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Rana (title)

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Rana (title)


Rana (Urdu: رانا‎), is a Princely title of Royalty in Sanskrit. The name is usually interpreted to mean "Prince".

Compound titles Rana Sahib, Rana Bahadur, and Maharana.

Royal title in India


Rana was a title used by Rajput kings and princes in India. As a prefix, Rana means a prince/king who has proven his worth in a hard-fought war and won it against all odds. (1780–1783).[1]

The title "Rana" was earned through valiance, but very occasionally it was transferred from generation to generation. Rana Pratap Singh is probably the most famous person to have ever had the title. As ruler of Mewar, he fought numerous wars against the Mughals.

The Kshatriya Marathas of Konkan use the title "Rane", which is a synonym in Marathi for the North Indian title of Rana. The Rane rulers of Sattari, Goa fought a long lasting war against the Portuguese in the 19th century for Goa's freedom.

In the former princely states of Bangalore, Ali Rajpur, Bashahr, Baghal, Baghat and Keonthal, the rulers changed their titles from Rana to Raja. The style of the Rana of Porbandar was upgraded in 1918 to Maharana Sahib. There was only one incumbent before accession to of the state to the Republic of India.

Princely states that continued to use the title Rana for their rulers included Bhajji, Darkoti, Jobat, Jubbal, Khaneti, Kumharsain, Kuthar, Mangal, Kangra, Sakti, Wao and Dhami (a tributary state of Bilaspur). (Please add/delete).

The Thakurs of Balsan and Tharoch, promoted their self-styled titles to Rana.

Rana dynasty of Nepal

The Rana dynasty ruled the Kingdom of Nepal from 1846 until 1953, reducing the Shah monarch to a figurehead and making Prime Minister and other government positions hereditary. It is descended from one Bal Narsingh Kunwar (Ranaji) of Kaski, who moved to Gorkha in the early 18th century and entered the service of Raja Nara Bhupal Shah around 1740. Originally, the Rana dynasty originated from the Royal family of Udaipur in India, also known as Mewar.

Jang Bahadur was the first ruler from this dynasty. His original family name was Rana but in Nepal people mistook his Rajput title of Kunwar for his family name, Kunwar is a title denoting royal lineage used by Rajput princes in northern India. Rana rulers were titled "Shri Teen" and "Maharaja", whereas Shah kings were "Shri Panch" and "Maharajdiraj". Both the Rana dynasty and Shah dynasty are Suryavanshi, Rajpoot in the Hindu tradition, in contrast with the native Himalayan culture which is largely Buddhist and Bön.


Under the British Raj, the Ranas were acclaimed and given much prestige and a 19-gun salute; all with the exception of Deva Shamsher received knighthoods.

The Rana dynasty developed into a powerful family clan and are still very influential in the country today. The family formed a close alliance with the Shah dynasty via marriage and business alliances. The surname Rana/Ranawat is also used by the rajputs of sisodiya warrior race who have originated from their ancestor Maharana Pratap Singh

Famous Ranas

Rana kings in Indian History and today

Rana Rulars of Nepal

Ranas in Pakistan

Ranas that settled in Pakistan are Rajput converts who practice Islam and traced back to ancient Rajput heritage and ancestry.

References

  • http://scci.net.pk/pdetail.php?eid=739&mid=26
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