World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0004201467
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rahanweyn  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Dabarre language, Maay language, Factions in the Somali Civil War, Garre language, Jiiddu language
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Regions with significant populations
Standard Somali, Maay
Islam (Sunni, Sufism)
Related ethnic groups
Hawiye, Dir clan, Isaaq, Darod, other Somali people

The Rahanweyn (Somali Maay: Reewing; traditional Somali: Raxanweyn, Arabic: رحنوين‎) is a Somali clan, composed of two major sub-clans, the Digil and the Mirifle.[1] It makes up about 20% of the population of Somalia,[2][3] and is one of the five major Somali clans residing in the Horn of Africa.


The Digil sub-clan mainly consists of farmers and coastal people, while the Mirifle are predominantly nomadic pastoralists.

According to the Rahanweyn, Somalis are linguistically grouped into Mai Terreh and Maxaa Tiri. The speakers of Mai Terreh (also known as Mai-Mai or Af-Maay) are the Rahanweyn, while the speakers of Maxaa Tiri (i.e. Standard Somali) belong to other clans (Darod, Dir, Hawiye and Isaaq).

The Digil and Mirifle are mainly concentrated in southern Somalia, including Mogadishu, Upper Juba (Gedo, Bay, Bakool, most parts of Middle Juba) and Lower Shebelle. They are also found in the Somali Region of Ethiopia and the North Eastern Province of Kenya.

Clan tree

Rahanweyn's location in red

There is no clear agreement on the clan and sub-clan structures and many lineages are omitted. The following listing is taken from the World Bank's Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics from 2005 and the United Kingdom's Home Office publication, Somalia Assessment 2001.[4][5]

  • Rahanweyn
    • Digil
      • Dabarre
      • Jiddu
      • Garre
      • Tunni
      • Geledi
    • Mirifle
      • Sagaal
        • Jilible
        • Hadame
      • Sideed
        • Harin
      • boqol hore
        • Eelay
        • Jiron
        • Leysan

In the south central part of Somalia the World Bank shows the following clan tree:[6]

  • Rahanwayin
    • Digil
      • Geledi
      • Tunni
      • Garre
      • Jiddo
      • Shanta-Alen

Christian Bader lists the principal Digil and Rahanweyn subclans as follows:[7]

  • Sab
    • Amarre
      • Daysame
        • Digil
          • Maad
            • Rahanweyn
              • Jambaluul
              • Midhifle
              • Aleemo
            • Maatay
              • Irroole
              • Dabarre
            • 'Ali Jiiddu
            • Dubdheere
              • Waraasiile
              • Tikeme
            • Duubo
            • Digiine
            • Iise Tunni

Notable Rahanweyn people

See also


  1. ^ HAAN Associates, p.260
  2. ^ CIA (2002). Somalia ethnic groups (Map) (Perry–Castañeda Library Map Collection ed.).
  3. ^ The CIA map indicates Rahanweyn and Digil respectively account for 17% and 3% of Somalia's population.
  4. ^ Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.55 Figure A-1
  5. ^ Country Information and Policy Unit, Home Office, Great Britain, Somalia Assessment 2001, Annex B: Somali Clan Structure, p. 43
  6. ^ Worldbank, Conflict in Somalia: Drivers and Dynamics, January 2005, Appendix 2, Lineage Charts, p.56 Figure A-2
  7. ^ Bader, Christian (1999). "Genealogies Somali". ]Blood and milk: A brief history of the Somali clans [Le sang et le lait: brève histoire des clans somali (in French).  


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.