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Randal Cremer

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Title: Randal Cremer  
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Collection: 1828 Births, 1908 Deaths, Chevaliers of the Légion D'Honneur, Deaths from Pneumonia, English Anti-War Activists, English Nobel Laureates, English Pacifists, Inter-Parliamentary Union, Knights of the Order of St. Olav, Liberal Party (Uk) Mps, Liberal-Labour (Uk) Mps, Members of the International Workingmen's Association, Members of the Parliament of the United Kingdom for English Constituencies, Nobel Peace Prize Laureates, Uk Mps 1885–86, Uk Mps 1886–92, Uk Mps 1892–95, Uk Mps 1900–06, Uk Mps 1906–10
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Randal Cremer

Sir William Randal Cremer (18 March 1828 – 22 July 1908) usually known by his middle name "Randal", was an English Liberal Member of Parliament, a pacifist, and a leading advocate for international arbitration. He was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in 1903 for his work with the international arbitration movement.[1]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Role in the international arbitration movement 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5

Early life

Cremer was born to a working-class family in the southern English town of Fareham. His father was a coachman but abandoned the family soon after Randal was born. His mother raised Cremer along with his two sisters, ensuring Randal received an education at a local Methodist school. Randal augmented his knowledge by attending free lectures. The young Cremer was apprenticed as a builder, soon developing into a skilled carpenter.

Moving to London 1852, Cremer became active as a union organiser, swiftly becoming a recognized labour leader. Cremer was elected as the Secretary of the Marx, Cremer did not agree with a worker led revolution.[2]

Role in the international arbitration movement

From as early as his first unsuccessful run for Parliament in 1868, Cremer had advocated the expansion of international arbitration as peaceful alternative to war for the resolution of disputes.[2]

He was elected as Liberal Member of Parliament (MP) for Haggerston in the Shoreditch district of Hackney from 1885 to 1895, and from 1900 until his death, from pneumonia in 1908.

Using his platform as an MP, Cremer cultivated allies on both continental Europe and across the Atlantic, including international arbitration, which during his lifetime were successful in peacefully resolving numerous international disputes. This work includes co-founding the Inter-Parliamentary Union and the International Arbitration League; gaining acceptance for the 1897 Anglo-American arbitration treaty; and preparing the ground for the Hague peace conferences of 1899 and 1907.[2]

In recognition of his work in the arbitration movement, Cremer won the Nobel Peace Prize, the first to do so solo, in 1903.

He also was named a Chevalier of the French Légion d'honneur,[3] won the Norwegian Knighthood of Saint Olaf and was knighted in 1907.

Randal Cremer Primary School, in Haggerston,[4] is named in his honour.

Notes

  1. ^ "The Nobel Peace Prize 1903 Randal Cremer". nobelprize.org. 
  2. ^ a b c  
  3. ^ Among the world's peacemakers: an epitome of the Interparliamentary Union edited by Hayne Davis, 1908
  4. ^ "Randal Cremer Primary School". Hackney Borough Council. Retrieved 2009-08-24. 

References

  • Nobel Committee information on 1903 Peace Prize
  • About Sir Randal Cremer
  • The Hugh & Helene Schonfield World Service Trust
  • Link to article about Cremer by Simon Hall-Raleigh in Journal of Liberal History, Issue 9, December 1995
  • EVANS, H: Sir Randal Cremer: his life and work. T. Fisher Unwin, 1909.

External links

  • Hansard 1803–2005: contributions in Parliament by Randal Cremer
Parliament of the United Kingdom
New constituency Member of Parliament for Haggerston
18851895
Succeeded by
John Lowles
Preceded by
John Lowles
Member of Parliament for Haggerston
19001908
Succeeded by
Rupert Guinness, Viscount Elveden
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