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Title: Puttu  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Arappalayam, Indian bread, Tamil cuisine, Rice cake, Eleusine coracana
Collection: Foods Containing Coconut, Kerala Cuisine, Rice Dishes, Sri Lankan Tamil Culture, Steamed Foods, Tamil Cuisine
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Course Breakfast
Place of origin India & Sri Lanka
Region or state Kerala, Tamil Nadu, Kanara region of Karnataka,
Main ingredients Rice flour, coconut
Cookbook: Puttu 

Puttu (Malayalam: പുട്ട്), pronounced , (Tamil: புட்டு), (Sinhala පිට්ටු ) is a South Indian and Kerala breakfast dish of steamed cylinders of ground rice layered with coconut. It is highly popular in the Indian state of Kerala as well as in many areas of coastalKanararegion ofKarnataka,Sri Lanka, where it is also known as pittu. Puttu is served with side dishes such as palm sugar or chickpea curry or banana. In Bhatkal Puttu is served with side dishes such as ghee and sugar or Paya or mutton curry.

Rice Puttu with Gram curry


  • Ingredients 1
  • Preparation 2
  • Serving 3
  • Variations 4
  • World record attempt 5
  • See also 6
  • References 7
  • External links 8


Puttu principally consists of coarsely ground rice, grated coconut and water. It is often spiced with cumin, but may have other spices. The Sri Lankan variant is usually made with wheat flour or red rice-flour without cumin whereas the Bhatkal receipes have plain coconut or masala variant made with mutton or shrimp flavoured grated cocunut.[1]


Puttu is made by slowly adding water to ground rice until the correct texture is achieved. It is then spiced, formed and steamed with layers of grated coconut.

Puttu is generally cooked in a metal puttu kutti vessel with two sections. The lower section holds water and the upper section holds the puttu — where the rice mixture is inserted with layers of grated coconut. Perforated lids separate the sections to allow the steam to pass between them.

A number of alternative cooking vessels are used, such as traditional vessels where a perforated coconut shell is attached to a section of bamboo, or a chiratta puttu made of a coconut shell or of metal shaped similarly to a coconut shell.

Chirratu Puttu steaming vessel - top view with lid removed
Puto bumbong (Philippines)

Other types of cooking vessels include a pan similar to an idli pan with small holes in the bottom, pressure cookers and, mainly in the Malay Archipelago, hollow bamboo stalks.


Puttu is frequently served with various breakfast dishes, such as papadum, plantain, fish curry, jackfruit, mango, chicken curry and kadala curry. In some areas of Kerala people eat puttu accompanied by sweet black coffee. In Tamil Nadu it is served with grated coconut with jaggery made of palm or sugar cane, or with sweetened coconut milk. In Sri Lanka, pittu is usually accompanied with tripe curry, fish or a meat curry, coconut milk and a sambol.


Putu bambu pipes in a steamer

Some variations of puttu use other grains such as wheat flour, tapioca and corn flour. The layered filling of coconut can be replaced by other foods, such as egg curry or banana. Puttu prepared in a ball shape are called manipputtu.

In Maritime Southeast Asia, the most popular puttu variant is bamboo-steamed puttu, known as common kue putu in Indonesian, putu bambu in Malay, and puto bumbóng in the Tagalog. It is consists of rice flour with green pandan leaf coloring, cooked with palm sugar filling, steamed in bamboo pipes, and served with grated coconut flesh. In Indonesia, kue putu is commonly found being sold by travelling vendor cart together with klepon, which is actually ball-shaped kue putu.

Puttu is a breakfast item in South India especially Kerala. It is a form of a rice or wheat cake made in a special cylindrical vessel. Eaten usually with banana or legumes.

Puttu is also very common in Mauritius. It is usually sold by hawkers and is served as a snack.[2] It is often misspelled poutou and should be spelled putu in Mauritian creole.[3] The ingredients are the same; rice flour, sugar and desiccated coconut but cooked in metal cylinders.

World record attempt

In 2006, students of the Oriental school of Hotel Management in Wayanad in north Kerala made a 10 foot long puttu. They cooked the giant puttu in a specially designed 12 foot long aluminium mould, using 20 coconuts and 26 kg of powdered rice. It took about one and a half hours to cook.[4]

See also


  1. ^ "BBC Indian Food Made Easy: Recipe for puttu", BBC, retrieved 2010-08-13 
  2. ^
  3. ^
  4. ^ "Kerala's Hotel Management Students Cook Up World Record Puttu", Indiatourism, retrieved 2010-10-22 

External links

  • Puttu recipe using navara rice
  • Erachi Puttu (ഇറച്ചിപ്പുട്ട്)
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