World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Rûm Eyalet

Article Id: WHEBN0000541542
Reproduction Date:

Title: Rûm Eyalet  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Sivas Vilayet, Eyalet, Administrative divisions of the Ottoman Empire, History of Ordu Province, 1398 establishments in the Ottoman Empire
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Rûm Eyalet

Eyâlet-i Rûmiyye-i Suğra / Eyâlet-i Sivas
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

Location of Eyalet of Rûm / Eyalet of Sivas
Rûm Eyalet in 1609
Capital Amasya, Tokat, Sivas[1]
 •  Established 1398
 •  Disestablished 1864
Today part of  Turkey

Eyalet of Rûm (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت روم; Eyālet-i Rūm‎;[2] originally Arabic for Eastern Roman Empire), later named as the Eyalet of Sivas (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت سیواس; Eyālet-i Sīvās‎),[2] was an Ottoman eyalet in northern Anatolia, founded following Bayezid I's conquest of the area in the 1390s. The capital was the city of Amasya, which was then moved to Tokat and later to Sivas. Its reported area in the 19th century was 28,912 square miles (74,880 km2).[3]

Rûm was the old Seljuk Turkish designation for Anatolia, referring to the Eastern Roman Empire and in European texts as late as the 19th-century the word Rûm (or Roum) was used to denote the whole of central Anatolia, not just the smaller area comprising the Ottoman province (see Sultanate of Rum).


  • History 1
  • Government 2
  • Administrative divisions 3
  • References 4
  • External links 5


In the 14th century several autonomous towns (Amasya, Tokat, Sivas) were established, despite the continued Seljukid-Mongol rule in central Asia Minor.[4]

When the Ilkhanid ruler Ebu Said died in 1335, administration of Asia Minor was entrusted to his former governor Eretna Bey, an Uyghur Turk. Eretna Bey ultimately declared independence, seeking the protection of the Mamluks, who were rivals of the Ilkhanids.[4] He captured the area around Sivas-Kayseri, eventually establishing an emirate of Eretna, which grew stronger during the rule of his son, Mehmed Bey.[4]

In 1381 Kadı Burhaneddin a kadı in Kayseri who was also appointed vizier to represent the emirate of Eretna in that town, replaced the Eretnid as ruler of Sivas and also captured Amasya and Tokat.[4] His principality managed to resist interference in central Anatolia from both the Akkoyunlus and the Ottomans until it collapsed with his death in 1398.[4]


Organisation of the eyalet in the 17th century, from the accounts of Evliya Çelebi: "The Defter (treasury) has a Kehiya and Emin, the Chavushes have the same; there is besides a captain and Defterdar of the feuds".[5]

Administrative divisions

The eyalet of Sivas consisted of seven sanjaks between 1700 and 1740:[6]

  1. Sanjak of Sivas (Paşa Sancağı , Sivas)
  2. Sanjak of Amasya (Amasya)
  3. Sanjak of Janik (Canik Sancağı, Samsun)
  4. Sanjak of Diwriji (Divriği Sancağı, Divriği)
  5. Sanjak of Arabgir (Arabgir Sancağı, Arapgir)
  6. Sanjak of Chorum (Çorum Sancağı, Çorum)
  7. Sanjak of Bozok (Bozok Sancağı, Yozgat)


  1. ^ Commercial statistics: A digest of the productive resources, commercial... By John Macgregor, p. 12, at Google Books
  2. ^ a b
  3. ^ The Popular encyclopedia: or, conversations lexicon, Volume 6, p. 698, at Google Books
  4. ^ a b c d e Encyclopedia of the Ottoman Empire, p. 41, at Google Books By Gábor Ágoston, Bruce Alan Masters
  5. ^ Narrative of travels in Europe, Asia, and Africa in the ..., Volume 1, p. 90, at Google Books By Evliya Çelebi, Joseph von Hammer-Purgstall
  6. ^ Orhan Kılıç, XVII. Yüzyılın İlk Yarısında Osmanlı Devleti'nin Eyalet ve Sancak Teşkilatlanması, Osmanlı, Cilt 6: Teşkilât, Yeni Türkiye Yayınları, Ankara, 1999, ISBN 975-6782-09-9, p. 93. (Turkish)

External links

  • [1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.