Orthodox, Armenian Orthodox, and Protestant denominations), other 2% (several small Shia Muslim and Druze populations) (2001 est.) According to government estimates, the population is over 6.9 million, 98 percent of which is Sunni Muslim. Estimates of the number of Christian citizens vary from 1 to 2 percent of the population. Shia Muslims, Bahais, and Druze constitute less than 1 percent of the population.

Officially recognized Christian denominations include the Greek Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Greek Catholic (Melkite), Armenian Orthodox, Maronite Catholic, Assyrian, Coptic, Anglican, Lutheran, Seventh-day Adventist, and Presbyterian churches. Christian churches that are not officially recognized but registered as "societies" include the Free Evangelical Church, Nazarene Church, Assemblies of God, Christian and Missionary Alliance, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Unrecognized Christian denominations not registered as "societies" include the United Pentecostal Church and Jehovah’s Witnesses. The government refers to Chaldean and Syriac Christians among the Iraqi refugee population as "guests." The Baptist Church is registered as a "denomination," but does not enjoy the full privileges of other registered religious groups in the country. The government does not recognize the Bahai Faith as a religion.

Kazakhstan Muslim 70.2%, Christian 26.2% (Russian Orthodox 23.9%, other Christian 2.3%), Buddhist 0.1%, other 0.2%, atheist 2.8%, unspecified 0.5% (2009 Census) According to Agency of Statistics 2012 data, the population is 16.9 million. There are approximately 3,088 registered religious organizations in the country, representing 17 different confessions.

Approximately 65 percent of the population is Muslim; the majority is Sunni of the Hanafi school. Other Islamic groups that account for less than 1 percent of the population include Shafi’i Sunni, Shia, Sufi, and Ahmadi. The highest concentration of self-identified practicing Muslims is in the southern region bordering Uzbekistan. Orthodox Christians constitute approximately 24.6 percent of the population. Other groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Roman Catholics, Greek Catholics, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Seventh-day Adventists, Methodists, Mennonites, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jews, Buddhists, Hare Krishnas, Bahais, Christian Scientists, Scientologists, and members of Grace Church, New Life Church, and the Unification Church.

Kenya Christian 82.5% (Protestant 47.4%, Catholic 23.3%, other 11.8%), Muslim 11.1%, Traditionalists 1.6%, other 1.7%, none 2.4%, unspecified 0.7% (2009 census) The population is 43 million, according to a U.S. government estimate. Approximately 80 percent of the population is Christian and 10 percent is Muslim. Groups constituting less than 1 percent of the population include Hindus, Sikhs, and Bahais. Most of the remaining population adheres to various traditional religious beliefs. Of the Christian population, 58 percent is Protestant and 42 percent is Roman Catholic. Most of the Muslim population lives in North Eastern and Coast provinces, where religion and ethnicity are often inextricably linked. There are approximately 500,000 people in the Dadaab refugee camp, most of whom are Muslims.
Kiribati Roman Catholic 55%, Protestant 36%, Mormon 3.1%, Baha'i 2.2%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.9%, other 1.8% (2005 census) According to preliminary figures from the 2010 census, Kiribati’s population was approximately 103,100. The 2005 census showed that the major religious groups include the Roman Catholic Church (55 percent of the population); the Kiribati Protestant Church (36 percent); The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) (3 percent); the Bahai Faith (2 percent); and the Seventh-day Adventist Church (2 percent). The LDS Church claims to have a higher number of adherents, totaling 15,364 members or 15 percent of the estimated population. Persons with no religious affiliation account for less than 1 percent of the population. Members of the Catholic Church are concentrated in the northern islands, while Protestants constitute the majority in the southern islands.
Korea, North traditionally Buddhist and Confucianist, some Christian and syncretic Chondogyo (Religion of the Heavenly Way) (note: autonomous religious activities now almost nonexistent; government-sponsored religious groups exist to provide illusion of religious freedom) According to U.S. government sources, the population is estimated at 24.6 million. In a 2002 report to the UN Human Rights Commission, the country’s government reports there are 12,000 Protestants, 10,000 Buddhists, and 800 Roman Catholics. The report also notes that the Cheondogyo Young Friends Party, a government-approved group based on a traditional religious movement, has approximately 15,000 members. South Korean and other foreign religious groups estimate there is a considerably higher number of religious practitioners in the country.

In Pyongyang there are four state-controlled Christian churches: two Protestant churches (Bongsu and Chilgol Churches), the Changchun Roman Catholic Church, and the Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church. The Chilgol Church is dedicated to the memory of former leader Kim Il-Sung’s mother, Kang Pan-sok, who was a Presbyterian deaconess. The number of regular worshippers at these churches is unknown. Defectors from outside of Pyongyang have no knowledge of these churches. As part of its 2009 Universal Periodic Review (UPR), the government reports the existence of religious organizations such as the Korea Christian Federation, Korea Buddhists’ Federation, Korea Roman Catholic Association, Korea Chondoist Society, and Korea Religionists’ Society. The government-established Korean Catholic Association (KCA) provides for basic services at the Changchun Church, but has no ties with the Vatican. There are no Catholic priests residing in the country. Visiting priests occasionally provide Mass at the Changchun Church. According to religious leaders who have traveled to the country, there are Protestant pastors at the Bongsu and Chilgol Churches, although it is not known whether they are resident or visiting pastors. In its July 2002 report to the UN Human Rights Committee, the government reports the existence of 500 "family worship centers." However, according to the 2012 Korea Institute for National Unification (KINU) White Paper, defectors were unaware of any such centers. Observers stated that "family worship centers" may be part of the state-controlled Korean Christian Federation, while an unknown number of "underground churches" operate apart from the federation and are not recognized by the government. The 2012 KINU White Paper and the 2007 U.S. Commission on International Religious Freedom report, "A Prison Without Bars," include defector testimonies referencing the existence of underground churches, but conclude that their existence was hard to verify. In July 2009 the Dong-A Ilbo newspaper reported an estimated 30,000 Christians, while some NGOs and academics estimate there may be up to several hundred thousand "underground" Christians. Others question the existence of a large-scale underground church or conclude that it is impossible to estimate accurately the number of underground religious believers. Individual underground congregations are reportedly very small and typically confined to private homes. According to the 2012 KINU White Paper, there are an estimated 60 Buddhist temples. Most are regarded as cultural relics, but religious activity is permitted in some. Monks serve as caretakers in many of these temples and foreign visitors find these monks to be knowledgeable about Buddhism. Based on defector testimony, the 2012 KINU White Paper reports that most residents of the country have not heard about Buddhist scriptures and have never seen a Buddhist monk. State-controlled press reported on several occasions that Buddhist ceremonies took place in various locations. The Holy Trinity Russian Orthodox Church opened in Pyongyang in 2006.

Korea, South Christian 31.6% (Protestant 24%, Roman Catholic 7.6%), Buddhist 24.2%, other or unknown 0.9%, none 43.3% (2010 survey) As of July, the National Statistics Office estimates the population is approximately 50 million. According to the most recent census (2005), approximately 23 percent is Buddhist, 18 percent is Protestant, 11 percent is Roman Catholic, and 47 percent professes no religious belief. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include: Won Buddhism, Confucianism, Jeongsando, Cheondogyo, Daejonggyo, Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Seventh-day Adventist Church, Daesun Jinrihoe, Unification Church, and Islam. There is also a small Jewish population consisting almost entirely of expatriates.
Kosovo Muslim, Serbian Orthodox, Roman Catholic According to official government census data released in October, the population is 1.74 million. Census data shows 95.6 percent of the population identifies as Muslim, 2.2 percent as Roman Catholic, and 1.4 percent as Serbian Orthodox. Census categories for "Other," "None," or "No Response" each constitute less than 1 percent. The largest Catholic communities live in Gjakove/Djakovica, Kline/Klina, Prizren, Janjevo, and Pristina. Most members of the SOC reside in ethnically Serb towns and enclaves. Small populations of Protestants live in most cities, with the largest concentration located in Pristina. The largest Jewish community resides in Prizren. The Kosovo Islamic Community is the officially recognized Islamic umbrella group and is known by its Albanian-language acronym BIK; it is responsible for training Muslim clergy and appointing them to mosques throughout the country.

Religion and ethnicity are closely linked; Serbs generally belong to the SOC, while the majority of religiously active citizens of Albanian descent identify themselves as Muslim. Critics of the census note it does not include residents in the northern region of Mitrovice/Mitrovica and thus significantly under-represents Serbs who belong to the SOC. Anecdotal information also suggests census takers at times automatically assigned Islam to persons without soliciting explicit answers or over their verbal objections.

Kuwait Muslim (official) 85% (Sunni 70%, Shia 30%), other (includes Christian, Hindu, Parsi) 15% According to the Public Authority for Civil Information, there are 1.2 million citizens and 2.6 million non-citizens. The national census does not distinguish between Shia and Sunni Muslims. Estimates derived from voting records and personal status documents indicate that approximately 70 percent of citizens, including the ruling family, adhere to the Sunni branch of Islam. Most of the remaining 30 percent of citizens are Shia Muslims. There are approximately 150-200 Christian citizens and a small number of Bahai citizens. An estimated 150,000 noncitizen residents are Shia. While some areas have relatively high concentrations of either Sunnis or Shia, most areas are religiously well integrated.

There are an estimated 600,000 non-citizen Hindus. The largely non-citizen Christian population is estimated to be more than 450,000. The government-recognized Christian churches include the Roman Catholic Church, the Coptic Orthodox Church, the National Evangelical (Protestant) Church, the Armenian Orthodox Church, the Greek Orthodox Church (referred to in Arabic as the Roman Orthodox Church), the Greek Catholic (Melkite) Church, and the Anglican Church. There are also many unrecognized Christian religious groups with smaller populations. There are an estimated 100,000 Buddhists, 10,000 Sikhs, and 400 Bahais, the majority of whom are non-citizens.

Kyrgyzstan Muslim 75%, Russian Orthodox 20%, other 5% According to 2011 World Bank figures, the population is 5.5 million. Sunni Islam accounts for 83 percent of the population and there are also approximately 1,000 members of Shia groups. Approximately 15 percent of the population is Christian, half of which identifies itself as Russian Orthodox.

Of the remaining population, Protestant Christians number 11,000. Protestant denominations include 48 registered Baptist groups, 21 Lutheran, 49 Pentecostal, 35 Presbyterian, 43 "Charismatic," and 30 Seventh-day Adventist communities. Jehovah’s Witnesses number approximately 4,800. There are three Roman Catholic churches, with an estimated 1,200 adherents nationwide. The Jewish community, with about 1,500 members, has one synagogue. The Buddhist community includes approximately 1,000 members and has one temple. There are 12 registered Bahai houses of worship that serve approximately 300 members. Islam is the predominant religion in both urban and rural areas. Members of Russian Orthodox and other non-Muslim religious groups live mainly in major cities. Ethnic Kyrgyz and Uzbeks are primarily Muslim, while ethnic Russians most often belong to the Russian Orthodox Church or one of the several Protestant denominations.

Laos Buddhist 67%, Christian 1.5%, other and unspecified 31.5% (2005 census) Theravada Buddhism is the religion of nearly all ethnic or "lowland" Lao, who constitute 40 to 50 percent of the overall population, estimated in July by the U.S. government to be approximately 6.5 million. The remainder of the population belongs to at least 48 distinct ethnic minority groups, most of which practice animism and ancestor worship. Animism is predominant among Sino-Thai groups, such as the Thai Dam and Thai Daeng, as well as among Mon-Khmer and Burmo-Tibetan groups. Even among lowland Lao, many pre-Buddhist animist beliefs are incorporated into Theravada Buddhist practice, particularly in rural areas. Roman Catholics, Protestants, Muslims, Bahais, Mahayana Buddhists, and followers of Confucianism constitute less than 3 percent of the population.
Latvia Lutheran 19.6%, Orthodox 15.3%, other Christian 1%, other 0.4%, unspecified 63.7% (2006) According to the 2011 census, the population is 2.1 million. The Justice Ministry reports the largest religious groups are Roman Catholics (22.7 percent), Lutherans (19.7 percent), and Orthodox Christians (16.8 percent). Sizeable religious minorities include Baptists, Pentecostals, and other evangelical Protestant groups. The census estimates that approximately 6,400 persons (less than 1 percent) self-identify as Jews, while the Council of Jewish Communities estimates there are 10,000 Jews. Other small religious groups include Muslims, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Methodists, Hare Krishnas, and Buddhists.

Many Orthodox Christians are Russian-speaking noncitizen permanent residents and live mainly in major cities. Many Catholics live in the east.

Lebanon Muslim 59.7% (Shia, Sunni, Druze, Isma'ilite, Alawite or Nusayri), Christian 39% (Maronite Catholic, Greek Orthodox, Melkite Catholic, Armenian Orthodox, Syrian Catholic, Armenian Catholic, Syrian Orthodox, Roman Catholic, Chaldean, Assyrian, Coptic, Protestant), other 1.3% (note: 17 religious sects recognized) According to the Beirut-based research firm Statistics Lebanon, the population is approximately 4.3 million. An estimated 27 percent is Sunni Muslim, 27 percent Shia Muslim, 21 percent Maronite Christian, 8 percent Greek Orthodox, 5.6 percent Druze, and 5 percent Greek Catholic, with the remaining 6.5 percent belonging to smaller Christian groups. There are also very small numbers of Jews, Bahais, Buddhists, Hindus, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

The 18 officially recognized religious groups include four Muslim groups, 12 Christian groups, the Druze, and Judaism. The main branches of Islam practiced are Shia and Sunni. The Alawites and the Ismaili ("Sevener") Shia order are the smallest Muslim communities. The Maronite community, the largest Christian group, maintains its centuries-long affiliation with the Roman Catholic Church but has its own patriarch, liturgy, and ecclesiastical customs. The second-largest Christian sect is Greek Orthodox. Other Christians are divided among Greek Catholics, Armenian Orthodox (Gregorians), Armenian Catholics, Syriac Orthodox (Jacobites), Syriac Catholics, Assyrians (Nestorians), Chaldeans, Copts, evangelicals (including Baptists and Seventh-day Adventists), and Latins (Roman Catholic). The Druze, who refer to themselves as al-Muwahhideen, or "believers in one God," are concentrated in the rural, mountainous areas east and south of Beirut. Many persons fleeing religious mistreatment and discrimination in neighboring states are immigrants in the country, including Kurds, Shia, and Chaldeans from Iraq, as well as Coptic Christians from Egypt and Sudan. According to the secretary-general of the Syriac League, approximately 10,000 Iraqi Christians and 3,000 to 4,000 Coptic Christians reside in the country.

Lesotho Christian 80%, indigenous beliefs 20% According to the 2006 census, the population is 1.88 million. Approximately 90 percent of the population is Christian. There are an estimated 4,000 Muslim families, 150 Hindu families, and 800 Bahais, which combine to make up approximately 1 percent of the population. The remaining 9 percent of the population belongs to indigenous religious groups, although exact figures are difficult to determine. Many Christians practice traditional rituals in conjunction with Christianity. Muslim and Hindu numbers are declining due to emigration to South Africa. Although there are a small number of Jews, there is no synagogue for worship; services are held across the border in South Africa. Muslims live primarily in the northern area of the country.

Immigrants from other parts of Africa, South Asia, and China constitute less than 1 percent of the population. No statistics are available on their religious affiliation.

Liberia Christian 85.6%, Muslim 12.2%, Traditional 0.6%, other 0.2%, none 1.4% (2008 Census) A U.S. government source estimates the population is 3.9 million. According to the 2008 National Population and Housing Census, the population is 85.6 percent Christian, 12.2 percent Muslim, 0.6 percent adherents of indigenous religious beliefs, 1.5 percent persons who claim no religion, and less than 1 percent members of other religious groups, including Bahais, Hindus, Sikhs, and Buddhists. The estimated percentage of the Muslim population is a source of contention. Unofficial reports and surveys estimate Muslims constitute between 10 and 20 percent of the population. Many members of religious groups incorporate elements of indigenous beliefs into their religious practices. Christian groups include Lutherans, Baptists, Episcopalians, Presbyterians, Roman Catholics, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Seventh-Day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and members of the United Methodist, African Methodist Episcopal (AME), AME Zion, and a variety of Pentecostal churches.

Christians reside throughout the country. Muslims belong mainly to the Mandingo ethnic group, which resides throughout the country, and the Vai ethnic group, which lives predominantly in the west. There is also a predominantly Muslim Fula community throughout the country. The Fula people are referred to as a community not by location, but as a tribal segment of society. Ethnic groups in most regions participate in the indigenous religious practices of secret societies.

Libya Sunni Muslim (official) 97%, other 3% According to U.S. government estimates, the population is 5.6 million. Ninety-seven percent is Sunni Muslim and the remaining 3 percent of the population includes Christians, Hindus, Bahais, Ahmadi Muslims, Buddhists, and Jews. Many members of the Amazigh ethnic minority are Ibadi Muslims; nearly all other non-Sunni Muslims are foreign residents. Small Christian communities consist almost exclusively of sub-Saharan African and Egyptian migrants and a small number of U.S. and European workers. Bishops in Tripoli, Misrata, and Benghazi lead an estimated 50,000 Coptic Christians who are mostly Egyptian foreign residents. Roman Catholic clergy are present in larger cities, working primarily in hospitals, orphanages, and with the elderly or physically impaired. A priest in Tripoli and a bishop resident in Tunis lead the Anglican community. A Greek Orthodox archbishop in Tripoli and priests in Tripoli and Benghazi serve approximately 80 regular Orthodox churchgoers. The Ukrainian embassy in Tripoli also maintains a small Orthodox church for Tripoli’s Russian-speaking population. There are nondenominational, evangelical Unity churches in Tripoli and Benghazi, as well as small Unity congregations located throughout the country. Nondenominational churches in Tripoli serve primarily African and Filipino migrant workers. The overwhelming majority of Libya’s Jewish population, estimated at 40,000, fled the country between 1948 and 1967. David Gerbi, a Libyan Jew active in the exiled Jewish community in Italy, estimates that there are around 200,000 Libyan Jews and their descendants living outside of the country. While there are reports of some Jews remaining, there are no known estimates of the current population. Representatives from the Jewish diaspora are unable to return to reopen the synagogue in Tripoli due to security concerns.

There are no known places of worship for members of other non-Muslim religious groups, although adherents are allowed to practice their religion in their homes.

Liechtenstein Roman Catholic (official) 76.2%, Protestant 7%, unknown 10.6%, other 6.2% (June 2002) According to the National Office of Statistics, the country’s population is 36,500 and religious group membership by percentage is as follows: Roman Catholic (76 percent); Protestant (7.6); Muslim (5.4); no formal religious group (2.8); Christian Orthodox (1.1); other religious groups (1.7); and no religious affiliation (5.4).

The great majority of Muslims are Sunnis, predominately from Turkey and Bosnia-Herzegovina.

Lithuania Roman Catholic 79%, Russian Orthodox 4.1%, Protestant (including Lutheran and Evangelical Christian Baptist) 1.9%, other or unspecified 5.5%, none 9.5% (2001 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 3.43 million. The census reports 77.3 percent is Roman Catholic and 6.1 percent does not identify with any religious group. Religious groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Russian Orthodox, Old Believers, Lutherans, Reformed Evangelicals, Jews, Sunni Muslims, Greek Catholics, and the Karaites. The Karaites traditionally live in Trakai and in the greater Vilnius region. The majority of the Sunni Muslims live in Vilnius and Kaunas. The Jewish population is mainly concentrated in the larger cities.

Less than 0.5 percent belongs to religious groups the government designates "nontraditional." The most numerous are Jehovah’s Witnesses, Full Gospel Word of Faith Movement, Pentecostals/Charismatics, Old Baltic faith communities, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Methodists, members of the New Apostolic Church, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

Luxembourg Roman Catholic 87%, other (includes Protestant, Jewish, and Muslim) 13% (2000) According to the National Statistics Office, the population is 510,000. A 2011 study by the Center for Studies of Population, Poverty, and Socio-Economic Policy estimates that more than 70 percent of the population is Roman Catholic. According to that study and local religious groups, approximately 2 percent of the population is Protestant (Lutheran, Calvinist, and Anglican), 2 percent Muslim, 1 percent Christian Orthodox (Greek, Serbian, Russian, and Romanian), and 0.3 percent Jewish. There are small numbers of Bahais, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and the Universal Church.
Macau Buddhist 50%, Roman Catholic 15%, none or other 35% (1997 est.) According to the Government Statistics and Census Service, the population is 568,700. The Government Information Bureau reports that nearly 80 percent of the population practices Buddhism. There are approximately 30,000 Roman Catholics (of whom over half are foreign domestic workers and expatriates residing in Macau) and more than 8,000 Protestants. Smaller religious groups include Bahais (estimated at 2,500 persons); Muslims (estimated at 400 persons); and a small number of Falun Gong practitioners (estimated at 50 persons).

There are approximately 40 Buddhist temples, as well as dozens of village temples and houses dedicated to Buddhist deities; 30 Taoist temples; three Catholic cathedrals, 18 Catholic churches and 56 Catholic chapels within diocesan buildings; approximately 70 Protestant churches; four Bahai centers; and one mosque. Protestant denominations include Baptist, Anglican, Lutheran, Presbyterian, Methodist, and Pentecostal churches. There are also evangelical groups and independent local churches. An estimated 70 Protestant churches with 4,000 members conduct services in Chinese; approximately 4,000 worshippers attend every Sunday. An estimated 500 Protestants attend services conducted in foreign languages.

Macedonia Macedonian Orthodox 64.7%, Muslim 33.3%, other Christian 0.37%, other and unspecified 1.63% (2002 census) According to a 2011 estimate by the State Statistical Office, the population is 2.06 million. The 2002 census estimates that 65 percent of the population is Orthodox and 33 percent is Muslim. Other religious groups include Roman Catholics, various Protestant denominations, Sufis, and Jews. There is a correlation between ethnicity and religious affiliation; the majority of Orthodox Christians are ethnic Macedonian and most Muslims are ethnic Albanian.
Madagascar indigenous beliefs 52%, Christian 41%, Muslim 7% The population is 22 million, according to a U.S. government source. Although neither precise nor official figures were available, religious groups report that approximately half of the population is Christian.

The Council of Christian Churches in Madagascar (FFKM) represents the four principal Christian groups: Roman Catholics, Lutherans, Anglicans, and members of the Reformed Protestant Church of Jesus Christ in Madagascar (FJKM). Smaller groups include The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Seventh-day Adventists. Local sources report that the most numerous non-Christian group includes adherents of indigenous religions, although the number is unknown. A local academic estimates Muslims constitute 10-15 percent of the population. According to religious leaders, Muslim populations are largely concentrated in the north, northwest, and southeast. Citizens of ethnic Indian and Pakistani origin, and Comoran immigrants represent the majority of Muslims. There are also small numbers of Hindus and Jews.

Malawi Christian 82.7%, Muslim 13%, other 1.9%, none 2.5% (1998 census) The government estimates the population to be 14.8 million. Approximately 80 percent of the population is Christian. Most Christians belong to the Roman Catholic Church or the Church of Central Africa Presbyterian. There are also small numbers of Anglicans, Baptists, evangelicals, and Seventh-day Adventists. Muslims constitute approximately 20 percent of the population, and the vast majority of Muslims are Sunni. The largest concentration of Muslims is along the southern shores of Lake Malawi. There are also Hindus and Bahais, as well as small numbers of Rastafarians and Jews.
Malaysia Muslim (or Islam - official) 60.4%, Buddhist 19.2%, Christian 9.1%, Hindu 6.3%, Confucianism, Taoism, other traditional Chinese religions 2.6%, other or unknown 1.5%, none 0.8% (2000 census) The population is approximately 29.6 million, according to 2010 census data from the Malaysian Department of Statistics. Census figures indicate that 61.3 percent of the population practices Islam; 19.8 percent Buddhism; 9.2 percent Christianity; 6.3 percent Hinduism; and 1.3 percent Confucianism, Taoism, and other traditional Chinese philosophies and religions. Other minority religious groups include animists, Sikhs, and Bahais. Ethnic Malay Muslims account for approximately 55 percent of the population. Several of the most prominent political parties are organized along ethnic and/or religious lines. The majority of Christians reside in the eastern states of Sabah and Sarawak.
Maldives Sunni Muslim (official) According to government statistics, the population is 350,800. All citizens are required to be Muslim and the majority of the population practices Sunni Islam. Non-Muslim foreigners, including an estimated 800,000 tourists who visit annually and 100,000 foreign workers (mainly Bangladeshis, Sri Lankans, Indians, and Pakistanis), may practice their religions only in private. Most Muslim tourists and Muslim foreign workers practice Islam in private or at mosques located at the resorts where they work and live.
Mali Muslim 94.8%, Christian 2.4%, Animist 2%, none 0.5%, unspecified 0.3% (2009 Census) The population is approximately 15.8 million, according to a 2011 World Bank report. Muslims constitute an estimated 90 percent of the population. Nearly all Muslims are Sunni and most are Sufi. The population is 4 percent Christian, of whom approximately two-thirds are Roman Catholic and one-third Protestant. The remaining 6 percent adheres to indigenous religious beliefs or professes no religious affiliation. Groups adhering to indigenous religious beliefs reside throughout the country, but are most active in rural areas. Many Muslims and Christians also adhere to some aspects of indigenous beliefs.

There are several mosques associated with the group Dawa al Tabligh, a fundamentalist Muslim group that does not seek to impose its practices outside of its own group. The group has fewer than a thousand members in Bamako.

Malta Roman Catholic (official) 98% According to a 2011 report from the National Statistics Office, the population is 416,000. The office’s 2006 report indicates 91 percent is Roman Catholic. Other religious groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Coptic Christians, Greek Orthodox, Baptists, evangelicals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Seventh-day Adventists, Jews, members of the Unification Church, Zen Buddhists, Bahais, Muslims, and adherents of indigenous African forms of worship. There are an estimated 6,000 Muslims, most of whom are foreign citizens, and an estimated 100 Jews.
Marshall Islands Protestant 54.8%, Assembly of God 25.8%, Roman Catholic 8.4%, Bukot nan Jesus 2.8%, Mormon 2.1%, other Christian 3.6%, other 1%, none 1.5% (1999 census) The population is 53,158, according to the 2011 census. Major religious groups include the United Church of Christ (formerly Congregational), with 52 percent of the population; the Assemblies of God, 24 percent; the Roman Catholic Church, 9 percent; and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), 8 percent. Groups together constituting less than 7 percent include Bukot Non Jesus (also known as Assembly of God Part Two), Full Gospel, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Bahais, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, and Ahmadi Muslims.
Mauritania Muslim (official) 100% A 2011 National Statistics Office report estimates the population to be 3.3 million. Most are Sunni Muslims. There are very small numbers of non-Muslims, almost exclusively foreigners. There are Roman Catholic and other Christian churches in Nouakchott, Atar, Zouerate, Nouadhibou, and Rosso. Although there are no synagogues, a very small number of foreign residents are Jews.
Mauritius Hindu 48%, Roman Catholic 23.6%, Muslim 16.6%, other Christian 8.6%, other 2.5%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.4% (2000 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 1,236,000. Approximately 48 percent is Hindu, 26 percent Roman Catholic, 17 percent Muslim, and 6 percent other Christian, including Seventh-day Adventists, Anglicans, Pentecostals, Presbyterians, evangelicals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and members of the Assemblies of God. The remaining 3 percent includes Buddhists, animists, and others. More than 95 percent of Muslims are Sunnis.

On the main island, the population of the city of Port Louis is primarily Muslim and Roman Catholic, while the majority of the rest of the island’s population is Hindu. The island of Rodrigues is 90 percent Roman Catholic. There is a strong correlation between religious affiliation and ethnicity. Citizens of Indian ethnicity are primarily Hindu or Muslim. Those of Chinese ancestry generally practice either Buddhism or Catholicism. Creoles and citizens of European descent are primarily Catholic.

Mexico Roman Catholic 82.7%, Protestant 1.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.4%, other Evangelical Churches 5%, other 1.9%, none 4.7%, unspecified 2.7% (2000 census) The population is approximately 112.3 million, according to the 2010 census. Approximately 83 percent identify themselves as Roman Catholic (down from 89 percent in the 2000 census). Approximately 8 percent are affiliated with evangelical or other Protestant churches, 2 percent identify themselves as members of other Bible-based religions, and less than 1 percent identify as Jewish. More than 5 percent report not practicing any religion.

Official statistics occasionally differ from membership figures religious groups provide. Approximately 314,900 individuals identify themselves as members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) in the 2010 census; however, LDS Church in Mexico officials assert their membership is approximately 1.3 million. There are large Protestant communities in the southern states of Chiapas and Tabasco. In Chiapas, Protestant evangelical leaders state nearly half of the state’s 2.4 million inhabitants are members of evangelical groups, but less than 5 percent of 2010 census respondents in Chiapas self-identify as evangelical. According to the 2010 census, the Jewish community numbers approximately 67,500, some 42,000 of whom live in Mexico City and the state of Mexico; there are also small numbers of Jews in Morelos, Oaxaca, Puebla, and Veracruz. Nearly half of the country’s approximately 4,000 Muslims are concentrated in Mexico City and the state of Mexico. A community of approximately 50,000 Mennonites is concentrated mostly in Chihuahua. Some indigenous persons in the states of Chiapas, Oaxaca, and Yucatán adhere to a syncretic religion combining Catholic and pre-Hispanic Mayan beliefs. In some communities, particularly in the south, there is a correlation between politics and religious affiliation. A small number of local leaders reportedly manipulated religious tensions in their communities for their own political or economic benefit, particularly in Chiapas.

Micronesia, Federated States of Roman Catholic 52.7%, Protestant 41.7% (Congregational 40.1%, Baptist 0.9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 0.7%), other 3.8%, none or unspecified 0.8% (2000 Census) The 2010 government census estimates the population to be 102,000, including 11,000 in Yap, 49,000 in Chuuk, 36,000 in Pohnpei, and 6,000 in Kosrae. Because of high emigration rates, the current population is likely to be less than the 2010 figure.

Although there is linguistic and cultural diversity within each of the country’s four states, its religious character is overwhelmingly Christian. Several Protestant denominations, as well as the Roman Catholic Church, are present in every state. The United Church of Christ is the main Protestant denomination. In Kosrae, 95 percent of the population is Protestant. In Pohnpei, the population is evenly divided between Protestants and Catholics. In Chuuk, an estimated 60 percent is Catholic and 40 percent Protestant. In Yap, an estimated 80 percent of the population is Catholic and the remainder Protestant. In addition to the United Church of Christ, Protestant denominations include Baptist, Assemblies of God, Salvation Army, and Seventh-day Adventists. Smaller groups include Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and Bahais. There are increasing numbers of Mormons; in Pohnpei, about 5 percent of the population considers itself Mormon. Attendance at religious services is generally high. Churches are well supported by their congregations and play a significant role in civil society. The majority of foreign workers are Filipino Catholics who have joined local Catholic churches. The Filipino Iglesia Ni Cristo has a church in Pohnpei. Historic interdenominational rivalry and the conversion of clan leaders in Pohnpei resulted in religious divisions along clan lines that continue today, although intermarriage has blurred the lines considerably. More Protestants live on the western side of the island, while more Catholics live on the eastern side.

Moldova Eastern Orthodox 98%, Jewish 1.5%, Baptist and other 0.5% (2000) According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the population is 3.6 million. The predominant religion is Orthodox Christianity. According to a 2011 Gallup poll, 97 percent of the population belongs to one of the two Orthodox groups: the MOC with 86 percent and the Bessarabian Orthodox Church (BOC) with 11 percent. Weekly church attendance in rural communities averages about 5 percent of the total village population. A poll conducted during the year by the Human Rights Information Center estimates active membership in non-Orthodox religious groups at 150,000. The largest non-Orthodox religious groups, accounting for 15,000 to 30,000 adherents each, are Roman Catholics, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Baptists, Jews, and evangelical Christians.

Smaller religious groups include Muslims, Bahais, Molokans, Messianic Jews, Lutherans, Presbyterians, other Christians, members of the Unification Church, and Krishna Consciousness followers. In the separatist Transnistria region, the largest religious group is the MOC. The Tiraspol-Dubasari diocese is part of both the MOC and the Russian Orthodox Church, and an estimated 80 percent of the Transnistrian population belongs to the MOC. Other religious groups in the region include Roman Catholics, followers of Old Rite Orthodoxy, Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, evangelical and charismatic Christians, Jews, Lutherans, and Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Monaco Roman Catholic 90% (official), other 10% According to government estimates, the population is 36,700. Roman Catholicism is the state religion, and 90 percent of the approximately 7,600 citizens are Catholic. Protestants are the second largest religious group. Most of the estimated 28,300 noncitizen residents are either Catholic or Protestant. There are an estimated 1,000 Jewish noncitizen residents and a smaller number of noncitizens who are Muslims or adhere to other religious beliefs. There are five Catholic churches and one cathedral, one Greek Orthodox Church, two Protestant churches, one synagogue, and no mosques.
Mongolia Buddhist Lamaist 50%, Shamanist and Christian 6%, Muslim 4%, none 40% (2004) According to the 2011 Mongolian Statistical Yearbook, the population is slightly more than 2.8 million. Buddhism remains closely linked with the country’s cultural traditions, with 53 percent of citizens self-identifying as Buddhist according to government statistics. Local scholars estimate that more than 90 percent of the population subscribes to Buddhism, although practice varies widely. Lamaist Buddhism of the Tibetan variety is the traditional and dominant religion.

Muslims constitute approximately 5 percent of the population nationwide and 80 percent of the population of the primarily ethnic Kazakh western province of Bayan-Olgiy. According to the Mongolian Muslim Association, in addition to approximately 120,000 Kazakh Muslims (mostly in Bayan-Olgiy), there are 30,000 Khoton Muslims residing primarily in the province of Uvs. There are more than 40 mosques and ten Islamic student centers, where an estimated 3,000 students study Islam. There is a small but growing population of Christians. According to the 2010 National Census, approximately 2 percent of the population is Christian. A 2011 government nationwide study indicates that 4.7 percent of the 2,500 individuals surveyed are Christian. According to estimates by various Christian groups, approximately 90 percent of Christians are Protestant, while 9 percent belong to The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Roman Catholics and members of the Russian Orthodox Church together account for the remaining 1 percent. Some citizens practice shamanism, often in tandem with another religion. The 2010 National Census estimates that 2.9 percent of the population practices shamanism, widely viewed as a traditional form of healing. According to the 2011 government survey of 2,500 people, 6 percent of those surveyed self-identified as shamanists and 8.6 percent responded that they practiced shamanism alongside Buddhism. According to 2011 records from the State General Registration Office, which are the most recent records available, there are 630 registered places of worship, of which 272 are Buddhist, 293 Christian, and 65 belonging to various other religious groups. According to estimates by the Evangelical Alliance, a confederation of evangelical Christian churches throughout the country, there are 400 to 600 evangelical churches, approximately 250 to 300 of which are registered.

Montenegro Orthodox 74.2%, Muslim 17.7%, Catholic 3.5%, other 0.6%, unspecified 3%, atheist 1% (2003 census) The population is 620,000 according to a 2011 National Statistics Office (NSO) estimate. Approximately 72 percent of the population identified itself as Orthodox (either SPC or CPC), 16 percent as "Islamic," 3 percent as Muslim, and 3.4 percent as Roman Catholic. The SPC is larger than the CPC. Without official explanation, the NSO created separate categories for Muslims and followers of Islam, but later combined the categories after the Islamic community objected. Other religious groups include Seventh-day Adventists, Buddhists, Protestants, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and Jews.
Montserrat Protestant (Anglican, Methodist, Pentecostal, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Christian denominations), Roman Catholic
Morocco Muslim 99% (official), Christian 1%, Jewish about 6,000 The country’s population is 32.3 million, according to U.S. government estimates. More than 99 percent is Sunni Muslim. Groups together constituting less than 1 percent of the population include Christians, Jews, Shia Muslims, and Bahais. According to Jewish community leaders, there are an estimated 3,000 to 4,000 Jews, approximately 2,500 of whom reside in Casablanca and are the remnants of a much larger community that has mostly emigrated. The Rabat and Marrakesh Jewish communities each have about 100 members. The remainder of the Jewish population is dispersed throughout the country. That population is mostly elderly.

The predominantly Roman Catholic and Protestant foreign resident Christian community consists of approximately 5,000 practicing members, although some Protestant and Catholic clergy estimate the number to be as high as 25,000. Most foreign resident Christians live in the Casablanca, Tangier, and Rabat urban areas. Various local Christian leaders estimate that there are 4,000 citizen Christians (mostly ethnic Amazigh) who regularly attend "house" churches and live predominantly in the south. Some Christian leaders estimate that there may be as many as 8,000 Christian citizens throughout the country, but many reportedly do not meet regularly due to fear of government surveillance and social persecution. The Catholic and French Protestant (referred to as l’Eglise evangelique du Maroc, or EEM) churches have buildings throughout many cities in the country. There are two Anglican churches located in Casablanca and Tangier. The Russian Orthodox Church holds services in a building in Rabat. The Greek Orthodox Church owns a building in Casablanca where it holds services. The Association Marocaine des Eglises Protestantes (AMEP) churches, a network of autonomous foreign resident Protestant church communities, generally rent or share buildings. There are an estimated 3,000 to 8,000 Shia Muslims, most of them foreign residents from Lebanon or Iraq but including a few citizens. Followers of several Sufi Muslim orders across the Maghreb and West Africa undertake joint annual pilgrimages to the country. There are 350-400 Bahais, located in urban areas.

Mozambique Catholic 28.4%, Protestant 27.7% (Zionist Christian 15.5%, Evangelical Pentecostal 10.9%, Anglican 1.3%), Muslim 17.9%, other 7.2%, none 18.7% (1997 census) The population is approximately 23.9 million, according to a 2011 World Bank report. The 2007 census estimates that 28 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 27 percent is Protestant, 18 percent is Muslim, 9 percent is divided among many small groups, and approximately 18 percent does not profess a religion or belief. Religious leaders speculate that a significant portion of the population adheres to syncretic indigenous religious beliefs, a category not included in the 2007 census. Muslim leaders state that their community accounts for closer to 25-30 percent of the population, a statistic frequently reported in the press. There are small numbers of Jews, Hindus, and Bahais.

The South Asian immigrant population is predominantly Muslim, and there are some differences between their practices and the traditional, Sufi-inspired Swahili Islam of Muslims of African origin. An increasing number of African Muslim clerics travel to Egypt, Kuwait, South Africa, and Saudi Arabia for training, and some return with a more conservative approach to Islam.

Namibia Christian 80% to 90% (at least 50% Lutheran), indigenous beliefs 10% to 20% The 2011 census estimates the population at 2.1 million. Although there are no official statistics on religious affiliation, more than 90 percent of the population reportedly identifies as Christian. The three largest Christian groups are the Lutheran, Roman Catholic, and Anglican churches. Other denominations are the Baptist, Methodist, Pentecostal, and evangelical and charismatic churches, as well as The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) and the Dutch Reformed Church of Namibia. The number of Pentecostal churches is growing, often with Nigerian, Zimbabwean, and other African pastors preaching in urban areas and in the north. A number of Zionist churches combine Christianity and traditional African beliefs. There are also small numbers of Muslims, Bahais, Jews, and Buddhists, primarily in urban areas.

Members of the Dutch Reformed Church are predominantly ethnic Afrikaners. Members of the Himba and San ethnic groups often combine indigenous religious beliefs with Christianity. The few Muslims are mostly Sunni and are predominantly immigrants from elsewhere in Africa or recent converts.

Nauru Protestant 45.8% (Nauru Congregational 35.4%, Nauru Independent Church 10.4%), Roman Catholic 33.2%, other 14.1%, none 4.5%, unspecified 2.4% (2002 census) According to the 2011 census, the total population of Nauru is 9,937. Christianity is the primary religion. Approximately two-thirds of Christians are Protestant and the remaining one-third is Catholic. Ethnic Chinese residents, estimated to constitute 5 percent of the population, are Confucian, Buddhist, Taoist, Christian, or nonreligious. Jehovah’s Witnesses and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) have small numbers of followers. The Australian government houses about 400 asylum seekers in Nauru of various religious groups from Sri Lanka, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Iran, and Iraq.
Nepal Hindu 80.6%, Buddhist 10.7%, Muslim 4.2%, Kirant 3.6%, other 0.9% (2001 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 26.5 million. Hindus constitute 81.3 percent, Buddhists 9 percent, and Muslims (the majority of whom are Sunni) 4.4 percent. Groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Kirats (an indigenous religion with Hindu influence) and Christians. Members of minority religious groups have asserted that their numbers were significantly undercounted. Many Nepalis adhere to a syncretic faith that encompasses elements of Hinduism, Buddhism, and traditional folk practices and is not easily captured by the census data. The National Churches Fellowship of Nepal reported that more than 1,000 Christian churches operate in the country. Christian groups state that the number of Christians increased significantly over the past several years, as borne out by the community’s nearly three-fold increase over the past decade, from 0.5 to 1.4 percent of the total population. According to a Jamia Masjid (mosque) official, there are at least 3,600 madrassahs, most of which are associated with a mosque.
Netherlands Roman Catholic 30%, Protestant 20% (Dutch Reformed 11%, Calvinist 6%, other Protestant 3%), Muslim 5.8%, other 2.2%, none 42% (2006) The population is 16.7 million, according to the 2012 yearbook of Statistics Netherlands (CBS). In a 2008 survey, 42 percent of the population declares no church affiliation, 29 percent self-identifies as Roman Catholic, 19 percent as Protestant, 5.7 percent as Muslim, and 2.3 percent as "other," including Hindu, Jewish, and Buddhist.

A 2009 CBS report estimates the number of Muslims to be 850,000 (5.2 percent of the population). Most Muslims live in urban areas and are of Turkish, Moroccan, or Surinamese background. The Muslim population also includes large numbers of asylum seekers from Iran, Iraq, Somalia, and Bosnia and Herzegovina. According to the Jewish Social Work organization, there are approximately 45,000 Jews. The Stephen Roth Institute and the Council of Europe estimate the number to be closer to 30,000. According to the Scientific Council for Government Policy in 2008, there are between 100,000 and 215,000 Hindus, of whom approximately 85 percent are Surinamese and 10 percent Indian. The Buddhist community has approximately 17,000 members, according to the Netherlands Institute for Social Research in 2007.

Netherlands Antilles Curaçao - Roman Catholic 80.1%, Protestant 11.2% (Pentecostal 3.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 2.2%, other Protestant 5.5%), none 4.6%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.7%, Jewish 0.8%, other 1.3%, not reported 0.3% (2001 census); Sint Maarten - Roman Catholic 39%, Protestant 44.8% (Pentecostal 11.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6.2%, other Protestant 27%), none 6.7%, other 5.4%, Jewish 3.4%, not reported 0.7% (2001 census)
New Caledonia Roman Catholic 60%, Protestant 30%, other 10%
New Zealand Protestant 38.6% (Anglican 13.8%, Presbyterian, Congregational, and Reformed 10%, Christian (no denomination specified) 4.6%, Methodist 3%, Pentecostal 2%, Baptist 1.4%, other Christian 3.8%), Roman Catholic 12.6%, Maori Christian 1.6%, Hindu 1.6%, Buddhist 1.3%, other religions 2.2%, none 32.2%, other or unidentified 9.9% (2006 Census) The government estimates the population is 4.5 million. According to 2006 census data, 14.8 percent of the population is Anglican; 13.6 percent is Roman Catholic; 10.7 percent is Presbyterian; 3.3 percent is Methodist; 8.2 percent belongs to other Protestant denominations; 5 percent is Christian with no affiliation specified; 5 percent is Buddhist; and 1 percent is Muslim. More than 90 additional religious groups together constitute less than 1 percent of the population. In addition, 39 percent states no religious affiliation.

Of the indigenous Maori, who make up approximately 15 percent of the population, 13 percent is Anglican, 12 percent Catholic, and 10 percent belongs to syncretic Maori Christian groups such as Ratana and Ringatu. Thirty-four percent states no religious affiliation.

Nicaragua Roman Catholic 58.5%, Protestant 23.2% (Evangelical 21.6%, Moravian 1.6%), Jehovah's Witnesses 0.9%, other 1.7%, none 15.7% (2005 census) The National Institute of Development Information, the government’s statistics and research agency, estimates the population is 6 million. A 2005 census conducted by the Nicaraguan Institute of Statistics and Census identifies Roman Catholics and evangelical Christians as the two largest religious groups. According to the census, 58.5 percent of the population identifies itself as Catholic and 21.6 percent as evangelical, which includes Pentecostals, Mennonites, Moravian Lutherans, and Baptists. A 2010 public opinion survey estimates Catholics at 56.2 percent of the population and evangelicals at 24.9 percent. Evangelical leaders discount these figures, claiming larger percentages of the population.

The Assemblies of God, Nicaragua’s largest evangelical Pentecostal church, estimates its membership at 640,000. Evangelical leaders estimate evangelicals currently represent 43-46 percent of the population; they include Moravian Lutherans, Baptists, and other Protestants in that number. Catholic Church leaders estimate a decrease in their membership, but offer no statistics. Evangelical leaders estimate Catholics represent up to 56 percent of the population. Groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and Muslims. The Moravian Lutheran Church, with approximately 88,000 members, is largely concentrated in the country’s North and South Autonomous Regions. A large percentage of its members are Amerindians and people of Afro-Caribbean descent. In the two regions, nearly 50 percent of the population self-identifies as Moravian Lutheran. Moravian leaders estimate that 5 percent of their members have transferred to the Assemblies of God church.

Niger Muslim 80%, other (includes indigenous beliefs and Christian) 20% The UN World Population Prospects estimates the population to be 16.6 million. Over 98 percent considers itself Muslim. Approximately 95 percent of Muslims are Sunni and 5 percent are Shia. There are also small groups of Christians and Bahais. Roman Catholic and Protestant groups account for less than 2 percent of the population. The few thousand Bahais reside primarily in Niamey and in communities on the west side of the Niger River. A very small percentage of the population reportedly adheres primarily to indigenous religious beliefs.
Nigeria Muslim 50%, Christian 40%, indigenous beliefs 10% The population is approximately 170 million, according to a U.S. government source. Most observers estimate it is 50 percent Muslim, 40 percent Christian, and 10 percent adherents of indigenous religious beliefs. The predominant Islamic group is Sunni, including Tijaniyah, Qadiriyyah, and Sufi. Growing Shia and Izala (Salafist) minorities exist. Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Anglicans, Baptists, Methodists, Presbyterians, evangelicals and Pentecostals, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church).

The Hausa-Fulani and Kanuri ethnic groups dominate the predominantly Muslim northern states. Significant numbers of Christians also reside in the north, and Christians and Muslims reside in about equal numbers in the Middle Belt, the Federal Capital Territory, and the southwestern states, where the Yoruba ethnic group predominates. While most Yorubas are either Christian or Muslim, some primarily adhere to traditional Yoruba religious beliefs. In the southeastern states, where the Igbo ethnic group is dominant, Catholics, Anglicans, and Methodists constitute the majority, although many Igbos combine traditional practices with Christianity. In the Niger Delta region, where the Ogoni and Ijaw ethnic groups predominate, Christians form the majority while an estimated 1 percent of the population is Muslim. Pentecostal groups are growing rapidly in the Middle Belt and southern regions. Ahmadi Muslims maintain a small presence in the cities of Lagos and Abuja.

Niue Ekalesia Niue (Niuean Church - a Protestant church closely related to the London Missionary Society) 61.1%, Latter-Day Saints 8.8%, Roman Catholic 7.2%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%, other 8.4%, unspecified 8.7%, none 1.9% (2001 census)
Norfolk Island Protestant 45.6% (Anglican 31.8%, Uniting Church in Australia 10.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.2%), Roman Catholic 11.5%, other Christian 5.6%, none 19.9%, unspecified 16.6% (2006 census)
Northern Mariana Islands Christian (Roman Catholic majority, although traditional beliefs and taboos may still be found)
Norway Church of Norway (Evangelical Lutheran - official) 85.7%, Pentecostal 1%, Roman Catholic 1%, other Christian 2.4%, Muslim 1.8%, other 8.1% (2004) According to Statistics Norway, the population is 5.02 million. An estimated 79 percent of the population belongs to the ELC; however, actual church attendance is low.

Various Christian denominations (289,000 registered members) make up 57 percent of all registered members of religious groups outside of the ELC. Of these, the Roman Catholic Church is the largest and, because of recent immigration, has increased to an estimated 100,000 registered members (from 57,000 in 2010), while the Pentecostal Church has approximately 39,100 registered members. Membership in Muslim congregations is 112, 000 and comprises 22 percent of all members of religious groups outside of the ELC in the country. Mosques are located throughout the country, but the Muslim population is most concentrated in the Oslo region. Membership in Jewish congregations decreased to 819 from 850 in 2009. There are two official Jewish congregations, one in Oslo and one in Trondheim. Buddhists, Orthodox Christians, Sikhs, and Hindus together constitute less than 5 percent of the population.

Oman Ibadhi Muslim (official) 75%, other (includes Sunni Muslim, Shia Muslim, Hindu) 25% A U.S. government source estimates the population at 3.1 million, 67 percent of whom are citizens. An estimated 75 percent of citizens, including Sultan Qaboos, are Ibadhi Muslims. Ibadhism is a form of Islam distinct from Shiism and the "orthodox" schools of Sunnism, and is the historically dominant religious group. Shia Muslims comprise less than 5 percent of citizens, and live mainly in the capital area and along the northern coast. The remainder of the citizen population is Sunni Muslim.

The majority of non-Muslims are foreign workers from South Asia, although there are small communities of naturalized ethnic Indians who are mainly Hindu or Christian. Non-Ibadhi religious groups constitute approximately 18 percent of the population and include Sunni and Shia Muslims and groups of Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, Bahais, and Christians. Christian groups are centered in the major urban areas of Muscat, Sohar, and Salalah and include Roman Catholic, Eastern Orthodox, and Protestant congregations. These groups tend to organize along linguistic and ethnic lines. There are more than 60 different Christian groups, fellowships, and assemblies active in the Muscat metropolitan area. There are also three officially recognized Hindu temples and two Sikh temples in Muscat, as well as additional temples located in foreign laborer camps.

Pakistan Muslim (official) 96.4% (Sunni 85-90%, Shia 10-15%), other (includes Christian and Hindu) 3.6% (2010 est.) According to 2012 U.S. government data, the total population is approximately 190.3 million. According to the most recent census, conducted in 1998, 95 percent of the population is Muslim (75 percent of the Muslim population is Sunni and 25 percent Shia). Groups constituting 5 percent of the population or less include Hindus, Christians, Parsis/Zoroastrians, Bahais, Sikhs, Buddhists, and others. While Ahmadi Muslims consider themselves Muslim, the law prohibits them from identifying as such. Other religious groups include Kalasha, Kihals, and Jains. Less than 0.5 percent of the population is silent on religious affiliation or claims not to adhere to a particular religious group. Social pressure is such that few persons claim no religious affiliation.
Palau Roman Catholic 41.6%, Protestant 23.3%, Modekngei 8.8% (indigenous to Palau), Seventh-Day Adventist 5.3%, Jehovah's Witnesses 0.9%, Mormon 0.6%, other 3.1%, unspecified or none 16.4% (2000 census) The World Bank estimates the population to be 21,000. Approximately 65 percent is Roman Catholic. Estimates of other religious groups include the Evangelical Church with 2,000 members; Seventh-day Adventists, 1,000; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), 300; and Jehovah’s Witnesses, 90. Modekngei, which embraces both animist and Christian beliefs, and is unique to the country, has approximately 1,800 adherents. Within the foreign community of more than 6,000 people, the majority is Filipino Catholic. There are also small groups of Chinese Uighurs and Bangladeshi Muslims.
Palestinian territories West Bank - Muslim 75% (predominantly Sunni), Jewish 17%, Christian and other 8%; Gaza Strip - Muslim (predominantly Sunni) 99.3%, Christian 0.7% According to 2011 World Bank statistics, approximately 4 million Palestinians live in the Occupied Territories. Roughly 98 percent of Palestinian residents are Sunni Muslims. According to the 2010 Statistical Yearbook of the Jerusalem Institute for Israel Studies, 491,800 Jews live in Jerusalem, amounting to roughly 62 percent of the city’s population. The Israeli Ministry of Interior reports that 350,150 Jews reside in the West Bank. Although there is no official count, there are about 52,000 Christians in the West Bank, Gaza, and East Jerusalem, according to a 2008 survey conducted by the Lutheran ecumenical institution, Diyar Consortium. A majority of Christians are Greek Orthodox; the remainder consists of Roman Catholics, Greek Catholics, Syrian Orthodox, Episcopalians, Lutherans, Armenian Orthodox, Copts, Maronites, Ethiopian Orthodox, and member of several other Protestant denominations. Christians are concentrated primarily in Jerusalem, Bethlehem, Ramallah, and Nablus, but smaller communities exist elsewhere. Approximately 400 Samaritans reside in the West Bank, as well as a small number of evangelical Christians and Jehovah’s Witnesses.

According to local Christian leaders, Palestinian Christian emigration has accelerated since 2001. Lower birth rates among Palestinian Christians also contribute to their shrinking numbers.

Panama Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant 15% The population is 3.4 million, according to the 2010 census. The government does not collect statistics on religious affiliation, but various sources estimate that 75 to 85 percent of the population is Roman Catholic and 15 to 25 percent is evangelical Christian. Smaller religious groups are found primarily in Panama City or larger urban areas. These include Seventh-day Adventists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Hindus, Buddhists, and Rastafarians. There are also active groups of evangelicals and Mormons in small towns. Baptists, Methodists, and Lutherans derive their membership in large part from the Afro-Antillean and expatriate communities.

The Jewish and Muslim communities have approximately 12,000 members each. The Jewish community is centered largely in Panama City. Muslims live primarily in Panama City and Colon. One of the world’s seven Bahai houses of worship is in Panama City. Indigenous religions include Ibeorgun (among Kuna), Mamatata and Mamachi (among Ngobe Bugle), and Embera (among Embera), found in their respective indigenous communities throughout the country.

Papua New Guinea Roman Catholic 27%, Protestant 69.4% (Evangelical Lutheran 19.5%, United Church 11.5%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10%, Pentecostal 8.6%, Evangelical Alliance 5.2%, Anglican 3.2%, Baptist 2.5%, other Protestant 8.9%), Baha'i 0.3%, indigenous beliefs and other 3.3% (2000 census) The most recent population estimate by the National Statistics Office in 2011 is 7,059,700. According to the 2000 census (the most recent available), 96 percent of citizens identified themselves as Christian. Churches with the most members are Roman Catholic, 27 percent; Evangelical Lutheran, 20 percent; United Church, 12 percent; Seventh-day Adventist, 10 percent; Pentecostal, 9 percent; Evangelical Alliance, 5 percent; Anglican, 3 percent; and Baptist, 3 percent. Other Christian groups, including The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Salvation Army together constitute 9 percent. Bahais make up less than 1 percent of the population, and the remaining 3 percent hold indigenous or other beliefs. Many citizens integrate Christian faith with some indigenous beliefs and practices.

Nontraditional Christian and non-Christian religious groups have become increasingly active in recent years. Muslim and Confucian organizations largely serve the expatriate population. The Muslim community has about 3,000 members with a mosque in Port Moresby and 12 Islamic centers across the country. Pentecostal and charismatic Christian groups have found converts within congregations of the more established churches.

Paraguay Roman Catholic 89.6%, Protestant 6.2%, other Christian 1.1%, other or unspecified 1.9%, none 1.1% (2002 census) The General Directorate of Statistics, Surveys, and Census estimates the population to be 6.7 million. According to the 2002 national census, 90 percent of the population is Roman Catholic and 6 percent is evangelical Protestant. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Muslims, Buddhists, Bahais, Mennonites, members of the Unification Church, and adherents of indigenous tribal religions.

Mennonites comprise a majority of the population in remote areas of the Central Chaco and Eastern Paraguay.

Peru Roman Catholic 81.3%, Evangelical 12.5%, other 3.3%, unspecified or none 2.9% (2007 Census) The population is 29.5 million, according to a 2010 National Statistical Institute (NSI) estimate. The 2007 NSI census reports 81 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 13 percent is Protestant (mainly evangelical), and 3 percent belongs to other religious groups, including Seventh-day Adventists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Israelites of the New Universal Pact Baptists, Assemblies of God, Jews, Bahais, Hare Krishnas, and Muslims. The Israel Information Center for Latin America estimates there are 3,000 Jews, residing primarily in Lima and Cuzco. There are small Muslim communities in Lima and Tacna. Some inhabitants of the remote eastern jungles adhere to traditional indigenous beliefs. There are also indigenous communities adhering to a combination of Christian and pre-Columbian beliefs, including some Catholics in the Andean highlands.
Philippines Catholic 82.9% (Roman Catholic 80.9%, Aglipayan 2%), Muslim 5%, Evangelical 2.8%, Iglesia ni Kristo 2.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.8%, unspecified 0.6%, none 0.1% (2000 census) The National Statistics Office’s 2010 Census of Population and Housing Report released on 4 April 2012, states the population is 92.3 million.

According to a survey from 2000 by the National Statistics Office, approximately 93 percent of the population is Christian. A large majority of Christians are Roman Catholics, constituting 80 to 85 percent of the total population. The 2000 survey states that Islam is the largest minority religion, constituting approximately 5 percent of the population. A more recent estimate by the National Commission on Muslim Filipinos (NCMF) in 2011 states that there are 10.3 million Muslims, or about 11 percent of the total population. Most Filipino Muslims are members of various ethnic minority groups. Nearly 60 percent of Muslims reside in Mindanao and nearby islands. Although most belong to the Sunni branch of Islam, a small number of Shia Muslims live in the provinces of Lanao del Sur and Zamboanga del Sur in Mindanao. An increasing number of Filipino Muslims are migrating to the urban centers of Manila and Cebu. Religious groups that together constitute less than 5 percent of the population include the following international denominations: Seventh-day Adventists, United Church of Christ, United Methodists, the Episcopal Church in the Philippines, Assemblies of God, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and Philippine (Southern) Baptists; and the following domestically established churches: Iglesia ni Cristo (Church of Christ), Philippine Independent Church (Aglipayan), Members Church of God International, and The Kingdom of Jesus Christ, the Name Above Every Name.

Pitcairn Islands Seventh-Day Adventist 100%
Poland Roman Catholic 89.8% [about 75% practicing], Eastern Orthodox 1.3%, Protestant 0.3%, other 0.3%, unspecified 8.3% (2002) According to the government’s Small Statistical Yearbook, the population is 38.2 million. Almost 89 percent of the population is Roman Catholic. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Lutherans, Greek Catholics, Pentecostals, and members of the Polish Orthodox Church. There are 2,908 registered members of Jewish groups and 1,251 registered members of Muslim groups. Official data may understate the numbers of Jews and Muslims, because it does not include those who have not formally joined a religious group. Jewish and Muslim groups estimate their actual numbers to be 20,000 and 25,000, respectively.
Portugal Roman Catholic 84.5%, other Christian 2.2%, other 0.3%, unknown 9%, none 3.9% (2001 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 10.6 million. More than 80 percent of the population above the age of 12 identifies with the Roman Catholic Church; however, a large percentage does not actively participate in church activities. Other religious groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include various Protestant denominations, Muslims, Hindus, Jews, Buddhists, Taoists, and Zoroastrians. The Protestant population includes 250,000 members of evangelical churches. Many of the estimated 200,000 immigrants from Eastern Europe, primarily from Ukraine, are Eastern Orthodox.
Puerto Rico Roman Catholic 85%, Protestant and other 15%
Qatar Muslim 77.5%, Christian 8.5%, other 14% (2004 census) According to the Qatar Statistic Authority, the population is 1.8 million. Citizens make up approximately 14 percent of the population. Sunni Muslims constitute the majority of citizens; Shia Muslims number between 5 and 15 percent.

Most noncitizens are Sunni or Shia Muslims, Hindus, Christians, or Buddhists. While the government does not release figures regarding religious affiliation, some estimates for noncitizens are available from Christian groups and local embassies. The Hindu community, almost exclusively from India and Nepal, comprises more than 30 percent of noncitizens. Roman Catholics are approximately 20 percent of the noncitizen population, while Buddhists, largely from South, Southeast, and East Asia, are estimated at 7 percent of noncitizens. Groups constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Anglicans, Egyptian Copts, Bahais of Iranian or Lebanese origin, and members of the Greek and other Eastern Orthodox Churches.

Romania Eastern Orthodox (including all sub-denominations) 86.8%, Protestant (various denominations including Reformate and Pentecostal) 7.5%, Roman Catholic 4.7%, other (mostly Muslim) and unspecified 0.9%, none 0.1% (2002 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 19 million. Orthodox adherents constitute 86 percent of the population, Roman Catholics 4 to 6 percent, and Greek Catholics less than 1 percent. According to the Greek Catholic Church and media reports, irregularities by census takers artificially increased the number of Orthodox believers to the detriment of other religious groups. Other religious groups include Protestants, Jews, Muslims, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Bahais, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Zen Buddhists, and members of the Family (God’s Children), the Unification Church, and the Society for Krishna Consciousness.

Some religious groups are concentrated in particular regions. Old Rite Russian Christians are mainly located in Moldavia and Dobrogea. Most Muslims live in the southeast around Constanta. Most Greek Catholics reside in Transylvania. Protestants and Roman Catholics reside primarily in Transylvania. Orthodox and Greek Catholic ethnic Ukrainians live mostly in the north. Orthodox ethnic Serbs are primarily in Banat. Members of the Armenian Church are concentrated in Moldavia and the south. Virtually all members of the Protestant Reformed, Roman Catholic, Unitarian, and Lutheran churches from Transylvania are ethnic Hungarians. Approximately half of the Jewish population is in Bucharest. According to an April survey conducted by the Romanian Institute for Evaluation and Strategy, 14 percent of respondents attend church services several times a week, 48 percent several times a month, 16 percent several times a year, and 17 percent only on important religious feasts.

Russia Russian Orthodox 15-20%, Muslim 10-15%, other Christian 2% (2006 est.) (note: estimates are of practicing worshipers; Russia has large populations of non-practicing believers and non-believers, a legacy of over seven decades of Soviet rule) According to the Government Statistics Agency, the population is 143.2 million. The Atlas of Religions of Russia reports that 41 percent of the population is Orthodox Christian and 6.5 percent Muslim. In contrast, a 2012 Levada Center poll reports that 74 percent of Russians consider themselves Orthodox while 7 percent self-identify as Muslim. Religious groups constituting less than five percent each include Buddhists, Protestants, Roman Catholics, Jews, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Jehovah’s Witnesses, Hindus, members of other Orthodox groups not affiliated with the Moscow patriarchate such of the Russian Orthodox Autonomous Church and Old Believers, Bahais, Hare Krishnas, pagans, Tengrists, and Falun Gong adherents. The 2010 census estimates the number of Jews at 150,000; however, according to the Federation of Jewish Communities of Russia, there may be 750,000 Jews, most of whom live in Moscow and St. Petersburg. Immigrants and migrant workers from Central Asia are mostly Muslim. The majority of Muslims live in the Volga Ural region and the North Caucasus. Moscow, St. Petersburg, and parts of Siberia also have sizable Muslim populations.
Rwanda Roman Catholic 56.5%, Protestant 26%, Adventist 11.1%, Muslim 4.6%, indigenous beliefs 0.1%, none 1.7% (2001) The population is approximately 10.5 million, based on preliminary results of the August census. According to the 2002 census, Roman Catholics constitute 57 percent of the population, Protestant denominations 26 percent, Seventh-day Adventists 11 percent, and Muslims 5 percent. There are growing numbers of Jehovah’s Witnesses, evangelical Protestants, and smaller Christian religious groups, each of which the government estimates constitute less than 1 percent of the population. Other groups constituting less than 1 percent of the population include practitioners of indigenous and traditional religions, Bahais, and a very small Jewish community consisting entirely of foreigners.
Samoa Protestant 59.9% (Congregationalist 34.8%, Methodist 15%, Assembly of God 6.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 3.5%), Roman Catholic 19.6%, Mormon 12.7%, Worship Centre 1.3%, other Christian 4.5%, other 1.9%, unspecified 0.1% (2001 census) According to the 2011 census (the most recent available), the population is approximately 188,000. The major religious groups in the country are Congregational Christian, 32 percent; Roman Catholic, 19 percent; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), 15 percent; Methodist, 14 percent; Assemblies of God, 8 percent; and Seventh-day Adventist, 4 percent. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Congregational Church of Jesus, Nazarene, nondenominational Protestant, Baptist, Worship Centre, Peace Chapel, Samoa Evangelism, Elim Church, and Anglican. A comparison of the 2006 and 2011 censuses shows a slight decline in the membership of major denominations and an increase in participation in nontraditional and evangelical groups. Although there is no official estimate, there are reportedly small numbers of Hindus, Buddhists, and Jews, primarily in Apia. The country has one of the world’s seven Bahai Houses of Worship. There is a small Muslim community and one mosque.
San Marino Roman Catholic According to the National Bureau of Statistics, the population is approximately 32,500. The government does not provide statistics on the size of religious groups and there is no census data on religious group membership. However, government officials estimate approximately 97 percent of the population is Roman Catholic. Other religious groups include small numbers of Jehovah’s Witnesses, Bahais, Muslims, Jews, Orthodox Christians, and members of the Waldensian Church. In recent years, the number of Orthodox Church members has increased significantly due to immigration from Eastern Europe. There are almost 5,000 foreign residents. About 87 percent of the foreign residents are Italian nationals, most of whom are Roman Catholic. Over 5,000 additional foreign workers residing in Italy cross the border daily to work.
Sao Tome and Principe Catholic 70.3%, Evangelical 3.4%, New Apostolic 2%, Adventist 1.8%, other 3.1%, none 19.4% (2001 census) The most recent government census estimates the population to be 185,000. The Roman Catholic bishop’s office estimates that 85 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 12 percent Protestant, and less than 2 percent Muslim. Protestant groups include Seventh-Day Adventists, Methodists, and evangelical groups, such as the Evangelic Assembly of Christ, the Universal Church of Christ, and the Thokoist Church. The number of Muslims has increased over the past ten years due to an influx of migrants from Nigeria and Cameroon. Some Christians and Muslims also adhere to aspects of indigenous beliefs.
Saudi Arabia Muslim (official) 100% As of July 2012, the population is approximately 26.5 million, according to U.S. government estimates. Approximately 85 to 90 percent of citizens are Sunni Muslims who predominantly adhere to the Hanbali School of Islamic jurisprudence. Shia constitute 10 to 15 percent of the population. Approximately 80 percent of Shia are "Twelvers" (followers of Muhammad ibn Hasan al-Mahdi, whom they recognize as the Twelfth Imam) and are primarily located in the Eastern Province. Twelver Shia adhere to the Jafari school of jurisprudence. Most of the remaining Shia population is Sulaimaniya Ismailis, also known as "Seveners" (those who branched off from the Twelvers to follow Isma’il ibn Jafar as the Seventh Imam). Seveners reside primarily in Najran Province, where they represent the majority of the province’s more than one million inhabitants. Nakhawala, or "Medina Shia," reside in small numbers in the western Hejaz region. Estimates place their numbers around 1,000. Pockets of Zaydis, another offshoot of Shiism, number approximately 20,000 and exist primarily in the provinces of Jizan and Najran along the border with Yemen.

Foreign embassies indicate that the foreign population in the country, including many undocumented migrants, may exceed 12 million. Comprehensive statistics for the religious denominations of foreigners are not available, but they include Muslims from the various branches and schools of Islam, Christians (including Eastern Orthodox, Protestants, and Roman Catholics), Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, Sikhs, and others.

Senegal Muslim 94%, Christian 5% (mostly Roman Catholic), indigenous beliefs 1% The World Bank estimates the 2011 population to be 12.77 million. Approximately 94 percent of the population is Muslim. Most Muslims belong to one of several Sufi brotherhoods, each of which incorporates unique practices that reflect Islam’s thousand-year history in the country. Some Muslims affiliate with Sunni or Shia reform movements. Approximately 4 percent of the population is Christian. Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Protestants, and groups combining Christian and indigenous beliefs. The remaining 2 percent exclusively adheres to indigenous religions or profess no religion.

The country is ethnically and religiously diverse. Although there is significant integration of all groups, Muslims are generally concentrated in the north while Christians largely reside in the west and south. Members of indigenous religious groups mainly live in the east and south.

Serbia Serbian Orthodox 85%, Catholic 5.5%, Protestant 1.1%, Muslim 3.2%, unspecified 2.6%, other, unknown, or atheist 2.6% (2002 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 7.2 million. Approximately 85 percent of the population is Serbian Orthodox, 5 percent Roman Catholic, 3 percent Muslim, and 1 percent Protestant. The remaining 6 percent includes 578 Jews, members of Eastern religions, agnostics, atheists, "others," and individuals without a declared religious affiliation. Roman Catholics are predominantly ethnic Hungarians and Croats in Vojvodina. Muslims include Bosniaks (Slavic Muslims) in Sandzak, ethnic Albanians in the south, and Roma located throughout the country. Approximately 94 percent of the population belongs to seven religious groups defined as "traditional" by the government: the Serbian Orthodox Church, Roman Catholic Church, Slovak Evangelical Church, Reformed Christian Church, Evangelical Christian Church, Islamic community, and Jewish community.

The Islamic community operates under two separate authorities: the Islamic Community of Serbia, with its seat in Belgrade, and the Islamic Community in Serbia, with its seat in Novi Pazar.

Seychelles Roman Catholic 82.3%, Protestant 7.5% (Anglican 6.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.1%), other Christian 3.4%, Hindu 2.1%, Muslim 1.1%, other non-Christian 1.5%, unspecified 1.5%, none 0.6% (2002 census) According to the 2010 census, the population is 90,900. Approximately 76 percent of the population is Roman Catholic and 6 percent is Anglican. Other Christian groups include Baptists, Seventh-day Adventists, Assemblies of God, the Pentecostal Church, the Pentecostal Assembly, Nazarites, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Hindus, Muslims, and Bahais are present in small numbers.
Sierra Leone Muslim 60%, Christian 10%, indigenous beliefs 30% The World Bank estimates the population is 6 million. The Inter-Religious Council (IRC), which is composed of Christian and Muslim leaders, estimates that 77 percent of the population is Muslim and 21 percent Christian. Christian groups include Protestants, Roman Catholics, and unaffiliated groups. Groups constituting less than 2 percent include Bahais, Hindus, Jews, and adherents of indigenous and other religious beliefs. Most Muslims are Sunni. Evangelical Christians are a growing minority, drawing primarily from members of other Christian groups. Many persons combine Islam or Christianity with indigenous religious beliefs.
Singapore Buddhist 42.5%, Muslim 14.9%, Taoist 8.5%, Hindu 4%, Catholic 4.8%, other Christian 9.8%, other 0.7%, none 14.8% (2000 census) According to the Department of Statistics, the population is 5.31 million. This includes 3.29 million citizens, 0.53 million permanent residents, and 1.48 million non-residents. Eighty-three percent of citizens and permanent residents profess a religious belief. Approximately 33 percent of the population is Buddhist, 15 percent Muslim, 18 percent Christian, 11 percent Taoist, and 5 percent Hindu. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Sikhs, Zoroastrians, Jains, and Jews. There are no membership estimates for Jehovah’s Witnesses or members of the Unification Church, the two religious groups the government has banned.

According to June 2012 Department of Statistics data, 74.1 percent of the population is ethnic Chinese, 13.4 percent ethnic Malay, 9.2 percent ethnic Indian, and 3.3 percent other, including Eurasians. Nearly all ethnic Malays are Muslim. Among ethnic Indians, 55 percent are Hindu, 25 percent are Muslim, and 12 percent are Christian. The ethnic Chinese population includes mainly Buddhists (54 percent), Taoists (11 percent), and Christians (16.5 percent).

Slovakia Roman Catholic 68.9%, Protestant 10.8%, Greek Catholic 4.1%, other or unspecified 3.2%, none 13% (2001 census) According to the 2011 census, the population is 5.4 million. Roman Catholics constitute 62 percent of the population; Augsburg Lutherans, 5.9 percent; and Greek Catholics, 3.8 percent; 13.4 percent do not state a religious affiliation. Other groups present in small numbers include the Reformed Christian Church, other Protestant groups, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Orthodox Christians, Jews, and Bahais.

There is some correlation between religion and ethnicity. Greek Catholics are generally ethnic Slovaks and Ruthenians (of Ukrainian origin), although some Ruthenians belong to the Orthodox Church. Most Orthodox Christians live in the eastern part of the country. The Reformed Christian Church is found primarily in the south, near the border with Hungary, where many ethnic Hungarians live. Other religious groups tend to be spread evenly throughout the country.

Slovenia Catholic 57.8%, Muslim 2.4%, Orthodox 2.3%, other Christian 0.9%, unaffiliated 3.5%, other or unspecified 23%, none 10.1% (2002 census) The population is approximately 1.9 million, according to a U.S. government source. According to the 2002 census, 58 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 23 percent is "other or unspecified" religion, 2 percent is Muslim, 2 percent is Orthodox Christian, and 1 percent is "other Christian." Three percent of the population is classified as "unaffiliated," and 10 percent state no religion. The Orthodox and Muslim populations generally correspond to the immigrant Serb and Bosniak populations, respectively.
Solomon Islands Protestant 73.7% (Church of Melanesia 32.8%, South Seas Evangelical 17%, Seventh-Day Adventist 11.2%, United Church 10.3%, Christian Fellowship Church 2.4%), Roman Catholic 19%, other Christian 4.4%, other 2.4%, unspecified 0.3%, none 0.2% (1999 census) The 2009 National Census estimates the population to be 515,900. Approximately 90 percent of the population is affiliated with one of the following Christian churches: Anglican Church of Melanesia, 33 percent; Roman Catholic, 19 percent; South Seas Evangelical, 17 percent; Seventh-day Adventist, 11 percent; and United Methodist, 10 percent. These five groups make up the SICA, an ecumenical nongovernmental organization that plays a leading role in the civic life of the country. An estimated 5 percent of the population, consisting primarily of the Kwaio community on the island of Malaita, adheres to indigenous animistic religions. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Muslims, Bahais, Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), members of the Unification Church, and members of indigenous churches that have broken away from the major Christian denominations.
Somalia Sunni Muslim (Islam) (official, according to the Provisional Constitution) The last census took place in 1975, and ongoing instability makes precise data collection impossible. The population is approximately 10 million, according to a U.S. government source. A large majority of citizens are Sunni Muslims of a Sufi tradition. Conservative Salafist groups with politically prominent leaders are prevalent. There is thought to be a small, low profile Christian community and small numbers of members of other religious groups.
South Africa Protestant 36.6% (Zionist Christian 11.1%, Pentecostal/Charismatic 8.2%, Methodist 6.8%, Dutch Reformed 6.7%, Anglican 3.8%), Catholic 7.1%, Muslim 1.5%, other Christian 36%, other 2.3%, unspecified 1.4%, none 15.1% (2001 census) The 2011 census estimates the population to be 51.8 million. The census did not include statistics on religious demography. According to 2001 census figures, 80 percent of the population is Christian. Hindus, Muslims, Jews, Buddhists, and adherents of traditional African beliefs together constitute slightly less than 5 percent of the population. Approximately 15 percent of the population adheres to no particular religion or declines to indicate an affiliation; some of these individuals probably adhere to unaffiliated indigenous religions. Many combine Christian and indigenous religious practices. The Church of Scientology has a small following.

The African Independent Churches constitute the largest group of Christian churches, including the Zion Christian Church (approximately 11 percent of the population), the Apostolic Church (approximately 10 percent), and a number of Pentecostal and charismatic groups. Other Christian groups include Methodists, Anglicans, Baptists, Lutherans, Presbyterians, Roman Catholics, Seventh-day Adventists, and members of the Greek Orthodox, Dutch Reformed, and Congregational churches. Ethnic Indian/Asian South Africans account for 2.5 percent of the total population. Roughly half of the ethnic Indian population is Hindu, and the majority resides in KwaZulu-Natal. The small Muslim community includes Cape Malays of Malayan-Indonesian descent, individuals of Indian or Pakistani origin, and several thousand Somali and Ethiopian immigrants. The small Jewish community is concentrated in Johannesburg and Cape Town.

South Sudan animist, Christian According to the 2008 census, the population is approximately 8 million. The majority is Christian. There are no reliable statistics on the Muslim or animist minorities. Studies from the 1980s and the early 2000s estimated that Muslims constituted between 18 and 35 percent of the population, but the number of Muslims has probably declined through migration to Sudan after South Sudanese independence in 2011. The acting general secretary of the Sudan Council of Churches, which continues to include churches in both Sudan and South Sudan, notes that the seven principal Christian groups are Roman Catholic, Anglican, Presbyterian, Sudan Pentecostal, Sudan Interior, Presbyterian Evangelical, and the Inland African Church. A substantial part of the population in isolated parts of the country probably adheres to indigenous religious beliefs or combines Christian and indigenous practices.
Spain Roman Catholic 94%, other 6% The National Statistics Institute estimates the population to be 47 million. The government does not collect data on religious affiliation. According to a survey conducted in October by the Spanish Center for Sociological Investigation, approximately 71 percent of respondents identified themselves as Catholic and nearly 3 percent as followers of another religion. In addition, 16 percent described themselves as "non-believers," and 9 percent as atheists.

The Episcopal Conference of Spain estimates there are 34.5 million Catholics. The Federation of Evangelical Religious Entities estimates there are 1.2 million evangelical Christians and other Protestants, 800,000 of whom are immigrants. The Union of Islamic Communities of Spain estimates there are 1.67 million Muslims, while other Islamic groups estimate a population of up to two million. The Federation of Jewish Communities estimates there are 40,000 Jews. Other religious groups include The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Buddhists, Orthodox Christians, Bahais, Scientologists, Hindus, Christian Scientists and other Christian groups.

Sri Lanka Buddhist (official) 69.1%, Muslim 7.6%, Hindu 7.1%, Christian 6.2%, unspecified 10% (2001 census provisional data) According to a U.S. government estimate, the population is 21.5 million. Approximately 70 percent is Buddhist, 15 percent Hindu, 8 percent Christian, and 7 percent Muslim. Christians tend to be concentrated in the west, Muslims populate the east, and the north is predominantly Hindu.

Most members of the majority Sinhalese community are Theravada Buddhists. Most Tamils, the largest ethnic minority, are Hindus. Most Muslims are Sunnis; there is a small minority of Shia, including members of the Bohra community. Almost 80 percent of Christians are Roman Catholic; other Christian groups include Anglicans, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Methodists, Baptists, Pentecostals, members of the Dutch Reformed Church, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). Although membership remains small, Evangelical Christian groups have grown in recent years.

St. Barthelemy Roman Catholic, Protestant, Jehovah's Witnesses
St Helena, Ascension and Tristan da Cunha Protestant (Anglican (majority), Baptist, Seventh-Day Adventist), Roman Catholic
St. Kitts and Nevis Anglican, other Protestant, Roman Catholic According to a U.S. government estimate, the population is 50,700. Christianity is the dominant religion. An estimated 50 percent of the population is Anglican and 25 percent is Roman Catholic. The remainder includes Methodists, Moravians, Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Jehovah’s Witnesses, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Rastafarians, Muslims, Hindus, and Bahais. Evangelical Christian groups are growing in number.

Members of the St. Kitts Christian Council include the Anglican Church, the Methodist Church, the Moravian Church, the Roman Catholic Church, and the Salvation Army. Members of the Evangelical Association include the Baptist Church, the Pentecostal Church, the Wesleyan Church, and the Church of God in Christ. Seventh-day Adventists do not belong to either religious umbrella group.

St. Lucia Roman Catholic 67.5%, Protestant 18.2% (Seventh-Day Adventist 8.5%, Pentecostal 5.7%, Anglican 2%, Evangelical 2%), other Christian 5.1%, Rastafarian 2.1%, other 1.1%, unspecified 1.5%, none 4.5% (2001 census) According to a 2011 World Bank estimate, the population is approximately 176,000. The 2010 Population and Housing Census reports Roman Catholics account for approximately 61.1 percent of the population; Seventh-day Adventists, 10.4 percent; Pentecostals, 8.8 percent; evangelicals, 2.2 percent; Baptists, 2.1 percent; and Rastafarians, 2 percent. Other groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Anglicans, members of the Church of God, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Methodists, Muslims, and Bahais. Nearly 6 percent of the population claims no religious affiliation.
St. Martin Roman Catholic, Jehovah's Witnesses, Protestant, Hindu
St. Pierre and Miquelon Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
St. Vincent and the Grenadines Protestant 75% (Anglican 47%, Methodist 28%), Roman Catholic 13%, other (includes Hindu, Seventh-Day Adventist, other Protestant) 12% A 2011 World Bank report estimates the population at 109,000. According to the 2001 census, the Anglican Church (18 percent) and Pentecostals (18 percent) are the largest religious groups, followed by Methodists (11 percent), Seventh-day Adventists (10 percent), Baptists (10 percent), and Roman Catholics (7 percent). Other religious groups include Bahais, Rastafarians, Jehovah’s Witnesses, members of the Church of God, and other evangelical groups.
Sudan Sunni Muslim, small Christian minority The population is approximately 26 million, according to the 2008 census. The Culture and Information Ministry estimates that 97 percent of the population is Muslim. Almost all Muslims are Sunni, although there are significant distinctions between followers of different Sunni traditions, particularly among Sufi orders. In addition, there are small Muslim minorities, including Shia and the Republican Brothers, based predominantly in Khartoum, and a growing, yet still small, percentage of Salafists.

The Culture and Information Ministry estimates that Christians make up 3 percent of the population. Christians primarily reside in Khartoum, the north, and the Nuba Mountains. It is unclear whether these numbers include residents of Southern Sudanese origin whose citizenship status remains under review. Khartoum’s significant Christian population decreased with the migration of many Christians of southern heritage to South Sudan. There are very small but long-established groups of Orthodox Christians in Khartoum and other cities, including Coptic Orthodox and Greek Orthodox. There are also Ethiopian and Eritrean Orthodox communities, largely made up of refugees and migrants, in Khartoum and the east. Other smaller Christian groups include the Africa Inland Church, Armenian (Apostolic) Church, Sudan Church of Christ, Sudan Interior Church, Sudan Pentecostal Church, Sudan Evangelical Presbyterian Church, Presbyterian Church of the Sudan, the Seventh-day Adventist Church, the Roman Catholic Church, Anglicans, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. The Culture and Information Ministry indicates that less than 1 percent of the population adheres to African traditional religious beliefs. Some Christians and Muslims also adhere to some aspects of traditional beliefs.

Suriname Hindu 27.4%, Protestant 25.2% (predominantly Moravian), Roman Catholic 22.8%, Muslim 19.6%, indigenous beliefs 5% According to a 2011 World Bank estimate, the population is 530,000. Approximately 41 percent of the population is Christian, of which half are Roman Catholics, according to the 2004 census. A wide range of other groups, including Moravian, Lutheran, Dutch Reformed, evangelical Protestant, Baptist, Methodist, Seventh-day Adventist, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), make up the remaining Christian population. Twenty percent of the population is Hindu, including the Sanathan Dharma and the Arya Dewaker. Muslims, including Sunni, Ahmadiyya, and the World Islamic Call Society, make up 13.5 percent. Approximately 3 percent adhere to indigenous religions. Bahais, Jews, Buddhists, Brahma Kumaris, and Hare Krishnas are also present in small numbers. There are three Rastafarian organizations: Aya Bingi Order, 12th Tribe, and Bobo Shanti.

Some Amerindian and Maroon populations adhere to indigenous religions. Some Amerindians, concentrated principally in the interior and to a lesser extent in coastal areas, practice shamanism through a medicine man (piaiman). Many Maroons, who inhabit the interior, worship nature through a practice that has no special name. Other Maroons, as well as some Creoles in urban areas, worship their ancestors through a rite called wintie. Citizens of Amerindian and Maroon origin who identify as Christian often combine Christian practices with indigenous religious customs with the tacit approval of Christian leaders. There is a correlation between ethnicity and religion. Many political parties have strong ethnic ties, and members tend to belong to the same religious group. With the exception of those following indigenous practices, religious groups are not concentrated in any particular region.

Swaziland Zionist 40% (a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship), Roman Catholic 20%, Muslim 10%, other (includes Anglican, Baha'i, Methodist, Mormon, Jewish) 30% The government estimates the population is 1.1 million. Religious leaders estimate 90 percent of the population is Christian, about 2 percent Muslim, and under 10 percent belongs to other religious groups. Most Christians are either Roman Catholics or Zionists, who practice a blend of Christianity and indigenous ancestral worship. There are also Anglicans, Methodists, members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and small numbers of Jews and Bahais. Zionism is widely practiced in rural areas.
Sweden Lutheran 87%, other (includes Roman Catholic, Orthodox, Baptist, Muslim, Jewish, and Buddhist) 13% Statistics Sweden reports the population is 9.5 million. Religious membership or affiliation is concentrated in a few major religious groups. According to the Church of Sweden (Lutheran), approximately 68 percent of citizens are members; other Christian groups, including the Roman Catholic Church, the Pentecostal movement, the Missionary (or Missions) Church, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) total less than 5 percent of the population. Membership in the Church of Sweden has decreased steadily since it separated from the state in 2000. Researchers estimate that approximately 6 percent of the population is Muslim.

According to the Official Council of Swedish Jewish Communities, the number of Jews is approximately 20,000. The Swedish Commission for Government Support to Faith Communities estimates there are 9,000 practicing Jews in the country. Orthodox, Conservative, and Reform synagogues are found mostly in large cities. Smaller religious communities are concentrated in larger cities and include Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, Zoroastrians, Hare Krishnas, and members of the Church of Scientology, Word of Faith, and Unification Church.

Switzerland Roman Catholic 41.8%, Protestant 35.3%, Muslim 4.3%, Orthodox 1.8%, other Christian 0.4%, other 1%, unspecified 4.3%, none 11.1% (2000 census) According to the Federal Office of Statistics, the population is 8.01 million. The June update of the 2010 census estimates religious group membership as 38.6 percent Roman Catholic, 28 percent Protestant, 4.5 percent Muslim, and 1.8 percent Christian Orthodox. Over 20 percent self-identifies as atheist. Religious groups constituting less than 1 percent of the population include Old Catholics, other Christian denominations, Buddhists, Hindus, and Jews. Although actual church attendance rates are much lower, 80 percent report being religious, including 22 percent being very religious, in a 2007 Religion Monitor survey sponsored by the Bertelsmann Foundation.

Most immigrants are members of religious groups different from native-born citizens. Over 90 percent of Muslims are of foreign origin, with nearly 100 nationalities represented. Most come from Bosnia-Herzegovina, Kosovo, Albania, Turkey, and North Africa. The majority of the Muslim community is Sunni, interspersed with some Shia and Alawites. Most of the Muslim population lives in urban areas. Over 75 percent of Jewish households are located in Zurich, Geneva, Basel, and Bern.

Syria Sunni Muslim (Islam - official) 74%, other Muslim (includes Alawite, Druze) 16%, Christian (various denominations) 10%, Jewish (tiny communities in Damascus, Al Qamishli, and Aleppo) According to a U.S. government source, the population is approximately 22.5 million, although emigration increased throughout the year due to ongoing violence, unrest, and economic hardship. Sunni Muslims constitute 74 percent of the population and are present throughout the country. The Sunni population includes Arabs, Kurds, Circassians, Chechens, and some Turkomans. Other Muslim groups, including Alawis, Ismailis, and Shia, together constitute 13 percent. Druze account for 3 percent of the population. Various Christian groups constitute the remaining 10 percent, although the Christian population may be closer to 8 percent due to emigration as Christians flee the country. There is also a small Jewish population in major urban areas.

Most Christians belong to the autonomous Orthodox churches, the Uniate churches (which recognize the Roman Catholic Pope), or the independent Nestorian Church. There is a Yezidi population of approximately 80,000, but the government does not recognize the Yezidi as belonging to a group distinct from Islam. Many of the approximately 100 Jews in the country at the beginning of the year have reportedly emigrated due to the ongoing conflict. Most Christians live in and around Damascus, Aleppo, Homs, Hama, and Latakia, or in the Hasaka governorate in the northeast section of the country. Iraqi Christians frequently migrated to Syria in past years, but very few entered during the year due to ongoing unrest and violence. The majority of the Iraqi Christian population in the country either moved to neighboring states or returned to Iraq. The majority of Alawis live in the mountainous areas of the coastal Latakia governorate, but they also have significant presence in the cities of Latakia, Tartous, Homs, and Damascus. Many Druze live in the rugged Jabal al-Arab region in the southern governorate of Suweida, where they constitute the vast majority of the local population. The few remaining Jews are concentrated in Damascus and Aleppo. Yezidis are found primarily in the northeast and Aleppo. The Kurdish population is located in the northern and eastern border areas with Turkey and Iraq, largely in Hassakeh, Raqqah, and Halab.

Taiwan mixture of Buddhist and Taoist 93%, Christian 4.5%, other 2.5% According to Ministry of Interior figures from October, the population is 23,293,600. Based on a comprehensive study conducted in 2005, the Religious Affairs Section of the Ministry of the Interior (MOI) estimates that 35 percent of the population considers itself to be Buddhist and 33 percent Taoist. Although MOI has not tracked data on religious adherence since the 2005 study, it states this estimate might still reflect the situation. MOI does not include religious adherence as a census question, as doing so would constitute an invasion of privacy according to the Personal Data Protection Law. While the overwhelming majority of religious adherents categorize themselves as either Buddhist or Taoist, many adherents consider themselves to be both Buddhist and Taoist.

In addition to organized religious groups, many persons also practice traditional Chinese folk religions, which include some aspects of shamanism, ancestor worship, and animism. Researchers and academics estimate that as much as 80 percent of the population believes in some form of traditional folk religion. Such folk religions may overlap with an individual’s belief in Buddhism, Taoism, Confucianism, or other traditional Chinese religions. There also may be an overlap between practitioners of Buddhism, Taoism, and other traditional Chinese religions, and Falun Gong practitioners. Falun Gong is a self-described spiritual discipline that combines qigong (a traditional Chinese exercise discipline) with the teachings of founder Li Hongzhi. Falun Gong is registered as a civic rather than a religious organization. According to an academic source, Falun Gong membership exceeds one million and continues to grow. Groups that constitute less than 5 percent of the population include I Kuan Tao, Tien Ti Chiao (Heaven Emperor Religion), Tien Te Chiao (Heaven Virtue Religion), Li-ism, Hsuan Yuan Chiao (Yellow Emperor Religion), Tian Li Chiao (Tenrikyo), Universe Maitreya Emperor Religion, Hai Tze Tao, Zhonghua Sheng Chiao (Chinese Holy Religion), Da Yi Chiao (Great Changes Religion), Pre-cosmic Salvationism, Huang Chung Chiao (Yellow Middle Religion), Roman Catholicism, Islam, the Church of Scientology, the Bahai Faith, Jehovah’s Witnesses, the Mahikari Religion, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and the Unification Church, all of which are registered. Unregistered denominations include the Presbyterian, True Jesus, Baptist, Lutheran, Seventh-day Adventist, and Episcopal churches. The majority of the indigenous population of 507,000 aborigines is Protestant or Roman Catholic. Jews number approximately 130 persons, although they are predominately foreign residents. Some 400,000 migrant workers, primarily from Southeast Asia, differ in religious adherence from the general population. The largest single group of migrant workers is from Indonesia, with a population of more than 200,000 persons who are largely Muslim. Migrant workers from the Philippines are predominately Christian.

Tajikistan Sunni Muslim 85%, Shia Muslim 5%, other 10% (2003 est.) The population is 7.7 million, according to a State Statistics Agency estimate from October 2011. According to local academics, the population is more than 90 percent Muslim. Active observance of Islam appears to be increasing steadily, especially among youth. The majority adhere to the Hanafi school of Sunni Islam as traditionally practiced in Central Asia. Approximately 4 percent of Muslims are Ismaili Shia, the majority of whom reside in the remote eastern Gorno-Badakhshan Autonomous Region. The country has approximately 3,452 "five-time" prayer mosques and 357 "Friday prayer" mosques (larger facilities built for weekly prayers).

There are 75 registered non-Muslim religious groups. There are approximately 150,000 Christians. The largest Christian group is Russian Orthodox; there are also Baptists, Roman Catholics, Seventh-day Adventists, Lutherans, and Korean Protestants. There are a small number of Bahais, fewer than 300 Jews and approximately 700 Jehovah’s Witnesses.

Tanzania mainland - Christian 30%, Muslim 35%, indigenous beliefs 35%; Zanzibar - more than 99% Muslim The National Bureau of Statistics estimates the population is nearly 45 million. The government does not collect data on religious identification. The Interfaith Council (also known as the Inter-Religious Council for Peace Tanzania, a nongovernmental organization bringing together Christian, Muslim, Bahai, Hindu, and Buddhist leaders to foster peace and strengthen relationships) does not keep statistics on religious identity. Many religious groups are reluctant to estimate religious demographics, but most religious leaders estimate that the population is 50 percent Christian and 50 percent Muslim. A 2010 Pew Forum survey estimates that approximately 60 percent of the population is Christian, 36 percent Muslim, and 4 percent members of other religious groups.

On the mainland, large Muslim communities are concentrated in coastal areas, with some large Muslim minorities also located inland in urban areas. Zanzibar is approximately 98 percent Muslim. Between 80 and 90 percent of the Muslim population is Sunni. The remainder consists of several Shia subgroups, mostly of Asian descent. Christian groups include Roman Catholics, Protestants (including Pentecostals), Seventh-day Adventists, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Other religious groups include Buddhists, Hindus, Sikhs, and Bahais. The country's three largest political parties are secular, but include the opposition Civic United Front (CUF) party, often associated with Zanzibar’s Muslim community, and the opposition Chama cha Mapinduzi na Maendeleo (Chadema) party, often associated with the Christian majority on the mainland.

Thailand Buddhist (official) 94.6%, Muslim 4.6%, Christian 0.7%, other 0.1% (2000 census) According to the 2010 census, the population of 66 million is 93 percent Buddhist and 5 percent Muslim. Nongovernmental organizations (NGOs), academics, and religious groups claim that 85 to 95 percent of the population is Theravada Buddhist and 5 to 10 percent is Muslim. Groups that constitute less than 5 percent of the population include animist, Christian, Confucian, Hindu, Jewish, Sikh, and Taoist populations.

Theravada Buddhism, the dominant religion, is not an exclusive belief system and most Buddhists also incorporate Brahmin-Hindu and animist practices. The Buddhist clergy (Sangha) consists of two main schools: Mahanikaya and Dhammayuttika. The former is older and more prevalent within the monastic community than the latter. The same ecclesiastical hierarchy governs both groups. Islam is the dominant religion in four of the five southernmost provinces. The majority of Muslims in those provinces are ethnic Malay, but the Muslim population nationally also includes descendants of immigrants from South Asia, China, Cambodia, Indonesia, and those who consider themselves ethnic Thai. The Ministry of Interior’s Islamic Affairs Section reported that, as of October, 3,744 mosques are registered in 68 of the country’s 77 provinces, of which 3,179 are located in the 14 southern provinces. According to the Religious Affairs Department (RAD) of the Ministry of Culture, 99 percent of these mosques are associated with the Sunni branch of Islam. Shia mosques make up 1 percent and are in Bangkok and the provinces of Nakhon Sithammarat, Krabi, and Phatthalung. There are 39 Provincial Islamic Committees nationwide. The majority of ethnic Chinese and Vietnamese practice Mahayana or Theravada Buddhism. Many ethnic Chinese, as well as members of the Mien hill tribe, practice forms of Taoism.

Timor-Leste Roman Catholic 98%, Muslim 1%, Protestant 1% (2005) According to the 2010 census, the population is 1,066,400, of which 96.8 percent are Roman Catholic, 2.2 percent Protestant, and less than 1 percent Muslim, Buddhist, or Hindu. Protestant denominations include the Assemblies of God, Seventh-day Adventists, Pentecostals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and the Christian Vision Church. There are also several small nondenominational Protestant congregations. Many citizens also retain animistic beliefs and practices, which they do not see as incompatible with their formal religious affiliation.
Togo Christian 29%, Muslim 20%, indigenous beliefs 51% According to the 2010 census, the population is 6.2 million. In 2004, the University of Lome estimated the population is 33 percent traditional animist, 28 percent Roman Catholic, 14 percent Sunni Muslim, 10 percent Protestant, and 10 percent other Christian denominations. The remaining 5 percent includes persons not affiliated with any religious group. Many Christians and Muslims continue to perform indigenous religious practices. Reliable figures are difficult to obtain because of migration and because the government does not collect religious and ethnic data.

Most Muslims live in the central and northern regions. Christians live mainly in the southern part of the country. The Muslim Union of Togo reports a large surge in immigrants from Muslim countries, but the government does not collect the statistics needed to confirm or deny that claim.

Tokelau Congregational Christian Church 70%, Roman Catholic 28%, other 2% (note: on Atafu, all Congregational Christian Church of Samoa; on Nukunonu, all Roman Catholic; on Fakaofo, both denominations, with the Congregational Christian Church predominant)
Tonga Christian (Free Wesleyan Church claims over 30,000 adherents) According to the preliminary 2011 census, the total population is 103,036. According to more detailed 2006 census data, membership by percentage of population of major religious groups is as follows: Free Wesleyan Church of Tonga, 37 percent; The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), 17 percent; Free Church of Tonga, 16 percent; and the Roman Catholic Church, 11 percent. Other Christian denominations, including the Tokaikolo Church (a local offshoot of the Methodist Church), Seventh-day Adventists, Assemblies of God, Anglicans, and Jehovah’s Witnesses, in total account for approximately 14 percent. Bahais, Muslims, Hindus, observers of Chinese traditional festivals, and Buddhists together constitute approximately 4 percent of the population; the remaining 1 percent declined to state a religious affiliation.
Trinidad and Tobago Roman Catholic 26%, Protestant 25.8% (Anglican 7.8%, Baptist 7.2%, Pentecostal 6.8%, Seventh-Day Adventist 4%), Hindu 22.5%, Muslim 5.8%, other Christian 5.8%, other 10.8%, unspecified 1.4%, none 1.9% (2000 census) The population is 1.3 million, according to the government’s 2011 Population and Housing Preliminary Count. According to a 2011 estimate by the Central Statistical Office, 21.6 percent of the population is Roman Catholic, 26.2 percent Protestant (including 5.7 percent Anglican, 12 percent Pentecostal or evangelical, 4.1 percent Seventh-day Adventist, 2.5 percent Presbyterian or Congregational, 1.2 percent Baptist, and 0.7 percent Methodist), 1.5 percent Jehovah’s Witnesses, 18.2 percent Hindu, and 5 percent Muslim. Traditional Caribbean religious groups with African roots include the Spiritual Baptists (sometimes called Shouter Baptists) representing 5.7 percent of the population and the Orisha at 0.9 percent. The remainder of the population is listed as "none," "not stated," or "other," which includes a number of small Christian groups, as well as Bahais, Rastafarians, Buddhists, and Jews.

Afro-Trinidadians are predominantly Christian, with a small Muslim community, and are concentrated in and around Port of Spain and the east-west corridor of northern Trinidad. The population of Trinidad’s sister island, Tobago, is overwhelmingly of African descent and predominantly Christian. Indo-Trinidadians are primarily concentrated in central and southern Trinidad and are mostly Hindu, but there are also Muslims, Presbyterians, and Catholics.

Tunisia Muslim (Islam - official) 98%, Christian 1%, Jewish and other 1% According to the U.S. government, the population is approximately 10,733,900, of which 99 percent is Sunni Muslim. Groups that together constitute the remaining 1 percent of the population include Christians, Jews, Shia Muslims, and Bahais. Christianity is the second largest religion, with Roman Catholics comprising 88 percent of Christians. Roman Catholic officials estimate that they have fewer than 5,000 members, widely dispersed. The remaining Christian population is composed of Protestants, Russian Orthodox, French Reformists, Anglicans, Seventh-day Adventists, Greek Orthodox, and Jehovah’s Witnesses. Judaism is the country’s third largest religion with approximately 1,500 members. One-third of the Jewish population lives in and around the capital and the remainder lives on the island of Djerba and the neighboring town of Zarzis. A Jewish community has resided in the country for more than 2,500 years.
Turkey Muslim 99.8% (mostly Sunni), other 0.2% (mostly Christians and Jews) The Turkish Statistics Institution’s 2011 population estimate is 74.7 million. The government estimates 99 percent of the population is Muslim, the majority of which is Hanafi Sunni. Representatives of religious groups state the actual percentage of Muslims is slightly lower.

Academics estimate there are between 15 million and 20 million Alevis, followers of a belief system that incorporates aspects of both Shia and Sunni Islam and draws on the traditions of other religious groups indigenous to the region. Alevi foundation leaders state the number at between 20 million and 25 million. Other religious groups, mostly concentrated in Istanbul and other large cities, together constitute less than 1 percent of the population. While exact figures are not available, these groups include approximately 500,000 Shiite Jaferi Muslims; 90,000 Armenian Orthodox Christians (of which an estimated 60,000 are citizens and an estimated 30,000 are undocumented immigrants from Armenia); 25,000 Roman Catholics (mostly recent immigrants from Africa and the Philippines); 22,000 Jews; 20,000 Syrian Orthodox (Syriac) Christians; 15,000 Russian Orthodox Christians (mostly recent immigrants from Russia who hold residence permits); 10,000 Bahais; 5,000 Yezidis; 5,000 Jehovah’s Witnesses; 7,000 members of other Protestant denominations; 3,000 Iraqi Chaldean Christians; and up to 2,500 Greek Orthodox Christians. There also are small, undetermined numbers of Bulgarian Orthodox, Nestorian, Georgian Orthodox, Syriac Catholic, and Maronite Christians.

Turkmenistan Muslim 89%, Eastern Orthodox 9%, unknown 2% According to 2006 government estimates, the population is 6.7 million. Statistics regarding religious affiliation are not available. However, according to the government, there are 121 religious organizations and seven registered religious groups. Of these, 104 are Muslim, including 99 Sunni and five Shia organizations; 13 are Russian Orthodox; and 11 represent other religious groups, including Roman Catholics, Bahais, Hare Krishnas, and Protestants (who have several small churches). There also are small communities of the following unregistered religious groups: Jehovah’s Witnesses, Jews, Shia Muslims, and evangelical Christians, including Baptists and Pentecostals.

The 1995 census indicates that ethnic Russians make up almost 7 percent of the population; however, subsequent emigration to Russia and elsewhere continues to reduce this proportion. Most ethnic Russians and Armenians are Christian and are generally members of the Russian Orthodox Church. Ethnic Russians and Armenians also make up a significant percentage of unregistered religious congregations; however, ethnic Turkmen are increasingly represented among these unregistered groups. There are small pockets of Shia Muslims, many of whom are ethnic Iranians, Azeris, or Kurds living along the border with Iran and in the western city of Turkmenbashi. An estimated 300 Jews live in the country. Local Jews consider Judaism an ethnic rather than a religious identity. There are no synagogues or rabbis, and Jews do not gather for religious observances.

Turks and Caicos Islands Protestant 72.8% (Baptist 35.8%, Church of God 11.7%, Anglican 10%, Methodist 9.3%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%), Roman Catholic 11.4%, Jehovah's Witnesses 1.8%, other 14%
Tuvalu Protestant 98.4% (Church of Tuvalu (Congregationalist) 97%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.4%), Baha'i 1%, other 0.6% The government estimates the population to be 11,200. The Church of Tuvalu, with historic ties to the Congregational Church and other churches in Samoa, has the largest number of followers. According to the government, approximately 91 percent of the population belongs to the Church of Tuvalu; 3 percent to the Seventh-day Adventist Church; 3 percent to the Bahai Faith; 2 percent to the Jehovah’s Witnesses; and 1 percent to the Roman Catholic Church. There are small populations of Muslims, Baptists, and members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). The Tuvalu Brethren Church, a Protestant group, states it has approximately 500 members.

The nine island groups have traditional chiefs, all of whom are members of the Church of Tuvalu. Most members of other religious groups are found in Funafuti, the capital, although a relatively large number of Bahais live on Nanumea Island.

Uganda Roman Catholic 41.9%, Protestant 42% (Anglican 35.9%, Pentecostal 4.6%, Seventh-Day Adventist 1.5%), Muslim 12.1%, other 3.1%, none 0.9% (2002 census) The government estimates the population to be 35.9 million. According to government data, 85 percent are Christians, 12 percent Muslims, and 3 percent Hindus, Jews, Bahais, or adherents of indigenous beliefs. Among Christians, 42 percent are Roman Catholics, 36 percent Anglicans, 15 percent are Pentecostal or Orthodox Christians, and 7 percent are members of evangelical groups. The Muslim population is primarily Sunni. Indigenous religious groups practice in rural areas. Indian nationals are the most significant non-African ethnic population and are primarily Shia Muslim or Hindu. There is a small indigenous Jewish community near the eastern town of Mbale.
Ukraine Ukrainian Orthodox - Kyiv Patriarchate 50.4%, Ukrainian Orthodox - Moscow Patriarchate 26.1%, Ukrainian Greek Catholic 8%, Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox 7.2%, Roman Catholic 2.2%, Protestant 2.2%, Jewish 0.6%, other 3.2% (2006 est.) According to government estimates, the population is 45.6 million. In a 2010 national survey by the Razumkov Center, an independent public policy think tank, 68 percent of respondents self-identify as Christian Orthodox, 7.6 percent as Greek-Catholics, 1.9 percent as Protestants, 0.9 percent as Muslims, and 0.4 percent as Roman Catholics. Another 7.2 percent identify as "simply a Christian," and 13.2 percent do not belong to any religious group.

The 2011 Democratic Initiatives Foundation and the Ukraine Sociology Service opinion poll indicates that approximately 31 percent of the population identifies with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church Kyiv Patriarchate (UOC-KP), 26 percent with the Ukrainian Orthodox Church Moscow Patriarchate (UOC-MP), and 2 percent with the Ukrainian Autocephalous Orthodox Church (UOAC). The Ukrainian Greek Catholic Church (UGCC) is the largest non-Orthodox church. The UGCC estimates its membership at four million, approximately 93 percent of whom reside in the western portion of the country. The Roman Catholic Church estimates it has one million members spread throughout the western and central parts of the country. Government agencies and independent think tanks estimate the Muslim population at 500,000, although some Muslim leaders put the number at two million. According to government figures, the majority are Crimean Tatars, numbering an estimated 300,000 and constituting the third-largest ethnic group in Crimea. The Evangelical Baptist Union of Ukraine is the largest Protestant community. Other Protestant groups include Pentecostals, Seventh-day Adventists, Lutherans, Anglicans, Calvinists, Methodists, and Presbyterians. According to the most recent government census data from 2001, there are an estimated 103,600 Jews in the country; however, some local Jewish leaders estimate the number of persons of Jewish heritage to be as high as 370,000. There are also Jehovah’s Witnesses, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), Buddhists, practitioners of Falun Gong, and adherents of Krishna Consciousness.

United Arab Emirates Muslim (Islam - official) 96% (Shia 16%), other (includes Christian, Hindu) 4% The population is approximately 8.2 million, according to a 2010 estimate by the National Bureau of Statistics. An estimated 89 percent of residents are noncitizens. Of the citizens, more than 85 percent are Sunni Muslims and an estimated 15 percent or fewer are Shia Muslims. Shia Muslims are concentrated in the emirates of Dubai and Sharjah.

Noncitizen residents predominantly come from South and Southeast Asia, although there are substantial numbers from the Middle East, Europe, Central Asia, and North America. According to a 2005 Ministry of Economy census, 76 percent of the total population is Muslim, 9 percent is Christian, and 15 percent belongs to other religious groups, primarily Hindu or Buddhist. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Parsis, Bahais, Druze, Sikhs, Ahmadis, Ismailis, Dawoodi Bohra Muslims, and Jews. These estimates differ from census figures because census figures do not take into account the many "temporary" visitors and workers, and count Bahais and Druze as Muslim.

United Kingdom Christian (Anglican, Roman Catholic, Presbyterian, Methodist) 71.6%, Muslim 2.7%, Hindu 1%, other 1.6%, unspecified or none 23.1% (2001 census) According to the Office of National Statistics, the population of the United Kingdom is 62.3 million. Census figures from 2011 indicate that 59.3 percent of the population is Christian, comprising the Church of England (Anglican), the Church of Scotland (Presbyterian), the Roman Catholic Church, Protestant churches, and unaffiliated Christian groups. Roughly 25 percent of the population consists of nonbelievers.

The Muslim community, comprising 4.8 percent of the population, is predominantly of South Asian origin, but also includes individuals from the Arabian Peninsula, the Levant, Africa, and Southeast Asia, as well as a growing number of local converts. Other religious groups, which each make up less than 2 percent of the population, include Hindus, Sikhs, Jews, and Buddhists. Individuals from these religious groups are concentrated in London and other large urban areas, primarily in England. Census figures from Northern Ireland in 2011 indicate that 41 percent of the population is Catholic, 41.5 percent Protestant, and less than 1 percent various non-Christian religious groups. Approximately 17 percent of respondents did not indicate a religious affiliation. In Bermuda, Anglicans are 16 percent of the population, while Roman Catholics and African Methodist Episcopalians are 15 and 9 percent, respectively. Muslims represent up to 1.5 percent of the population. Nearly 20 religious groups are present.

United States Protestant 51.3%, Roman Catholic 23.9%, Mormon 1.7%, other Christian 1.6%, Jewish 1.7%, Buddhist 0.7%, Muslim 0.6%, other or unspecified 2.5%, unaffiliated 12.1%, none 4% (2007 est.)
Uruguay Roman Catholic 47.1%, non-Catholic Christians 11.1%, nondenominational 23.2%, Jewish 0.3%, atheist or agnostic 17.2%, other 1.1% (2006) The population is approximately 3.3 million, according to a 2011 National Institute of Statistics (NIS) census. The most recent (2008) NIS statistics on religious preference indicate approximately 45 percent of the population self-identifies as Roman Catholic and approximately 10 percent as non-Catholic Christian. Groups together constituting less than 5 percent of the population include Jehovah’s Witnesses, Bahais, The Church of Latter-day Saints (Mormons), Afro-Umbandists, Jews, Buddhists, members of the Unification Church, and Muslims (300-400 members). Approximately 28 percent of the population indicates a belief in God but no specific religious affiliation. There is no correlation between religious affiliation and ethnicity, politics, or socio-economic status.
Uzbekistan Muslim 88% (mostly Sunni), Eastern Orthodox 9%, other 3% According to government estimates released in August, the population is 29.7 million. The government reports that approximately 93 percent is nominally Muslim. Most are Sunni of the Hanafi school; approximately 1 percent is Shia, concentrated in the provinces of Bukhara and Samarkand. Approximately 4 percent of the population is Russian Orthodox, a number that is declining as ethnic Russians and other Slavs continue to emigrate. The remaining 3 percent includes small communities of Roman Catholics, Korean Christians, Baptists, Lutherans, Seventh-day Adventists, evangelicals, Pentecostals, Jehovah’s Witnesses, Buddhists, Bahais, Hare Krishnas, and atheists. An estimated 10,500 to 11,500 Ashkenazi and Bukharan Jews remain concentrated in Tashkent, Bukhara, Samarkand, and the Fergana Valley.

There are 2,225 registered religious groups representing 16 denominations. There are 2,051 Muslim groups (including mosques, educational institutions, and Islamic centers). Among the Muslim groups are several Shia congregations. Registered minority religious groups include 52 Korean Christian, 38 Russian Orthodox, 23 Baptist, 21 Pentecostal ("Full Gospel"), 10 Seventh-day Adventist, eight Jewish, five Catholic, six Bahai, two Lutheran, four "New Apostolic," two Armenian Apostolic, one Jehovah’s Witnesses, one Krishna Consciousness, one Temple of Buddha, one Christian "Voice of God" Church, and one interconfessional Bible Society.

Vanuatu Protestant 55.6% (Presbyterian 31.4%, Anglican 13.4%, Seventh-Day Adventist 10.8%), Roman Catholic 13.1%, other Christian 13.8%, indigenous beliefs 5.6% (including Jon Frum cargo cult), other 9.6%, none 1%, unspecified 1.3% (1999 Census) The 2009 National Census estimates the population to be 234,000. Approximately 83 percent is Christian, of which an estimated 30 percent is Presbyterian, 12 percent Roman Catholic, 15 percent Anglican, and 13 percent Seventh-day Adventist. Other groups together constituting 15 percent of Christians include the Church of Christ, the Apostolic Church, the Assemblies of God, and other Protestant denominations. Six percent of the population is Jewish. The John Frum Movement, an indigenous religious group with its own political party, is centered on the island of Tanna and constitutes less than 1 percent of the population. Other religious groups present include Bahais, Muslims, Jehovah’s Witnesses, and The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church). There are believed to be members of other religious groups within the foreign community. These groups are free to practice their religion but are not known to hold public religious ceremonies.
Vatican City Roman Catholic
Venezuela nominally Roman Catholic 96%, Protestant 2%, other 2% According to the 2011 census, the population is approximately 28.9 million. According to government estimates, 92 percent of the population is at least nominally Roman Catholic. Government estimates also show that groups that constitute less than 5 percent of the population include evangelical Protestants, The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church), and Jehovah’s Witnesses. However, the Venezuelan Evangelical Council estimates that evangelical Protestants constitute approximately 15 percent of the population.

There are small but influential Muslim and Jewish communities. The Muslim community of more than 100,000 consists primarily of persons of Lebanese and Syrian descent living in Nueva Esparta State and the Caracas area. The Jewish community numbers approximately 9,000 and is centered in Caracas.

Vietnam Buddhist 9.3%, Catholic 6.7%, Hoa Hao 1.5%, Cao Dai 1.1%, Protestant 0.5%, Muslim 0.1%, none 80.8% (1999 census) According to 2011information from the General Statistics Office, the population is approximately 87.8 million. More than half of the population is at least nominally Buddhist, with 10 percent actively practicing Mahayana Buddhism (most of whom are of the majority ethnic group Kinh or Viet) and 1.2 percent actively practicing Theravada Buddhism (approximately one million members of the Khmer minority in the south). Roman Catholics constitute 7 percent of the population. Catholicism is growing, with over 6 million adherents worshiping in 26 dioceses across the country. Cao Dai, a religion combining elements of many religions, is practiced by 2.5 to 4 percent of the population. Hoa Hao followers constitute 1.5 to 3 percent of the population. Estimates of the number of Protestants range from 1 to 2 percent of the population. Some Protestant denominations are officially recognized at the national level; others are registered locally, but have not attained national recognition. Muslims number 70,000 to 80,000, or less than 0.1 percent of the population; approximately 40 percent of Muslims are Sunnis; the remaining 60 percent practice Bani Islam.

Smaller religious groups that together comprise less than 0.1 percent of the population include 50,000 ethnic Cham who mostly practice a devotional form of Hinduism in the south-central coastal area, an estimated 8,000 members of the Bahai Faith, and approximately 1,000 members of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints (LDS Church) throughout the country. There is one Jewish synagogue in Ho Chi Minh City serving approximately 150 Jews, mainly foreign residents who live in the city. Other citizens consider themselves nonreligious, or practice animism or the veneration of ancestors, tutelary and protective saints, national heroes and local, respected persons. Followers of these traditional forms of worship may or may not term themselves religious. Ethnic minorities constitute approximately 14 percent of the population. Based on adherents’ estimates, two-thirds of Protestants are members of ethnic minorities, including minority groups in the Northwest Highlands (H’mong, Dzao, Thai, and others) and in the Central Highlands (Ede, Jarai, Sedang, and M’nong, among others). The Khmer Krom ethnic group overwhelmingly practices Theravada Buddhism.

Virgin Islands, British Protestant 84% (Methodist 33%, Anglican 17%, Church of God 9%, Seventh-Day Adventist 6%, Baptist 4%, other 15%), Roman Catholic 10%, Jehovah's Witnesses 2%, other 2%, none 2% (1991)
Virgin Islands, U.S. Protestant 59% (Baptist 42%, Episcopalian 17%), Roman Catholic 34%, other 7%
Wallis and Futuna Roman Catholic 99%, other 1%
Western Sahara Muslim According to U.S. government estimates, the population is 523,000. The majority of the population is Sunni Muslim. Islamic practice is frequently characterized by maraboutism, the veneration of religious figures and the tombs in which they are believed to be interred. There is a small group of Roman Catholics who live and worship freely.

There is a small foreign community working for the United Nations Mission for a Referendum in Western Sahara (MINURSO). Many of its members are non-Muslims.

World Christian 33.39% (of which Roman Catholic 16.85%, Protestant 6.15%, Orthodox 3.96%, Anglican 1.26%), Muslim 22.74%, Hindu 13.8%, Buddhist 6.77%, Sikh 0.35%, Jewish 0.22%, Baha'i 0.11%, other religions 10.95%, non-religious 9.66%, atheists 2.01% (2010 est.)
Yemen Muslim (Islam - official) including Shaf'i (Sunni) and Zaydi (Shia), small numbers of Jewish, Christian, and Hindu The population is 25 million, according to U.S. government estimates. Most citizens are Muslim, belonging either to the Zaydi order of Shia Islam or the Shafi order of Sunni Islam. While there are no official statistics, 35 percent of the population is estimated to be Shia and 65 percent is estimated to be Sunni. There are reports of an increase in Muslims who adhere to Salafi-Sunni Islam, but statistics are unavailable to confirm these reports. There are a few thousand Ismaili Muslims concentrated in the Haraz district near Sanaa, an unknown number of Ithnasheria (Twelver) Shia who reside mainly in the north, and a significant but indeterminate number of Sufis. Groups comprising less than .05 percent of the population include Jews, Bahais, Hindus, and Christians, many of whom are refugees or temporary foreign residents. Christian groups include Roman Catholics and Anglicans. The once-sizable Jewish community is the only indigenous non-Muslim minority religious group; the few Jews remaining after decades of emigration to Israel live mainly in Sanaa and the Rayda district in the Amran governorate.
Zambia Christian 50%-75%, Muslim and Hindu 24%-49%, indigenous beliefs 1% According to the 2010 census, the population is 13.1 million. Approximately 87 percent of the population is Christian, 1 percent is Muslim or Hindu, and 12 percent adhere to other belief systems, including indigenous religions. Many people combine Christianity and indigenous beliefs.

Muslims are primarily concentrated in Lusaka and in the Eastern and Copperbelt provinces; many are immigrants from South Asia, Somalia, and the Middle East who have acquired Zambian citizenship. A small minority of indigenous persons are also Muslim. Most Hindus are of South Asian descent.

Zimbabwe syncretic (part Christian, part indigenous beliefs) 50%, Christian 25%, indigenous beliefs 24%, Muslim and other 1% Preliminary findings from the 2012 national census estimate the population at 13 million, although it is likely lower because an estimated three to four million Zimbabweans currently live outside the country due to economic and political crises. According to the Evangelical Fellowship of Zimbabwe (EFZ), 84 percent of the population is Christian. The EFZ’s 2004 census estimates the Christian population is 33 percent Catholic; 42 percent evangelical or Pentecostal; 17 percent Anglican, Methodist, or Presbyterian, and 8 percent apostolic. There are a significant number of independent Pentecostal and syncretic African churches.

The majority of the population also adheres to indigenous religions. Religious leaders reported a continued increase in observance of indigenous religious practices, often simultaneously with Christianity. Approximately 14 percent of the population adheres solely to indigenous religious beliefs. Approximately 3 percent of the population is Muslim, primarily immigrants of Mozambican and Malawian descent. The Muslim population is concentrated in rural areas and in some high-density suburbs. Small numbers of Greek Orthodox, Jews, Hindus, Buddhists, and Bahais make up less than 1 percent of the population. Political elites tend to be members of established Christian mainstream or Pentecostal churches. Some apostolic groups, along with the CPZ, support the ruling Zimbabwe African National Union-Patriotic Front (ZANU-PF) and are especially prevalent in ZANU-PF political strongholds.



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See also

Notes

References

  • Adherents.com World Religions Religion Statistics Geography Church Statistics
  • CIA FactBook
  • Religious Intelligence
  • The University of Virginia
  • The US State Department's Background Notes
  • World Statesmen
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